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Subject[PATCH] tracepoints : let subsystem nop-out the tracepoints at build time
* Jeremy Fitzhardinge (jeremy@goop.org) wrote:
> Mathieu Desnoyers wrote:
>> "all this code" is actually :
>>
>> rcu_read_lock_sched_notrace(); \
>> it_func = rcu_dereference((tp)->funcs); \
>> if (it_func) { \
>> do { \
>> ((void(*)(proto))(*it_func))(args); \
>> } while (*(++it_func)); \
>> } \
>> rcu_read_unlock_sched_notrace(); \
>>
>> Which does nothing more than disabling preemption and a for loop to
>> call all the tracepoint handlers. I don't see the big win in laying out
>> the stack to call this code out-of-line; we would just remove the
>> preempt disable and the loop, which are minimal compared to most
>> call stacks.
>>
>
> Well, look at it from my perspective: Ingo has been repeatedly beating
> me up for the overhead pvops adds to a native kernel, where it really is
> just a (direct) function call. I want to instrument each pvop site with
> a tracepoint so I can actually work out which calls are being called how
> frequently to look for new optimisation opportunities.
>
> I would guess the tracepoint code sequence is going to increase the
> impact of each pvop call site by a fair bit, and that's not counting the
> effects the extra register pressure will have. That's a pile of code to
> add.
>
> And frankly, that's fine by me, because I would expect this degree of
> introspection to have some performance hit. But it does make the need
> for per-subsystem tracing Kconfig entries fairly important, because I
> don't think this would be acceptable to ship in a non-debug-everything
> kernel build, even though other tracepoints might be.
>

Agreed. Tracepoints might change the code surrounding the pvops in a
similar fashion as the pvops themselves would change the code.
Therefore, it makes sense to have a Kconfig option to enable the pvops
tracepoints.

In terms of tracepoints (with the DECLARE_TRACE/DEFINE_TRACE semantic),
we could have something like :

in include/trace/pvops.h :

#include <linux/tracepoint.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_PVOPS_TRACEPOINTS

#define DECLARE_PVOPS_TRACE DECLARE_TRACE
#define DEFINE_PVOPS_TRACE DEFINE_TRACE
#define EXPORT_PVOPS_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL
#define EXPORT_PVOPS_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL

#else /* !CONFIG_PVOPS_TRACEPOINTS */
#define DECLARE_PVOPS_TRACE DECLARE_TRACE_NOP
#define DEFINE_PVOPS_TRACE DEFINE_TRACE_NOP
#define EXPORT_PVOPS_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL_NOP
#define EXPORT_PVOPS_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_NOP

#endif /* CONFIG_PVOPS_TRACEPOINTS */
And then do the declarations/definitions using the new

DECLARE_PVOPS_TRACE / DEFINE_PVOPS_TRACE.

For that you'll need the patch I am attaching below. I'll let Steven
figure out how to tweak TRACE_EVENT() to support this new tracepoint
feature.

>> So basically, tracepoints are already just doing a function call, with a
>> few more bytes for preempt disable and multiple handler support.
>>
>> About the compiler deciding to put the unlikely branch out-of-line, I've
>> never seen any function calls generated just for the sake of saving
>> those few bytes, that would be crazy of the part of the compiler.
>> However, it can (and should) freely put the stack setup in the coldest
>> cache-lines possible, which are reachable by a near jump.
>>
>
> No, it wouldn't generate a call. But if its going to put the code out
> of line into cold cache-lines, then it may as well generate a call.
>

Jumping out-of-line was somewhat faster than calling a function if I
recall well my performance tests. But that's all been done long ago.

And note that whenever the tracer becomes active, the out-of-line code
of busy tracepoints becomes cache-hot, which means that there is no more
cache line fetch to perform, which leaves the stack setup and other
overhead of function call/return vs 2*jump very measurable.

> Anyway, the important point from my perspective is that tracepoint.h
> have no #include dependencies beyond linux/types.h (compiler.h, etc).
>

Is preempt.h a problem ?

Here is the patch.

Mathieu


tracepoints : let subsystem nop-out the tracepoints at build time

Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca>
CC: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org>
CC: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
CC: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
CC: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
CC: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
CC: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
---
include/linux/tracepoint.h | 38 ++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
Index: linux.trees.git/include/linux/tracepoint.h
===================================================================
--- linux.trees.git.orig/include/linux/tracepoint.h 2009-04-16 22:40:26.000000000 -0400
+++ linux.trees.git/include/linux/tracepoint.h 2009-04-16 22:40:33.000000000 -0400
@@ -37,6 +37,24 @@ struct tracepoint {
#define TP_PROTO(args...) args
#define TP_ARGS(args...) args

+#define DECLARE_TRACE_NOP(name, proto, args) \
+ static inline void _do_trace_##name(struct tracepoint *tp, proto) \
+ { } \
+ static inline void trace_##name(proto) \
+ { } \
+ static inline int register_trace_##name(void (*probe)(proto)) \
+ { \
+ return -ENOSYS; \
+ } \
+ static inline int unregister_trace_##name(void (*probe)(proto)) \
+ { \
+ return -ENOSYS; \
+ }
+
+#define DEFINE_TRACE_NOP(name)
+#define EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL_NOP(name)
+#define EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_NOP(name)
+
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS

/*
@@ -95,23 +113,11 @@ extern void tracepoint_update_probe_rang
struct tracepoint *end);

#else /* !CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS */
-#define DECLARE_TRACE(name, proto, args) \
- static inline void _do_trace_##name(struct tracepoint *tp, proto) \
- { } \
- static inline void trace_##name(proto) \
- { } \
- static inline int register_trace_##name(void (*probe)(proto)) \
- { \
- return -ENOSYS; \
- } \
- static inline int unregister_trace_##name(void (*probe)(proto)) \
- { \
- return -ENOSYS; \
- }

-#define DEFINE_TRACE(name)
-#define EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL(name)
-#define EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL(name)
+#define DECLARE_TRACE DECLARE_TRACE_NOP
+#define DEFINE_TRACE DEFINE_TRACE_NOP
+#define EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_GPL_NOP
+#define EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL EXPORT_TRACEPOINT_SYMBOL_NOP

static inline void tracepoint_update_probe_range(struct tracepoint *begin,
struct tracepoint *end)

--
Mathieu Desnoyers
OpenPGP key fingerprint: 8CD5 52C3 8E3C 4140 715F BA06 3F25 A8FE 3BAE 9A68


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