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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/3] [BUGFIX] x86/x86_64: fix CPU offlining triggered inactive device IRQ interrruption
On Thu, Apr 09, 2009 at 03:38:04PM -0700, Yinghai Lu wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 9, 2009 at 12:17 PM, Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com> wrote:
> > On Wed, Apr 08, 2009 at 04:59:35PM -0700, Yinghai Lu wrote:
> >> On Wed, Apr 8, 2009 at 4:58 PM, Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com> wrote:
> >> > On Wed, Apr 8, 2009 at 4:37 PM, Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com> wrote:
> >> >> On Wed, Apr 08, 2009 at 03:30:15PM -0700, Yinghai Lu wrote:
> >> >>> On Wed, Apr 8, 2009 at 2:07 PM, Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com> wrote:
> >> >>> > Impact: Eliminates a race that can leave the system in an
> >> >>> >        unusable state
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > During rapid offlining of multiple CPUs there is a chance
> >> >>> > that an IRQ affinity move destination CPU will be offlined
> >> >>> > before the IRQ affinity move initiated during the offlining
> >> >>> > of a previous CPU completes.  This can happen when the device
> >> >>> > is not very active and thus fails to generate the IRQ that is
> >> >>> > needed to complete the IRQ affinity move before the move
> >> >>> > destination CPU is offlined.  When this happens there is an
> >> >>> > -EBUSY return from __assign_irq_vector() during the offlining
> >> >>> > of the IRQ move destination CPU which prevents initiation of
> >> >>> > a new IRQ affinity move operation to an online CPU.  This
> >> >>> > leaves the IRQ affinity set to an offlined CPU.
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > I have been able to reproduce the problem on some of our
> >> >>> > systems using the following script.  When the system is idle
> >> >>> > the problem often reproduces during the first CPU offlining
> >> >>> > sequence.
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > #!/bin/sh
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > SYS_CPU_DIR=/sys/devices/system/cpu
> >> >>> > VICTIM_IRQ=25
> >> >>> > IRQ_MASK=f0
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > iteration=0
> >> >>> > while true; do
> >> >>> >  echo $iteration
> >> >>> >  echo $IRQ_MASK > /proc/irq/$VICTIM_IRQ/smp_affinity
> >> >>> >  for cpudir in $SYS_CPU_DIR/cpu[1-9] $SYS_CPU_DIR/cpu??; do
> >> >>> >    echo 0 > $cpudir/online
> >> >>> >  done
> >> >>> >  for cpudir in $SYS_CPU_DIR/cpu[1-9] $SYS_CPU_DIR/cpu??; do
> >> >>> >    echo 1 > $cpudir/online
> >> >>> >  done
> >> >>> >  iteration=`expr $iteration + 1`
> >> >>> > done
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > The proposed fix takes advantage of the fact that when all
> >> >>> > CPUs in the old domain are offline there is nothing to be done
> >> >>> > by send_cleanup_vector() during the affinity move completion.
> >> >>> > So, we simply avoid setting cfg->move_in_progress preventing
> >> >>> > the above mentioned -EBUSY return from __assign_irq_vector().
> >> >>> > This allows initiation of a new IRQ affinity move to a CPU
> >> >>> > that is not going offline.
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > Signed-off-by: Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com>
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > ---
> >> >>> >  arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c |   11 ++++++++---
> >> >>> >  1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > Index: linux-2.6.30-rc1/arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c
> >> >>> > ===================================================================
> >> >>> > --- linux-2.6.30-rc1.orig/arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c        2009-04-08 09:23:00.000000000 -0700
> >> >>> > +++ linux-2.6.30-rc1/arch/x86/kernel/apic/io_apic.c     2009-04-08 09:23:16.000000000 -0700
> >> >>> > @@ -363,7 +363,8 @@ set_extra_move_desc(struct irq_desc *des
> >> >>> >        struct irq_cfg *cfg = desc->chip_data;
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> >        if (!cfg->move_in_progress) {
> >> >>> > -               /* it means that domain is not changed */
> >> >>> > +               /* it means that domain has not changed or all CPUs
> >> >>> > +                * in old domain are offline */
> >> >>> >                if (!cpumask_intersects(desc->affinity, mask))
> >> >>> >                        cfg->move_desc_pending = 1;
> >> >>> >        }
> >> >>> > @@ -1262,8 +1263,11 @@ next:
> >> >>> >                current_vector = vector;
> >> >>> >                current_offset = offset;
> >> >>> >                if (old_vector) {
> >> >>> > -                       cfg->move_in_progress = 1;
> >> >>> >                        cpumask_copy(cfg->old_domain, cfg->domain);
> >> >>> > +                       if (cpumask_intersects(cfg->old_domain,
> >> >>> > +                                              cpu_online_mask)) {
> >> >>> > +                               cfg->move_in_progress = 1;
> >> >>> > +                       }
> >> >>> >                }
> >> >>> >                for_each_cpu_and(new_cpu, tmp_mask, cpu_online_mask)
> >> >>> >                        per_cpu(vector_irq, new_cpu)[vector] = irq;
> >> >>> > @@ -2492,7 +2496,8 @@ static void irq_complete_move(struct irq
> >> >>> >                if (likely(!cfg->move_desc_pending))
> >> >>> >                        return;
> >> >>> >
> >> >>> > -               /* domain has not changed, but affinity did */
> >> >>> > +               /* domain has not changed or all CPUs in old domain
> >> >>> > +                * are offline, but affinity changed */
> >> >>> >                me = smp_processor_id();
> >> >>> >                if (cpumask_test_cpu(me, desc->affinity)) {
> >> >>> >                        *descp = desc = move_irq_desc(desc, me);
> >> >>> > --
> >> >>>
> >> >>> so you mean during __assign_irq_vector(), cpu_online_mask get updated?
> >> >>
> >> >> No, the CPU being offlined is removed from cpu_online_mask
> >> >> earlier via a call to remove_cpu_from_maps() from
> >> >> cpu_disable_common().  This happens just before fixup_irqs()
> >> >> is called.
> >> >>
> >> >>> with your patch, how about that it just happen right after you check
> >> >>> that second time.
> >> >>>
> >> >>> it seems we are missing some lock_vector_lock() on the remove cpu from
> >> >>> online mask.
> >> >>
> >> >> The remove_cpu_from_maps() call in cpu_disable_common() is vector
> >> >> lock protected:
> >> >> void cpu_disable_common(void)
> >> >> {
> >> >>               < snip >
> >> >>        /* It's now safe to remove this processor from the online map */
> >> >>        lock_vector_lock();
> >> >>        remove_cpu_from_maps(cpu);
> >> >>        unlock_vector_lock();
> >> >>        fixup_irqs();
> >> >> }
> >> >
> >> >
> >> > __assign_irq_vector always has vector_lock locked...
> >
> > OK, I see the 'vector_lock' spin_lock_irqsave/spin_unlock_irqrestore
> > surrounding the __assign_irq_vector call in assign_irq_vector.
> >
> >> > so cpu_online_mask will not changed during,
> >
> > I understand that this 'vector_lock' acquisition prevents
> > multiple simultaneous executions of __assign_irq_vector but
> > does that really prevent another thread executing outside
> > __assign_irq_vector (or outside other 'vector_lock' serialized
> > code) from modifying cpu_online_mask?
> >
> > Isn't it really 'cpu_add_remove_lock' (also held when
> > __assign_irq_vector() is called in the context of a CPU add
> > or remove) that is used for this purpose?
> >
> >> > why do you need to check that again in __assign_irq_vector ?
> >
> > Because that is where the cfg->move_in_progress flag was
> > being set.
> >
> > Is there some reason that the content of cpu_online_mask
> > cannot be trusted at this location?
> >
> > If all the CPUs in the old domain are offline doesn't
> > that imply that we got to that location in response to
> > a CPU offline request?
> >
> >> >
> >> looks like you need to clear move_in_progress in fixup_irqs()
> >
> > This would be a difficult since I believe the code is
> > currently partitioned in a manner that prevents access to
> > irq_cfg records from functions defined in arch/x86/kernel/irq_32.c
> > and arch/x86/kernel/irq_64.c.  It also doesn't feel right to
> > allow cfg->move_in_progress to be set in __assign_irq_vector
> > and then clear it in fixup_irqs().
>
> it looks before fixup_irqs() cpu_online_mask get updated,

Correct. It is updated during the remove_cpu_from_maps()
call from cpu_disable_common() that preceeds the fixup_irqs()
call from cpu_disable_common().

> and before irq_complete_move get called.

Also correct but it should be noted that irq_complete_move()
executes on an IRQ affinity move destination CPU which, depending
on how quickly the device generates the next IRQ, may not happen
before the IRQ affinity move destination CPU(s) are offlined.

>
> so we could fixup_irqs to clear move_in_progress and cleanup percpu
> vector_irq ...

If you are suggesting that the send_cleanup_vector() work
deferred to an IRQ affinity move destination CPU be performed
instead by code running on the CPU being removed, I considered
that before discovering the justification for the current design.
http://lkml.org/lkml/2007/2/23/92

I also played around with using send_IPI_mask() to send
cfg->vector to the IRQ affinity move destination CPU(s) to
assure that cfg->move_in_progress would get cleared before
those CPU(s) were offlined. This appeared to work, however,
it seemed like a hack and I wasn't sure how to deal with the
unhandled interrupts.

I then discovered that send_cleanup_vector() wasn't sending
IRQ_MOVE_CLEANUP_VECTOR to any CPU when all CPUs in the old
domain were offline. This led me to the proposed fix.

Gary

--
Gary Hade
System x Enablement
IBM Linux Technology Center
503-578-4503 IBM T/L: 775-4503
garyhade@us.ibm.com
http://www.ibm.com/linux/ltc

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