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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/3] generic-ipi: remove kmalloc()
On 02/17, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> On Tue, Feb 17, 2009 at 10:59:06PM +0100, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> > +static void csd_lock(struct call_single_data *data)
> > {
> > - /* Wait for response */
> > - do {
> > - if (!(data->flags & CSD_FLAG_WAIT))
> > - break;
> > + while (data->flags & CSD_FLAG_LOCK)
> > cpu_relax();
> > - } while (1);
> > + data->flags = CSD_FLAG_LOCK;
> We do need an smp_mb() here, otherwise, the call from
> smp_call_function_single() could be reordered by either CPU or compiler
> as follows:
> data->func = func;
> data->info = info;
> csd_lock(data);
> This might come as a bit of a surprise to the other CPU still trying to
> use the old values for data->func and data->info.

Could you explain a bit more here?

The compiler can't re-order this code due to cpu_relax(). Cpu can
re-order, but this doesn't matter because both the sender and ipi
handler take call_single_queue->lock.

And, giwen that csd_unlock() does mb() before csd_unlock(), how
it is possible that other CPU (ipi handler) still uses the old
values in *data after we see !CSD_FLAG_LOCK ?

> Note that this smb_mb() is required even if cpu_relax() contains a
> memory barrier, as it is possible to execute csd_lock_wait() without
> executing the cpu_relax(), if you get there at just the right time.

Can't understand... Nobody can do csd_wait() on this per-cpu entry,
but I guess you meant something else.

> OK... What prevents the following sequence of events?
> o CPU 0 calls smp_call_function_many(), targeting numerous CPUs,
> including CPU 2. CPU 0 therefore enqueues this on the global
> call_function.queue. "wait" is not specified, so CPU 0 returns
> immediately after sending the IPIs.
> It decrements the ->refs field, but, finding the result
> non-zero, refrains from removing the element that CPU 0
> enqueued, and also refrains from invoking csd_unlock().
> o CPU 3 also receives the IPI, and also calls the needed function.
> Now, only CPU 1 need receive the IPI for the element to be
> removed.

so we have a single entry E0 on list,

> o CPU 3 calls smp_call_function_many(), targeting numerous CPUs,
> but -not- including CPU 2. CPU 3 therefore also this on the
> global call_function.queue and sends the IPIs, but no IPI for
> CPU 2. Your choice as to whether CPU 3 waits or not.

now we have E3 -> E0

> o CPU 2 receives CPU 3's IPI, but CPU 0's element is first on the
> list. CPU 2 fetches the pointer (via list_for_each_entry_rcu()),
> and then...

it actually sees E3, not E0

> o CPU 1 finally re-enables irqs and receives the IPIs!!! It
> finds CPU 0's element on the queue, calls the function,
> decrements the ->refs field, and finds that it is zero.
> So, CPU 1 invokes list_del_rcu() to remove the element
> (OK so far, as list_del_rcu() doesn't overwrite the next
> pointer), then invokes csd_unlock() to release the element.
> o CPU 0 then invokes another smp_call_function_many(), also
> multiple CPUs, but -not- to CPU 2. It requeues the element
> that was just csd_unlock()ed above, carrying CPU 2 with it.
> It IPIs CPUs 1 and 3, but not CPU 2.

and inserts the element E0 at the head of the list again,

> o CPU 2 continues, and falls off the bottom of the list.

afaics, it doesn't.

Every time smp_call_function_many() reuses the element, it sets its
->next pointer to the head of the list. If we race with another CPU
which fetches this pointer, this CPU has to re-scan the whole list,
but since we always modify/read data under data->lock this should
be safe, that CPU must notice (!cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, data->cpumask).



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