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Subject[GIT PULL] Early boot SLAB for 2.6.31
Hi Linus,

Here are the core patches for enabling slab before the scheduler initializes
itself in the boot sequence. I added slab fallback support to the bootmem
allocator so that we don't need a flag day for switching to early slab.

I have tested this series on x86-64 with SLAB, SLUB, and SLOB. Note: the
following harmless warning appears at boot:

[ 0.000000] ------------[ cut here ]------------
[ 0.000000] WARNING: at mm/bootmem.c:535 alloc_arch_preferred_bootmem+0x31/0x56()
[ 0.000000] Hardware name:
[ 0.000000] Modules linked in:
[ 0.000000] Pid: 0, comm: swapper Not tainted 2.6.30 #472
[ 0.000000] Call Trace:
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff809d62c3>] ? alloc_arch_preferred_bootmem+0x31/0x56
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff8025c304>] warn_slowpath_common+0x7c/0xa9
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff8025c345>] warn_slowpath_null+0x14/0x16
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff809d62c3>] alloc_arch_preferred_bootmem+0x31/0x56
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff809d6833>] ___alloc_bootmem_nopanic+0x3f/0xc9
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff809d68ce>] ___alloc_bootmem+0x11/0x3a
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff809d69a0>] __alloc_bootmem+0xb/0xd
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff809d21f9>] sched_init+0x43/0x4ee
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff809c0aae>] start_kernel+0x1cc/0x3aa
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff809c029a>] x86_64_start_reservations+0xaa/0xae
[ 0.000000] [<ffffffff809c037f>] x86_64_start_kernel+0xe1/0xe8
[ 0.000000] ---[ end trace 4eaa2a86a8e2da22 ]---
I already have patches for that but they are against the -tip tree so I think
we ought to just merge this series to mainline and fix everything up in
subsystem trees for 2.6.31 proper.

Pekka

The following changes since commit 07a2039b8eb0af4ff464efd3dfd95de5c02648c6:
Linus Torvalds (1):
Linux 2.6.30

are available in the git repository at:

ssh://master.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/penberg/slab-2.6 for-linus

Pekka Enberg (3):
bootmem: use slab if bootmem is no longer available
slab: setup allocators earlier in the boot sequence
vmalloc: use kzalloc() instead of alloc_bootmem()

init/main.c | 32 +++++++++++++--------
mm/bootmem.c | 3 ++
mm/slab.c | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------------------------
mm/slub.c | 17 +++++++-----
mm/vmalloc.c | 3 +-
5 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 61 deletions(-)
diff --git a/init/main.c b/init/main.c
index d721dad..0c6f366 100644
--- a/init/main.c
+++ b/init/main.c
@@ -574,6 +574,26 @@ asmlinkage void __init start_kernel(void)
setup_nr_cpu_ids();
smp_prepare_boot_cpu(); /* arch-specific boot-cpu hooks */

+ build_all_zonelists();
+ page_alloc_init();
+
+ printk(KERN_NOTICE "Kernel command line: %s\n", boot_command_line);
+ parse_early_param();
+ parse_args("Booting kernel", static_command_line, __start___param,
+ __stop___param - __start___param,
+ &unknown_bootoption);
+ /*
+ * These use large bootmem allocations and must precede
+ * kmem_cache_init()
+ */
+ pidhash_init();
+ vfs_caches_init_early();
+ /*
+ * Set up kernel memory allocators
+ */
+ mem_init();
+ kmem_cache_init();
+ vmalloc_init();
/*
* Set up the scheduler prior starting any interrupts (such as the
* timer interrupt). Full topology setup happens at smp_init()
@@ -585,13 +605,6 @@ asmlinkage void __init start_kernel(void)
* fragile until we cpu_idle() for the first time.
*/
preempt_disable();
- build_all_zonelists();
- page_alloc_init();
- printk(KERN_NOTICE "Kernel command line: %s\n", boot_command_line);
- parse_early_param();
- parse_args("Booting kernel", static_command_line, __start___param,
- __stop___param - __start___param,
- &unknown_bootoption);
if (!irqs_disabled()) {
printk(KERN_WARNING "start_kernel(): bug: interrupts were "
"enabled *very* early, fixing it\n");
@@ -603,7 +616,6 @@ asmlinkage void __init start_kernel(void)
/* init some links before init_ISA_irqs() */
early_irq_init();
init_IRQ();
- pidhash_init();
init_timers();
hrtimers_init();
softirq_init();
@@ -645,14 +657,10 @@ asmlinkage void __init start_kernel(void)
initrd_start = 0;
}
#endif
- vmalloc_init();
- vfs_caches_init_early();
cpuset_init_early();
page_cgroup_init();
- mem_init();
enable_debug_pagealloc();
cpu_hotplug_init();
- kmem_cache_init();
kmemtrace_init();
debug_objects_mem_init();
idr_init_cache();
diff --git a/mm/bootmem.c b/mm/bootmem.c
index daf9271..457269c 100644
--- a/mm/bootmem.c
+++ b/mm/bootmem.c
@@ -532,6 +532,9 @@ static void * __init alloc_arch_preferred_bootmem(bootmem_data_t *bdata,
unsigned long size, unsigned long align,
unsigned long goal, unsigned long limit)
{
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(slab_is_available()))
+ return kzalloc(size, GFP_NOWAIT);
+
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_BOOTMEM
bootmem_data_t *p_bdata;

diff --git a/mm/slab.c b/mm/slab.c
index 9a90b00..a5b3cf4 100644
--- a/mm/slab.c
+++ b/mm/slab.c
@@ -315,7 +315,7 @@ static int drain_freelist(struct kmem_cache *cache,
struct kmem_list3 *l3, int tofree);
static void free_block(struct kmem_cache *cachep, void **objpp, int len,
int node);
-static int enable_cpucache(struct kmem_cache *cachep);
+static int enable_cpucache(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t gfp);
static void cache_reap(struct work_struct *unused);

/*
@@ -958,12 +958,12 @@ static void __cpuinit start_cpu_timer(int cpu)
}

static struct array_cache *alloc_arraycache(int node, int entries,
- int batchcount)
+ int batchcount, gfp_t gfp)
{
int memsize = sizeof(void *) * entries + sizeof(struct array_cache);
struct array_cache *nc = NULL;

- nc = kmalloc_node(memsize, GFP_KERNEL, node);
+ nc = kmalloc_node(memsize, gfp, node);
if (nc) {
nc->avail = 0;
nc->limit = entries;
@@ -1003,7 +1003,7 @@ static int transfer_objects(struct array_cache *to,
#define drain_alien_cache(cachep, alien) do { } while (0)
#define reap_alien(cachep, l3) do { } while (0)

-static inline struct array_cache **alloc_alien_cache(int node, int limit)
+static inline struct array_cache **alloc_alien_cache(int node, int limit, gfp_t gfp)
{
return (struct array_cache **)BAD_ALIEN_MAGIC;
}
@@ -1034,7 +1034,7 @@ static inline void *____cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *cachep,
static void *____cache_alloc_node(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t, int);
static void *alternate_node_alloc(struct kmem_cache *, gfp_t);

-static struct array_cache **alloc_alien_cache(int node, int limit)
+static struct array_cache **alloc_alien_cache(int node, int limit, gfp_t gfp)
{
struct array_cache **ac_ptr;
int memsize = sizeof(void *) * nr_node_ids;
@@ -1042,14 +1042,14 @@ static struct array_cache **alloc_alien_cache(int node, int limit)

if (limit > 1)
limit = 12;
- ac_ptr = kmalloc_node(memsize, GFP_KERNEL, node);
+ ac_ptr = kmalloc_node(memsize, gfp, node);
if (ac_ptr) {
for_each_node(i) {
if (i == node || !node_online(i)) {
ac_ptr[i] = NULL;
continue;
}
- ac_ptr[i] = alloc_arraycache(node, limit, 0xbaadf00d);
+ ac_ptr[i] = alloc_arraycache(node, limit, 0xbaadf00d, gfp);
if (!ac_ptr[i]) {
for (i--; i >= 0; i--)
kfree(ac_ptr[i]);
@@ -1282,20 +1282,20 @@ static int __cpuinit cpuup_prepare(long cpu)
struct array_cache **alien = NULL;

nc = alloc_arraycache(node, cachep->limit,
- cachep->batchcount);
+ cachep->batchcount, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!nc)
goto bad;
if (cachep->shared) {
shared = alloc_arraycache(node,
cachep->shared * cachep->batchcount,
- 0xbaadf00d);
+ 0xbaadf00d, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!shared) {
kfree(nc);
goto bad;
}
}
if (use_alien_caches) {
- alien = alloc_alien_cache(node, cachep->limit);
+ alien = alloc_alien_cache(node, cachep->limit, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!alien) {
kfree(shared);
kfree(nc);
@@ -1399,10 +1399,9 @@ static void init_list(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct kmem_list3 *list,
{
struct kmem_list3 *ptr;

- ptr = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct kmem_list3), GFP_KERNEL, nodeid);
+ ptr = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct kmem_list3), GFP_NOWAIT, nodeid);
BUG_ON(!ptr);

- local_irq_disable();
memcpy(ptr, list, sizeof(struct kmem_list3));
/*
* Do not assume that spinlocks can be initialized via memcpy:
@@ -1411,7 +1410,6 @@ static void init_list(struct kmem_cache *cachep, struct kmem_list3 *list,

MAKE_ALL_LISTS(cachep, ptr, nodeid);
cachep->nodelists[nodeid] = ptr;
- local_irq_enable();
}

/*
@@ -1575,9 +1573,8 @@ void __init kmem_cache_init(void)
{
struct array_cache *ptr;

- ptr = kmalloc(sizeof(struct arraycache_init), GFP_KERNEL);
+ ptr = kmalloc(sizeof(struct arraycache_init), GFP_NOWAIT);

- local_irq_disable();
BUG_ON(cpu_cache_get(&cache_cache) != &initarray_cache.cache);
memcpy(ptr, cpu_cache_get(&cache_cache),
sizeof(struct arraycache_init));
@@ -1587,11 +1584,9 @@ void __init kmem_cache_init(void)
spin_lock_init(&ptr->lock);

cache_cache.array[smp_processor_id()] = ptr;
- local_irq_enable();

- ptr = kmalloc(sizeof(struct arraycache_init), GFP_KERNEL);
+ ptr = kmalloc(sizeof(struct arraycache_init), GFP_NOWAIT);

- local_irq_disable();
BUG_ON(cpu_cache_get(malloc_sizes[INDEX_AC].cs_cachep)
!= &initarray_generic.cache);
memcpy(ptr, cpu_cache_get(malloc_sizes[INDEX_AC].cs_cachep),
@@ -1603,7 +1598,6 @@ void __init kmem_cache_init(void)

malloc_sizes[INDEX_AC].cs_cachep->array[smp_processor_id()] =
ptr;
- local_irq_enable();
}
/* 5) Replace the bootstrap kmem_list3's */
{
@@ -1627,7 +1621,7 @@ void __init kmem_cache_init(void)
struct kmem_cache *cachep;
mutex_lock(&cache_chain_mutex);
list_for_each_entry(cachep, &cache_chain, next)
- if (enable_cpucache(cachep))
+ if (enable_cpucache(cachep, GFP_NOWAIT))
BUG();
mutex_unlock(&cache_chain_mutex);
}
@@ -2064,10 +2058,10 @@ static size_t calculate_slab_order(struct kmem_cache *cachep,
return left_over;
}

-static int __init_refok setup_cpu_cache(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
+static int __init_refok setup_cpu_cache(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t gfp)
{
if (g_cpucache_up == FULL)
- return enable_cpucache(cachep);
+ return enable_cpucache(cachep, gfp);

if (g_cpucache_up == NONE) {
/*
@@ -2089,7 +2083,7 @@ static int __init_refok setup_cpu_cache(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
g_cpucache_up = PARTIAL_AC;
} else {
cachep->array[smp_processor_id()] =
- kmalloc(sizeof(struct arraycache_init), GFP_KERNEL);
+ kmalloc(sizeof(struct arraycache_init), gfp);

if (g_cpucache_up == PARTIAL_AC) {
set_up_list3s(cachep, SIZE_L3);
@@ -2153,6 +2147,7 @@ kmem_cache_create (const char *name, size_t size, size_t align,
{
size_t left_over, slab_size, ralign;
struct kmem_cache *cachep = NULL, *pc;
+ gfp_t gfp;

/*
* Sanity checks... these are all serious usage bugs.
@@ -2168,8 +2163,10 @@ kmem_cache_create (const char *name, size_t size, size_t align,
* We use cache_chain_mutex to ensure a consistent view of
* cpu_online_mask as well. Please see cpuup_callback
*/
- get_online_cpus();
- mutex_lock(&cache_chain_mutex);
+ if (slab_is_available()) {
+ get_online_cpus();
+ mutex_lock(&cache_chain_mutex);
+ }

list_for_each_entry(pc, &cache_chain, next) {
char tmp;
@@ -2278,8 +2275,13 @@ kmem_cache_create (const char *name, size_t size, size_t align,
*/
align = ralign;

+ if (slab_is_available())
+ gfp = GFP_KERNEL;
+ else
+ gfp = GFP_NOWAIT;
+
/* Get cache's description obj. */
- cachep = kmem_cache_zalloc(&cache_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
+ cachep = kmem_cache_zalloc(&cache_cache, gfp);
if (!cachep)
goto oops;

@@ -2382,7 +2384,7 @@ kmem_cache_create (const char *name, size_t size, size_t align,
cachep->ctor = ctor;
cachep->name = name;

- if (setup_cpu_cache(cachep)) {
+ if (setup_cpu_cache(cachep, gfp)) {
__kmem_cache_destroy(cachep);
cachep = NULL;
goto oops;
@@ -2394,8 +2396,10 @@ oops:
if (!cachep && (flags & SLAB_PANIC))
panic("kmem_cache_create(): failed to create slab `%s'\n",
name);
- mutex_unlock(&cache_chain_mutex);
- put_online_cpus();
+ if (slab_is_available()) {
+ mutex_unlock(&cache_chain_mutex);
+ put_online_cpus();
+ }
return cachep;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(kmem_cache_create);
@@ -3802,7 +3806,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kmem_cache_name);
/*
* This initializes kmem_list3 or resizes various caches for all nodes.
*/
-static int alloc_kmemlist(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
+static int alloc_kmemlist(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t gfp)
{
int node;
struct kmem_list3 *l3;
@@ -3812,7 +3816,7 @@ static int alloc_kmemlist(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
for_each_online_node(node) {

if (use_alien_caches) {
- new_alien = alloc_alien_cache(node, cachep->limit);
+ new_alien = alloc_alien_cache(node, cachep->limit, gfp);
if (!new_alien)
goto fail;
}
@@ -3821,7 +3825,7 @@ static int alloc_kmemlist(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
if (cachep->shared) {
new_shared = alloc_arraycache(node,
cachep->shared*cachep->batchcount,
- 0xbaadf00d);
+ 0xbaadf00d, gfp);
if (!new_shared) {
free_alien_cache(new_alien);
goto fail;
@@ -3850,7 +3854,7 @@ static int alloc_kmemlist(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
free_alien_cache(new_alien);
continue;
}
- l3 = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct kmem_list3), GFP_KERNEL, node);
+ l3 = kmalloc_node(sizeof(struct kmem_list3), gfp, node);
if (!l3) {
free_alien_cache(new_alien);
kfree(new_shared);
@@ -3906,18 +3910,18 @@ static void do_ccupdate_local(void *info)

/* Always called with the cache_chain_mutex held */
static int do_tune_cpucache(struct kmem_cache *cachep, int limit,
- int batchcount, int shared)
+ int batchcount, int shared, gfp_t gfp)
{
struct ccupdate_struct *new;
int i;

- new = kzalloc(sizeof(*new), GFP_KERNEL);
+ new = kzalloc(sizeof(*new), gfp);
if (!new)
return -ENOMEM;

for_each_online_cpu(i) {
new->new[i] = alloc_arraycache(cpu_to_node(i), limit,
- batchcount);
+ batchcount, gfp);
if (!new->new[i]) {
for (i--; i >= 0; i--)
kfree(new->new[i]);
@@ -3944,11 +3948,11 @@ static int do_tune_cpucache(struct kmem_cache *cachep, int limit,
kfree(ccold);
}
kfree(new);
- return alloc_kmemlist(cachep);
+ return alloc_kmemlist(cachep, gfp);
}

/* Called with cache_chain_mutex held always */
-static int enable_cpucache(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
+static int enable_cpucache(struct kmem_cache *cachep, gfp_t gfp)
{
int err;
int limit, shared;
@@ -3994,7 +3998,7 @@ static int enable_cpucache(struct kmem_cache *cachep)
if (limit > 32)
limit = 32;
#endif
- err = do_tune_cpucache(cachep, limit, (limit + 1) / 2, shared);
+ err = do_tune_cpucache(cachep, limit, (limit + 1) / 2, shared, gfp);
if (err)
printk(KERN_ERR "enable_cpucache failed for %s, error %d.\n",
cachep->name, -err);
@@ -4300,7 +4304,8 @@ ssize_t slabinfo_write(struct file *file, const char __user * buffer,
res = 0;
} else {
res = do_tune_cpucache(cachep, limit,
- batchcount, shared);
+ batchcount, shared,
+ GFP_KERNEL);
}
break;
}
diff --git a/mm/slub.c b/mm/slub.c
index 65ffda5..0ead807 100644
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -2557,13 +2557,16 @@ static struct kmem_cache *create_kmalloc_cache(struct kmem_cache *s,
if (gfp_flags & SLUB_DMA)
flags = SLAB_CACHE_DMA;

- down_write(&slub_lock);
+ /*
+ * This function is called with IRQs disabled during early-boot on
+ * single CPU so there's no need to take slub_lock here.
+ */
if (!kmem_cache_open(s, gfp_flags, name, size, ARCH_KMALLOC_MINALIGN,
flags, NULL))
goto panic;

list_add(&s->list, &slab_caches);
- up_write(&slub_lock);
+
if (sysfs_slab_add(s))
goto panic;
return s;
@@ -3021,7 +3024,7 @@ void __init kmem_cache_init(void)
* kmem_cache_open for slab_state == DOWN.
*/
create_kmalloc_cache(&kmalloc_caches[0], "kmem_cache_node",
- sizeof(struct kmem_cache_node), GFP_KERNEL);
+ sizeof(struct kmem_cache_node), GFP_NOWAIT);
kmalloc_caches[0].refcount = -1;
caches++;

@@ -3034,16 +3037,16 @@ void __init kmem_cache_init(void)
/* Caches that are not of the two-to-the-power-of size */
if (KMALLOC_MIN_SIZE <= 64) {
create_kmalloc_cache(&kmalloc_caches[1],
- "kmalloc-96", 96, GFP_KERNEL);
+ "kmalloc-96", 96, GFP_NOWAIT);
caches++;
create_kmalloc_cache(&kmalloc_caches[2],
- "kmalloc-192", 192, GFP_KERNEL);
+ "kmalloc-192", 192, GFP_NOWAIT);
caches++;
}

for (i = KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW; i < SLUB_PAGE_SHIFT; i++) {
create_kmalloc_cache(&kmalloc_caches[i],
- "kmalloc", 1 << i, GFP_KERNEL);
+ "kmalloc", 1 << i, GFP_NOWAIT);
caches++;
}

@@ -3080,7 +3083,7 @@ void __init kmem_cache_init(void)
/* Provide the correct kmalloc names now that the caches are up */
for (i = KMALLOC_SHIFT_LOW; i < SLUB_PAGE_SHIFT; i++)
kmalloc_caches[i]. name =
- kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "kmalloc-%d", 1 << i);
+ kasprintf(GFP_NOWAIT, "kmalloc-%d", 1 << i);

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
register_cpu_notifier(&slab_notifier);
diff --git a/mm/vmalloc.c b/mm/vmalloc.c
index 083716e..3235138 100644
--- a/mm/vmalloc.c
+++ b/mm/vmalloc.c
@@ -23,7 +23,6 @@
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/radix-tree.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
-#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/pfn.h>

#include <asm/atomic.h>
@@ -1032,7 +1031,7 @@ void __init vmalloc_init(void)

/* Import existing vmlist entries. */
for (tmp = vmlist; tmp; tmp = tmp->next) {
- va = alloc_bootmem(sizeof(struct vmap_area));
+ va = kzalloc(sizeof(struct vmap_area), GFP_NOWAIT);
va->flags = tmp->flags | VM_VM_AREA;
va->va_start = (unsigned long)tmp->addr;
va->va_end = va->va_start + tmp->size;

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