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Subject[KVM PATCH v10] kvm: add support for irqfd
Date
(Applies to kvm.git/queue:fd2e987d)

KVM provides a complete virtual system environment for guests, including
support for injecting interrupts modeled after the real exception/interrupt
facilities present on the native platform (such as the IDT on x86).
Virtual interrupts can come from a variety of sources (emulated devices,
pass-through devices, etc) but all must be injected to the guest via
the KVM infrastructure. This patch adds a new mechanism to inject a specific
interrupt to a guest using a decoupled eventfd mechnanism: Any legal signal
on the irqfd (using eventfd semantics from either userspace or kernel) will
translate into an injected interrupt in the guest at the next available
interrupt window.

This has been unit-tested with an updated version of my test harness, which
you can download here:

ftp://ftp.novell.com/dev/ghaskins/kvm-eventfd.tar.bz2

The test verifies both assign and deassign paths, and they appear to work
as intended.

The cooresponding userspace patches from v8 are unchanged, which you can find
here:

http://www.mail-archive.com/kvm@vger.kernel.org/msg14913.html

[ Changelog:

v10:
*) Fixed formatting/consistency issue in irqfd_remove
*) Fixed return value error in deassign
*) Fixed grammatical errors in comments
*) Rebased to kvm.git/queue branch

v9:
*) Fixed a bug in deassign where we could deadlock with the way
flush_work was being used (Thanks to Marcelo Tosatti's for spotting
this bug).
*) Rebased to kvm.git:2ffc3882

v8:
*) Re-seperated irqfd and iofd (now called iosignalfd) into two
distinct series.
*) We compare both the fd/file and gsi on deassign
*) De-assign is exhaustive (to support multiple associations in the
future)
*) s/KVM_CAP_EVENTFD/KVM_CAP_IRQFD

v7:
*) Added "iofd" to allow PIO/MMIO writes to generate an eventfd
signal. This was previously discussed as "hypercallfd", but
since explicit hypercalls are not looking to be very popular,
and based on the fact that they were not going to carry payload
anyway, I named them "iofd".
*) Generalized some of the code so that irqfd and iofd could be
logically grouped together. For instance
s/KVM_CAP_IRQFD/KVM_CAP_EVENTFD and virt/kvm/irqfd.c becomes
virt/kvm/eventfd.c
*) Added support for "deassign" operations to ensure we can properly
support hot-unplug.
*) Reinstated the eventfd EXPORT_SYMBOL patch since we need it again
for supporting iofd.
*) Rebased to kvm.git:b5e725fa

v6:
*) Moved eventfd creation back to userspace, per Avi's request
*) Dropped no longer necessary supporting patches from series
*) Rebased to kvm.git:833367b57

v5:
*) Added padding to the ioctl structure
*) Added proper ref-count increment to the file before returning
success. (Needs review by Al Viro, Davide Libenzi)
*) Cleaned up error-handling path to make sure we remove ourself
from the waitq if necessary.
*) Make sure we only add ourselves to kvm->irqfds if successful
creating the irqfd in the first place.
*) Rebased to kvm.git:66b0aed4

v4:
*) Changed allocation model to create the new fd last, after
we get past the last potential error point by using Davide's
new eventfd_file_create interface (Al Viro, Davide Libenzi)
*) We no longer export sys_eventfd2() since it is replaced
functionally with eventfd_file_create();
*) Rebased to kvm.git:7da2e3ba

v3:
*) The kernel now allocates the eventfd (need to export sys_eventfd2)
*) Added a flags field for future expansion to kvm_irqfd()
*) We properly toggle the irq level 1+0.
*) We re-use the USERSPACE_SRC_ID instead of creating our own
*) Properly check for failures establishing a poll-table with eventfd
*) Fixed fd/file leaks on failure
*) Rebased to lateste kvm.git::41b76d8d04

v2:
*) Dropped notifier_chain based callbacks in favor of
wait_queue_t::func and file::poll based callbacks (Thanks to
Davide for the suggestion)

v1:
*) Initial release

]

Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>
---
arch/x86/kvm/Makefile | 2
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 1
include/linux/kvm.h | 11 ++
include/linux/kvm_host.h | 4 +
virt/kvm/eventfd.c | 228 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 11 ++
6 files changed, 256 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 virt/kvm/eventfd.c
diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
index bee9512..01e3c61 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/Makefile
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
EXTRA_CFLAGS += -Ivirt/kvm -Iarch/x86/kvm

kvm-y += $(addprefix ../../../virt/kvm/, kvm_main.o ioapic.o \
- coalesced_mmio.o irq_comm.o)
+ coalesced_mmio.o irq_comm.o eventfd.o)
kvm-$(CONFIG_KVM_TRACE) += $(addprefix ../../../virt/kvm/, kvm_trace.o)
kvm-$(CONFIG_IOMMU_API) += $(addprefix ../../../virt/kvm/, iommu.o)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
index 7978d32..98c2434 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
@@ -1084,6 +1084,7 @@ int kvm_dev_ioctl_check_extension(long ext)
case KVM_CAP_REINJECT_CONTROL:
case KVM_CAP_IRQ_INJECT_STATUS:
case KVM_CAP_ASSIGN_DEV_IRQ:
+ case KVM_CAP_IRQFD:
r = 1;
break;
case KVM_CAP_COALESCED_MMIO:
diff --git a/include/linux/kvm.h b/include/linux/kvm.h
index 7b17141..8f53f24 100644
--- a/include/linux/kvm.h
+++ b/include/linux/kvm.h
@@ -418,6 +418,7 @@ struct kvm_trace_rec {
#ifdef __KVM_HAVE_MCE
#define KVM_CAP_MCE 31
#endif
+#define KVM_CAP_IRQFD 32

#ifdef KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING

@@ -470,6 +471,15 @@ struct kvm_x86_mce {
};
#endif

+#define KVM_IRQFD_FLAG_DEASSIGN (1 << 0)
+
+struct kvm_irqfd {
+ __u32 fd;
+ __u32 gsi;
+ __u32 flags;
+ __u8 pad[20];
+};
+
/*
* ioctls for VM fds
*/
@@ -514,6 +524,7 @@ struct kvm_x86_mce {
#define KVM_ASSIGN_SET_MSIX_ENTRY \
_IOW(KVMIO, 0x74, struct kvm_assigned_msix_entry)
#define KVM_DEASSIGN_DEV_IRQ _IOW(KVMIO, 0x75, struct kvm_assigned_irq)
+#define KVM_IRQFD _IOW(KVMIO, 0x76, struct kvm_irqfd)

/*
* ioctls for vcpu fds
diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
index 8f410d3..3b6caf5 100644
--- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
+++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
@@ -134,6 +134,7 @@ struct kvm {
struct list_head vm_list;
struct kvm_io_bus mmio_bus;
struct kvm_io_bus pio_bus;
+ struct list_head irqfds;
struct kvm_vm_stat stat;
struct kvm_arch arch;
atomic_t users_count;
@@ -528,4 +529,7 @@ static inline void kvm_free_irq_routing(struct kvm *kvm) {}

#endif

+int kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags);
+void kvm_irqfd_release(struct kvm *kvm);
+
#endif
diff --git a/virt/kvm/eventfd.c b/virt/kvm/eventfd.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..72a282e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/virt/kvm/eventfd.c
@@ -0,0 +1,228 @@
+/*
+ * kvm eventfd support - use eventfd objects to signal various KVM events
+ *
+ * Copyright 2009 Novell. All Rights Reserved.
+ *
+ * Author:
+ * Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>
+ *
+ * This file is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
+ * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kvm_host.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/wait.h>
+#include <linux/poll.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/list.h>
+
+/*
+ * --------------------------------------------------------------------
+ * irqfd: Allows an fd to be used to inject an interrupt to the guest
+ *
+ * Credit goes to Avi Kivity for the original idea.
+ * --------------------------------------------------------------------
+ */
+struct _irqfd {
+ struct kvm *kvm;
+ int gsi;
+ struct file *file;
+ struct list_head list;
+ poll_table pt;
+ wait_queue_head_t *wqh;
+ wait_queue_t wait;
+ struct work_struct work;
+};
+
+static void
+irqfd_inject(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct _irqfd *irqfd = container_of(work, struct _irqfd, work);
+ struct kvm *kvm = irqfd->kvm;
+
+ mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
+ kvm_set_irq(kvm, KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID, irqfd->gsi, 1);
+ kvm_set_irq(kvm, KVM_USERSPACE_IRQ_SOURCE_ID, irqfd->gsi, 0);
+ mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
+}
+
+static int
+irqfd_wakeup(wait_queue_t *wait, unsigned mode, int sync, void *key)
+{
+ struct _irqfd *irqfd = container_of(wait, struct _irqfd, wait);
+
+ /*
+ * The wake_up is called with interrupts disabled. Therefore we need
+ * to defer the IRQ injection until later since we need to acquire the
+ * kvm->lock to do so.
+ */
+ schedule_work(&irqfd->work);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void
+irqfd_ptable_queue_proc(struct file *file, wait_queue_head_t *wqh,
+ poll_table *pt)
+{
+ struct _irqfd *irqfd = container_of(pt, struct _irqfd, pt);
+
+ irqfd->wqh = wqh;
+ add_wait_queue(wqh, &irqfd->wait);
+}
+
+static int
+kvm_assign_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi)
+{
+ struct _irqfd *irqfd;
+ struct file *file = NULL;
+ int ret;
+
+ irqfd = kzalloc(sizeof(*irqfd), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!irqfd)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ irqfd->kvm = kvm;
+ irqfd->gsi = gsi;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&irqfd->list);
+ INIT_WORK(&irqfd->work, irqfd_inject);
+
+ /*
+ * Embed the file* lifetime in the irqfd.
+ */
+ file = fget(fd);
+ if (IS_ERR(file)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(file);
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Install our own custom wake-up handling so we are notified via
+ * a callback whenever someone signals the underlying eventfd
+ */
+ init_waitqueue_func_entry(&irqfd->wait, irqfd_wakeup);
+ init_poll_funcptr(&irqfd->pt, irqfd_ptable_queue_proc);
+
+ ret = file->f_op->poll(file, &irqfd->pt);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto fail;
+
+ irqfd->file = file;
+
+ mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
+ list_add_tail(&irqfd->list, &kvm->irqfds);
+ mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
+
+ return 0;
+
+fail:
+ if (irqfd->wqh)
+ remove_wait_queue(irqfd->wqh, &irqfd->wait);
+
+ if (file && !IS_ERR(file))
+ fput(file);
+
+ kfree(irqfd);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void
+irqfd_release(struct _irqfd *irqfd)
+{
+ /*
+ * The ordering is important. We must remove ourselves from the wqh
+ * first to ensure no more event callbacks are issued, and then flush
+ * any previously scheduled work prior to freeing the memory
+ */
+ remove_wait_queue(irqfd->wqh, &irqfd->wait);
+
+ flush_work(&irqfd->work);
+
+ fput(irqfd->file);
+ kfree(irqfd);
+}
+
+static struct _irqfd *
+irqfd_remove(struct kvm *kvm, struct file *file, int gsi)
+{
+ struct _irqfd *irqfd;
+
+ mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
+
+ /*
+ * linear search isn't brilliant, but this should be an infrequent
+ * slow-path operation, and the list should not grow very large
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry(irqfd, &kvm->irqfds, list) {
+ if (irqfd->file != file || irqfd->gsi != gsi)
+ continue;
+
+ list_del(&irqfd->list);
+ mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
+
+ return irqfd;
+ }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int
+kvm_deassign_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi)
+{
+ struct _irqfd *irqfd;
+ struct file *file;
+ int count = 0;
+
+ file = fget(fd);
+ if (IS_ERR(file))
+ return PTR_ERR(file);
+
+ while ((irqfd = irqfd_remove(kvm, file, gsi))) {
+ /*
+ * We remove the item from the list under the lock, but we
+ * free it outside the lock to avoid deadlocking with the
+ * flush_work and the work_item taking the lock
+ */
+ irqfd_release(irqfd);
+ count++;
+ }
+
+ fput(file);
+
+ return count ? count : -ENOENT;
+}
+
+int
+kvm_irqfd(struct kvm *kvm, int fd, int gsi, int flags)
+{
+ if (flags & KVM_IRQFD_FLAG_DEASSIGN)
+ return kvm_deassign_irqfd(kvm, fd, gsi);
+
+ return kvm_assign_irqfd(kvm, fd, gsi);
+}
+
+void
+kvm_irqfd_release(struct kvm *kvm)
+{
+ struct _irqfd *irqfd, *tmp;
+
+ /* don't bother with the lock..we are shutting down */
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(irqfd, tmp, &kvm->irqfds, list) {
+ list_del(&irqfd->list);
+ irqfd_release(irqfd);
+ }
+}
diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
index bebfe59..b58837d 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
@@ -983,6 +983,7 @@ static struct kvm *kvm_create_vm(void)
atomic_inc(&kvm->mm->mm_count);
spin_lock_init(&kvm->mmu_lock);
kvm_io_bus_init(&kvm->pio_bus);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->irqfds);
mutex_init(&kvm->lock);
kvm_io_bus_init(&kvm->mmio_bus);
init_rwsem(&kvm->slots_lock);
@@ -1034,6 +1035,7 @@ static void kvm_destroy_vm(struct kvm *kvm)
spin_lock(&kvm_lock);
list_del(&kvm->vm_list);
spin_unlock(&kvm_lock);
+ kvm_irqfd_release(kvm);
kvm_free_irq_routing(kvm);
kvm_io_bus_destroy(&kvm->pio_bus);
kvm_io_bus_destroy(&kvm->mmio_bus);
@@ -2210,6 +2212,15 @@ static long kvm_vm_ioctl(struct file *filp,
}
#endif
#endif /* KVM_CAP_IRQ_ROUTING */
+ case KVM_IRQFD: {
+ struct kvm_irqfd data;
+
+ r = -EFAULT;
+ if (copy_from_user(&data, argp, sizeof data))
+ goto out;
+ r = kvm_irqfd(kvm, data.fd, data.gsi, data.flags);
+ break;
+ }
default:
r = kvm_arch_vm_ioctl(filp, ioctl, arg);
}


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