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SubjectRe: [PATCH] improve the performance of large sequential write NFS workloads
On Wed, Dec 23, 2009 at 09:32:44PM +0800, Jan Kara wrote:
> On Wed 23-12-09 03:43:02, Christoph Hellwig wrote:
> > On Tue, Dec 22, 2009 at 01:35:39PM +0100, Jan Kara wrote:
> > > > nfsd_sync:
> > > > [take i_mutex]
> > > > filemap_fdatawrite => can also be blocked, but less a problem
> > > > [drop i_mutex]
> > > > filemap_fdatawait
> > > >
> > > > Maybe it's a dumb question, but what's the purpose of i_mutex here?
> > > > For correctness or to prevent livelock? I can imagine some livelock
> > > > problem here (current implementation can easily wait for extra
> > > > pages), however not too hard to fix.
> > > Generally, most filesystems take i_mutex during fsync to
> > > a) avoid all sorts of livelocking problems
> > > b) serialize fsyncs for one inode (mostly for simplicity)
> > > I don't see what advantage would it bring that we get rid of i_mutex
> > > for fdatawait - only that maybe writers could proceed while we are
> > > waiting but is that really the problem?
> >
> > It would match what we do in vfs_fsync for the non-nfsd path, so it's
> > a no-brainer to do it. In fact I did switch it over to vfs_fsync a
> > while ago but that go reverted because it caused deadlocks for
> > nfsd_sync_dir which for some reason can't take the i_mutex (I'd have to
> > check the archives why).
> >
> > Here's a RFC patch to make some more sense of the fsync callers in nfsd,
> > including fixing up the data write/wait calling conventions to match the
> > regular fsync path (which might make this a -stable candidate):
> The patch looks good to me from general soundness point of view :).
> Someone with more NFS knowledge should tell whether dropping i_mutex for
> fdatawrite_and_wait is fine for NFS.

I believe it's safe to drop i_mutex for fdatawrite_and_wait().
Because NFS
1) client: collect all unstable pages (which server ACKed that have
reach its page cache)
2) client: send COMMIT
3) server: fdatawrite_and_wait(), which makes sure pages in 1) get cleaned
4) client: put all pages collected in 1) to clean state

So there's no need to take i_mutex to prevent concurrent
write/commits.

If someone else concurrently truncate and then extend i_size, the NFS
verf will be changed and thus client will resend the pages? (whether
it should overwrite the pages is another problem..)

Thanks,
Fengguang


>
> > Index: linux-2.6/fs/nfsd/vfs.c
> > ===================================================================
> > --- linux-2.6.orig/fs/nfsd/vfs.c 2009-12-23 09:32:45.693170043 +0100
> > +++ linux-2.6/fs/nfsd/vfs.c 2009-12-23 09:39:47.627170082 +0100
> > @@ -769,45 +769,27 @@ nfsd_close(struct file *filp)
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > - * Sync a file
> > - * As this calls fsync (not fdatasync) there is no need for a write_inode
> > - * after it.
> > + * Sync a directory to disk.
> > + *
> > + * This is odd compared to all other fsync callers because we
> > + *
> > + * a) do not have a file struct available
> > + * b) expect to have i_mutex already held by the caller
> > */
> > -static inline int nfsd_dosync(struct file *filp, struct dentry *dp,
> > - const struct file_operations *fop)
> > +int
> > +nfsd_sync_dir(struct dentry *dentry)
> > {
> > - struct inode *inode = dp->d_inode;
> > - int (*fsync) (struct file *, struct dentry *, int);
> > + struct inode *inode = dentry->d_inode;
> > int err;
> >
> > - err = filemap_fdatawrite(inode->i_mapping);
> > - if (err == 0 && fop && (fsync = fop->fsync))
> > - err = fsync(filp, dp, 0);
> > - if (err == 0)
> > - err = filemap_fdatawait(inode->i_mapping);
> > + WARN_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&inode->i_mutex));
> >
> > + err = filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping);
> > + if (err == 0 && inode->i_fop->fsync)
> > + err = inode->i_fop->fsync(NULL, dentry, 0);
> > return err;
> > }
> >
> > -static int
> > -nfsd_sync(struct file *filp)
> > -{
> > - int err;
> > - struct inode *inode = filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode;
> > - dprintk("nfsd: sync file %s\n", filp->f_path.dentry->d_name.name);
> > - mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
> > - err=nfsd_dosync(filp, filp->f_path.dentry, filp->f_op);
> > - mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
> > -
> > - return err;
> > -}
> > -
> > -int
> > -nfsd_sync_dir(struct dentry *dp)
> > -{
> > - return nfsd_dosync(NULL, dp, dp->d_inode->i_fop);
> > -}
> > -
> > /*
> > * Obtain the readahead parameters for the file
> > * specified by (dev, ino).
> > @@ -1011,7 +993,7 @@ static int wait_for_concurrent_writes(st
> >
> > if (inode->i_state & I_DIRTY) {
> > dprintk("nfsd: write sync %d\n", task_pid_nr(current));
> > - err = nfsd_sync(file);
> > + err = vfs_fsync(file, file->f_path.dentry, 0);
> > }
> > last_ino = inode->i_ino;
> > last_dev = inode->i_sb->s_dev;
> > @@ -1180,7 +1162,7 @@ nfsd_commit(struct svc_rqst *rqstp, stru
> > return err;
> > if (EX_ISSYNC(fhp->fh_export)) {
> > if (file->f_op && file->f_op->fsync) {
> > - err = nfserrno(nfsd_sync(file));
> > + err = nfserrno(vfs_fsync(file, file->f_path.dentry, 0));
> > } else {
> > err = nfserr_notsupp;
> > }
> --
> Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
> SUSE Labs, CR


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