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Subject[PATCH 04/27] xen: Add xen_create_contiguous_region
Date
From: Alex Nixon <alex.nixon@citrix.com>

A memory region must be physically contiguous in order to be accessed
through DMA. This patch adds xen_create_contiguous_region, which
ensures a region of contiguous virtual memory is also physically
contiguous.

Based on Stephen Tweedie's port of the 2.6.18-xen version.

Remove contiguous_bitmap[] as it's no longer needed.

Ported from linux-2.6.18-xen.hg 707:e410857fd83c

Signed-off-by: Alex Nixon <alex.nixon@citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com>
Signed-off-by: Ian Campbell <ian.campbell@citrix.com>
---
arch/x86/xen/mmu.c | 200 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/xen/interface/memory.h | 42 +++++++++
include/xen/xen-ops.h | 6 +
3 files changed, 248 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c b/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c
index c2aa44b..b3eb2eb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c
@@ -51,6 +51,7 @@
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
#include <asm/e820.h>
#include <asm/linkage.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>

#include <asm/xen/hypercall.h>
#include <asm/xen/hypervisor.h>
@@ -2097,6 +2098,205 @@ const struct pv_mmu_ops xen_mmu_ops __initdata = {
};


+/* Protected by xen_reservation_lock. */
+#define MAX_CONTIG_ORDER 9 /* 2MB */
+static unsigned long discontig_frames[1<<MAX_CONTIG_ORDER];
+
+#define VOID_PTE (mfn_pte(0, __pgprot(0)))
+static void xen_zap_pfn_range(unsigned long vaddr, unsigned int order,
+ unsigned long *in_frames,
+ unsigned long *out_frames)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct multicall_space mcs;
+
+ xen_mc_batch();
+ for (i = 0; i < (1UL<<order); i++, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ mcs = __xen_mc_entry(0);
+
+ if (in_frames)
+ in_frames[i] = virt_to_mfn(vaddr);
+
+ MULTI_update_va_mapping(mcs.mc, vaddr, VOID_PTE, 0);
+ set_phys_to_machine(virt_to_pfn(vaddr), INVALID_P2M_ENTRY);
+
+ if (out_frames)
+ out_frames[i] = virt_to_pfn(vaddr);
+ }
+ xen_mc_issue(0);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Update the pfn-to-mfn mappings for a virtual address range, either to
+ * point to an array of mfns, or contiguously from a single starting
+ * mfn.
+ */
+static void xen_remap_exchanged_ptes(unsigned long vaddr, int order,
+ unsigned long *mfns,
+ unsigned long first_mfn)
+{
+ unsigned i, limit;
+ unsigned long mfn;
+
+ xen_mc_batch();
+
+ limit = 1u << order;
+ for (i = 0; i < limit; i++, vaddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
+ struct multicall_space mcs;
+ unsigned flags;
+
+ mcs = __xen_mc_entry(0);
+ if (mfns)
+ mfn = mfns[i];
+ else
+ mfn = first_mfn + i;
+
+ if (i < (limit - 1))
+ flags = 0;
+ else {
+ if (order == 0)
+ flags = UVMF_INVLPG | UVMF_ALL;
+ else
+ flags = UVMF_TLB_FLUSH | UVMF_ALL;
+ }
+
+ MULTI_update_va_mapping(mcs.mc, vaddr,
+ mfn_pte(mfn, PAGE_KERNEL), flags);
+
+ set_phys_to_machine(virt_to_pfn(vaddr), mfn);
+ }
+
+ xen_mc_issue(0);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Perform the hypercall to exchange a region of our pfns to point to
+ * memory with the required contiguous alignment. Takes the pfns as
+ * input, and populates mfns as output.
+ *
+ * Returns a success code indicating whether the hypervisor was able to
+ * satisfy the request or not.
+ */
+static int xen_exchange_memory(unsigned long extents_in, unsigned int order_in,
+ unsigned long *pfns_in,
+ unsigned long extents_out, unsigned int order_out,
+ unsigned long *mfns_out,
+ unsigned int address_bits)
+{
+ long rc;
+ int success;
+
+ struct xen_memory_exchange exchange = {
+ .in = {
+ .nr_extents = extents_in,
+ .extent_order = order_in,
+ .extent_start = pfns_in,
+ .domid = DOMID_SELF
+ },
+ .out = {
+ .nr_extents = extents_out,
+ .extent_order = order_out,
+ .extent_start = mfns_out,
+ .address_bits = address_bits,
+ .domid = DOMID_SELF
+ }
+ };
+
+ BUG_ON(extents_in << order_in != extents_out << order_out);
+
+ rc = HYPERVISOR_memory_op(XENMEM_exchange, &exchange);
+ success = (exchange.nr_exchanged == extents_in);
+
+ BUG_ON(!success && ((exchange.nr_exchanged != 0) || (rc == 0)));
+ BUG_ON(success && (rc != 0));
+
+ return success;
+}
+
+int xen_create_contiguous_region(unsigned long vstart, unsigned int order,
+ unsigned int address_bits)
+{
+ unsigned long *in_frames = discontig_frames, out_frame;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int success;
+
+ /*
+ * Currently an auto-translated guest will not perform I/O, nor will
+ * it require PAE page directories below 4GB. Therefore any calls to
+ * this function are redundant and can be ignored.
+ */
+
+ if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap))
+ return 0;
+
+ if (unlikely(order > MAX_CONTIG_ORDER))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ memset((void *) vstart, 0, PAGE_SIZE << order);
+
+ vm_unmap_aliases();
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&xen_reservation_lock, flags);
+
+ /* 1. Zap current PTEs, remembering MFNs. */
+ xen_zap_pfn_range(vstart, order, in_frames, NULL);
+
+ /* 2. Get a new contiguous memory extent. */
+ out_frame = virt_to_pfn(vstart);
+ success = xen_exchange_memory(1UL << order, 0, in_frames,
+ 1, order, &out_frame,
+ address_bits);
+
+ /* 3. Map the new extent in place of old pages. */
+ if (success)
+ xen_remap_exchanged_ptes(vstart, order, NULL, out_frame);
+ else
+ xen_remap_exchanged_ptes(vstart, order, in_frames, 0);
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&xen_reservation_lock, flags);
+
+ return success ? 0 : -ENOMEM;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_create_contiguous_region);
+
+void xen_destroy_contiguous_region(unsigned long vstart, unsigned int order)
+{
+ unsigned long *out_frames = discontig_frames, in_frame;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ int success;
+
+ if (xen_feature(XENFEAT_auto_translated_physmap))
+ return;
+
+ if (unlikely(order > MAX_CONTIG_ORDER))
+ return;
+
+ memset((void *) vstart, 0, PAGE_SIZE << order);
+
+ vm_unmap_aliases();
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&xen_reservation_lock, flags);
+
+ /* 1. Find start MFN of contiguous extent. */
+ in_frame = virt_to_mfn(vstart);
+
+ /* 2. Zap current PTEs. */
+ xen_zap_pfn_range(vstart, order, NULL, out_frames);
+
+ /* 3. Do the exchange for non-contiguous MFNs. */
+ success = xen_exchange_memory(1, order, &in_frame, 1UL << order,
+ 0, out_frames, 0);
+
+ /* 4. Map new pages in place of old pages. */
+ if (success)
+ xen_remap_exchanged_ptes(vstart, order, out_frames, 0);
+ else
+ xen_remap_exchanged_ptes(vstart, order, NULL, in_frame);
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&xen_reservation_lock, flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_destroy_contiguous_region);
+
#ifdef CONFIG_XEN_DEBUG_FS

static struct dentry *d_mmu_debug;
diff --git a/include/xen/interface/memory.h b/include/xen/interface/memory.h
index 9df4bd0..63abbb2 100644
--- a/include/xen/interface/memory.h
+++ b/include/xen/interface/memory.h
@@ -55,6 +55,48 @@ struct xen_memory_reservation {
DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(xen_memory_reservation);

/*
+ * An atomic exchange of memory pages. If return code is zero then
+ * @out.extent_list provides GMFNs of the newly-allocated memory.
+ * Returns zero on complete success, otherwise a negative error code.
+ * On complete success then always @nr_exchanged == @in.nr_extents.
+ * On partial success @nr_exchanged indicates how much work was done.
+ */
+#define XENMEM_exchange 11
+struct xen_memory_exchange {
+ /*
+ * [IN] Details of memory extents to be exchanged (GMFN bases).
+ * Note that @in.address_bits is ignored and unused.
+ */
+ struct xen_memory_reservation in;
+
+ /*
+ * [IN/OUT] Details of new memory extents.
+ * We require that:
+ * 1. @in.domid == @out.domid
+ * 2. @in.nr_extents << @in.extent_order ==
+ * @out.nr_extents << @out.extent_order
+ * 3. @in.extent_start and @out.extent_start lists must not overlap
+ * 4. @out.extent_start lists GPFN bases to be populated
+ * 5. @out.extent_start is overwritten with allocated GMFN bases
+ */
+ struct xen_memory_reservation out;
+
+ /*
+ * [OUT] Number of input extents that were successfully exchanged:
+ * 1. The first @nr_exchanged input extents were successfully
+ * deallocated.
+ * 2. The corresponding first entries in the output extent list correctly
+ * indicate the GMFNs that were successfully exchanged.
+ * 3. All other input and output extents are untouched.
+ * 4. If not all input exents are exchanged then the return code of this
+ * command will be non-zero.
+ * 5. THIS FIELD MUST BE INITIALISED TO ZERO BY THE CALLER!
+ */
+ unsigned long nr_exchanged;
+};
+
+DEFINE_GUEST_HANDLE_STRUCT(xen_memory_exchange);
+/*
* Returns the maximum machine frame number of mapped RAM in this system.
* This command always succeeds (it never returns an error code).
* arg == NULL.
diff --git a/include/xen/xen-ops.h b/include/xen/xen-ops.h
index 883a21b..d789c93 100644
--- a/include/xen/xen-ops.h
+++ b/include/xen/xen-ops.h
@@ -14,4 +14,10 @@ void xen_mm_unpin_all(void);
void xen_timer_resume(void);
void xen_arch_resume(void);

+extern unsigned long *xen_contiguous_bitmap;
+int xen_create_contiguous_region(unsigned long vstart, unsigned int order,
+ unsigned int address_bits);
+
+void xen_destroy_contiguous_region(unsigned long vstart, unsigned int order);
+
#endif /* INCLUDE_XEN_OPS_H */
--
1.6.0.6


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