lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Apr]   [21]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH] fix sign extension with 1.5TB usb-storage LBD=y
Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 21, 2009 at 01:52:54PM -0700, Dave Hansen wrote:
>> This is with current git as of this morning, which is at v2.6.30-rc2.
>>
>> I have a 1.5TB USB device which gets a bit angry when I plug it in. It
>> ends up with a scsi_disk->capacity of ffffffffaea87b30. I tracked it
>> down to the lba calculation in read_capacity_10():
>>
>> lba = (buffer[0] << 24) | (buffer[1] << 16) |
>> (buffer[2] << 8) | buffer[3];
>>
>> lba is getting all 0xf's in its high 32 bits. It seems odd that this
>> would happen since 'buffer' is an 'unsigned char', but that is
>> apparently what is going on. Note that this isn't an issue 32-bit
>> kernels compiled with CONFIG_LBD=n since there's no more bits into which
>> the sign could be extended.
>
> I think I know ... unsigned char gets promoted to signed int since it will
> fit. then signed int gets cast to unsigned long long, sign-extending. C's
> promotion rules have always felt a bit wacky to me.
>
>> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/sd.c b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
>> index 3fcb64b..db60e96 100644
>> --- a/drivers/scsi/sd.c
>> +++ b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
>> @@ -1402,7 +1402,7 @@ static int read_capacity_10(struct scsi_disk *sdkp, struct scsi_device *sdp,
>>
>> sector_size = (buffer[4] << 24) | (buffer[5] << 16) |
>> (buffer[6] << 8) | buffer[7];
>> - lba = (buffer[0] << 24) | (buffer[1] << 16) |
>> + lba = ((sector_t)buffer[0] << 24) | (buffer[1] << 16) |
>> (buffer[2] << 8) | buffer[3];
>
> this certainly fixes your problem. I'd prefer this patch instead, just
> because I find the cast unaesthetic ...
>
> ----
>
> Fix READ CAPACITY 10 with drives over 1TB
>
> Shifting an unsigned char implicitly casts it to a signed int. This
> caused 'lba' to sign-extend and Linux would then try READ CAPACITY 16
> which was not supported by at least one drive. Making 'lba' an unsigned
> int ensures that sign extension will not occur.
>
> Signed-off-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@linux.intel.com>
>
> diff --git a/drivers/scsi/sd.c b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
> index 3fcb64b..c856b1b 100644
> --- a/drivers/scsi/sd.c
> +++ b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
> @@ -1373,7 +1373,7 @@ static int read_capacity_10(struct scsi_disk *sdkp, struct scsi_device *sdp,
> int sense_valid = 0;
> int the_result;
> int retries = 3;
> - sector_t lba;
> + unsigned lba;

sector_t is either unsigned long or u64, depending on CONFIG_LBD.
Are you saying (implying) that the higher-order bits of it don't matter here?
If so, I'd just like for that to be clear(er).


> unsigned sector_size;
>
> do {
> @@ -1413,7 +1413,7 @@ static int read_capacity_10(struct scsi_disk *sdkp, struct scsi_device *sdp,
> return -EOVERFLOW;
> }
>
> - sdkp->capacity = lba + 1;
> + sdkp->capacity = (sector_t)lba + 1;
> return sector_size;
> }
>
>



\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-04-21 23:33    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site