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SubjectRe: [Patch 06/12] Use the new wrapper routines to access debug registers in process/thread code
On Fri, May 29, 2009 at 02:31:46PM +0530, K.Prasad wrote:
> On Thu, May 28, 2009 at 04:42:38PM +1000, David Gibson wrote:
> > On Mon, May 11, 2009 at 05:23:44PM +0530, K.Prasad wrote:
> > > From: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
> > >
> > > This patch enables the use of abstract debug registers in
> > > process-handling routines.
> >
> > [snip]
> > >
> > > + p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = NULL;
> >
> > Why is manipulating the io_bitmap_ptr relevant to debug register
> > handling?
>
> I *re-read* the patch but was unable to find how this change had sneaked
> in. It shouldn't be there although it is harmless.


When I reviewed this patch, I also ended stucked on it.
But actually I guess I found the sense, this is only for
convenience.

Look at the current copy_thread() in arch/x86/kernel/process32.c

If p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr fails to be duplicated, we set
p->thread.io_bitmap_max = 0 and return -ENOMEM

Now look at the patch.
If we fail to copy the hardware thread virtual registers we
want to exit with io_bitmap_ptr = NULL
If we fail to copy the io_bitmap, we want to free the breakpoint
and exit.
If we fail further, we want to free breakpoints and io_bitmap_ptr

The out section then tries to:

-free the breakpoints
-free p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr


So it's important to set io_bitmap_ptr to NULL so that
we know whether we have to release it or not.


> Hi Frederic,
> I am attaching a new version of this patch 06/12 that:
>
> - removes the line that assigns NULL to "p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr"


Dangerous. Unless p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr is already zeroed out
at this stage?


> - Updates the comment in __switch_to() function which was stale (was
> relevant when 'last_debugged_task' was used to detect lazy debug
> register switching).
>
> Kindly integrate this version in lieu of the older version sent here:
> http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/5/21/149.


Ok. Well it would be nice if you resend the whole series actually :)
Do you have another fix pending?

Thanks!

> Hi Alan,
> I'm retaining the
> "Reviewed-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>" tag on the patch
> even after the above changes and guess it is acceptable to you. Please
> let me know if you have any concerns about that.
>
> Thanks,
> K.Prasad
>
>
> Use the new wrapper routines to access debug registers in process/thread code
>
> This patch enables the use of abstract debug registers in
> process-handling routines.
>
> Original-patch-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
> Signed-off-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> Reviewed-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
> ---
> arch/x86/kernel/process.c | 23 ++++++-----------------
> arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 3 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)
>
> Index: linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt.orig/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
> +++ linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
> @@ -17,6 +17,8 @@
> #include <asm/uaccess.h>
> #include <asm/i387.h>
> #include <asm/ds.h>
> +#include <asm/debugreg.h>
> +#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
>
> unsigned long idle_halt;
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(idle_halt);
> @@ -48,6 +50,8 @@ void free_thread_xstate(struct task_stru
> kmem_cache_free(task_xstate_cachep, tsk->thread.xstate);
> tsk->thread.xstate = NULL;
> }
> + if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG)))
> + flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
>
> WARN(tsk->thread.ds_ctx, "leaking DS context\n");
> }
> @@ -106,14 +110,9 @@ void flush_thread(void)
> }
> #endif
>
> - clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG);
> + if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG)))
> + flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
>
> - tsk->thread.debugreg0 = 0;
> - tsk->thread.debugreg1 = 0;
> - tsk->thread.debugreg2 = 0;
> - tsk->thread.debugreg3 = 0;
> - tsk->thread.debugreg6 = 0;
> - tsk->thread.debugreg7 = 0;
> memset(tsk->thread.tls_array, 0, sizeof(tsk->thread.tls_array));
> /*
> * Forget coprocessor state..
> @@ -195,16 +194,6 @@ void __switch_to_xtra(struct task_struct
> else if (next->debugctlmsr != prev->debugctlmsr)
> update_debugctlmsr(next->debugctlmsr);
>
> - if (test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_DEBUG)) {
> - set_debugreg(next->debugreg0, 0);
> - set_debugreg(next->debugreg1, 1);
> - set_debugreg(next->debugreg2, 2);
> - set_debugreg(next->debugreg3, 3);
> - /* no 4 and 5 */
> - set_debugreg(next->debugreg6, 6);
> - set_debugreg(next->debugreg7, 7);
> - }
> -
> if (test_tsk_thread_flag(prev_p, TIF_NOTSC) ^
> test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_NOTSC)) {
> /* prev and next are different */
> Index: linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt.orig/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
> +++ linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
> @@ -58,6 +58,8 @@
> #include <asm/idle.h>
> #include <asm/syscalls.h>
> #include <asm/ds.h>
> +#include <asm/debugreg.h>
> +#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
>
> asmlinkage void ret_from_fork(void) __asm__("ret_from_fork");
>
> @@ -263,6 +265,11 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flag
> task_user_gs(p) = get_user_gs(regs);
>
> tsk = current;
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG)))
> + if (copy_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk, p, clone_flags))
> + goto out;
> +
> if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_IO_BITMAP))) {
> p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = kmemdup(tsk->thread.io_bitmap_ptr,
> IO_BITMAP_BYTES, GFP_KERNEL);
> @@ -282,10 +289,13 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flag
> err = do_set_thread_area(p, -1,
> (struct user_desc __user *)childregs->si, 0);
>
> +out:
> if (err && p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr) {
> kfree(p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr);
> p->thread.io_bitmap_max = 0;
> }
> + if (err)
> + flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(p);
>
> clear_tsk_thread_flag(p, TIF_DS_AREA_MSR);
> p->thread.ds_ctx = NULL;
> @@ -424,6 +434,23 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p,
> lazy_load_gs(next->gs);
>
> percpu_write(current_task, next_p);
> + /*
> + * There's a problem with moving the arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint()
> + * call before current is updated. Suppose a kernel breakpoint is
> + * triggered in between the two, the hw-breakpoint handler will see that
> + * the 'current' task does not have TIF_DEBUG flag set and will think it
> + * is leftover from an old task (lazy switching) and will erase it. Then
> + * until the next context switch, no user-breakpoints will be installed.
> + *
> + * The real problem is that it's impossible to update both current and
> + * physical debug registers at the same instant, so there will always be
> + * a window in which they disagree and a breakpoint might get triggered.
> + * Since we use lazy switching, we are forced to assume that a
> + * disagreement means that current is correct and the exception is due
> + * to lazy debug register switching.
> + */
> + if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_DEBUG)))
> + arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(next_p);
>
> return prev_p;
> }
> Index: linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt.orig/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
> +++ linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
> @@ -52,6 +52,8 @@
> #include <asm/idle.h>
> #include <asm/syscalls.h>
> #include <asm/ds.h>
> +#include <asm/debugreg.h>
> +#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
>
> asmlinkage extern void ret_from_fork(void);
>
> @@ -245,6 +247,8 @@ void release_thread(struct task_struct *
> BUG();
> }
> }
> + if (unlikely(dead_task->thread.debugreg7))
> + flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(dead_task);
> }
>
> static inline void set_32bit_tls(struct task_struct *t, int tls, u32 addr)
> @@ -306,6 +310,11 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flag
> savesegment(es, p->thread.es);
> savesegment(ds, p->thread.ds);
>
> + err = -ENOMEM;
> + if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(me, TIF_DEBUG)))
> + if (copy_thread_hw_breakpoint(me, p, clone_flags))
> + goto out;
> +
> if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(me, TIF_IO_BITMAP))) {
> p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr = kmalloc(IO_BITMAP_BYTES, GFP_KERNEL);
> if (!p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr) {
> @@ -344,6 +353,9 @@ out:
> kfree(p->thread.io_bitmap_ptr);
> p->thread.io_bitmap_max = 0;
> }
> + if (err)
> + flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(p);
> +
> return err;
> }
>
> @@ -489,6 +501,24 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p,
> */
> if (tsk_used_math(next_p) && next_p->fpu_counter > 5)
> math_state_restore();
> + /*
> + * There's a problem with moving the arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint()
> + * call before current is updated. Suppose a kernel breakpoint is
> + * triggered in between the two, the hw-breakpoint handler will see that
> + * the 'current' task does not have TIF_DEBUG flag set and will think it
> + * is leftover from an old task (lazy switching) and will erase it. Then
> + * until the next context switch, no user-breakpoints will be installed.
> + *
> + * The real problem is that it's impossible to update both current and
> + * physical debug registers at the same instant, so there will always be
> + * a window in which they disagree and a breakpoint might get triggered.
> + * Since we use lazy switching, we are forced to assume that a
> + * disagreement means that current is correct and the exception is due
> + * to lazy debug register switching.
> + */
> + if (unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(next_p, TIF_DEBUG)))
> + arch_install_thread_hw_breakpoint(next_p);
> +
> return prev_p;
> }
>



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