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SubjectRe: Detailed Stack Information Patch [1/3]

* Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> wrote:

> diff -u -N -r linux-2.6.29.orig/fs/exec.c linux-2.6.29/fs/exec.c
> --- linux-2.6.29.orig/fs/exec.c 2009-03-24 00:12:14.000000000 +0100
> +++ linux-2.6.29/fs/exec.c 2009-03-31 16:02:55.000000000 +0200
> @@ -1336,6 +1336,10 @@
> if (retval < 0)
> goto out;
>
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_STACK
> + current->stack_start = current->mm->start_stack;
> +#endif

Ok. The 1/3 patch, the whole "display where the stack is" thing is
obviously useful and we know that.

Today we display this:

earth4:~/tip> cat /proc/self/maps
00110000-00111000 r-xp 00110000 00:00 0 [vdso]
0053e000-0055e000 r-xp 00000000 09:00 54591597 /lib/ld-2.9.so
0055f000-00560000 r--p 00020000 09:00 54591597 /lib/ld-2.9.so
00560000-00561000 rw-p 00021000 09:00 54591597 /lib/ld-2.9.so
00563000-006d1000 r-xp 00000000 09:00 54591620 /lib/libc-2.9.so
006d1000-006d3000 r--p 0016e000 09:00 54591620 /lib/libc-2.9.so
006d3000-006d4000 rw-p 00170000 09:00 54591620 /lib/libc-2.9.so
006d4000-006d7000 rw-p 006d4000 00:00 0
08048000-08054000 r-xp 00000000 09:00 27787363 /bin/cat
08054000-08055000 rw-p 0000c000 09:00 27787363 /bin/cat
09996000-099b7000 rw-p 09996000 00:00 0 [heap]
b7db9000-b7fb9000 r--p 00000000 09:00 50364418 /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive
b7fb9000-b7fbb000 rw-p b7fb9000 00:00 0
bffc7000-bffdc000 rw-p bffeb000 00:00 0 [stack]
I was the one who added the [stack], [heap] and [vdso] annotations a
few years ago and user-space developers liked it very much.

Tools parsing these files wont break [they dont care about the final
column] - so there's no ABI worries and we can certainly do more
here and enhance it.

You extend the above output with (in essence):

> +#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_STACK
> +static inline void task_show_stack_usage(struct seq_file *m,
> + struct task_struct *p)

It would be better to put this into a fresh, related feature that
went upstream recently:

spirit:~> cat /proc/self/stack
[<ffffffff8101c333>] save_stack_trace_tsk+0x26/0x43
[<ffffffff81129237>] proc_pid_stack+0x63/0xa1
[<ffffffff8112a753>] proc_single_show+0x5c/0x79
[<ffffffff810fb2d6>] seq_read+0x16f/0x34d
[<ffffffff810e3eea>] vfs_read+0xab/0x108
[<ffffffff810e4007>] sys_read+0x4a/0x6e
[<ffffffff8101133a>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b
[<ffffffffffffffff>] 0xffffffffffffffff
That displays the kernel stack data - and we could display
information about the user-stack data as well.

This #ifdef:

> +#ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP
> + cur_stack = base_page-(p->stack_start >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> +#else
> + cur_stack = (p->stack_start >> PAGE_SHIFT)-base_page;
> +#endif

Should be hidden in a task_user_stack() inline helper.

Another thing is:

> @@ -240,6 +240,18 @@
> } else if (vma->vm_start <= mm->start_stack &&
> vma->vm_end >= mm->start_stack) {
> name = "[stack]";
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_STACK
> + } else {
> + unsigned long stack_start;
> +
> + stack_start =
> + ((struct proc_maps_private *)
> + m->private)->task->stack_start;
> +
> + if (vma->vm_start <= stack_start &&
> + vma->vm_end >= stack_start)
> + name="[thread stack]";
> +#endif

This too should be unconditional IMO (it's useful, and
ultra-embedded systems worried about kernel .text size can turn off
CONFIG_PROC_FS anyway), _and_ i think we could do even better.

How about extending /proc/X/maps with:

b7db9000-b7fb9000 r--p 00000000 09:00 50364418 /usr/lib/locale/locale-archive
b7fb9000-b7fbb000 rw-p b7fb9000 00:00 0
bffc7000-bffdc000 rw-p bffeb000 00:00 0 [stack, usage: 1391 kB]
This is deterministically parseable, and meaningful-at-a-glance.
Similarly for 'thread stack'.

This way we dont need any new files in /proc - that just increases
the per task memory overhead.

What do you think?

Ingo


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