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Subject[PATCH v4 01/13] dm snapshot: allow live exception store handover between tables
Date
Permit in-use snapshot exception data to be 'handed over' from one
snapshot instance to another. This is a pre-requisite for patches
that allow the changes made in a snapshot device to be merged back into
its origin device and also allows device resizing.

The basic call sequence is:

dmsetup load new_snapshot (referencing the existing in-use cow device)
- the ctr code detects that the cow is already in use and allows the
two snapshot target instances to be linked together
dmsetup suspend original_snapshot
dmsetup resume new_snapshot
- the new_snapshot becomes live, and if anything now tries to access
the original one it will receive -EIO
dmsetup remove original_snapshot

(There can only be two snapshot targets referencing the same cow device
simultaneously.)

Signed-off-by: Mike Snitzer <snitzer@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <mpatocka@redhat.com>
---
drivers/md/dm-snap.c | 258 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
1 files changed, 231 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
diff --git a/drivers/md/dm-snap.c b/drivers/md/dm-snap.c
index c6c26a3..60bfefb 100644
--- a/drivers/md/dm-snap.c
+++ b/drivers/md/dm-snap.c
@@ -303,22 +303,111 @@ static void __insert_origin(struct origin *o)
}

/*
+ * _origins_lock must be held when calling this function.
+ * Returns number of snapshots registered using the supplied cow device, plus:
+ * snap_src - a snapshot suitable for use as a source of exception handover
+ * snap_dest - a snapshot capable of receiving exception handover.
+ *
+ * Possible return values and states:
+ * 0: NULL, NULL - first new snapshot
+ * 1: snap_src, NULL - normal snapshot
+ * 2: snap_src, snap_dest - waiting for handover
+ * 2: snap_src, NULL - handed over, waiting for old to be deleted
+ * 1: NULL, snap_dest - source got destroyed without handover
+ */
+static int __find_snapshots_sharing_cow(struct dm_snapshot *snap,
+ struct dm_snapshot **snap_src,
+ struct dm_snapshot **snap_dest)
+{
+ struct dm_snapshot *s;
+ struct origin *o;
+ int count = 0;
+ int active;
+
+ o = __lookup_origin(snap->origin->bdev);
+ if (!o)
+ goto out;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(s, &o->snapshots, list) {
+ if (!bdev_equal(s->cow->bdev, snap->cow->bdev))
+ continue;
+
+ down_read(&s->lock);
+ active = s->active;
+ up_read(&s->lock);
+
+ if (active) {
+ if (snap_src)
+ *snap_src = s;
+ } else if (snap_dest)
+ *snap_dest = s;
+
+ count++;
+ }
+
+out:
+ return count;
+}
+
+static int __validate_exception_handover(struct dm_snapshot *snap)
+{
+ struct dm_snapshot *snap_src = NULL, *snap_dest = NULL;
+ int r = 0;
+
+ /* Does snapshot need exceptions handed over to it? */
+ if ((__find_snapshots_sharing_cow(snap, &snap_src, &snap_dest) == 2) ||
+ snap_dest) {
+ snap->ti->error = "Snapshot cow pairing for exception "
+ "table handover failed";
+ r = -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (snap_src)
+ r = 1;
+
+out:
+ return r;
+}
+
+static void __insert_snapshot(struct origin *o, struct dm_snapshot *s)
+{
+ struct dm_snapshot *l;
+
+ /* Sort the list according to chunk size, largest-first smallest-last */
+ list_for_each_entry(l, &o->snapshots, list)
+ if (l->store->chunk_size < s->store->chunk_size)
+ break;
+ list_add_tail(&s->list, &l->list);
+}
+
+/*
* Make a note of the snapshot and its origin so we can look it
* up when the origin has a write on it.
+ *
+ * Also validate snapshot exception store handovers.
+ * On success, returns 1 if this registration is a handover destination,
+ * otherwise returns 0.
*/
static int register_snapshot(struct dm_snapshot *snap)
{
- struct dm_snapshot *l;
- struct origin *o, *new_o;
+ struct origin *o, *new_o = NULL;
struct block_device *bdev = snap->origin->bdev;
+ int r = 0;

new_o = kmalloc(sizeof(*new_o), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!new_o)
return -ENOMEM;

down_write(&_origins_lock);
- o = __lookup_origin(bdev);

+ r = __validate_exception_handover(snap);
+ if (r < 0) {
+ kfree(new_o);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ o = __lookup_origin(bdev);
if (o)
kfree(new_o);
else {
@@ -332,14 +421,27 @@ static int register_snapshot(struct dm_snapshot *snap)
__insert_origin(o);
}

- /* Sort the list according to chunk size, largest-first smallest-last */
- list_for_each_entry(l, &o->snapshots, list)
- if (l->store->chunk_size < snap->store->chunk_size)
- break;
- list_add_tail(&snap->list, &l->list);
+ __insert_snapshot(o, snap);
+
+out:
+ up_write(&_origins_lock);
+
+ return r;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Move snapshot to correct place in list according to chunk size.
+ */
+static void reregister_snapshot(struct dm_snapshot *s)
+{
+ struct block_device *bdev = s->origin->bdev;
+
+ down_write(&_origins_lock);
+
+ list_del(&s->list);
+ __insert_snapshot(__lookup_origin(bdev), s);

up_write(&_origins_lock);
- return 0;
}

static void unregister_snapshot(struct dm_snapshot *s)
@@ -350,7 +452,7 @@ static void unregister_snapshot(struct dm_snapshot *s)
o = __lookup_origin(s->origin->bdev);

list_del(&s->list);
- if (list_empty(&o->snapshots)) {
+ if (o && list_empty(&o->snapshots)) {
list_del(&o->hash_list);
kfree(o);
}
@@ -660,6 +762,7 @@ static int snapshot_ctr(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned int argc, char **argv)
s->suspended = 0;
atomic_set(&s->pending_exceptions_count, 0);
init_rwsem(&s->lock);
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&s->list);
spin_lock_init(&s->pe_lock);

/* Allocate hash table for COW data */
@@ -694,39 +797,55 @@ static int snapshot_ctr(struct dm_target *ti, unsigned int argc, char **argv)

spin_lock_init(&s->tracked_chunk_lock);

- /* Metadata must only be loaded into one table at once */
+ bio_list_init(&s->queued_bios);
+ INIT_WORK(&s->queued_bios_work, flush_queued_bios);
+
+ ti->private = s;
+ ti->num_flush_requests = 1;
+
+ /* Add snapshot to the list of snapshots for this origin */
+ /* Exceptions aren't triggered till snapshot_resume() is called */
+ r = register_snapshot(s);
+ if (r == -ENOMEM) {
+ ti->error = "Snapshot origin struct allocation failed";
+ goto bad_load_and_register;
+ } else if (r < 0) {
+ /* invalid handover, register_snapshot has set ti->error */
+ goto bad_load_and_register;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Metadata must only be loaded into one table at once, so skip this
+ * if metadata will be handed over during resume.
+ * Chunk size will be set during the handover - set it to zero to
+ * ensure it's ignored.
+ */
+ if (r > 0) {
+ s->store->chunk_size = 0;
+ return 0;
+ }
+
r = s->store->type->read_metadata(s->store, dm_add_exception,
(void *)s);
if (r < 0) {
ti->error = "Failed to read snapshot metadata";
- goto bad_load_and_register;
+ goto bad_read_metadata;
} else if (r > 0) {
s->valid = 0;
DMWARN("Snapshot is marked invalid.");
}

- bio_list_init(&s->queued_bios);
- INIT_WORK(&s->queued_bios_work, flush_queued_bios);
-
if (!s->store->chunk_size) {
ti->error = "Chunk size not set";
- goto bad_load_and_register;
- }
-
- /* Add snapshot to the list of snapshots for this origin */
- /* Exceptions aren't triggered till snapshot_resume() is called */
- if (register_snapshot(s)) {
- r = -EINVAL;
- ti->error = "Cannot register snapshot origin";
- goto bad_load_and_register;
+ goto bad_read_metadata;
}
-
- ti->private = s;
ti->split_io = s->store->chunk_size;
- ti->num_flush_requests = 1;

return 0;

+bad_read_metadata:
+ unregister_snapshot(s);
+
bad_load_and_register:
mempool_destroy(s->tracked_chunk_pool);

@@ -765,15 +884,58 @@ static void __free_exceptions(struct dm_snapshot *s)
dm_exception_table_exit(&s->complete, exception_cache);
}

+static void __handover_exceptions(struct dm_snapshot *snap_src,
+ struct dm_snapshot *snap_dest)
+{
+ union {
+ struct dm_exception_table table_swap;
+ struct dm_exception_store *store_swap;
+ } u;
+
+ /*
+ * Swap all snapshot context information between the two instances.
+ */
+ u.table_swap = snap_dest->complete;
+ snap_dest->complete = snap_src->complete;
+ snap_src->complete = u.table_swap;
+
+ u.store_swap = snap_dest->store;
+ snap_dest->store = snap_src->store;
+ snap_src->store = u.store_swap;
+
+ snap_dest->store->snap = snap_dest;
+ snap_src->store->snap = snap_src;
+
+ snap_dest->ti->split_io = snap_dest->store->chunk_size;
+ snap_dest->valid = snap_src->valid;
+
+ /*
+ * Set source invalid to ensure it receives no further I/O.
+ */
+ snap_src->valid = 0;
+}
+
static void snapshot_dtr(struct dm_target *ti)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_DM_DEBUG
int i;
#endif
struct dm_snapshot *s = ti->private;
+ struct dm_snapshot *snap_src = NULL, *snap_dest = NULL;

flush_workqueue(ksnapd);

+ down_read(&_origins_lock);
+ /* Check whether exception handover must be cancelled */
+ (void) __find_snapshots_sharing_cow(s, &snap_src, &snap_dest);
+ if (snap_src && snap_dest && (s == snap_src)) {
+ down_write(&snap_dest->lock);
+ snap_dest->valid = 0;
+ up_write(&snap_dest->lock);
+ DMERR("Cancelling snapshot handover.");
+ }
+ up_read(&_origins_lock);
+
/* Prevent further origin writes from using this snapshot. */
/* After this returns there can be no new kcopyd jobs. */
unregister_snapshot(s);
@@ -1186,9 +1348,50 @@ static void snapshot_postsuspend(struct dm_target *ti)
up_write(&s->lock);
}

+static int snapshot_preresume(struct dm_target *ti)
+{
+ int r = 0;
+ struct dm_snapshot *s = ti->private;
+ struct dm_snapshot *snap_src = NULL, *snap_dest = NULL;
+
+ down_read(&_origins_lock);
+ (void) __find_snapshots_sharing_cow(s, &snap_src, &snap_dest);
+ if (snap_src && snap_dest) {
+ down_read(&snap_src->lock);
+ if (s == snap_src) {
+ DMERR("Unable to resume snapshot source until "
+ "handover completes.");
+ r = -EINVAL;
+ } else if (!snap_src->suspended) {
+ DMERR("Unable to perform snapshot handover until "
+ "source is suspended.");
+ r = -EINVAL;
+ }
+ up_read(&snap_src->lock);
+ }
+ up_read(&_origins_lock);
+
+ return r;
+}
+
static void snapshot_resume(struct dm_target *ti)
{
struct dm_snapshot *s = ti->private;
+ struct dm_snapshot *snap_src = NULL, *snap_dest = NULL;
+
+ down_read(&_origins_lock);
+ (void) __find_snapshots_sharing_cow(s, &snap_src, &snap_dest);
+ if (snap_src && snap_dest) {
+ down_write(&snap_src->lock);
+ down_write_nested(&snap_dest->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
+ __handover_exceptions(snap_src, snap_dest);
+ up_write(&snap_dest->lock);
+ up_write(&snap_src->lock);
+ }
+ up_read(&_origins_lock);
+
+ /* Now we have correct chunk size, reregister */
+ reregister_snapshot(s);

down_write(&s->lock);
s->active = 1;
@@ -1506,6 +1709,7 @@ static struct target_type snapshot_target = {
.map = snapshot_map,
.end_io = snapshot_end_io,
.postsuspend = snapshot_postsuspend,
+ .preresume = snapshot_preresume,
.resume = snapshot_resume,
.status = snapshot_status,
.iterate_devices = snapshot_iterate_devices,
--
1.6.5.2


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