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Subject[Patch 10/11] Sample HW breakpoint over kernel data address
This patch introduces a sample kernel module to demonstrate the use of Hardware
Breakpoint feature. It places a breakpoint over the kernel variable 'pid_max'
to monitor all write operations and emits a function-backtrace when done.

Signed-off-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
samples/Kconfig | 6 ++
samples/Makefile | 4 +
samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile | 1
samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c | 79 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 89 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
Index: linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/samples/Kconfig
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt.orig/samples/Kconfig
+++ linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/samples/Kconfig
@@ -39,5 +39,11 @@ config SAMPLE_KRETPROBES
default m
depends on SAMPLE_KPROBES && KRETPROBES

+config SAMPLE_HW_BREAKPOINT
+ tristate "Build kernel hardware breakpoint examples -- loadable modules only"
+ depends on HAVE_HW_BREAKPOINT && m
+ help
+ This builds kernel hardware breakpoint example modules.
+
endif # SAMPLES

Index: linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/samples/Makefile
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt.orig/samples/Makefile
+++ linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/samples/Makefile
@@ -1,3 +1,5 @@
# Makefile for Linux samples code

-obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES) += markers/ kobject/ kprobes/ tracepoints/
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES) += markers/ kobject/ kprobes/ tracepoints/ \
+ hw_breakpoint/
+
Index: linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/samples/hw_breakpoint/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1 @@
+obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_HW_BREAKPOINT) += data_breakpoint.o
Index: linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ linux-2.6-tip.hbkpt/samples/hw_breakpoint/data_breakpoint.c
@@ -0,0 +1,79 @@
+/*
+ * data_breakpoint.c - Sample HW Breakpoint file to watch kernel data address
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * This file is a kernel module that places a breakpoint over 'pid_max' kernel
+ * variable using Hardware Breakpoint register. The corresponding handler which
+ * prints a backtrace is invoked everytime a write operation is performed on
+ * that variable.
+ *
+ * After inserting this module, invoke a write operation using
+ * 'echo <desired_value> > /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max'
+ * to find the function-call backtrace.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
+ */
+#include <linux/module.h> /* Needed by all modules */
+#include <linux/kernel.h> /* Needed for KERN_INFO */
+#include <linux/init.h> /* Needed for the macros */
+
+#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
+
+struct hw_breakpoint pid_max_hbkpt;
+
+void pid_max_hbkpt_handler(struct hw_breakpoint *temp, struct pt_regs
+ *temp_regs)
+{
+ printk(KERN_INFO "pid_max value is changed\n");
+ dump_stack();
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Dump stack from pid_max_hbkpt_handler\n");
+}
+
+static int __init hw_break_module_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
+ pid_max_hbkpt.info.name = "pid_max";
+ pid_max_hbkpt.info.type = HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE;
+ pid_max_hbkpt.info.len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4;
+
+ pid_max_hbkpt.triggered = (void *)pid_max_hbkpt_handler;
+#endif /* CONFIG_X86 */
+
+ ret = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(&pid_max_hbkpt);
+
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Breakpoint registration failed\n");
+ return ret;
+ } else
+ printk(KERN_INFO "HW Breakpoint for pid_max write installed\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit hw_break_module_exit(void)
+{
+ unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(&pid_max_hbkpt);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "HW Breakpoint for pid_max write uninstalled\n");
+}
+
+module_init(hw_break_module_init);
+module_exit(hw_break_module_exit);
+
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("K.Prasad");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("pid_max breakpoint");


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