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SubjectRe: [PATCH] netfilter: use per-cpu spinlock rather than RCU
On Tue, 14 Apr 2009 16:23:33 +0200
Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com> wrote:

> Patrick McHardy a écrit :
> > Stephen Hemminger wrote:
> >> This is an alternative version of ip/ip6/arp tables locking using
> >> per-cpu locks. This avoids the overhead of synchronize_net() during
> >> update but still removes the expensive rwlock in earlier versions.
> >>
> >> The idea for this came from an earlier version done by Eric Duzamet.
> >> Locking is done per-cpu, the fast path locks on the current cpu
> >> and updates counters. The slow case involves acquiring the locks on
> >> all cpu's.
> >>
> >> The mutex that was added for 2.6.30 in xt_table is unnecessary since
> >> there already is a mutex for xt[af].mutex that is held.
> >>
> >> Tested basic functionality (add/remove/list), but don't have test cases
> >> for stress, ip6tables or arptables.
> >
> > Thanks Stephen, I'll do some testing with ip6tables.
>
> Here is the patch I cooked on top of Stephen one to get proper locking.

I see no demonstrated problem with locking in my version.
The reader/writer race is already handled. On replace the race of

CPU 0 CPU 1
lock (iptables(1))
refer to oldinfo
swap in new info
foreach CPU
lock iptables(i)
(spin) unlock(iptables(1))
read oldinfo
unlock
...

The point is my locking works, you just seem to feel more comfortable with
a global "stop all CPU's" solution.

> In the "iptables -L" case, we freeze updates on all cpus to get previous
> RCU behavior (not sure it is mandatory, but anyway...)

No, it isn't. Because the code in get_counters will fetch all CPU's.

> And xt_replace_table() uses same logic to make sure a cpu wont try to parse rules
> and update counters while a writer is replacing tables (and thus calling
> vfree() and unmapping in-use pages)

With RCU type semantics this isn't an issue. A CPU always sees consistent
state, and it counters never get lost.

> Feel free to merge this patch to Stephen one before upstream submission
>
> Thank you
>
> Signed-off-by: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com>
> ---
> include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h | 5 ++
> net/ipv4/netfilter/arp_tables.c | 20 +++------
> net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c | 24 ++++-------
> net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6_tables.c | 24 ++++-------
> net/netfilter/x_tables.c | 55 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 5 files changed, 84 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)
> diff --git a/include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h b/include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h
> index 1ff1a76..a5840a4 100644
> --- a/include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h
> +++ b/include/linux/netfilter/x_tables.h
> @@ -426,6 +426,11 @@ extern struct xt_table *xt_find_table_lock(struct net *net, u_int8_t af,
> const char *name);
> extern void xt_table_unlock(struct xt_table *t);
>
> +extern void xt_tlock_lockall(void);
> +extern void xt_tlock_unlockall(void);
> +extern void xt_tlock_lock(void);
> +extern void xt_tlock_unlock(void);
> +
> extern int xt_proto_init(struct net *net, u_int8_t af);
> extern void xt_proto_fini(struct net *net, u_int8_t af);
>
> diff --git a/net/ipv4/netfilter/arp_tables.c b/net/ipv4/netfilter/arp_tables.c
> index c60cc11..b561e1e 100644
> --- a/net/ipv4/netfilter/arp_tables.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/netfilter/arp_tables.c
> @@ -231,8 +231,6 @@ static inline struct arpt_entry *get_entry(void *base, unsigned int offset)
> return (struct arpt_entry *)(base + offset);
> }
>
> -static DEFINE_PER_CPU(spinlock_t, arp_tables_lock);
> -
> unsigned int arpt_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb,
> unsigned int hook,
> const struct net_device *in,
> @@ -256,7 +254,7 @@ unsigned int arpt_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb,
> outdev = out ? out->name : nulldevname;
>
> local_bh_disable();
> - spin_lock(&__get_cpu_var(arp_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_lock();
> private = table->private;
> table_base = private->entries[smp_processor_id()];
>
> @@ -331,7 +329,7 @@ unsigned int arpt_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb,
> e = (void *)e + e->next_offset;
> }
> } while (!hotdrop);
> - spin_unlock(&__get_cpu_var(arp_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_unlock();
> local_bh_enable();
>
> if (hotdrop)
> @@ -709,33 +707,31 @@ static void get_counters(const struct xt_table_info *t,
> {
> unsigned int cpu;
> unsigned int i = 0;
> - unsigned int curcpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
> + unsigned int curcpu;
>
> + xt_tlock_lockall();
> /* Instead of clearing (by a previous call to memset())
> * the counters and using adds, we set the counters
> * with data used by 'current' CPU
> - * We dont care about preemption here.
> */
> - spin_lock_bh(&per_cpu(arp_tables_lock, curcpu));
> + curcpu = smp_processor_id();
> ARPT_ENTRY_ITERATE(t->entries[curcpu],
> t->size,
> set_entry_to_counter,
> counters,
> &i);
> - spin_unlock_bh(&per_cpu(arp_tables_lock, curcpu));
>
> for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> if (cpu == curcpu)
> continue;
> i = 0;
> - spin_lock_bh(&per_cpu(arp_tables_lock, cpu));
> ARPT_ENTRY_ITERATE(t->entries[cpu],
> t->size,
> add_entry_to_counter,
> counters,
> &i);
> - spin_unlock_bh(&per_cpu(arp_tables_lock, cpu));
> }
> + xt_tlock_unlockall();
> }
>
> static struct xt_counters *alloc_counters(struct xt_table *table)
> @@ -1181,14 +1177,14 @@ static int do_add_counters(struct net *net, void __user *user, unsigned int len,
> /* Choose the copy that is on our node */
> local_bh_disable();
> curcpu = smp_processor_id();
> - spin_lock(&__get_cpu_var(arp_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_lock();
> loc_cpu_entry = private->entries[curcpu];
> ARPT_ENTRY_ITERATE(loc_cpu_entry,
> private->size,
> add_counter_to_entry,
> paddc,
> &i);
> - spin_unlock(&__get_cpu_var(arp_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_unlock();
> local_bh_enable();
> unlock_up_free:
>
> diff --git a/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c b/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c
> index cb3b779..81d173e 100644
> --- a/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c
> +++ b/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_tables.c
> @@ -297,7 +297,6 @@ static void trace_packet(struct sk_buff *skb,
> }
> #endif
>
> -static DEFINE_PER_CPU(spinlock_t, ip_tables_lock);
>
> /* Returns one of the generic firewall policies, like NF_ACCEPT. */
> unsigned int
> @@ -342,7 +341,7 @@ ipt_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb,
> IP_NF_ASSERT(table->valid_hooks & (1 << hook));
>
> local_bh_disable();
> - spin_lock(&__get_cpu_var(ip_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_lock();
> private = table->private;
> table_base = private->entries[smp_processor_id()];
>
> @@ -439,7 +438,7 @@ ipt_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb,
> e = (void *)e + e->next_offset;
> }
> } while (!hotdrop);
> - spin_unlock(&__get_cpu_var(ip_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_unlock();
> local_bh_enable();
>
> #ifdef DEBUG_ALLOW_ALL
> @@ -895,34 +894,32 @@ get_counters(const struct xt_table_info *t,
> {
> unsigned int cpu;
> unsigned int i = 0;
> - unsigned int curcpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
> + unsigned int curcpu;
>
> + xt_tlock_lockall();
> /* Instead of clearing (by a previous call to memset())
> * the counters and using adds, we set the counters
> * with data used by 'current' CPU
> - * We dont care about preemption here.
> */
> - spin_lock_bh(&per_cpu(ip_tables_lock, curcpu));
> + curcpu = smp_processor_id();
> IPT_ENTRY_ITERATE(t->entries[curcpu],
> t->size,
> set_entry_to_counter,
> counters,
> &i);
> - spin_unlock_bh(&per_cpu(ip_tables_lock, curcpu));
>
> for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> if (cpu == curcpu)
> continue;
>
> i = 0;
> - spin_lock_bh(&per_cpu(ip_tables_lock, cpu));
> IPT_ENTRY_ITERATE(t->entries[cpu],
> t->size,
> add_entry_to_counter,
> counters,
> &i);
> - spin_unlock_bh(&per_cpu(ip_tables_lock, cpu));
> }
> + xt_tlock_unlockall();
> }
>
> static struct xt_counters * alloc_counters(struct xt_table *table)
> @@ -1393,14 +1390,14 @@ do_add_counters(struct net *net, void __user *user, unsigned int len, int compat
> local_bh_disable();
> /* Choose the copy that is on our node */
> curcpu = smp_processor_id();
> - spin_lock(&__get_cpu_var(ip_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_lock();
> loc_cpu_entry = private->entries[curcpu];
> IPT_ENTRY_ITERATE(loc_cpu_entry,
> private->size,
> add_counter_to_entry,
> paddc,
> &i);
> - spin_unlock(&__get_cpu_var(ip_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_unlock();
> local_bh_enable();
>
> unlock_up_free:
> @@ -2220,10 +2217,7 @@ static struct pernet_operations ip_tables_net_ops = {
>
> static int __init ip_tables_init(void)
> {
> - int cpu, ret;
> -
> - for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
> - spin_lock_init(&per_cpu(ip_tables_lock, cpu));
> + int ret;
>
> ret = register_pernet_subsys(&ip_tables_net_ops);
> if (ret < 0)
> diff --git a/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6_tables.c b/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6_tables.c
> index ac46ca4..d6ba69e 100644
> --- a/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6_tables.c
> +++ b/net/ipv6/netfilter/ip6_tables.c
> @@ -329,7 +329,6 @@ static void trace_packet(struct sk_buff *skb,
> }
> #endif
>
> -static DEFINE_PER_CPU(spinlock_t, ip6_tables_lock);
>
> /* Returns one of the generic firewall policies, like NF_ACCEPT. */
> unsigned int
> @@ -368,7 +367,7 @@ ip6t_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb,
> IP_NF_ASSERT(table->valid_hooks & (1 << hook));
>
> local_bh_disable();
> - spin_lock(&__get_cpu_var(ip6_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_lock();
> private = table->private;
> table_base = private->entries[smp_processor_id()];
>
> @@ -469,7 +468,7 @@ ip6t_do_table(struct sk_buff *skb,
> #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER_DEBUG
> ((struct ip6t_entry *)table_base)->comefrom = NETFILTER_LINK_POISON;
> #endif
> - spin_unlock(&__get_cpu_var(ip6_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_unlock();
> local_bh_enable();
>
> #ifdef DEBUG_ALLOW_ALL
> @@ -925,33 +924,31 @@ get_counters(const struct xt_table_info *t,
> {
> unsigned int cpu;
> unsigned int i = 0;
> - unsigned int curcpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
> + unsigned int curcpu;
>
> + xt_tlock_lockall();
> /* Instead of clearing (by a previous call to memset())
> * the counters and using adds, we set the counters
> * with data used by 'current' CPU
> - * We dont care about preemption here.
> */
> - spin_lock_bh(&per_cpu(ip6_tables_lock, curcpu));
> + curcpu = smp_processor_id();
> IP6T_ENTRY_ITERATE(t->entries[curcpu],
> t->size,
> set_entry_to_counter,
> counters,
> &i);
> - spin_unlock_bh(&per_cpu(ip6_tables_lock, curcpu));
>
> for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> if (cpu == curcpu)
> continue;
> i = 0;
> - spin_lock_bh(&per_cpu(ip6_tables_lock, cpu));
> IP6T_ENTRY_ITERATE(t->entries[cpu],
> t->size,
> add_entry_to_counter,
> counters,
> &i);
> - spin_unlock_bh(&per_cpu(ip6_tables_lock, cpu));
> }
> + xt_tlock_unlockall();
> }
>
> static struct xt_counters *alloc_counters(struct xt_table *table)
> @@ -1423,14 +1420,14 @@ do_add_counters(struct net *net, void __user *user, unsigned int len,
> local_bh_disable();
> /* Choose the copy that is on our node */
> curcpu = smp_processor_id();
> - spin_lock(&__get_cpu_var(ip6_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_lock();
> loc_cpu_entry = private->entries[curcpu];
> IP6T_ENTRY_ITERATE(loc_cpu_entry,
> private->size,
> add_counter_to_entry,
> paddc,
> &i);
> - spin_unlock(&__get_cpu_var(ip6_tables_lock));
> + xt_tlock_unlock();
> local_bh_enable();
>
> unlock_up_free:
> @@ -2248,10 +2245,7 @@ static struct pernet_operations ip6_tables_net_ops = {
>
> static int __init ip6_tables_init(void)
> {
> - int cpu, ret;
> -
> - for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
> - spin_lock_init(&per_cpu(ip6_tables_lock, cpu));
> + int ret;
>
> ret = register_pernet_subsys(&ip6_tables_net_ops);
> if (ret < 0)
> diff --git a/net/netfilter/x_tables.c b/net/netfilter/x_tables.c
> index 0d94020..f2ad79f 100644
> --- a/net/netfilter/x_tables.c
> +++ b/net/netfilter/x_tables.c
> @@ -670,19 +670,21 @@ xt_replace_table(struct xt_table *table,
> {
> struct xt_table_info *oldinfo, *private;
>
> + xt_tlock_lockall();
> /* Do the substitution. */
> private = table->private;
> /* Check inside lock: is the old number correct? */
> if (num_counters != private->number) {
> duprintf("num_counters != table->private->number (%u/%u)\n",
> num_counters, private->number);
> + xt_tlock_unlockall();
> *error = -EAGAIN;
> return NULL;
> }
> oldinfo = private;
> table->private = newinfo;
> newinfo->initial_entries = oldinfo->initial_entries;
> -
> + xt_tlock_unlockall();
> return oldinfo;
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xt_replace_table);
> @@ -1126,9 +1128,58 @@ static struct pernet_operations xt_net_ops = {
> .init = xt_net_init,
> };
>
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(spinlock_t, xt_tables_lock);
> +
> +void xt_tlock_lockall(void)
> +{
> + int cpu;
> +
> + local_bh_disable();
> + preempt_disable();
> + for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> + spin_lock(&per_cpu(xt_tables_lock, cpu));
> + /*
> + * avoid preempt counter overflow
> + */
> + preempt_enable_no_resched();
> + }
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(xt_tlock_lockall);
> +
> +void xt_tlock_unlockall(void)
> +{
> + int cpu;
> +
> + for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
> + preempt_disable();
> + spin_unlock(&per_cpu(xt_tables_lock, cpu));
> + }
> + preempt_enable();
> + local_bh_enable();
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(xt_tlock_unlockall);
> +
> +/*
> + * preemption should be disabled by caller
> + */
> +void xt_tlock_lock(void)
> +{
> + spin_lock(&__get_cpu_var(xt_tables_lock));
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(xt_tlock_lock);
> +
> +void xt_tlock_unlock(void)
> +{
> + spin_unlock(&__get_cpu_var(xt_tables_lock));
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(xt_tlock_unlock);
> +
> static int __init xt_init(void)
> {
> - int i, rv;
> + int i, rv, cpu;
> +
> + for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
> + spin_lock_init(&per_cpu(xt_tables_lock, cpu));
>
> xt = kmalloc(sizeof(struct xt_af) * NFPROTO_NUMPROTO, GFP_KERNEL);
> if (!xt)
>
>
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