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SubjectRe: Linux 2.6.29
Linus Torvalds wrote:
>
> On Thu, 2 Apr 2009, Jeff Garzik wrote:
>> The most interesting thing I found: the SSD does 80 MB/s for the first ~1 GB
>> or so, then slows down dramatically. After ~2GB, it is down to 32 MB/s.
>> After ~4GB, it reaches a steady speed around 23 MB/s.
>
> Are you sure that isn't an effect of double and triple indirect blocks
> etc? The metadata updates get more complex for the deeper indirect blocks.
>
> Or just our page cache lookup? Maybe our radix tree thing hits something
> stupid. Although it sure shouldn't be _that_ noticeable.
>
>> There is a similar performance fall-off for the Seagate, but much less
>> pronounced:
>> After 1GB: 52 MB/s
>> After 2GB: 44 MB/s
>> After 3GB: steady state
>
> That would seem to indicate that it's something else than the disk speed.

Attached are some additional tests using sync_file_range, dd, an SSD and
a normal SATA disk. The test program -- overwrite.c -- is unchanged
from my last posting, basically the same as Linus's except with
posix_fadvise()

Observations:

* the no-name SSD does seem to burst the first ~1GB of writes rapidly,
but degrades to a much lower sustained level, as observed before.
Repeated tests do not produce ~80 MB/s, only the first test, which lends
credence to the theory about background activity.

* For the SSD, overwrite is noticeably faster than dd.

* For the Seagate NCQ hard drive, dd is noticeably faster than overwrite.

* fadvise() appears to help, but mostly the results are either
inconclusive or lost in the noise: A slight increase in throughput, and
a slight increase in system time.

The test sequence for both SATA devices was the following:

3 x dd
3 x overwrite
3 x overwrite w/ fadvise(don't need)

System setup: Intel Nahalem(sp?) x86-64, ICH10, Fedora 10, ext3
filesystem (mounted defaults + noatime), 2.6.29 vanilla kernel.

Regards,

Jeff





=======================================================
128GB, 3.0 Gbps no-name SATA SSD, x86-64, ext3, 2.6.29 vanilla
First dd(1) creates the file, others simply rewrite it.
=======================================================
24000+0 records in
24000+0 records out
25165824000 bytes (25 GB) copied, 917.599 s, 27.4 MB/s)
real 15m30.928s
user 0m0.016s
sys 1m3.924s


24000+0 records in
24000+0 records out
25165824000 bytes (25 GB) copied, 1056.92 s, 23.8 MB/s)

real 18m1.686s
user 0m0.016s
sys 1m4.816s


24000+0 records in
24000+0 records out
25165824000 bytes (25 GB) copied, 1044.25 s, 24.1 MB/s)

real 17m37.884s
user 0m0.020s
sys 1m4.300s


writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 645.56 (34 MB/s)

real 10m46.502s
user 0m0.044s
sys 0m35.990s


writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 634.55 (35 MB/s)

real 10m35.448s
user 0m0.036s
sys 0m36.466s


writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 642.00 (34 MB/s)

real 10m42.890s
user 0m0.044s
sys 0m34.930s


using fadvise()
writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 639.49 (35 MB/s)

real 10m40.384s
user 0m0.036s
sys 0m38.582s


using fadvise()
writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 636.17 (35 MB/s)

real 10m37.061s
user 0m0.024s
sys 0m39.146s


using fadvise()
writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 636.07 (35 MB/s)

real 10m37.003s
user 0m0.060s
sys 0m39.174s


=======================================================
500GB, 3.0Gbps Seagate SATA drive, x86-64, ext3, 2.6.29 vanilla
First dd(1) creates the file, others simply rewrite it.
=======================================================
24000+0 records in
24000+0 records out
25165824000 bytes (25 GB) copied, 494.797 s, 50.9 MB/s)
real 8m42.680s
user 0m0.016s
sys 0m58.176s


24000+0 records in
24000+0 records out
25165824000 bytes (25 GB) copied, 498.295 s, 50.5 MB/s)

real 8m27.505s
user 0m0.016s
sys 0m58.744s


24000+0 records in
24000+0 records out
25165824000 bytes (25 GB) copied, 492.145 s, 51.1 MB/s)

real 8m23.616s
user 0m0.016s
sys 0m59.064s


writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 478.41 (46 MB/s)

real 7m59.690s
user 0m0.032s
sys 0m33.210s


writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 513.54 (43 MB/s)

real 8m34.461s
user 0m0.048s
sys 0m33.342s


writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 471.38 (47 MB/s)

real 7m52.641s
user 0m0.020s
sys 0m33.486s


using fadvise()
writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 467.67 (47 MB/s)

real 7m48.756s
user 0m0.048s
sys 0m36.838s


using fadvise()
writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 462.69 (48 MB/s)

real 7m43.597s
user 0m0.020s
sys 0m37.462s


using fadvise()
writing 2800 buffers of size 8m
21.867 GB written in 463.56 (48 MB/s)

real 7m44.472s
user 0m0.036s
sys 0m37.342s


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