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Subject[PATCH 08/43] FS-Cache: Add the FS-Cache cache backend API and documentation [ver #46]
Date
Add the API for a generic facility (FS-Cache) by which caches may declare them
selves open for business, and may obtain work to be done from network
filesystems. The header file is included by:

#include <linux/fscache-cache.h>

Documentation for the API is also added to:

Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.txt

This API is not usable without the implementation of the utility functions
which will be added in further patches.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Steve Dickson <steved@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com>
---
Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.txt | 664 +++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/fscache-cache.h | 508 ++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 1172 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.txt
create mode 100644 include/linux/fscache-cache.h

diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1772305
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,664 @@
+ ==========================
+ FS-CACHE CACHE BACKEND API
+ ==========================
+
+The FS-Cache system provides an API by which actual caches can be supplied to
+FS-Cache for it to then serve out to network filesystems and other interested
+parties.
+
+This API is declared in <linux/fscache-cache.h>.
+
+
+====================================
+INITIALISING AND REGISTERING A CACHE
+====================================
+
+To start off, a cache definition must be initialised and registered for each
+cache the backend wants to make available. For instance, CacheFS does this in
+the fill_super() operation on mounting.
+
+The cache definition (struct fscache_cache) should be initialised by calling:
+
+ void fscache_init_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache,
+ struct fscache_cache_ops *ops,
+ const char *idfmt,
+ ...);
+
+Where:
+
+ (*) "cache" is a pointer to the cache definition;
+
+ (*) "ops" is a pointer to the table of operations that the backend supports on
+ this cache; and
+
+ (*) "idfmt" is a format and printf-style arguments for constructing a label
+ for the cache.
+
+
+The cache should then be registered with FS-Cache by passing a pointer to the
+previously initialised cache definition to:
+
+ int fscache_add_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache,
+ struct fscache_object *fsdef,
+ const char *tagname);
+
+Two extra arguments should also be supplied:
+
+ (*) "fsdef" which should point to the object representation for the FS-Cache
+ master index in this cache. Netfs primary index entries will be created
+ here. FS-Cache keeps the caller's reference to the index object if
+ successful and will release it upon withdrawal of the cache.
+
+ (*) "tagname" which, if given, should be a text string naming this cache. If
+ this is NULL, the identifier will be used instead. For CacheFS, the
+ identifier is set to name the underlying block device and the tag can be
+ supplied by mount.
+
+This function may return -ENOMEM if it ran out of memory or -EEXIST if the tag
+is already in use. 0 will be returned on success.
+
+
+=====================
+UNREGISTERING A CACHE
+=====================
+
+A cache can be withdrawn from the system by calling this function with a
+pointer to the cache definition:
+
+ void fscache_withdraw_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache);
+
+In CacheFS's case, this is called by put_super().
+
+
+========
+SECURITY
+========
+
+The cache methods are executed one of two contexts:
+
+ (1) that of the userspace process that issued the netfs operation that caused
+ the cache method to be invoked, or
+
+ (2) that of one of the processes in the FS-Cache thread pool.
+
+In either case, this may not be an appropriate context in which to access the
+cache.
+
+The calling process's fsuid, fsgid and SELinux security identities may need to
+be masqueraded for the duration of the cache driver's access to the cache.
+This is left to the cache to handle; FS-Cache makes no effort in this regard.
+
+
+===================================
+CONTROL AND STATISTICS PRESENTATION
+===================================
+
+The cache may present data to the outside world through FS-Cache's interfaces
+in sysfs and procfs - the former for control and the latter for statistics.
+
+A sysfs directory called /sys/fs/fscache/<cachetag>/ is created if CONFIG_SYSFS
+is enabled. This is accessible through the kobject struct fscache_cache::kobj
+and is for use by the cache as it sees fit.
+
+The cache driver may create itself a directory named for the cache type in the
+/proc/fs/fscache/ directory. This is available if CONFIG_FSCACHE_PROC is
+enabled and is accessible through:
+
+ struct proc_dir_entry *proc_fscache;
+
+
+========================
+RELEVANT DATA STRUCTURES
+========================
+
+ (*) Index/Data file FS-Cache representation cookie:
+
+ struct fscache_cookie {
+ struct fscache_object_def *def;
+ struct fscache_netfs *netfs;
+ void *netfs_data;
+ ...
+ };
+
+ The fields that might be of use to the backend describe the object
+ definition, the netfs definition and the netfs's data for this cookie.
+ The object definition contain functions supplied by the netfs for loading
+ and matching index entries; these are required to provide some of the
+ cache operations.
+
+
+ (*) In-cache object representation:
+
+ struct fscache_object {
+ int debug_id;
+ enum {
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_RECYCLING,
+ ...
+ } state;
+ spinlock_t lock
+ struct fscache_cache *cache;
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie;
+ ...
+ };
+
+ Structures of this type should be allocated by the cache backend and
+ passed to FS-Cache when requested by the appropriate cache operation. In
+ the case of CacheFS, they're embedded in CacheFS's internal object
+ structures.
+
+ The debug_id is a simple integer that can be used in debugging messages
+ that refer to a particular object. In such a case it should be printed
+ using "OBJ%x" to be consistent with FS-Cache.
+
+ Each object contains a pointer to the cookie that represents the object it
+ is backing. An object should retired when put_object() is called if it is
+ in state FSCACHE_OBJECT_RECYCLING. The fscache_object struct should be
+ initialised by calling fscache_object_init(object).
+
+
+ (*) FS-Cache operation record:
+
+ struct fscache_operation {
+ atomic_t usage;
+ struct fscache_object *object;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ #define FSCACHE_OP_EXCLUSIVE
+ void (*processor)(struct fscache_operation *op);
+ void (*release)(struct fscache_operation *op);
+ ...
+ };
+
+ FS-Cache has a pool of threads that it uses to give CPU time to the
+ various asynchronous operations that need to be done as part of driving
+ the cache. These are represented by the above structure. The processor
+ method is called to give the op CPU time, and the release method to get
+ rid of it when its usage count reaches 0.
+
+ An operation can be made exclusive upon an object by setting the
+ appropriate flag before enqueuing it with fscache_enqueue_operation(). If
+ an operation needs more processing time, it should be enqueued again.
+
+
+ (*) FS-Cache retrieval operation record:
+
+ struct fscache_retrieval {
+ struct fscache_operation op;
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+ struct list_head *to_do;
+ ...
+ };
+
+ A structure of this type is allocated by FS-Cache to record retrieval and
+ allocation requests made by the netfs. This struct is then passed to the
+ backend to do the operation. The backend may get extra refs to it by
+ calling fscache_get_retrieval() and refs may be discarded by calling
+ fscache_put_retrieval().
+
+ A retrieval operation can be used by the backend to do retrieval work. To
+ do this, the retrieval->op.processor method pointer should be set
+ appropriately by the backend and fscache_enqueue_retrieval() called to
+ submit it to the thread pool. CacheFiles, for example, uses this to queue
+ page examination when it detects PG_lock being cleared.
+
+ The to_do field is an empty list available for the cache backend to use as
+ it sees fit.
+
+
+ (*) FS-Cache storage operation record:
+
+ struct fscache_storage {
+ struct fscache_operation op;
+ pgoff_t store_limit;
+ ...
+ };
+
+ A structure of this type is allocated by FS-Cache to record outstanding
+ writes to be made. FS-Cache itself enqueues this operation and invokes
+ the write_page() method on the object at appropriate times to effect
+ storage.
+
+
+================
+CACHE OPERATIONS
+================
+
+The cache backend provides FS-Cache with a table of operations that can be
+performed on the denizens of the cache. These are held in a structure of type:
+
+ struct fscache_cache_ops
+
+ (*) Name of cache provider [mandatory]:
+
+ const char *name
+
+ This isn't strictly an operation, but should be pointed at a string naming
+ the backend.
+
+
+ (*) Allocate a new object [mandatory]:
+
+ struct fscache_object *(*alloc_object)(struct fscache_cache *cache,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie)
+
+ This method is used to allocate a cache object representation to back a
+ cookie in a particular cache. fscache_object_init() should be called on
+ the object to initialise it prior to returning.
+
+ This function may also be used to parse the index key to be used for
+ multiple lookup calls to turn it into a more convenient form. FS-Cache
+ will call the lookup_complete() method to allow the cache to release the
+ form once lookup is complete or aborted.
+
+
+ (*) Look up and create object [mandatory]:
+
+ void (*lookup_object)(struct fscache_object *object)
+
+ This method is used to look up an object, given that the object is already
+ allocated and attached to the cookie. This should instantiate that object
+ in the cache if it can.
+
+ The method should call fscache_object_lookup_negative() as soon as
+ possible if it determines the object doesn't exist in the cache. If the
+ object is found to exist and the netfs indicates that it is valid then
+ fscache_obtained_object() should be called once the object is in a
+ position to have data stored in it. Similarly, fscache_obtained_object()
+ should also be called once a non-present object has been created.
+
+ If a lookup error occurs, fscache_object_lookup_error() should be called
+ to abort the lookup of that object.
+
+
+ (*) Release lookup data [mandatory]:
+
+ void (*lookup_complete)(struct fscache_object *object)
+
+ This method is called to ask the cache to release any resources it was
+ using to perform a lookup.
+
+
+ (*) Increment object refcount [mandatory]:
+
+ struct fscache_object *(*grab_object)(struct fscache_object *object)
+
+ This method is called to increment the reference count on an object. It
+ may fail (for instance if the cache is being withdrawn) by returning NULL.
+ It should return the object pointer if successful.
+
+
+ (*) Lock/Unlock object [mandatory]:
+
+ void (*lock_object)(struct fscache_object *object)
+ void (*unlock_object)(struct fscache_object *object)
+
+ These methods are used to exclusively lock an object. It must be possible
+ to schedule with the lock held, so a spinlock isn't sufficient.
+
+
+ (*) Pin/Unpin object [optional]:
+
+ int (*pin_object)(struct fscache_object *object)
+ void (*unpin_object)(struct fscache_object *object)
+
+ These methods are used to pin an object into the cache. Once pinned an
+ object cannot be reclaimed to make space. Return -ENOSPC if there's not
+ enough space in the cache to permit this.
+
+
+ (*) Update object [mandatory]:
+
+ int (*update_object)(struct fscache_object *object)
+
+ This is called to update the index entry for the specified object. The
+ new information should be in object->cookie->netfs_data. This can be
+ obtained by calling object->cookie->def->get_aux()/get_attr().
+
+
+ (*) Discard object [mandatory]:
+
+ void (*drop_object)(struct fscache_object *object)
+
+ This method is called to indicate that an object has been unbound from its
+ cookie, and that the cache should release the object's resources and
+ retire it if it's in state FSCACHE_OBJECT_RECYCLING.
+
+ This method should not attempt to release any references held by the
+ caller. The caller will invoke the put_object() method as appropriate.
+
+
+ (*) Release object reference [mandatory]:
+
+ void (*put_object)(struct fscache_object *object)
+
+ This method is used to discard a reference to an object. The object may
+ be freed when all the references to it are released.
+
+
+ (*) Synchronise a cache [mandatory]:
+
+ void (*sync)(struct fscache_cache *cache)
+
+ This is called to ask the backend to synchronise a cache with its backing
+ device.
+
+
+ (*) Dissociate a cache [mandatory]:
+
+ void (*dissociate_pages)(struct fscache_cache *cache)
+
+ This is called to ask a cache to perform any page dissociations as part of
+ cache withdrawal.
+
+
+ (*) Notification that the attributes on a netfs file changed [mandatory]:
+
+ int (*attr_changed)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ This is called to indicate to the cache that certain attributes on a netfs
+ file have changed (for example the maximum size a file may reach). The
+ cache can read these from the netfs by calling the cookie's get_attr()
+ method.
+
+ The cache may use the file size information to reserve space on the cache.
+ It should also call fscache_set_store_limit() to indicate to FS-Cache the
+ highest byte it's willing to store for an object.
+
+ This method may return -ve if an error occurred or the cache object cannot
+ be expanded. In such a case, the object will be withdrawn from service.
+
+ This operation is run asynchronously from FS-Cache's thread pool, and
+ storage and retrieval operations from the netfs are excluded during the
+ execution of this operation.
+
+
+ (*) Reserve cache space for an object's data [optional]:
+
+ int (*reserve_space)(struct fscache_object *object, loff_t size);
+
+ This is called to request that cache space be reserved to hold the data
+ for an object and the metadata used to track it. Zero size should be
+ taken as request to cancel a reservation.
+
+ This should return 0 if successful, -ENOSPC if there isn't enough space
+ available, or -ENOMEM or -EIO on other errors.
+
+ The reservation may exceed the current size of the object, thus permitting
+ future expansion. If the amount of space consumed by an object would
+ exceed the reservation, it's permitted to refuse requests to allocate
+ pages, but not required. An object may be pruned down to its reservation
+ size if larger than that already.
+
+
+ (*) Request page be read from cache [mandatory]:
+
+ int (*read_or_alloc_page)(struct fscache_retrieval *op,
+ struct page *page,
+ gfp_t gfp)
+
+ This is called to attempt to read a netfs page from the cache, or to
+ reserve a backing block if not. FS-Cache will have done as much checking
+ as it can before calling, but most of the work belongs to the backend.
+
+ If there's no page in the cache, then -ENODATA should be returned if the
+ backend managed to reserve a backing block; -ENOBUFS or -ENOMEM if it
+ didn't.
+
+ If there is suitable data in the cache, then a read operation should be
+ queued and 0 returned. When the read finishes, fscache_end_io() should be
+ called.
+
+ The fscache_mark_pages_cached() should be called for the page if any cache
+ metadata is retained. This will indicate to the netfs that the page needs
+ explicit uncaching. This operation takes a pagevec, thus allowing several
+ pages to be marked at once.
+
+ The retrieval record pointed to by op should be retained for each page
+ queued and released when I/O on the page has been formally ended.
+ fscache_get/put_retrieval() are available for this purpose.
+
+ The retrieval record may be used to get CPU time via the FS-Cache thread
+ pool. If this is desired, the op->op.processor should be set to point to
+ the appropriate processing routine, and fscache_enqueue_retrieval() should
+ be called at an appropriate point to request CPU time. For instance, the
+ retrieval routine could be enqueued upon the completion of a disk read.
+ The to_do field in the retrieval record is provided to aid in this.
+
+ If an I/O error occurs, fscache_io_error() should be called and -ENOBUFS
+ returned if possible or fscache_end_io() called with a suitable error
+ code..
+
+
+ (*) Request pages be read from cache [mandatory]:
+
+ int (*read_or_alloc_pages)(struct fscache_retrieval *op,
+ struct list_head *pages,
+ unsigned *nr_pages,
+ gfp_t gfp)
+
+ This is like the read_or_alloc_page() method, except it is handed a list
+ of pages instead of one page. Any pages on which a read operation is
+ started must be added to the page cache for the specified mapping and also
+ to the LRU. Such pages must also be removed from the pages list and
+ *nr_pages decremented per page.
+
+ If there was an error such as -ENOMEM, then that should be returned; else
+ if one or more pages couldn't be read or allocated, then -ENOBUFS should
+ be returned; else if one or more pages couldn't be read, then -ENODATA
+ should be returned. If all the pages are dispatched then 0 should be
+ returned.
+
+
+ (*) Request page be allocated in the cache [mandatory]:
+
+ int (*allocate_page)(struct fscache_retrieval *op,
+ struct page *page,
+ gfp_t gfp)
+
+ This is like the read_or_alloc_page() method, except that it shouldn't
+ read from the cache, even if there's data there that could be retrieved.
+ It should, however, set up any internal metadata required such that
+ the write_page() method can write to the cache.
+
+ If there's no backing block available, then -ENOBUFS should be returned
+ (or -ENOMEM if there were other problems). If a block is successfully
+ allocated, then the netfs page should be marked and 0 returned.
+
+
+ (*) Request pages be allocated in the cache [mandatory]:
+
+ int (*allocate_pages)(struct fscache_retrieval *op,
+ struct list_head *pages,
+ unsigned *nr_pages,
+ gfp_t gfp)
+
+ This is an multiple page version of the allocate_page() method. pages and
+ nr_pages should be treated as for the read_or_alloc_pages() method.
+
+
+ (*) Request page be written to cache [mandatory]:
+
+ int (*write_page)(struct fscache_storage *op,
+ struct page *page);
+
+ This is called to write from a page on which there was a previously
+ successful read_or_alloc_page() call or similar. FS-Cache filters out
+ pages that don't have mappings.
+
+ This method is called asynchronously from the FS-Cache thread pool. It is
+ not required to actually store anything, provided -ENODATA is then
+ returned to the next read of this page.
+
+ If an error occurred, then a negative error code should be returned,
+ otherwise zero should be returned. FS-Cache will take appropriate action
+ in response to an error, such as withdrawing this object.
+
+ If this method returns success then FS-Cache will inform the netfs
+ appropriately.
+
+
+ (*) Discard retained per-page metadata [mandatory]:
+
+ void (*uncache_page)(struct fscache_object *object, struct page *page)
+
+ This is called when a netfs page is being evicted from the pagecache. The
+ cache backend should tear down any internal representation or tracking it
+ maintains for this page.
+
+
+==================
+FS-CACHE UTILITIES
+==================
+
+FS-Cache provides some utilities that a cache backend may make use of:
+
+ (*) Note occurrence of an I/O error in a cache:
+
+ void fscache_io_error(struct fscache_cache *cache)
+
+ This tells FS-Cache that an I/O error occurred in the cache. After this
+ has been called, only resource dissociation operations (object and page
+ release) will be passed from the netfs to the cache backend for the
+ specified cache.
+
+ This does not actually withdraw the cache. That must be done separately.
+
+
+ (*) Invoke the retrieval I/O completion function:
+
+ void fscache_end_io(struct fscache_retrieval *op, struct page *page,
+ int error);
+
+ This is called to note the end of an attempt to retrieve a page. The
+ error value should be 0 if successful and an error otherwise.
+
+
+ (*) Set highest store limit:
+
+ void fscache_set_store_limit(struct fscache_object *object,
+ loff_t i_size);
+
+ This sets the limit FS-Cache imposes on the highest byte it's willing to
+ try and store for a netfs. Any page over this limit is automatically
+ rejected by fscache_read_alloc_page() and co with -ENOBUFS.
+
+
+ (*) Mark pages as being cached:
+
+ void fscache_mark_pages_cached(struct fscache_retrieval *op,
+ struct pagevec *pagevec);
+
+ This marks a set of pages as being cached. After this has been called,
+ the netfs must call fscache_uncache_page() to unmark the pages.
+
+
+ (*) Perform coherency check on an object:
+
+ enum fscache_checkaux fscache_check_aux(struct fscache_object *object,
+ const void *data,
+ uint16_t datalen);
+
+ This asks the netfs to perform a coherency check on an object that has
+ just been looked up. The cookie attached to the object will determine the
+ netfs to use. data and datalen should specify where the auxiliary data
+ retrieved from the cache can be found.
+
+ One of three values will be returned:
+
+ (*) FSCACHE_CHECKAUX_OKAY
+
+ The coherency data indicates the object is valid as is.
+
+ (*) FSCACHE_CHECKAUX_NEEDS_UPDATE
+
+ The coherency data needs updating, but otherwise the object is
+ valid.
+
+ (*) FSCACHE_CHECKAUX_OBSOLETE
+
+ The coherency data indicates that the object is obsolete and should
+ be discarded.
+
+
+ (*) Initialise a freshly allocated object:
+
+ void fscache_object_init(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ This initialises all the fields in an object representation.
+
+
+ (*) Indicate the destruction of an object:
+
+ void fscache_object_destroyed(struct fscache_cache *cache);
+
+ This must be called to inform FS-Cache that an object that belonged to a
+ cache has been destroyed and deallocated. This will allow continuation
+ of the cache withdrawal process when it is stopped pending destruction of
+ all the objects.
+
+
+ (*) Indicate negative lookup on an object:
+
+ void fscache_object_lookup_negative(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ This is called to indicate to FS-Cache that a lookup process for an object
+ found a negative result.
+
+ This changes the state of an object to permit reads pending on lookup
+ completion to go off and start fetching data from the netfs server as it's
+ known at this point that there can't be any data in the cache.
+
+ This may be called multiple times on an object. Only the first call is
+ significant - all subsequent calls are ignored.
+
+
+ (*) Indicate an object has been obtained:
+
+ void fscache_obtained_object(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ This is called to indicate to FS-Cache that a lookup process for an object
+ produced a positive result, or that an object was created. This should
+ only be called once for any particular object.
+
+ This changes the state of an object to indicate:
+
+ (1) if no call to fscache_object_lookup_negative() has been made on
+ this object, that there may be data available, and that reads can
+ now go and look for it; and
+
+ (2) that writes may now proceed against this object.
+
+
+ (*) Indicate that object lookup failed:
+
+ void fscache_object_lookup_error(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ This marks an object as having encountered a fatal error (usually EIO)
+ and causes it to move into a state whereby it will be withdrawn as soon
+ as possible.
+
+
+ (*) Get and release references on a retrieval record:
+
+ void fscache_get_retrieval(struct fscache_retrieval *op);
+ void fscache_put_retrieval(struct fscache_retrieval *op);
+
+ These two functions are used to retain a retrieval record whilst doing
+ asynchronous data retrieval and block allocation.
+
+
+ (*) Enqueue a retrieval record for processing.
+
+ void fscache_enqueue_retrieval(struct fscache_retrieval *op);
+
+ This enqueues a retrieval record for processing by the FS-Cache thread
+ pool. One of the threads in the pool will invoke the retrieval record's
+ op->op.processor callback function. This function may be called from
+ within the callback function.
+
+
+ (*) List of object state names:
+
+ const char *fscache_object_states[];
+
+ For debugging purposes, this may be used to turn the state that an object
+ is in into a text string for display purposes.
diff --git a/include/linux/fscache-cache.h b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..a31f4c1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/fscache-cache.h
@@ -0,0 +1,508 @@
+/* General filesystem caching backing cache interface
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2004-2007 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * NOTE!!! See:
+ *
+ * Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.txt
+ *
+ * for a description of the cache backend interface declared here.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _LINUX_FSCACHE_CACHE_H
+#define _LINUX_FSCACHE_CACHE_H
+
+#include <linux/fscache.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/slow-work.h>
+
+#define NR_MAXCACHES BITS_PER_LONG
+
+struct fscache_cache;
+struct fscache_cache_ops;
+struct fscache_object;
+struct fscache_operation;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FSCACHE_PROC
+extern struct proc_dir_entry *proc_fscache;
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * cache tag definition
+ */
+struct fscache_cache_tag {
+ struct list_head link;
+ struct fscache_cache *cache; /* cache referred to by this tag */
+ unsigned long flags;
+#define FSCACHE_TAG_RESERVED 0 /* T if tag is reserved for a cache */
+ atomic_t usage;
+ char name[0]; /* tag name */
+};
+
+/*
+ * cache definition
+ */
+struct fscache_cache {
+ const struct fscache_cache_ops *ops;
+ struct fscache_cache_tag *tag; /* tag representing this cache */
+ struct kobject *kobj; /* system representation of this cache */
+ struct list_head link; /* link in list of caches */
+ size_t max_index_size; /* maximum size of index data */
+ char identifier[36]; /* cache label */
+
+ /* node management */
+ struct work_struct op_gc; /* operation garbage collector */
+ struct list_head object_list; /* list of data/index objects */
+ struct list_head op_gc_list; /* list of ops to be deleted */
+ spinlock_t object_list_lock;
+ spinlock_t op_gc_list_lock;
+ atomic_t object_count; /* no. of live objects in this cache */
+ struct fscache_object *fsdef; /* object for the fsdef index */
+ unsigned long flags;
+#define FSCACHE_IOERROR 0 /* cache stopped on I/O error */
+#define FSCACHE_CACHE_WITHDRAWN 1 /* cache has been withdrawn */
+};
+
+extern wait_queue_head_t fscache_cache_cleared_wq;
+
+/*
+ * operation to be applied to a cache object
+ * - retrieval initiation operations are done in the context of the process
+ * that issued them, and not in an async thread pool
+ */
+typedef void (*fscache_operation_release_t)(struct fscache_operation *op);
+typedef void (*fscache_operation_processor_t)(struct fscache_operation *op);
+
+struct fscache_operation {
+ union {
+ struct work_struct fast_work; /* record for fast ops */
+ struct slow_work slow_work; /* record for (very) slow ops */
+ };
+ struct list_head pend_link; /* link in object->pending_ops */
+ struct fscache_object *object; /* object to be operated upon */
+
+ unsigned long flags;
+#define FSCACHE_OP_TYPE 0x000f /* operation type */
+#define FSCACHE_OP_FAST 0x0001 /* - fast op, processor may not sleep for disk */
+#define FSCACHE_OP_SLOW 0x0002 /* - (very) slow op, processor may sleep for disk */
+#define FSCACHE_OP_MYTHREAD 0x0003 /* - processing is done be issuing thread, not pool */
+#define FSCACHE_OP_WAITING 4 /* cleared when op is woken */
+#define FSCACHE_OP_EXCLUSIVE 5 /* exclusive op, other ops must wait */
+#define FSCACHE_OP_DEAD 6 /* op is now dead */
+
+ atomic_t usage;
+ unsigned debug_id; /* debugging ID */
+
+ /* operation processor callback
+ * - can be NULL if FSCACHE_OP_WAITING is going to be used to perform
+ * the op in a non-pool thread */
+ fscache_operation_processor_t processor;
+
+ /* operation releaser */
+ fscache_operation_release_t release;
+};
+
+extern atomic_t fscache_op_debug_id;
+extern const struct slow_work_ops fscache_op_slow_work_ops;
+
+extern void fscache_enqueue_operation(struct fscache_operation *);
+extern void fscache_put_operation(struct fscache_operation *);
+
+/**
+ * fscache_operation_init - Do basic initialisation of an operation
+ * @op: The operation to initialise
+ * @release: The release function to assign
+ *
+ * Do basic initialisation of an operation. The caller must still set flags,
+ * object, either fast_work or slow_work if necessary, and processor if needed.
+ */
+static inline void fscache_operation_init(struct fscache_operation *op,
+ fscache_operation_release_t release)
+{
+ atomic_set(&op->usage, 1);
+ op->debug_id = atomic_inc_return(&fscache_op_debug_id);
+ op->release = release;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&op->pend_link);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_operation_init_slow - Do additional initialisation of a slow op
+ * @op: The operation to initialise
+ * @processor: The processor function to assign
+ *
+ * Do additional initialisation of an operation as required for slow work.
+ */
+static inline
+void fscache_operation_init_slow(struct fscache_operation *op,
+ fscache_operation_processor_t processor)
+{
+ op->processor = processor;
+ slow_work_init(&op->slow_work, &fscache_op_slow_work_ops);
+}
+
+/*
+ * data read operation
+ */
+struct fscache_retrieval {
+ struct fscache_operation op;
+ struct address_space *mapping; /* netfs pages */
+ fscache_rw_complete_t end_io_func; /* function to call on I/O completion */
+ void *context; /* netfs read context (pinned) */
+ struct list_head to_do; /* list of things to be done by the backend */
+ unsigned long start_time; /* time at which retrieval started */
+};
+
+typedef int (*fscache_page_retrieval_func_t)(struct fscache_retrieval *op,
+ struct page *page,
+ gfp_t gfp);
+
+typedef int (*fscache_pages_retrieval_func_t)(struct fscache_retrieval *op,
+ struct list_head *pages,
+ unsigned *nr_pages,
+ gfp_t gfp);
+
+/**
+ * fscache_get_retrieval - Get an extra reference on a retrieval operation
+ * @op: The retrieval operation to get a reference on
+ *
+ * Get an extra reference on a retrieval operation.
+ */
+static inline
+struct fscache_retrieval *fscache_get_retrieval(struct fscache_retrieval *op)
+{
+ atomic_inc(&op->op.usage);
+ return op;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_enqueue_retrieval - Enqueue a retrieval operation for processing
+ * @op: The retrieval operation affected
+ *
+ * Enqueue a retrieval operation for processing by the FS-Cache thread pool.
+ */
+static inline void fscache_enqueue_retrieval(struct fscache_retrieval *op)
+{
+ fscache_enqueue_operation(&op->op);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_put_retrieval - Drop a reference to a retrieval operation
+ * @op: The retrieval operation affected
+ *
+ * Drop a reference to a retrieval operation.
+ */
+static inline void fscache_put_retrieval(struct fscache_retrieval *op)
+{
+ fscache_put_operation(&op->op);
+}
+
+/*
+ * cached page storage work item
+ * - used to do three things:
+ * - batch writes to the cache
+ * - do cache writes asynchronously
+ * - defer writes until cache object lookup completion
+ */
+struct fscache_storage {
+ struct fscache_operation op;
+ pgoff_t store_limit; /* don't write more than this */
+};
+
+/*
+ * cache operations
+ */
+struct fscache_cache_ops {
+ /* name of cache provider */
+ const char *name;
+
+ /* allocate an object record for a cookie */
+ struct fscache_object *(*alloc_object)(struct fscache_cache *cache,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie);
+
+ /* look up the object for a cookie */
+ void (*lookup_object)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ /* finished looking up */
+ void (*lookup_complete)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ /* increment the usage count on this object (may fail if unmounting) */
+ struct fscache_object *(*grab_object)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ /* pin an object in the cache */
+ int (*pin_object)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ /* unpin an object in the cache */
+ void (*unpin_object)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ /* store the updated auxilliary data on an object */
+ void (*update_object)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ /* discard the resources pinned by an object and effect retirement if
+ * necessary */
+ void (*drop_object)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ /* dispose of a reference to an object */
+ void (*put_object)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ /* sync a cache */
+ void (*sync_cache)(struct fscache_cache *cache);
+
+ /* notification that the attributes of a non-index object (such as
+ * i_size) have changed */
+ int (*attr_changed)(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+ /* reserve space for an object's data and associated metadata */
+ int (*reserve_space)(struct fscache_object *object, loff_t i_size);
+
+ /* request a backing block for a page be read or allocated in the
+ * cache */
+ fscache_page_retrieval_func_t read_or_alloc_page;
+
+ /* request backing blocks for a list of pages be read or allocated in
+ * the cache */
+ fscache_pages_retrieval_func_t read_or_alloc_pages;
+
+ /* request a backing block for a page be allocated in the cache so that
+ * it can be written directly */
+ fscache_page_retrieval_func_t allocate_page;
+
+ /* request backing blocks for pages be allocated in the cache so that
+ * they can be written directly */
+ fscache_pages_retrieval_func_t allocate_pages;
+
+ /* write a page to its backing block in the cache */
+ int (*write_page)(struct fscache_storage *op, struct page *page);
+
+ /* detach backing block from a page (optional)
+ * - must release the cookie lock before returning
+ * - may sleep
+ */
+ void (*uncache_page)(struct fscache_object *object,
+ struct page *page);
+
+ /* dissociate a cache from all the pages it was backing */
+ void (*dissociate_pages)(struct fscache_cache *cache);
+};
+
+/*
+ * data file or index object cookie
+ * - a file will only appear in one cache
+ * - a request to cache a file may or may not be honoured, subject to
+ * constraints such as disk space
+ * - indices are created on disk just-in-time
+ */
+struct fscache_cookie {
+ atomic_t usage; /* number of users of this cookie */
+ atomic_t n_children; /* number of children of this cookie */
+ spinlock_t lock;
+ struct hlist_head backing_objects; /* object(s) backing this file/index */
+ const struct fscache_cookie_def *def; /* definition */
+ struct fscache_cookie *parent; /* parent of this entry */
+ void *netfs_data; /* back pointer to netfs */
+ unsigned long flags;
+#define FSCACHE_COOKIE_LOOKING_UP 0 /* T if non-index cookie being looked up still */
+#define FSCACHE_COOKIE_CREATING 1 /* T if non-index object being created still */
+#define FSCACHE_COOKIE_NO_DATA_YET 2 /* T if new object with no cached data yet */
+#define FSCACHE_COOKIE_PENDING_FILL 3 /* T if pending initial fill on object */
+#define FSCACHE_COOKIE_FILLING 4 /* T if filling object incrementally */
+#define FSCACHE_COOKIE_UNAVAILABLE 5 /* T if cookie is unavailable (error, etc) */
+};
+
+extern struct fscache_cookie fscache_fsdef_index;
+
+/*
+ * on-disk cache file or index handle
+ */
+struct fscache_object {
+ enum fscache_object_state {
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_INIT, /* object in initial unbound state */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_LOOKING_UP, /* looking up object */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_CREATING, /* creating object */
+
+ /* active states */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_AVAILABLE, /* cleaning up object after creation */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_ACTIVE, /* object is usable */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_UPDATING, /* object is updating */
+
+ /* terminal states */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_DYING, /* object waiting for accessors to finish */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_LC_DYING, /* object cleaning up after lookup/create */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_ABORT_INIT, /* abort the init state */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_RELEASING, /* releasing object */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_RECYCLING, /* retiring object */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_WITHDRAWING, /* withdrawing object */
+ FSCACHE_OBJECT_DEAD, /* object is now dead */
+ } state;
+
+ int debug_id; /* debugging ID */
+ int n_children; /* number of child objects */
+ int n_ops; /* number of ops outstanding on object */
+ int n_obj_ops; /* number of object ops outstanding on object */
+ int n_in_progress; /* number of ops in progress */
+ int n_exclusive; /* number of exclusive ops queued */
+ spinlock_t lock; /* state and operations lock */
+
+ unsigned long lookup_jif; /* time at which lookup started */
+ unsigned long event_mask; /* events this object is interested in */
+ unsigned long events; /* events to be processed by this object
+ * (order is important - using fls) */
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_REQUEUE 0 /* T if object should be requeued */
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_UPDATE 1 /* T if object should be updated */
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_CLEARED 2 /* T if accessors all gone */
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_ERROR 3 /* T if fatal error occurred during processing */
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_RELEASE 4 /* T if netfs requested object release */
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_RETIRE 5 /* T if netfs requested object retirement */
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_WITHDRAW 6 /* T if cache requested object withdrawal */
+
+ unsigned long flags;
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_LOCK 0 /* T if object is busy being processed */
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_PENDING_WRITE 1 /* T if object has pending write */
+#define FSCACHE_OBJECT_WAITING 2 /* T if object is waiting on its parent */
+
+ struct list_head cache_link; /* link in cache->object_list */
+ struct hlist_node cookie_link; /* link in cookie->backing_objects */
+ struct fscache_cache *cache; /* cache that supplied this object */
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie; /* netfs's file/index object */
+ struct fscache_object *parent; /* parent object */
+ struct slow_work work; /* attention scheduling record */
+ struct list_head dependents; /* FIFO of dependent objects */
+ struct list_head dep_link; /* link in parent's dependents list */
+ struct list_head pending_ops; /* unstarted operations on this object */
+ struct radix_tree_root stores; /* data to be stored */
+ pgoff_t store_limit; /* current storage limit */
+};
+
+extern const char *fscache_object_states[];
+
+#define fscache_object_is_active(obj) \
+ (!test_bit(FSCACHE_IOERROR, &(obj)->cache->flags) && \
+ (obj)->state >= FSCACHE_OBJECT_AVAILABLE && \
+ (obj)->state < FSCACHE_OBJECT_DYING)
+
+extern const struct slow_work_ops fscache_object_slow_work_ops;
+
+/**
+ * fscache_object_init - Initialise a cache object description
+ * @object: Object description
+ *
+ * Initialise a cache object description to its basic values.
+ *
+ * See Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.txt for a complete
+ * description.
+ */
+static inline
+void fscache_object_init(struct fscache_object *object,
+ struct fscache_cookie *cookie,
+ struct fscache_cache *cache)
+{
+ atomic_inc(&cache->object_count);
+
+ object->state = FSCACHE_OBJECT_INIT;
+ spin_lock_init(&object->lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&object->cache_link);
+ INIT_HLIST_NODE(&object->cookie_link);
+ vslow_work_init(&object->work, &fscache_object_slow_work_ops);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&object->dependents);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&object->dep_link);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&object->pending_ops);
+ INIT_RADIX_TREE(&object->stores, GFP_NOFS);
+ object->n_children = 0;
+ object->n_ops = object->n_in_progress = object->n_exclusive = 0;
+ object->events = object->event_mask = 0;
+ object->flags = 0;
+ object->store_limit = 0;
+ object->cache = cache;
+ object->cookie = cookie;
+ object->parent = NULL;
+}
+
+extern void fscache_object_lookup_negative(struct fscache_object *object);
+extern void fscache_obtained_object(struct fscache_object *object);
+
+/**
+ * fscache_object_destroyed - Note destruction of an object in a cache
+ * @cache: The cache from which the object came
+ *
+ * Note the destruction and deallocation of an object record in a cache.
+ */
+static inline void fscache_object_destroyed(struct fscache_cache *cache)
+{
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&cache->object_count))
+ wake_up_all(&fscache_cache_cleared_wq);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_object_lookup_error - Note an object encountered an error
+ * @object: The object on which the error was encountered
+ *
+ * Note that an object encountered a fatal error (usually an I/O error) and
+ * that it should be withdrawn as soon as possible.
+ */
+static inline void fscache_object_lookup_error(struct fscache_object *object)
+{
+ set_bit(FSCACHE_OBJECT_EV_ERROR, &object->events);
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_set_store_limit - Set the maximum size to be stored in an object
+ * @object: The object to set the maximum on
+ * @i_size: The limit to set in bytes
+ *
+ * Set the maximum size an object is permitted to reach, implying the highest
+ * byte that may be written. Intended to be called by the attr_changed() op.
+ *
+ * See Documentation/filesystems/caching/backend-api.txt for a complete
+ * description.
+ */
+static inline
+void fscache_set_store_limit(struct fscache_object *object, loff_t i_size)
+{
+ object->store_limit = i_size >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ if (i_size & ~PAGE_MASK)
+ object->store_limit++;
+}
+
+/**
+ * fscache_end_io - End a retrieval operation on a page
+ * @op: The FS-Cache operation covering the retrieval
+ * @page: The page that was to be fetched
+ * @error: The error code (0 if successful)
+ *
+ * Note the end of an operation to retrieve a page, as covered by a particular
+ * operation record.
+ */
+static inline void fscache_end_io(struct fscache_retrieval *op,
+ struct page *page, int error)
+{
+ op->end_io_func(page, op->context, error);
+}
+
+/*
+ * out-of-line cache backend functions
+ */
+extern void fscache_init_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache,
+ const struct fscache_cache_ops *ops,
+ const char *idfmt,
+ ...) __attribute__ ((format (printf, 3, 4)));
+
+extern int fscache_add_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache,
+ struct fscache_object *fsdef,
+ const char *tagname);
+extern void fscache_withdraw_cache(struct fscache_cache *cache);
+
+extern void fscache_io_error(struct fscache_cache *cache);
+
+extern void fscache_mark_pages_cached(struct fscache_retrieval *op,
+ struct pagevec *pagevec);
+
+extern enum fscache_checkaux fscache_check_aux(struct fscache_object *object,
+ const void *data,
+ uint16_t datalen);
+
+#endif /* _LINUX_FSCACHE_CACHE_H */


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