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Subject[Patch 1/10] Introducing generic hardware breakpoint handler interfaces

This patch introduces two new files hw_breakpoint.[ch] which defines the
generic interfaces to use hardware breakpoint infrastructure of the system.

Signed-off-by: K.Prasad <prasad@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu>
---
include/asm-generic/hw_breakpoint.h | 243 +++++++++++
kernel/Makefile | 2
kernel/hw_breakpoint.c | 772 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 1016 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
Index: mmotm/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ mmotm/kernel/hw_breakpoint.c
@@ -0,0 +1,772 @@
+/*
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2007 Alan Stern
+ * Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
+ */
+
+/*
+ * HW_breakpoint: a unified kernel/user-space hardware breakpoint facility,
+ * using the CPU's debug registers.
+ *
+ * This file contains the arch-independent routines. It is not meant
+ * to be compiled as a standalone source file; rather it should be
+ * #include'd by the arch-specific implementation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/irqflags.h>
+#include <linux/kdebug.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+
+#include <asm/debugreg.h>
+#include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+
+/* Global info */
+struct kernel_bp_data kbpdata[2]; /* Old and new settings */
+int cur_kbpindex; /* Alternates 0, 1, ... */
+struct kernel_bp_data *cur_kbpdata = &kbpdata[0];
+ /* Always equal to &kbpdata[cur_kbpindex] */
+
+static u8 tprio[HB_NUM]; /* Thread bp max priorities */
+LIST_HEAD(kernel_bps); /* Kernel breakpoint list */
+static LIST_HEAD(thread_list); /* thread_hw_breakpoint list */
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_hw_breakpoint, cpu_bp);
+
+/*
+ * Install the debug register values for a new thread.
+ */
+void switch_to_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi = tsk->thread.hw_breakpoint_info;
+ struct cpu_hw_breakpoint *chbi;
+ struct kernel_bp_data *thr_kbpdata;
+
+ /* This routine is on the hot path; it gets called for every
+ * context switch into a task with active breakpoints. We
+ * must make sure that the common case executes as quickly as
+ * possible.
+ */
+ chbi = &per_cpu(cpu_bp, get_cpu());
+ chbi->bp_task = tsk;
+
+ /* Use RCU to synchronize with external updates */
+ rcu_read_lock();
+
+ /* Other CPUs might be making updates to the list of kernel
+ * breakpoints at this time. If they are, they will modify
+ * the other entry in kbpdata[] -- the one not pointed to
+ * by chbi->cur_kbpdata. So the update itself won't affect
+ * us directly.
+ *
+ * However when the update is finished, an IPI will arrive
+ * telling this CPU to change chbi->cur_kbpdata. We need
+ * to use a single consistent kbpdata[] entry, the present one.
+ * So we'll copy the pointer to a local variable, thr_kbpdata,
+ * and we must prevent the compiler from aliasing the two
+ * pointers. Only a compiler barrier is required, not a full
+ * memory barrier, because everything takes place on a single CPU.
+ */
+ restart:
+ thr_kbpdata = ACCESS_ONCE(chbi->cur_kbpdata);
+
+ /* Normally we can keep the same debug register settings as the
+ * last time this task ran. But if the kernel breakpoints have
+ * changed or any user breakpoints have been registered or
+ * unregistered, we need to handle the updates and possibly
+ * send out some notifications.
+ */
+ if (unlikely(thbi->gennum != thr_kbpdata->gennum)) {
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+ int i;
+ int num;
+
+ thbi->gennum = thr_kbpdata->gennum;
+ arch_update_thbi(thbi, thr_kbpdata);
+ num = thr_kbpdata->num_kbps;
+
+ /* This code can be invoked while a debugger is actively
+ * updating the thread's breakpoint list. We use RCU to
+ * protect our access to the list pointers. */
+ thbi->num_installed = 0;
+ i = HB_NUM;
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(bp, &thbi->thread_bps, node) {
+
+ /* If this register is allocated for kernel bps,
+ * don't install. Otherwise do. */
+ if (--i < num) {
+ if (bp->status == HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED) {
+ if (bp->uninstalled)
+ (bp->uninstalled)(bp);
+ bp->status = HW_BREAKPOINT_REGISTERED;
+ }
+ } else {
+ ++thbi->num_installed;
+ if (bp->status != HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED) {
+ bp->status = HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED;
+ if (bp->installed)
+ (bp->installed)(bp);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Set the debug register */
+ arch_install_thbi(thbi);
+
+ /* Were there any kernel breakpoint changes while we were running? */
+ if (unlikely(chbi->cur_kbpdata != thr_kbpdata)) {
+
+ /* Some debug registers now be assigned to kernel bps and
+ * we might have messed them up. Reload all the kernel bps
+ * and then reload the thread bps.
+ */
+ arch_install_chbi(chbi);
+ goto restart;
+ }
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ put_cpu_no_resched();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Install the debug register values for just the kernel, no thread.
+ */
+void switch_to_none_hw_breakpoint(void)
+{
+ struct cpu_hw_breakpoint *chbi;
+
+ chbi = &per_cpu(cpu_bp, get_cpu());
+ chbi->bp_task = NULL;
+
+ /* This routine gets called from only two places. In one
+ * the caller holds the hw_breakpoint_mutex; in the other
+ * interrupts are disabled. In either case, no kernel
+ * breakpoint updates can arrive while the routine runs.
+ * So we don't need to use RCU.
+ */
+ arch_install_none(chbi);
+ put_cpu_no_resched();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Update the debug registers on this CPU.
+ */
+static void update_this_cpu(void *unused)
+{
+ struct cpu_hw_breakpoint *chbi;
+ struct task_struct *tsk = current;
+
+ chbi = &per_cpu(cpu_bp, get_cpu());
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ /* Install both the kernel and the user breakpoints */
+ arch_install_chbi(chbi);
+ if (test_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG))
+ switch_to_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ put_cpu_no_resched();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Tell all CPUs to update their debug registers.
+ *
+ * The caller must hold hw_breakpoint_mutex.
+ */
+static void update_all_cpus(void)
+{
+ /* We don't need to use any sort of memory barrier. The IPI
+ * carried out by on_each_cpu() includes its own barriers.
+ */
+ on_each_cpu(update_this_cpu, NULL, 0);
+ synchronize_rcu();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Load the debug registers during startup of a CPU.
+ */
+void load_debug_registers(void)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ /* Prevent IPIs for new kernel breakpoint updates */
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ update_this_cpu(NULL);
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Take the 4 highest-priority breakpoints in a thread and accumulate
+ * their priorities in tprio. Highest-priority entry is in tprio[3].
+ */
+static void accum_thread_tprio(struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = HB_NUM - 1; i >= 0 && thbi->bps[i]; --i)
+ tprio[i] = max(tprio[i], thbi->bps[i]->priority);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Recalculate the value of the tprio array, the maximum priority levels
+ * requested by user breakpoints in all threads.
+ *
+ * Each thread has a list of registered breakpoints, kept in order of
+ * decreasing priority. We'll set tprio[0] to the maximum priority of
+ * the first entries in all the lists, tprio[1] to the maximum priority
+ * of the second entries in all the lists, etc. In the end, we'll know
+ * that no thread requires breakpoints with priorities higher than the
+ * values in tprio.
+ *
+ * The caller must hold hw_breakpoint_mutex.
+ */
+static void recalc_tprio(void)
+{
+ struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi;
+
+ memset(tprio, 0, sizeof tprio);
+
+ /* Loop through all threads having registered breakpoints
+ * and accumulate the maximum priority levels in tprio.
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry(thbi, &thread_list, node)
+ accum_thread_tprio(thbi);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Decide how many debug registers will be allocated to kernel breakpoints
+ * and consequently, how many remain available for user breakpoints.
+ *
+ * The priorities of the entries in the list of registered kernel bps
+ * are compared against the priorities stored in tprio[]. The 4 highest
+ * winners overall get to be installed in a debug register; num_kpbs
+ * keeps track of how many of those winners come from the kernel list.
+ *
+ * If num_kbps changes, or if a kernel bp changes its installation status,
+ * then call update_all_cpus() so that the debug registers will be set
+ * correctly on every CPU. If neither condition holds then the set of
+ * kernel bps hasn't changed, and nothing more needs to be done.
+ *
+ * The caller must hold hw_breakpoint_mutex.
+ */
+static void balance_kernel_vs_user(void)
+{
+ int k, u;
+ int changed = 0;
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+ struct kernel_bp_data *new_kbpdata;
+
+ /* Determine how many debug registers are available for kernel
+ * breakpoints as opposed to user breakpoints, based on the
+ * priorities. Ties are resolved in favor of user bps.
+ */
+ k = 0; /* Next kernel bp to allocate */
+ u = HB_NUM - 1; /* Next user bp to allocate */
+
+ bp = list_entry(kernel_bps.next, struct hw_breakpoint, node);
+ while (k <= u) {
+ if (&bp->node == &kernel_bps || tprio[u] >= bp->priority)
+ --u; /* User bps win a slot */
+ else {
+ ++k; /* Kernel bp wins a slot */
+ if (bp->status != HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED)
+ changed = 1;
+ bp = list_entry(bp->node.next, struct hw_breakpoint,
+ node);
+ }
+ }
+ if (k != cur_kbpdata->num_kbps)
+ changed = 1;
+
+ /* Notify the remaining kernel breakpoints that they are about
+ * to be uninstalled.
+ */
+ list_for_each_entry_from(bp, &kernel_bps, node) {
+ if (bp->status == HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED) {
+ if (bp->uninstalled)
+ (bp->uninstalled)(bp);
+ bp->status = HW_BREAKPOINT_REGISTERED;
+ changed = 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (changed) {
+ cur_kbpindex ^= 1;
+ new_kbpdata = &kbpdata[cur_kbpindex];
+ new_kbpdata->gennum = cur_kbpdata->gennum + 1;
+ new_kbpdata->num_kbps = k;
+ arch_new_kbpdata(new_kbpdata);
+ u = 0;
+ list_for_each_entry(bp, &kernel_bps, node) {
+ if (u >= k)
+ break;
+ new_kbpdata->bps[u] = bp;
+ ++u;
+ }
+ rcu_assign_pointer(cur_kbpdata, new_kbpdata);
+
+ /* Tell all the CPUs to update their debug registers */
+ update_all_cpus();
+
+ /* Notify the breakpoints that just got installed */
+ for (u = 0; u < k; ++u) {
+ bp = new_kbpdata->bps[u];
+ if (bp->status != HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED) {
+ bp->status = HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED;
+ if (bp->installed)
+ (bp->installed)(bp);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return the pointer to a thread's hw_breakpoint info area,
+ * and try to allocate one if it doesn't exist.
+ *
+ * The caller must hold hw_breakpoint_mutex.
+ */
+struct thread_hw_breakpoint *alloc_thread_hw_breakpoint(
+ struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ if (!tsk->thread.hw_breakpoint_info && !(tsk->flags & PF_EXITING)) {
+ struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi;
+
+ thbi = kzalloc(sizeof(struct thread_hw_breakpoint),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (thbi) {
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&thbi->node);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&thbi->thread_bps);
+
+ /* Force an update the next time tsk runs */
+ thbi->gennum = cur_kbpdata->gennum - 2;
+ tsk->thread.hw_breakpoint_info = thbi;
+ }
+ }
+ return tsk->thread.hw_breakpoint_info;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Erase all the hardware breakpoint info associated with a thread.
+ *
+ * If tsk != current then tsk must not be usable (for example, a
+ * child being cleaned up from a failed fork).
+ */
+void flush_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi = tsk->thread.hw_breakpoint_info;
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+
+ if (!thbi)
+ return;
+ mutex_lock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+
+ /* Let the breakpoints know they are being uninstalled */
+ list_for_each_entry(bp, &thbi->thread_bps, node) {
+ if (bp->status == HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED && bp->uninstalled)
+ (bp->uninstalled)(bp);
+ bp->status = 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Remove tsk from the list of all threads with registered bps */
+ list_del(&thbi->node);
+
+ /* The thread no longer has any breakpoints associated with it */
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG);
+ tsk->thread.hw_breakpoint_info = NULL;
+ kfree(thbi);
+
+ /* Recalculate and rebalance the kernel-vs-user priorities */
+ recalc_tprio();
+ balance_kernel_vs_user();
+
+ /* Actually uninstall the breakpoints if necessary */
+ if (tsk == current)
+ switch_to_none_hw_breakpoint();
+ mutex_unlock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Copy the hardware breakpoint info from a thread to its cloned child.
+ */
+int copy_thread_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct task_struct *child, unsigned long clone_flags)
+{
+ /* We will assume that breakpoint settings are not inherited
+ * and the child starts out with no debug registers set.
+ * But what about CLONE_PTRACE?
+ */
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_DEBUG);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Store the highest-priority thread breakpoint entries in an array.
+ */
+static void store_thread_bp_array(struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi)
+{
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp;
+ int i;
+
+ i = HB_NUM - 1;
+ list_for_each_entry(bp, &thbi->thread_bps, node) {
+ thbi->bps[i] = bp;
+ arch_store_thread_bp_array(thbi, bp, i);
+ if (--i < 0)
+ break;
+ }
+ while (i >= 0)
+ thbi->bps[i--] = NULL;
+
+ /* Force an update the next time this task runs */
+ thbi->gennum = cur_kbpdata->gennum - 2;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Insert a new breakpoint in a priority-sorted list.
+ * Return the bp's index in the list.
+ *
+ * Thread invariants:
+ * tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG) set implies
+ * tsk->thread.hw_breakpoint_info is not NULL.
+ * tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG) set iff thbi->thread_bps is non-empty
+ * iff thbi->node is on thread_list.
+ */
+static int insert_bp_in_list(struct hw_breakpoint *bp,
+ struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ struct list_head *head;
+ int pos;
+ struct hw_breakpoint *temp_bp;
+
+ /* tsk and thbi are NULL for kernel bps, non-NULL for user bps */
+ if (tsk)
+ head = &thbi->thread_bps;
+ else
+ head = &kernel_bps;
+
+ /* Equal-priority breakpoints get listed first-come-first-served */
+ pos = 0;
+ list_for_each_entry(temp_bp, head, node) {
+ if (bp->priority > temp_bp->priority)
+ break;
+ ++pos;
+ }
+ bp->status = HW_BREAKPOINT_REGISTERED;
+ list_add_tail(&bp->node, &temp_bp->node);
+
+ if (tsk) {
+ store_thread_bp_array(thbi);
+
+ /* Is this the thread's first registered breakpoint? */
+ if (list_empty(&thbi->node)) {
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG);
+ list_add(&thbi->node, &thread_list);
+ }
+ }
+ return pos;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove a breakpoint from its priority-sorted list.
+ *
+ * See the invariants mentioned above.
+ */
+static void remove_bp_from_list(struct hw_breakpoint *bp,
+ struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ /* Remove bp from the thread's/kernel's list. If the list is now
+ * empty we must clear the TIF_DEBUG flag. But keep the
+ * thread_hw_breakpoint structure, so that the virtualized debug
+ * register values will remain valid.
+ */
+ list_del(&bp->node);
+ if (tsk) {
+ store_thread_bp_array(thbi);
+
+ if (list_empty(&thbi->thread_bps)) {
+ list_del_init(&thbi->node);
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(tsk, TIF_DEBUG);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* Tell the breakpoint it is being uninstalled */
+ if (bp->status == HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED && bp->uninstalled)
+ (bp->uninstalled)(bp);
+ bp->status = 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Validate the settings in a hw_breakpoint structure.
+ */
+static int validate_settings(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ int ret;
+ unsigned int align;
+
+ ret = arch_validate_hwbkpt_settings(bp, &align, tsk);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto err;
+
+ /* Check that the low-order bits of the address are appropriate
+ * for the alignment implied by len.
+ */
+ if (bp->info.address & align)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* Check that the virtual address is in the proper range */
+ if (tsk) {
+ if (!arch_check_va_in_userspace(bp->info.address, tsk))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ } else {
+ if (!arch_check_va_in_kernelspace(bp->info.address))
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+ err:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Actual implementation of register_user_hw_breakpoint.
+ */
+int __register_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+{
+ int rc;
+ struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi;
+ int pos;
+
+ bp->status = 0;
+ rc = validate_settings(bp, tsk);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ thbi = alloc_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+ if (!thbi)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* Insert bp in the thread's list */
+ pos = insert_bp_in_list(bp, thbi, tsk);
+ arch_register_user_hw_breakpoint(bp, thbi);
+
+ /* Update and rebalance the priorities. We don't need to go through
+ * the list of all threads; adding a breakpoint can only cause the
+ * priorities for this thread to increase.
+ */
+ accum_thread_tprio(thbi);
+ balance_kernel_vs_user();
+
+ /* Did bp get allocated to a debug register? We can tell from its
+ * position in the list. The number of registers allocated to
+ * kernel breakpoints is num_kbps; all the others are available for
+ * user breakpoints. If bp's position in the priority-ordered list
+ * is low enough, it will get a register.
+ */
+ if (pos < HB_NUM - cur_kbpdata->num_kbps) {
+ rc = 1;
+
+ /* Does it need to be installed right now? */
+ if (tsk == current)
+ switch_to_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+ /* Otherwise it will get installed the next time tsk runs */
+ }
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/**
+ * register_user_hw_breakpoint - register a hardware breakpoint for user space
+ * @tsk: the task in whose memory space the breakpoint will be set
+ * @bp: the breakpoint structure to register
+ * @address: location (virtual address) of the breakpoint
+ * @len: encoded extent of the breakpoint address (1, 2, 4, or 8 bytes)
+ * @type: breakpoint type (read-only, write-only, read-write, or execute)
+ *
+ * This routine registers a breakpoint to be associated with @tsk's
+ * memory space and active only while @tsk is running. It does not
+ * guarantee that the breakpoint will be allocated to a debug register
+ * immediately; there may be other higher-priority breakpoints registered
+ * which require the use of all the debug registers.
+ *
+ * @tsk will normally be a process being debugged by the current process,
+ * but it may also be the current process.
+ *
+ * @bp->address, @bp->len, @bp->type, @bp->triggered and @bp->priority must be
+ * set properly before invocation
+ *
+ * Returns 1 if @bp is allocated to a debug register, 0 if @bp is
+ * registered but not allowed to be installed, otherwise a negative error
+ * code.
+ */
+int register_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ mutex_lock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+ rc = __register_user_hw_breakpoint(tsk, bp);
+ mutex_unlock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Actual implementation of unregister_user_hw_breakpoint.
+ */
+void __unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+{
+ struct thread_hw_breakpoint *thbi = tsk->thread.hw_breakpoint_info;
+
+ if (!bp->status)
+ return; /* Not registered */
+
+ /* Remove bp from the thread's list */
+ remove_bp_from_list(bp, thbi, tsk);
+ arch_unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(bp, thbi);
+
+ /* Recalculate and rebalance the kernel-vs-user priorities,
+ * and actually uninstall bp if necessary.
+ */
+ recalc_tprio();
+ balance_kernel_vs_user();
+ if (tsk == current)
+ switch_to_thread_hw_breakpoint(tsk);
+}
+
+/**
+ * unregister_user_hw_breakpoint - unregister a hardware breakpoint for user space
+ * @tsk: the task in whose memory space the breakpoint is registered
+ * @bp: the breakpoint structure to unregister
+ *
+ * Uninstalls and unregisters @bp.
+ */
+void unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+{
+ mutex_lock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+ __unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(tsk, bp);
+ mutex_unlock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+}
+
+/**
+ * register_kernel_hw_breakpoint - register a hardware breakpoint for kernel space
+ * @bp: the breakpoint structure to register
+ *
+ * This routine registers a breakpoint to be active at all times. It
+ * does not guarantee that the breakpoint will be allocated to a debug
+ * register immediately; there may be other higher-priority breakpoints
+ * registered which require the use of all the debug registers.
+ *
+ * @bp.info->name or @bp.info->address, @bp.info->len, @bp.info->type,
+ * @bp->triggered and @bp->priority must be set properly before invocation
+ *
+ * Returns 1 if @bp is allocated to a debug register, 0 if @bp is
+ * registered but not allowed to be installed, otherwise a negative error
+ * code.
+ */
+int register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+{
+ int rc;
+ int pos;
+
+ bp->status = 0;
+ rc = validate_settings(bp, NULL);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ mutex_lock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+
+ /* Insert bp in the kernel's list */
+ pos = insert_bp_in_list(bp, NULL, NULL);
+ arch_register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(bp);
+
+ /* Rebalance the priorities. This will install bp if it
+ * was allocated a debug register.
+ */
+ balance_kernel_vs_user();
+
+ /* Did bp get allocated to a debug register? We can tell from its
+ * position in the list. The number of registers allocated to
+ * kernel breakpoints is num_kbps; all the others are available for
+ * user breakpoints. If bp's position in the priority-ordered list
+ * is low enough, it will get a register.
+ */
+ if (pos < cur_kbpdata->num_kbps)
+ rc = 1;
+
+ mutex_unlock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+ return rc;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(register_kernel_hw_breakpoint);
+
+/**
+ * unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint - unregister a hardware breakpoint for kernel space
+ * @bp: the breakpoint structure to unregister
+ *
+ * Uninstalls and unregisters @bp.
+ */
+void unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp)
+{
+ if (!bp->status)
+ return; /* Not registered */
+ mutex_lock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+
+ /* Remove bp from the kernel's list */
+ remove_bp_from_list(bp, NULL, NULL);
+ arch_unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(bp);
+
+ /* Rebalance the priorities. This will uninstall bp if it
+ * was allocated a debug register.
+ */
+ balance_kernel_vs_user();
+
+ mutex_unlock(&hw_breakpoint_mutex);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint);
+
+/*
+ * Handle debug exception notifications.
+ */
+static int __kprobes hw_breakpoint_exceptions_notify(
+ struct notifier_block *unused, unsigned long val, void *data)
+{
+ if (val != DIE_DEBUG)
+ return NOTIFY_DONE;
+ return hw_breakpoint_handler(data);
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block hw_breakpoint_exceptions_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = hw_breakpoint_exceptions_notify,
+ .priority = 0x7fffffff /* we need to be notified first */
+};
+
+static int __init init_hw_breakpoint(void)
+{
+ load_debug_registers();
+ return register_die_notifier(&hw_breakpoint_exceptions_nb);
+}
+
+core_initcall(init_hw_breakpoint);
Index: mmotm/kernel/Makefile
===================================================================
--- mmotm.orig/kernel/Makefile
+++ mmotm/kernel/Makefile
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ obj-y = sched.o fork.o exec_domain.o
kthread.o wait.o kfifo.o sys_ni.o posix-cpu-timers.o mutex.o \
hrtimer.o rwsem.o nsproxy.o srcu.o semaphore.o \
notifier.o ksysfs.o pm_qos_params.o sched_clock.o cred.o \
- async.o
+ async.o hw_breakpoint.o

ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
# Do not trace debug files and internal ftrace files
Index: mmotm/include/asm-generic/hw_breakpoint.h
===================================================================
--- /dev/null
+++ mmotm/include/asm-generic/hw_breakpoint.h
@@ -0,0 +1,243 @@
+#ifndef _ASM_GENERIC_HW_BREAKPOINT_H
+#define _ASM_GENERIC_HW_BREAKPOINT_H
+
+#ifndef __ARCH_HW_BREAKPOINT_H
+#error "Please don't include this file directly"
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+
+/**
+ * struct hw_breakpoint - unified kernel/user-space hardware breakpoint
+ * @node: internal linked-list management
+ * @triggered: callback invoked after target address access
+ * @installed: callback invoked when the breakpoint is installed
+ * @uninstalled: callback invoked when the breakpoint is uninstalled
+ * @info: arch-specific breakpoint info (address, length, and type)
+ * @priority: requested priority level
+ * @status: current registration/installation status
+ *
+ * %hw_breakpoint structures are the kernel's way of representing
+ * hardware breakpoints. These are data breakpoints
+ * (also known as "watchpoints", triggered on data access), and the breakpoint's
+ * target address can be located in either kernel space or user space.
+ *
+ * The breakpoint's address, length, and type are highly
+ * architecture-specific. The values are encoded in the @info field; you
+ * specify them when registering the breakpoint. To examine the encoded
+ * values use hw_breakpoint_get_{kaddress,uaddress,len,type}(), declared
+ * below.
+ *
+ * The address is specified as a regular kernel pointer (for kernel-space
+ * breakponts) or as an %__user pointer (for user-space breakpoints).
+ * With register_user_hw_breakpoint(), the address must refer to a
+ * location in user space. The breakpoint will be active only while the
+ * requested task is running. Conversely with
+ * register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(), the address must refer to a location
+ * in kernel space, and the breakpoint will be active on all CPUs
+ * regardless of the current task.
+ *
+ * The length is the breakpoint's extent in bytes, which is subject to
+ * certain limitations. include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h contains macros
+ * defining the available lengths for a specific architecture. Note that
+ * the address's alignment must match the length. The breakpoint will
+ * catch accesses to any byte in the range from address to address +
+ * (length - 1).
+ *
+ * The breakpoint's type indicates the sort of access that will cause it
+ * to trigger. Possible values may include:
+ *
+ * %HW_BREAKPOINT_RW (triggered on read or write access),
+ * %HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE (triggered on write access), and
+ * %HW_BREAKPOINT_READ (triggered on read access).
+ *
+ * Appropriate macros are defined in include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h; not all
+ * possibilities are available on all architectures. Execute breakpoints
+ * must have length equal to the special value %HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_EXECUTE.
+ *
+ * When a breakpoint gets hit, the @triggered callback is
+ * invoked in_interrupt with a pointer to the %hw_breakpoint structure and the
+ * processor registers.
+ * Data breakpoints occur after the memory access has taken place.
+ * Breakpoints are disabled during execution @triggered, to avoid
+ * recursive traps and allow unhindered access to breakpointed memory.
+ *
+ * Hardware breakpoints are implemented using the CPU's debug registers,
+ * which are a limited hardware resource. Requests to register a
+ * breakpoint will always succeed provided the parameters are valid,
+ * but the breakpoint may not be installed in a debug register right
+ * away. Physical debug registers are allocated based on the priority
+ * level stored in @priority (higher values indicate higher priority).
+ * User-space breakpoints within a single thread compete with one
+ * another, and all user-space breakpoints compete with all kernel-space
+ * breakpoints; however user-space breakpoints in different threads do
+ * not compete. %HW_BREAKPOINT_PRIO_PTRACE is the level used for ptrace
+ * requests; an unobtrusive kernel-space breakpoint will use
+ * %HW_BREAKPOINT_PRIO_NORMAL to avoid disturbing user programs. A
+ * kernel-space breakpoint that always wants to be installed and doesn't
+ * care about disrupting user debugging sessions can specify
+ * %HW_BREAKPOINT_PRIO_HIGH.
+ *
+ * A particular breakpoint may be allocated (installed in) a debug
+ * register or deallocated (uninstalled) from its debug register at any
+ * time, as other breakpoints are registered and unregistered. The
+ * @installed and @uninstalled callbacks are invoked in_atomic when these
+ * events occur. It is legal for @installed or @uninstalled to be %NULL. Note
+ * that it is not possible to register or unregister a user-space breakpoint
+ * from within a callback routine, since doing so requires a process context.
+ * Note that for user breakpoints, while in @installed and @uninstalled the
+ * thread may be context switched. Hence it may not be safe to call printk().
+ *
+ * For kernel-space breakpoints, @installed is invoked after the
+ * breakpoint is actually installed and @uninstalled is invoked before
+ * the breakpoint is actually uninstalled. As a result the @triggered routine
+ * may be invoked when not expected, but this way you will know that during the
+ * time interval from @installed to @uninstalled, all events are faithfully
+ * reported. (It is not possible to do any better than this in general, because
+ * on SMP systems there is no way to set a debug register simultaneously on all
+ * CPUs.) The same isn't always true with user-space breakpoints, but the
+ * differences should not be visible to a user process.
+ *
+ * If you need to know whether your kernel-space breakpoint was installed
+ * immediately upon registration, you can check the return value from
+ * register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(). If the value is not > 0, you can
+ * give up and unregister the breakpoint right away.
+ *
+ * @node and @status are intended for internal use. However @status
+ * may be read to determine whether or not the breakpoint is currently
+ * installed. (The value is not reliable unless local interrupts are
+ * disabled.)
+ *
+ * This sample code sets a breakpoint on pid_max and registers a callback
+ * function for writes to that variable. Note that it is not portable
+ * as written, because not all architectures support HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4.
+ *
+ * ----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ *
+ * #include <asm/hw_breakpoint.h>
+ *
+ * struct hw_breakpoint my_bp;
+ *
+ * static void my_triggered(struct hw_breakpoint *bp, struct pt_regs *regs)
+ * {
+ * printk(KERN_DEBUG "Inside triggered routine of breakpoint exception\n");
+ * dump_stack();
+ * .......<more debugging output>........
+ * }
+ *
+ * static struct hw_breakpoint my_bp;
+ *
+ * static int init_module(void)
+ * {
+ * ..........<do anything>............
+ * my_bp.info.type = HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE;
+ * my_bp.info.len = HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4;
+ * my_bp.info.priority = HW_BREAKPOINT_PRIO_NORMAL;
+ *
+ * my_bp.installed = (void *)my_bp_installed;
+ * my_bp.uninstalled = (void *)my_bp_uninstalled;
+ * my_bp.triggered = (void *)my_triggered;
+ *
+ * rc = register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(&my_bp);
+ * ..........<do anything>............
+ * }
+ *
+ * static void cleanup_module(void)
+ * {
+ * ..........<do anything>............
+ * unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(&my_bp);
+ * ..........<do anything>............
+ * }
+ *
+ * ----------------------------------------------------------------------
+ */
+struct hw_breakpoint {
+ struct list_head node;
+ void (*installed)(struct hw_breakpoint *);
+ void (*uninstalled)(struct hw_breakpoint *);
+ void (*triggered)(struct hw_breakpoint *,
+ struct pt_regs *);
+ struct arch_hw_breakpoint info;
+ u8 priority;
+ u8 status;
+};
+
+struct kernel_bp_data;
+struct cpu_hw_breakpoint;
+
+/*
+ * Inline accessor routines to retrieve the arch-specific parts of
+ * a breakpoint structure:
+ */
+static const void *hw_breakpoint_get_kaddress(struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+static const void __user *hw_breakpoint_get_uaddress(struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+static unsigned hw_breakpoint_get_len(struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+static unsigned hw_breakpoint_get_type(struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+
+/*
+ * len and type values are defined in include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h.
+ * Available values vary according to the architecture. On i386 the
+ * possibilities are:
+ *
+ * HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_1
+ * HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_2
+ * HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_4
+ * HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_EXECUTE
+ * HW_BREAKPOINT_RW
+ * HW_BREAKPOINT_READ
+ * HW_BREAKPOINT_EXECUTE
+ *
+ * On other architectures HW_BREAKPOINT_LEN_8 may be available, and the
+ * 1-, 2-, and 4-byte lengths may be unavailable. There also may be
+ * HW_BREAKPOINT_WRITE. You can use #ifdef to check at compile time.
+ */
+
+/* Standard HW breakpoint priority levels (higher value = higher priority) */
+#define HW_BREAKPOINT_PRIO_NORMAL 25
+#define HW_BREAKPOINT_PRIO_PTRACE 50
+#define HW_BREAKPOINT_PRIO_HIGH 75
+
+/* HW breakpoint status values (0 = not registered) */
+#define HW_BREAKPOINT_REGISTERED 1
+#define HW_BREAKPOINT_INSTALLED 2
+
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(hw_breakpoint_mutex); /* Protects everything */
+
+/*
+ * The following two routines are meant to be called only from within
+ * the ptrace or utrace subsystems. The tsk argument will usually be a
+ * process being debugged by the current task, although it is also legal
+ * for tsk to be the current task. In any case it must be guaranteed
+ * that tsk will not start running in user mode while its breakpoints are
+ * being modified.
+ */
+int register_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+void unregister_user_hw_breakpoint(struct task_struct *tsk,
+ struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+
+/*
+ * Declare arch-specific data structures here. They are defined in
+ * arch/x86/include/asm/hw_breakpoint.h
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Kernel breakpoints are not associated with any particular thread.
+ */
+int register_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+void unregister_kernel_hw_breakpoint(struct hw_breakpoint *bp);
+void switch_to_none_hw_breakpoint(void);
+
+struct thread_hw_breakpoint *alloc_thread_hw_breakpoint(
+ struct task_struct *tsk);
+
+extern struct kernel_bp_data *cur_kbpdata;
+extern int cur_kbpindex; /* Alternates 0, 1, ... */
+extern struct list_head kernel_bps; /* Kernel breakpoint list */
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct cpu_hw_breakpoint, cpu_bp);
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+#endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_HW_BREAKPOINT_H */

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