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SubjectRe: HOLES_IN_ZONE...
On Wed, 04 Feb 2009 22:26:51 -0800 (PST)
David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> wrote:

>
> So I've been fighting mysterious crashes on my main sparc64 devel
> machine. What's happening is that the assertion in
> mm/page_alloc.c:move_freepages() is triggering:
>
> BUG_ON(page_zone(start_page) != page_zone(end_page));
>
> Once I knew this is what was happening, I added some annotations:
>
> if (unlikely(page_zone(start_page) != page_zone(end_page))) {
> printk(KERN_ERR "move_freepages: Bogus zones: "
> "start_page[%p] end_page[%p] zone[%p]\n",
> start_page, end_page, zone);
> printk(KERN_ERR "move_freepages: "
> "start_zone[%p] end_zone[%p]\n",
> page_zone(start_page), page_zone(end_page));
> printk(KERN_ERR "move_freepages: "
> "start_pfn[0x%lx] end_pfn[0x%lx]\n",
> page_to_pfn(start_page), page_to_pfn(end_page));
> printk(KERN_ERR "move_freepages: "
> "start_nid[%d] end_nid[%d]\n",
> page_to_nid(start_page), page_to_nid(end_page));
> ...
>
> And here's what I got:
>
> move_freepages: Bogus zones: start_page[2207d0000] end_page[2207dffc0] zone[fffff8103effcb00]
> move_freepages: start_zone[fffff8103effcb00] end_zone[fffff8003fffeb00]
> move_freepages: start_pfn[0x81f600] end_pfn[0x81f7ff]
> move_freepages: start_nid[1] end_nid[0]
>
> My memory layout on this box is:
>
> [ 0.000000] Zone PFN ranges:
> [ 0.000000] Normal 0x00000000 -> 0x0081ff5d
> [ 0.000000] Movable zone start PFN for each node
> [ 0.000000] early_node_map[8] active PFN ranges
> [ 0.000000] 0: 0x00000000 -> 0x00020000
> [ 0.000000] 1: 0x00800000 -> 0x0081f7ff
> [ 0.000000] 1: 0x0081f800 -> 0x0081fe50
> [ 0.000000] 1: 0x0081fed1 -> 0x0081fed8
> [ 0.000000] 1: 0x0081feda -> 0x0081fedb
> [ 0.000000] 1: 0x0081fedd -> 0x0081fee5
> [ 0.000000] 1: 0x0081fee7 -> 0x0081ff51
> [ 0.000000] 1: 0x0081ff59 -> 0x0081ff5d
>

Ah, end_pfn is not valid page. And, page->flags shows nid 0.
It seems memmap for end_pfn is not initialized correctly.

At first, there are some complicated around here..

1. pfn_valid() is just for "there is memmap." not for "the memory is valid"
2. If "memory is invalid" && it has memmap, it should be marked as PG_Reserved.
And it will never be put into buddy allocator.
3. memmap for not exisiting memory can be initialized but it's depends on
zone->spanned_pages. (see free_area_init_core())
4. What CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE means is
"there can be invalid memmap within coutinuous range of zone->mem_map"
This comes from VIRTUAL_MEMMAP.
In usual arch, mem_map is guaranteed to be coutinuous always.




> move_freepages: start_zone[fffff8103effcb00] end_zone[fffff8003fffeb00]
> move_freepages: start_pfn[0x81f600] end_pfn[0x81f7ff]
> move_freepages: start_nid[1] end_nid[0]
> [ 0.000000] 0: 0x00000000 -> 0x00020000
> [ 0.000000] 1: 0x00800000 -> 0x0081f7ff

> [ 0.000000] 1: 0x00800000 -> 0x0081f7ff

I think it's strange that end_pfn's nid is 0.

From this log, mem_map for end_pfn exists (means pfn_valid(end_pfn) == true)
So, it should be initialized correctly and should have nid 1 if initialized.

Maybe Node1's zone->start_pfn and zone->spanned_pages covers 0x81f7ff, and it's
range is 0x00800000 -> 0x0081ff5d
But, this check in memmap_init_zone()
==
2619 if (context == MEMMAP_EARLY) {
2620 if (!early_pfn_valid(pfn))
2621 continue;
2622 if (!early_pfn_in_nid(pfn, nid))
2623 continue;
2624 }
==
will allow skip to init this mem_map of 0x8af7ff.
*AND*, SetPageResreved() is never called. This is a problem I think.
> It takes a lot of stressing to get that specific chunk of pages to
> attempt to be freed up in a group like that :-/
>
> As a suggestion, it would have been a lot more pleasant if the code
> validated this requirement (in the !HOLES_IN_ZONE case) at boot time
> instead of after 2 hours of stress testing :-(
>

Can this patch help you ? (maybe more careful study is necessary...)
---
mm/page_alloc.c | 7 +++++--
1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
Index: mmotm-2.6.29-Feb03/mm/page_alloc.c
===================================================================
--- mmotm-2.6.29-Feb03.orig/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ mmotm-2.6.29-Feb03/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2618,6 +2618,7 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned
unsigned long end_pfn = start_pfn + size;
unsigned long pfn;
struct zone *z;
+ int tmp;

if (highest_memmap_pfn < end_pfn - 1)
highest_memmap_pfn = end_pfn - 1;
@@ -2632,7 +2633,8 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned
if (context == MEMMAP_EARLY) {
if (!early_pfn_valid(pfn))
continue;
- if (!early_pfn_in_nid(pfn, nid))
+ tmp = early_pfn_in_nid(pfn, nid);
+ if (tmp > -1 && tmp != nid)
continue;
}
page = pfn_to_page(pfn);
@@ -2999,8 +3001,9 @@ int __meminit early_pfn_to_nid(unsigned
return early_node_map[i].nid;
}

- return 0;
+ return -1;
}
+
#endif /* CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_EARLY_PFN_TO_NID */

/* Basic iterator support to walk early_node_map[] */





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