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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH v3 1/6] mm: Don't unmap gup()ed page
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On Tuesday 14 April 2009 22:02:47 KOSAKI Motohiro wrote:
> > On Tuesday 14 April 2009 16:16:52 KOSAKI Motohiro wrote:
> >> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>

> >> @@ -547,7 +549,13 @@ int reuse_swap_page(struct page *page)
> >> SetPageDirty(page);
> >> }
> >> }
> >> - return count == 1;
> >> +
> >> + /*
> >> + * If we can re-use the swap page _and_ the end
> >> + * result has only one user (the mapping), then
> >> + * we reuse the whole page
> >> + */
> >> + return count + page_count(page) == 2;
> >> }
> >
> > I guess this patch does work to close the read-side race, but I slightly don't
> > like using page_count for things like this. page_count can be temporarily
> > raised for reasons other than access through their user mapping. Swapcache,
> > page reclaim, LRU pagevecs, concurrent do_wp_page, etc.
>
> Yes, that's trade-off.
> your early decow also can misjudge and make unnecessary copy.

Yes indeed it can. Although it would only ever do so in case of pages
that have had get_user_pages run against them previously, and not from
random interactions from any other parts of the kernel.

I would be interested, using an anon vma field as you say for keeping
a gup count... it could potentially be used to avoid the extra copy.
But hmm, I don't have much time to go down that path so long as the
basic concept of my proposal is in question.


> >> /*
> >> + * Don't pull an anonymous page out from under get_user_pages.
> >> + * GUP carefully breaks COW and raises page count (while holding
> >> + * pte_lock, as we have here) to make sure that the page
> >> + * cannot be freed. If we unmap that page here, a user write
> >> + * access to the virtual address will bring back the page, but
> >> + * its raised count will (ironically) be taken to mean it's not
> >> + * an exclusive swap page, do_wp_page will replace it by a copy
> >> + * page, and the user never get to see the data GUP was holding
> >> + * the original page for.
> >> + *
> >> + * This test is also useful for when swapoff (unuse_process) has
> >> + * to drop page lock: its reference to the page stops existing
> >> + * ptes from being unmapped, so swapoff can make progress.
> >> + */
> >> + if (PageSwapCache(page) &&
> >> + page_count(page) != page_mapcount(page) + 2) {
> >> + ret = SWAP_FAIL;
> >> + goto out_unmap;
> >> + }
> >
> > I guess it does add another constraint to the VM, ie. not allowed to
> > unmap an anonymous page with elevated refcount. Maybe not a big deal
> > now, but I think it is enough that it should be noted. If you squint,
> > this could actually be more complex/intrusive to the wider VM than my
> > copy on fork (which is basically exactly like a manual do_wp_page at
> > fork time).
>
> I agree this code effect widely kernel activity.
> but actually, in past days, the kernel did the same behavior. then
> almost core code is
> page_count checking safe.
>
> but Yes, we need to afraid newer code don't works with this code...
>
>
> > And.... I don't think this is safe against a concurrent gup_fast()
> > (which helps my point).
>
> Could you please explain more detail ?
>

+ if (PageSwapCache(page) &&
+ page_count(page) != page_mapcount(page) + 2) {
+ ret = SWAP_FAIL;
+ goto out_unmap;
+ }
Now if another thread does a get_user_pages_fast after it passes this
check, it can take a gup reference to the page which is now about to
be unmapped. Then after it is unmapped, if a wp fault is caused on the
page, then it will not be reused and thus you lose data as explained
in your big comment.


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