lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [May]   [4]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[patch 6/7] oom: move oom_adj value from task_struct to mm_struct
The per-task oom_adj value is a characteristic of its mm more than the
task itself since it's not possible to oom kill any thread that shares
the mm. If a task were to be killed while attached to an mm that could
not be freed because another thread were set to OOM_DISABLE, it would
have needlessly been terminated since there is no potential for future
memory freeing.

This patch moves oomkilladj (now more appropriately named oom_adj) from
struct task_struct to struct mm_struct. This requires task_lock() on a
task to check its oom_adj value to protect against exec, but it's already
necessary to take the lock when dereferencing the mm to find the total VM
size for the badness heuristic.

Taking task_lock() in select_bad_process() to check for OOM_DISABLE and
in oom_kill_task() to check for threads sharing the same memory will be
removed in the next patch in this series where it will no longer be
necessary.

Writing to /proc/pid/oom_adj for a kthread will now return -EINVAL since
these threads are immune from oom killing already. They simply report an
oom_adj value of OOM_DISABLE.

Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
Cc: San Mehat <san@android.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
---
Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt | 15 +++++++++----
drivers/staging/android/lowmemorykiller.c | 2 +-
fs/proc/base.c | 19 ++++++++++++++--
include/linux/mm_types.h | 2 +
include/linux/sched.h | 1 -
mm/oom_kill.c | 32 ++++++++++++++++++----------
6 files changed, 49 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
@@ -1003,11 +1003,13 @@ CHAPTER 3: PER-PROCESS PARAMETERS
3.1 /proc/<pid>/oom_adj - Adjust the oom-killer score
------------------------------------------------------

-This file can be used to adjust the score used to select which processes
-should be killed in an out-of-memory situation. Giving it a high score will
-increase the likelihood of this process being killed by the oom-killer. Valid
-values are in the range -16 to +15, plus the special value -17, which disables
-oom-killing altogether for this process.
+This file can be used to adjust the score used to select which processes should
+be killed in an out-of-memory situation. The oom_adj value is a characteristic
+of the task's mm, so all threads that share an mm with pid will have the same
+oom_adj value. A high value will increase the liklihood of this process being
+killed by the oom-killer. Valid values are in the range -16 to +15 as
+explained below and a special value of -17, which disables oom-killing
+altogether for threads sharing pid's mm.

The process to be killed in an out-of-memory situation is selected among all others
based on its badness score. This value equals the original memory size of the process
@@ -1021,6 +1023,9 @@ the parent's score if they do not share the same memory. Thus forking servers
are the prime candidates to be killed. Having only one 'hungry' child will make
parent less preferable than the child.

+/proc/<pid>/oom_adj cannot be changed for kthreads since they are immune from
+oom-killing already.
+
/proc/<pid>/oom_score shows process' current badness score.

The following heuristics are then applied:
diff --git a/drivers/staging/android/lowmemorykiller.c b/drivers/staging/android/lowmemorykiller.c
--- a/drivers/staging/android/lowmemorykiller.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/android/lowmemorykiller.c
@@ -97,7 +97,7 @@ static int lowmem_shrink(int nr_to_scan, gfp_t gfp_mask)
task_unlock(p);
continue;
}
- oom_adj = p->oomkilladj;
+ oom_adj = p->mm->oom_adj;
if (oom_adj < min_adj) {
task_unlock(p);
continue;
diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
--- a/fs/proc/base.c
+++ b/fs/proc/base.c
@@ -1003,7 +1003,12 @@ static ssize_t oom_adjust_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,

if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
- oom_adjust = task->oomkilladj;
+ task_lock(task);
+ if (task->mm)
+ oom_adjust = task->mm->oom_adj;
+ else
+ oom_adjust = OOM_DISABLE;
+ task_unlock(task);
put_task_struct(task);

len = snprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%i\n", oom_adjust);
@@ -1032,11 +1037,19 @@ static ssize_t oom_adjust_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
task = get_proc_task(file->f_path.dentry->d_inode);
if (!task)
return -ESRCH;
- if (oom_adjust < task->oomkilladj && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) {
+ task_lock(task);
+ if (!task->mm) {
+ task_unlock(task);
+ put_task_struct(task);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ if (oom_adjust < task->mm->oom_adj && !capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE)) {
+ task_unlock(task);
put_task_struct(task);
return -EACCES;
}
- task->oomkilladj = oom_adjust;
+ task->mm->oom_adj = oom_adjust;
+ task_unlock(task);
put_task_struct(task);
if (end - buffer == 0)
return -EIO;
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -232,6 +232,8 @@ struct mm_struct {

unsigned long saved_auxv[AT_VECTOR_SIZE]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */

+ s8 oom_adj; /* OOM kill score adjustment (bit shift) */
+
cpumask_t cpu_vm_mask;

/* Architecture-specific MM context */
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1149,7 +1149,6 @@ struct task_struct {
* a short time
*/
unsigned char fpu_counter;
- s8 oomkilladj; /* OOM kill score adjustment (bit shift). */
#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_IO_TRACE
unsigned int btrace_seq;
#endif
diff --git a/mm/oom_kill.c b/mm/oom_kill.c
--- a/mm/oom_kill.c
+++ b/mm/oom_kill.c
@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@ unsigned long badness(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long uptime)
unsigned long points, cpu_time, run_time;
struct mm_struct *mm;
struct task_struct *child;
+ int oom_adj;

task_lock(p);
mm = p->mm;
@@ -65,6 +66,7 @@ unsigned long badness(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long uptime)
task_unlock(p);
return 0;
}
+ oom_adj = mm->oom_adj;

/*
* The memory size of the process is the basis for the badness.
@@ -148,15 +150,15 @@ unsigned long badness(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long uptime)
points /= 8;

/*
- * Adjust the score by oomkilladj.
+ * Adjust the score by oom_adj.
*/
- if (p->oomkilladj) {
- if (p->oomkilladj > 0) {
+ if (oom_adj) {
+ if (oom_adj > 0) {
if (!points)
points = 1;
- points <<= p->oomkilladj;
+ points <<= oom_adj;
} else
- points >>= -(p->oomkilladj);
+ points >>= -(oom_adj);
}

#ifdef DEBUG
@@ -251,8 +253,10 @@ static struct task_struct *select_bad_process(unsigned long *ppoints,
*ppoints = ULONG_MAX;
}

- if (p->oomkilladj == OOM_DISABLE)
+ task_lock(p);
+ if (p->mm && p->mm->oom_adj == OOM_DISABLE)
continue;
+ task_unlock(p);

points = badness(p, uptime.tv_sec);
if (points > *ppoints || !chosen) {
@@ -304,8 +308,7 @@ static void dump_tasks(const struct mem_cgroup *mem)
}
printk(KERN_INFO "[%5d] %5d %5d %8lu %8lu %3d %3d %s\n",
p->pid, __task_cred(p)->uid, p->tgid, mm->total_vm,
- get_mm_rss(mm), (int)task_cpu(p), p->oomkilladj,
- p->comm);
+ get_mm_rss(mm), (int)task_cpu(p), mm->oom_adj, p->comm);
task_unlock(p);
} while_each_thread(g, p);
}
@@ -367,8 +370,12 @@ static int oom_kill_task(struct task_struct *p)
* Don't kill the process if any threads are set to OOM_DISABLE
*/
do_each_thread(g, q) {
- if (q->mm == mm && q->oomkilladj == OOM_DISABLE)
+ task_lock(q);
+ if (q->mm == mm && q->mm && q->mm->oom_adj == OOM_DISABLE) {
+ task_unlock(q);
return 1;
+ }
+ task_unlock(q);
} while_each_thread(g, q);

__oom_kill_task(p, 1);
@@ -393,10 +400,11 @@ static int oom_kill_process(struct task_struct *p, gfp_t gfp_mask, int order,
struct task_struct *c;

if (printk_ratelimit()) {
- printk(KERN_WARNING "%s invoked oom-killer: "
- "gfp_mask=0x%x, order=%d, oomkilladj=%d\n",
- current->comm, gfp_mask, order, current->oomkilladj);
task_lock(current);
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "%s invoked oom-killer: "
+ "gfp_mask=0x%x, order=%d, oom_adj=%d\n",
+ current->comm, gfp_mask, order,
+ current->mm ? current->mm->oom_adj : OOM_DISABLE);
cpuset_print_task_mems_allowed(current);
task_unlock(current);
dump_stack();

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-05-05 02:33    [W:0.106 / U:1.288 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site