lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Apr]   [9]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
SubjectRe: [PATCH] firmware: speed up request_firmware()
From
Date
On Wed, 2009-01-28 at 12:34 -0800, Ira Snyder wrote:
> On Wed, Jan 28, 2009 at 07:45:34PM +0000, Alan Cox wrote:
> > > Some drivers cache firmware in memory. Doubing the amount of needed memory
> > > definitely would not be the best idea. Check drivers/net/wireless for
> > > examples.
> >
> > A lot of drivers could perfectly happily exist with a simple iterator
> > helper and being returned sg lists of pages. It seems that for big
> > firmwares at least there is a root cause which is deeper than how you
> > grow your vmalloc buffer.
> >
>
> An sg list of pages would be perfect for my usage. I didn't want to
> change an existing kernel interface, so I just made the easiest change
> that worked for me.
>
> Another thing that could be done is trimming the vmalloc() down to the
> exact size needed after the firmware has finished loading. That would
> still waste memory until the copy from userspace is finished, though.

Or you just allocate individual pages one at a time as you're copying
the data in from userspace, then vmap() them once you're _done_.

We could potentially extend this to allow drivers to say "I only need an
array of pages, not contiguous VM space", but that comes later.

This approach has the benefit that we can force the virtual mapping of
the firmware image to be read-only -- one step up from making it 'const'
as we did already.

> I'd be happy to test patches anyone comes up with.

Totally untested here...

diff --git a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
index d3a59c6..bf151cd 100644
--- a/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
+++ b/drivers/base/firmware_class.c
@@ -17,7 +17,7 @@
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
-
+#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/firmware.h>
#include "base.h"

@@ -45,7 +45,10 @@ struct firmware_priv {
struct bin_attribute attr_data;
struct firmware *fw;
unsigned long status;
- int alloc_size;
+ struct page **pages;
+ int nr_pages;
+ int page_array_size;
+ const char *vdata;
struct timer_list timeout;
};

@@ -141,6 +144,7 @@ static ssize_t firmware_loading_store(struct device *dev,
{
struct firmware_priv *fw_priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
int loading = simple_strtol(buf, NULL, 10);
+ int i;

switch (loading) {
case 1:
@@ -151,13 +155,30 @@ static ssize_t firmware_loading_store(struct device *dev,
}
vfree(fw_priv->fw->data);
fw_priv->fw->data = NULL;
+ for (i = 0; i < fw_priv->nr_pages; i++)
+ __free_page(fw_priv->pages[i]);
+ kfree(fw_priv->pages);
+ fw_priv->pages = NULL;
+ fw_priv->page_array_size = 0;
+ fw_priv->nr_pages = 0;
fw_priv->fw->size = 0;
- fw_priv->alloc_size = 0;
set_bit(FW_STATUS_LOADING, &fw_priv->status);
mutex_unlock(&fw_lock);
break;
case 0:
if (test_bit(FW_STATUS_LOADING, &fw_priv->status)) {
+ vfree(fw_priv->fw->data);
+ fw_priv->fw->data = vmap(fw_priv->pages,
+ fw_priv->nr_pages,
+ 0, PAGE_KERNEL_RO);
+ if (!fw_priv->fw->data) {
+ dev_err(dev, "%s: vmap() failed\n", __func__);
+ goto err;
+ }
+ /* Pages will be freed by vfree() */
+ fw_priv->pages = NULL;
+ fw_priv->page_array_size = 0;
+ fw_priv->nr_pages = 0;
complete(&fw_priv->completion);
clear_bit(FW_STATUS_LOADING, &fw_priv->status);
break;
@@ -167,6 +188,7 @@ static ssize_t firmware_loading_store(struct device *dev,
dev_err(dev, "%s: unexpected value (%d)\n", __func__, loading);
/* fallthrough */
case -1:
+ err:
fw_load_abort(fw_priv);
break;
}
@@ -191,8 +213,28 @@ firmware_data_read(struct kobject *kobj, struct bin_attribute *bin_attr,
ret_count = -ENODEV;
goto out;
}
- ret_count = memory_read_from_buffer(buffer, count, &offset,
- fw->data, fw->size);
+ if (offset > fw->size)
+ return 0;
+ if (count > fw->size - offset)
+ count = fw->size - offset;
+
+ ret_count = count;
+
+ while (count) {
+ void *page_data;
+ int page_nr = offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ int page_ofs = offset & (PAGE_SIZE-1);
+ int page_cnt = min(PAGE_SIZE - page_ofs, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ page_data = kmap(fw_priv->pages[page_nr]);
+
+ memcpy(buffer, page_data + page_ofs, page_cnt);
+
+ kunmap(page_data);
+ buffer += page_cnt;
+ offset += page_cnt;
+ count -= page_cnt;
+ }
out:
mutex_unlock(&fw_lock);
return ret_count;
@@ -201,27 +243,39 @@ out:
static int
fw_realloc_buffer(struct firmware_priv *fw_priv, int min_size)
{
- u8 *new_data;
- int new_size = fw_priv->alloc_size;
+ int pages_needed = ALIGN(min_size, PAGE_SIZE) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+ /* If the array of pages is too small, grow it... */
+ if (fw_priv->page_array_size < pages_needed) {
+ int new_array_size = min(pages_needed,
+ fw_priv->page_array_size * 2);
+ struct page **new_pages;
+
+ new_pages = kmalloc(new_array_size * sizeof(void *),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!new_pages) {
+ fw_load_abort(fw_priv);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ memcpy(new_pages, fw_priv->pages,
+ fw_priv->page_array_size * sizeof(void *));
+ memset(&new_pages[fw_priv->page_array_size], 0, sizeof(void *) *
+ (new_array_size - fw_priv->page_array_size));
+ kfree(fw_priv->pages);
+ fw_priv->pages = new_pages;
+ fw_priv->page_array_size = new_array_size;
+ }

- if (min_size <= fw_priv->alloc_size)
- return 0;
+ while (fw_priv->nr_pages < pages_needed) {
+ fw_priv->pages[fw_priv->nr_pages] =
+ alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM);

- new_size = ALIGN(min_size, PAGE_SIZE);
- new_data = vmalloc(new_size);
- if (!new_data) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "%s: unable to alloc buffer\n", __func__);
- /* Make sure that we don't keep incomplete data */
- fw_load_abort(fw_priv);
- return -ENOMEM;
- }
- fw_priv->alloc_size = new_size;
- if (fw_priv->fw->data) {
- memcpy(new_data, fw_priv->fw->data, fw_priv->fw->size);
- vfree(fw_priv->fw->data);
+ if (!fw_priv->pages[fw_priv->nr_pages]) {
+ fw_load_abort(fw_priv);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ fw_priv->nr_pages++;
}
- fw_priv->fw->data = new_data;
- BUG_ON(min_size > fw_priv->alloc_size);
return 0;
}

@@ -258,10 +312,25 @@ firmware_data_write(struct kobject *kobj, struct bin_attribute *bin_attr,
if (retval)
goto out;

- memcpy((u8 *)fw->data + offset, buffer, count);
-
- fw->size = max_t(size_t, offset + count, fw->size);
retval = count;
+
+ while (count) {
+ void *page_data;
+ int page_nr = offset >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ int page_ofs = offset & (PAGE_SIZE-1);
+ int page_cnt = min(PAGE_SIZE - page_ofs, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ page_data = kmap(fw_priv->pages[page_nr]);
+
+ memcpy(page_data + page_ofs, buffer, page_cnt);
+
+ kunmap(page_data);
+ buffer += page_cnt;
+ offset += page_cnt;
+ count -= page_cnt;
+ }
+
+ fw->size = max_t(size_t, offset, fw->size);
out:
mutex_unlock(&fw_lock);
return retval;
@@ -277,7 +346,11 @@ static struct bin_attribute firmware_attr_data_tmpl = {
static void fw_dev_release(struct device *dev)
{
struct firmware_priv *fw_priv = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
+ int i;

+ for (i = 0; i < fw_priv->nr_pages; i++)
+ __free_page(fw_priv->pages[i]);
+ kfree(fw_priv->pages);
kfree(fw_priv);
kfree(dev);

--
David Woodhouse Open Source Technology Centre
David.Woodhouse@intel.com Intel Corporation



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-04-09 21:11    [from the cache]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site