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SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/5] proc: export more page flags in /proc/kpageflags
On Wed, Apr 29, 2009 at 05:32:44AM +0800, Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Tue, 28 Apr 2009 09:09:12 +0800
> Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> wrote:
>
> > +/*
> > + * Kernel flags are exported faithfully to Linus and his fellow hackers.
> > + * Otherwise some details are masked to avoid confusing the end user:
> > + * - some kernel flags are completely invisible
> > + * - some kernel flags are conditionally invisible on their odd usages
> > + */
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL
> > +static inline int genuine_linus(void) { return 1; }
>
> Although he's a fine chap, the use of the "_linus" tag isn't terribly
> clear (to me). I think what you're saying here is that this enables
> kernel-developer-only features, yes?

Yes.

> If so, perhaps we could come up with an identifier which expresses that
> more clearly.
>
> But I'd expect that everyone and all distros enable CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL
> for _some_ reason, so what's the point?

Good point! I can confirm my debian has CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL=Y!

> It is preferable that we always implement the same interface for all
> Kconfig settings. If this exposes information which is confusing or
> not useful to end-users then so be it - we should be able to cover that
> in supporting documentation.

My original patch takes that straightforward manner - and I still like it.
I would be very glad to move the filtering code from kernel to user space.

The use of more obscure flags could be discouraged by _not_ documenting
them. A really curious user is encouraged to refer to the code for the
exact meaning (and perhaps become a kernel developer ;-)

> Also, as mentioned in the other email, it would be good if we were to
> publish a little userspace app which people can use to access this raw
> data. We could give that application an `--i-am-a-kernel-developer'
> option!

OK. I'll include page-types.c in the next take.

> > +#else
> > +static inline int genuine_linus(void) { return 0; }
> > +#endif
>
> This isn't an appropriate use of CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL.
>
> DEBUG_KERNEL is a Kconfig-only construct which is use to enable _other_
> debugging features. The way you've used it here, if the person who is
> configuring the kernel wants to enable any other completely-unrelated
> debug feature, they have to enable DEBUG_KERNEL first. But when they
> do that, they unexpectedly alter the behaviour of pagemap!
>
> There are two other places where CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL affects code
> generation in .c files: arch/parisc/mm/init.c and
> arch/powerpc/kernel/sysfs.c. These are both wrong, and need slapping ;)

(add cc to related maintainers)

CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL being enabled in distro kernels effectively means

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL == #if 1

as the following patch demos. Now it becomes obviously silly.

diff --git a/arch/parisc/mm/init.c b/arch/parisc/mm/init.c
index 4356ceb..59fb910 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/mm/init.c
+++ b/arch/parisc/mm/init.c
@@ -368,19 +368,19 @@ static void __init setup_bootmem(void)
request_resource(&sysram_resources[0], &pdcdata_resource);
}

void free_initmem(void)
{
unsigned long addr, init_begin, init_end;

printk(KERN_INFO "Freeing unused kernel memory: ");

-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL
+#if 1
/* Attempt to catch anyone trying to execute code here
* by filling the page with BRK insns.
*
* If we disable interrupts for all CPUs, then IPI stops working.
* Kinda breaks the global cache flushing.
*/
local_irq_disable();

memset(__init_begin, 0x00,
@@ -519,19 +519,19 @@ void __init mem_init(void)
printk(KERN_INFO "Memory: %luk/%luk available (%dk kernel code, %dk reserved, %dk data, %dk init)\n",
(unsigned long)nr_free_pages() << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
num_physpages << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
codesize >> 10,
reservedpages << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
datasize >> 10,
initsize >> 10
);

-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL /* double-sanity-check paranoia */
+#if 1 /* double-sanity-check paranoia */
printk("virtual kernel memory layout:\n"
" vmalloc : 0x%p - 0x%p (%4ld MB)\n"
" memory : 0x%p - 0x%p (%4ld MB)\n"
" .init : 0x%p - 0x%p (%4ld kB)\n"
" .data : 0x%p - 0x%p (%4ld kB)\n"
" .text : 0x%p - 0x%p (%4ld kB)\n",

(void*)VMALLOC_START, (void*)VMALLOC_END,
(VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_START) >> 20,
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/sysfs.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/sysfs.c
index f41aec8..0d54c6b 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/sysfs.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/sysfs.c
@@ -212,19 +212,19 @@ static SYSDEV_ATTR(purr, 0600, show_purr, store_purr);
#endif /* CONFIG_PPC64 */

#ifdef HAS_PPC_PMC_PA6T
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(pa6t_pmc0, SPRN_PA6T_PMC0);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(pa6t_pmc1, SPRN_PA6T_PMC1);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(pa6t_pmc2, SPRN_PA6T_PMC2);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(pa6t_pmc3, SPRN_PA6T_PMC3);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(pa6t_pmc4, SPRN_PA6T_PMC4);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(pa6t_pmc5, SPRN_PA6T_PMC5);
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL
+#if 1
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(hid0, SPRN_HID0);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(hid1, SPRN_HID1);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(hid4, SPRN_HID4);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(hid5, SPRN_HID5);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(ima0, SPRN_PA6T_IMA0);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(ima1, SPRN_PA6T_IMA1);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(ima2, SPRN_PA6T_IMA2);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(ima3, SPRN_PA6T_IMA3);
SYSFS_PMCSETUP(ima4, SPRN_PA6T_IMA4);
@@ -282,19 +282,19 @@ static struct sysdev_attribute classic_pmc_attrs[] = {
static struct sysdev_attribute pa6t_attrs[] = {
_SYSDEV_ATTR(mmcr0, 0600, show_mmcr0, store_mmcr0),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(mmcr1, 0600, show_mmcr1, store_mmcr1),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(pmc0, 0600, show_pa6t_pmc0, store_pa6t_pmc0),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(pmc1, 0600, show_pa6t_pmc1, store_pa6t_pmc1),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(pmc2, 0600, show_pa6t_pmc2, store_pa6t_pmc2),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(pmc3, 0600, show_pa6t_pmc3, store_pa6t_pmc3),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(pmc4, 0600, show_pa6t_pmc4, store_pa6t_pmc4),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(pmc5, 0600, show_pa6t_pmc5, store_pa6t_pmc5),
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_KERNEL
+#if 1
_SYSDEV_ATTR(hid0, 0600, show_hid0, store_hid0),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(hid1, 0600, show_hid1, store_hid1),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(hid4, 0600, show_hid4, store_hid4),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(hid5, 0600, show_hid5, store_hid5),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(ima0, 0600, show_ima0, store_ima0),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(ima1, 0600, show_ima1, store_ima1),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(ima2, 0600, show_ima2, store_ima2),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(ima3, 0600, show_ima3, store_ima3),
_SYSDEV_ATTR(ima4, 0600, show_ima4, store_ima4),
> > +#define kpf_copy_bit(uflags, kflags, visible, ubit, kbit) \
> > + do { \
> > + if (visible || genuine_linus()) \
> > + uflags |= ((kflags >> kbit) & 1) << ubit; \
> > + } while (0);
>
> Did this have to be implemented as a macro?
>
> It's bad, because it might or might not reference its argument, so if
> someone passes it an expression-with-side-effects, the end result is
> unpredictable. A C function is almost always preferable if possible.

Just tried inline function, the code size is increased slightly:

text data bss dec hex filename
macro 1804 128 0 1932 78c fs/proc/page.o
inline 1828 128 0 1956 7a4 fs/proc/page.o

So I'll keep the macro, but add brackets to make it a bit safer.

Thanks,
Fengguang



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