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Subject[RFC][PATCH 1/2] perf: Add 'perf kmem' tool
This tool is mostly a perf version of kmemtrace-user.

The following information is provided by this tool:

- the total amount of memory allocated and fragmentation per call-site
- the total amount of memory allocated and fragmentation per allocation
- total memory allocated and fragmentation in the collected dataset
- ...

# ./perf kmem record
^C
# ./perf kmem --stat caller --stat alloc -l 10

------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Callsite | Total_alloc/Per | Total_req/Per | Hit | Fragmentation
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
0xc052f37a | 790528/4096 | 790528/4096 | 193 | 0.000%
0xc0541d70 | 524288/4096 | 524288/4096 | 128 | 0.000%
0xc051cc68 | 481600/200 | 481600/200 | 2408 | 0.000%
0xc0572623 | 297444/676 | 297440/676 | 440 | 0.001%
0xc05399f1 | 73476/164 | 73472/164 | 448 | 0.005%
0xc05243bf | 51456/256 | 51456/256 | 201 | 0.000%
0xc0730d0e | 31844/497 | 31808/497 | 64 | 0.113%
0xc0734c4e | 17152/256 | 17152/256 | 67 | 0.000%
0xc0541a6d | 16384/128 | 16384/128 | 128 | 0.000%
0xc059c217 | 13120/40 | 13120/40 | 328 | 0.000%
0xc0501ee6 | 11264/88 | 11264/88 | 128 | 0.000%
0xc04daef0 | 7504/682 | 7128/648 | 11 | 5.011%
0xc04e14a3 | 4216/191 | 4216/191 | 22 | 0.000%
0xc05041ca | 3524/44 | 3520/44 | 80 | 0.114%
0xc0734fa3 | 2104/701 | 1620/540 | 3 | 23.004%
0xc05ec9f1 | 2024/289 | 2016/288 | 7 | 0.395%
0xc06a1999 | 1792/256 | 1792/256 | 7 | 0.000%
0xc0463b9a | 1584/144 | 1584/144 | 11 | 0.000%
0xc0541eb0 | 1024/16 | 1024/16 | 64 | 0.000%
0xc06a19ac | 896/128 | 896/128 | 7 | 0.000%
0xc05721c0 | 772/12 | 768/12 | 64 | 0.518%
0xc054d1e6 | 288/57 | 280/56 | 5 | 2.778%
0xc04b562e | 157/31 | 154/30 | 5 | 1.911%
0xc04b536f | 80/16 | 80/16 | 5 | 0.000%
0xc05855a0 | 64/64 | 36/36 | 1 | 43.750%
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alloc Ptr | Total_alloc/Per | Total_req/Per | Hit | Fragmentation
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
0xda884000 | 1052672/4096 | 1052672/4096 | 257 | 0.000%
0xda886000 | 262144/4096 | 262144/4096 | 64 | 0.000%
0xf60c7c00 | 16512/128 | 16512/128 | 129 | 0.000%
0xf59a4118 | 13120/40 | 13120/40 | 328 | 0.000%
0xdfd4b2c0 | 11264/88 | 11264/88 | 128 | 0.000%
0xf5274600 | 7680/256 | 7680/256 | 30 | 0.000%
0xe8395000 | 5948/594 | 5464/546 | 10 | 8.137%
0xe59c3c00 | 5748/479 | 5712/476 | 12 | 0.626%
0xf4cd1a80 | 3524/44 | 3520/44 | 80 | 0.114%
0xe5bd1600 | 2892/482 | 2856/476 | 6 | 1.245%
... | ... | ... | ... | ...
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SUMMARY
=======
Total bytes requested: 2333626
Total bytes allocated: 2353712
Total bytes wasted on internal fragmentation: 20086
Internal fragmentation: 0.853375%

TODO:
- show sym+offset in 'callsite' column
- show cross node allocation stats
- collect more useful stats?
- ...

Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
---
tools/perf/Makefile | 1 +
tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c | 578 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/builtin.h | 1 +
tools/perf/perf.c | 27 +-
4 files changed, 594 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c
diff --git a/tools/perf/Makefile b/tools/perf/Makefile
index 53e663a..4ec86da 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Makefile
+++ b/tools/perf/Makefile
@@ -445,6 +445,7 @@ BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin-timechart.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin-top.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin-trace.o
BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin-probe.o
+BUILTIN_OBJS += builtin-kmem.o

PERFLIBS = $(LIB_FILE)

diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c b/tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..285fda3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-kmem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,578 @@
+#include "builtin.h"
+#include "perf.h"
+
+#include "util/util.h"
+#include "util/cache.h"
+#include "util/symbol.h"
+#include "util/thread.h"
+#include "util/header.h"
+
+#include "util/parse-options.h"
+#include "util/trace-event.h"
+
+#include "util/debug.h"
+#include "util/data_map.h"
+
+#include <linux/rbtree.h>
+
+struct alloc_stat;
+typedef int (*sort_fn_t)(struct alloc_stat *, struct alloc_stat *);
+
+static char const *input_name = "perf.data";
+
+static struct perf_header *header;
+static u64 sample_type;
+
+static int alloc_flag;
+static int caller_flag;
+
+sort_fn_t alloc_sort_fn;
+sort_fn_t caller_sort_fn;
+
+static int alloc_lines = -1;
+static int caller_lines = -1;
+
+static char *cwd;
+static int cwdlen;
+
+struct alloc_stat {
+ union {
+ struct {
+ char *name;
+ u64 call_site;
+ };
+ u64 ptr;
+ };
+ u64 bytes_req;
+ u64 bytes_alloc;
+ u32 hit;
+
+ struct rb_node node;
+};
+
+static struct rb_root root_alloc_stat;
+static struct rb_root root_alloc_sorted;
+static struct rb_root root_caller_stat;
+static struct rb_root root_caller_sorted;
+
+static unsigned long total_requested, total_allocated;
+
+struct raw_event_sample {
+ u32 size;
+ char data[0];
+};
+
+static int
+process_comm_event(event_t *event, unsigned long offset, unsigned long head)
+{
+ struct thread *thread = threads__findnew(event->comm.pid);
+
+ dump_printf("%p [%p]: PERF_RECORD_COMM: %s:%d\n",
+ (void *)(offset + head),
+ (void *)(long)(event->header.size),
+ event->comm.comm, event->comm.pid);
+
+ if (thread == NULL ||
+ thread__set_comm(thread, event->comm.comm)) {
+ dump_printf("problem processing PERF_RECORD_COMM, skipping event.\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void insert_alloc_stat(unsigned long ptr,
+ int bytes_req, int bytes_alloc)
+{
+ struct rb_node **node = &root_alloc_stat.rb_node;
+ struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
+ struct alloc_stat *data = NULL;
+
+ if (!alloc_flag)
+ return;
+
+ while (*node) {
+ parent = *node;
+ data = rb_entry(*node, struct alloc_stat, node);
+
+ if (ptr > data->ptr)
+ node = &(*node)->rb_right;
+ else if (ptr < data->ptr)
+ node = &(*node)->rb_left;
+ else
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (data && data->ptr == ptr) {
+ data->hit++;
+ data->bytes_req += bytes_req;
+ data->bytes_alloc += bytes_req;
+ } else {
+ data = malloc(sizeof(*data));
+ data->ptr = ptr;
+ data->hit = 1;
+ data->bytes_req = bytes_req;
+ data->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc;
+
+ rb_link_node(&data->node, parent, node);
+ rb_insert_color(&data->node, &root_alloc_stat);
+ }
+}
+
+static void insert_caller_stat(unsigned long call_site,
+ int bytes_req, int bytes_alloc)
+{
+ struct rb_node **node = &root_caller_stat.rb_node;
+ struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
+ struct alloc_stat *data = NULL;
+
+ if (!caller_flag)
+ return;
+
+ while (*node) {
+ parent = *node;
+ data = rb_entry(*node, struct alloc_stat, node);
+
+ if (call_site > data->call_site)
+ node = &(*node)->rb_right;
+ else if (call_site < data->call_site)
+ node = &(*node)->rb_left;
+ else
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (data && data->call_site == call_site) {
+ data->hit++;
+ data->bytes_req += bytes_req;
+ data->bytes_alloc += bytes_req;
+ } else {
+ data = malloc(sizeof(*data));
+ data->call_site = call_site;
+ data->hit = 1;
+ data->bytes_req = bytes_req;
+ data->bytes_alloc = bytes_alloc;
+
+ rb_link_node(&data->node, parent, node);
+ rb_insert_color(&data->node, &root_caller_stat);
+ }
+}
+
+static void process_alloc_event(struct raw_event_sample *raw,
+ struct event *event,
+ int cpu __used,
+ u64 timestamp __used,
+ struct thread *thread __used,
+ int node __used)
+{
+ unsigned long call_site;
+ unsigned long ptr;
+ int bytes_req;
+ int bytes_alloc;
+
+ ptr = raw_field_value(event, "ptr", raw->data);
+ call_site = raw_field_value(event, "call_site", raw->data);
+ bytes_req = raw_field_value(event, "bytes_req", raw->data);
+ bytes_alloc = raw_field_value(event, "bytes_alloc", raw->data);
+
+ insert_alloc_stat(ptr, bytes_req, bytes_alloc);
+ insert_caller_stat(call_site, bytes_req, bytes_alloc);
+
+ total_requested += bytes_req;
+ total_allocated += bytes_alloc;
+}
+
+static void process_free_event(struct raw_event_sample *raw __used,
+ struct event *event __used,
+ int cpu __used,
+ u64 timestamp __used,
+ struct thread *thread __used)
+{
+}
+
+static void
+process_raw_event(event_t *raw_event __used, void *more_data,
+ int cpu, u64 timestamp, struct thread *thread)
+{
+ struct raw_event_sample *raw = more_data;
+ struct event *event;
+ int type;
+
+ type = trace_parse_common_type(raw->data);
+ event = trace_find_event(type);
+
+ if (!strcmp(event->name, "kmalloc") ||
+ !strcmp(event->name, "kmem_cache_alloc")) {
+ process_alloc_event(raw, event, cpu, timestamp, thread, 0);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (!strcmp(event->name, "kmalloc_node") ||
+ !strcmp(event->name, "kmem_cache_alloc_node")) {
+ process_alloc_event(raw, event, cpu, timestamp, thread, 1);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (!strcmp(event->name, "kfree") ||
+ !strcmp(event->name, "kmem_cache_free")) {
+ process_free_event(raw, event, cpu, timestamp, thread);
+ return;
+ }
+}
+
+static int
+process_sample_event(event_t *event, unsigned long offset, unsigned long head)
+{
+ u64 ip = event->ip.ip;
+ u64 timestamp = -1;
+ u32 cpu = -1;
+ u64 period = 1;
+ void *more_data = event->ip.__more_data;
+ struct thread *thread = threads__findnew(event->ip.pid);
+
+ if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_TIME) {
+ timestamp = *(u64 *)more_data;
+ more_data += sizeof(u64);
+ }
+
+ if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_CPU) {
+ cpu = *(u32 *)more_data;
+ more_data += sizeof(u32);
+ more_data += sizeof(u32); /* reserved */
+ }
+
+ if (sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_PERIOD) {
+ period = *(u64 *)more_data;
+ more_data += sizeof(u64);
+ }
+
+ dump_printf("%p [%p]: PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE (IP, %d): %d/%d: %p period: %Ld\n",
+ (void *)(offset + head),
+ (void *)(long)(event->header.size),
+ event->header.misc,
+ event->ip.pid, event->ip.tid,
+ (void *)(long)ip,
+ (long long)period);
+
+ if (thread == NULL) {
+ pr_debug("problem processing %d event, skipping it.\n",
+ event->header.type);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ dump_printf(" ... thread: %s:%d\n", thread->comm, thread->pid);
+
+ process_raw_event(event, more_data, cpu, timestamp, thread);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int sample_type_check(u64 type)
+{
+ sample_type = type;
+
+ if (!(sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_RAW)) {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "No trace sample to read. Did you call perf record "
+ "without -R?");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct perf_file_handler file_handler = {
+ .process_sample_event = process_sample_event,
+ .process_comm_event = process_comm_event,
+ .sample_type_check = sample_type_check,
+};
+
+static int read_events(void)
+{
+ register_idle_thread();
+ register_perf_file_handler(&file_handler);
+
+ return mmap_dispatch_perf_file(&header, input_name, 0, 0,
+ &cwdlen, &cwd);
+}
+
+static double fragmentation(unsigned long n_req, unsigned long n_alloc)
+{
+ if (n_alloc == 0)
+ return 0.0;
+ else
+ return 100.0 - (100.0 * n_req / n_alloc);
+}
+
+static void __print_result(struct rb_root *root, int n_lines, int is_caller)
+{
+ struct rb_node *next;
+
+ printf("\n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n");
+ if (is_caller)
+ printf(" Callsite |");
+ else
+ printf(" Alloc Ptr |");
+ printf(" Total_alloc/Per | Total_req/Per | Hit | Fragmentation\n");
+ printf(" ------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n");
+
+ next = rb_first(root);
+
+ while (next && n_lines--) {
+ struct alloc_stat *data;
+
+ data = rb_entry(next, struct alloc_stat, node);
+
+ printf(" %-16p | %8llu/%-6lu | %8llu/%-6lu | %6lu | %8.3f%%\n",
+ is_caller ? (void *)(unsigned long)data->call_site :
+ (void *)(unsigned long)data->ptr,
+ (unsigned long long)data->bytes_alloc,
+ (unsigned long)data->bytes_alloc / data->hit,
+ (unsigned long long)data->bytes_req,
+ (unsigned long)data->bytes_req / data->hit,
+ (unsigned long)data->hit,
+ fragmentation(data->bytes_req, data->bytes_alloc));
+
+ next = rb_next(next);
+ }
+
+ if (n_lines == -1)
+ printf(" ... | ... | ... | ... | ... \n");
+
+ printf(" ------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n");
+}
+
+static void print_summary(void)
+{
+ printf("\nSUMMARY\n=======\n");
+ printf("Total bytes requested: %lu\n", total_requested);
+ printf("Total bytes allocated: %lu\n", total_allocated);
+ printf("Total bytes wasted on internal fragmentation: %lu\n",
+ total_allocated - total_requested);
+ printf("Internal fragmentation: %f%%\n",
+ fragmentation(total_requested, total_allocated));
+}
+
+static void print_result(void)
+{
+ if (caller_flag)
+ __print_result(&root_caller_sorted, caller_lines, 1);
+ if (alloc_flag)
+ __print_result(&root_alloc_sorted, alloc_lines, 0);
+ print_summary();
+}
+
+static void sort_insert(struct rb_root *root, struct alloc_stat *data,
+ sort_fn_t sort_fn)
+{
+ struct rb_node **new = &(root->rb_node);
+ struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
+
+ while (*new) {
+ struct alloc_stat *this;
+ int cmp;
+
+ this = rb_entry(*new, struct alloc_stat, node);
+ parent = *new;
+
+ cmp = sort_fn(data, this);
+
+ if (cmp > 0)
+ new = &((*new)->rb_left);
+ else
+ new = &((*new)->rb_right);
+ }
+
+ rb_link_node(&data->node, parent, new);
+ rb_insert_color(&data->node, root);
+}
+
+static void __sort_result(struct rb_root *root, struct rb_root *root_sorted,
+ sort_fn_t sort_fn)
+{
+ struct rb_node *node;
+ struct alloc_stat *data;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ node = rb_first(root);
+ if (!node)
+ break;
+
+ rb_erase(node, root);
+ data = rb_entry(node, struct alloc_stat, node);
+ sort_insert(root_sorted, data, sort_fn);
+ }
+}
+
+static void sort_result(void)
+{
+ __sort_result(&root_alloc_stat, &root_alloc_sorted, alloc_sort_fn);
+ __sort_result(&root_caller_stat, &root_caller_sorted, caller_sort_fn);
+}
+
+static int __cmd_kmem(void)
+{
+ setup_pager();
+ read_events();
+ sort_result();
+ print_result();
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const char * const kmem_usage[] = {
+ "perf kmem [<options>] {record}",
+ NULL
+};
+
+
+static int ptr_cmp(struct alloc_stat *l, struct alloc_stat *r)
+{
+ if (l->ptr < r->ptr)
+ return -1;
+ else if (l->ptr > r->ptr)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int callsite_cmp(struct alloc_stat *l, struct alloc_stat *r)
+{
+ if (l->call_site < r->call_site)
+ return -1;
+ else if (l->call_site > r->call_site)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int bytes_cmp(struct alloc_stat *l, struct alloc_stat *r)
+{
+ if (l->bytes_alloc < r->bytes_alloc)
+ return -1;
+ else if (l->bytes_alloc > r->bytes_alloc)
+ return 1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int parse_sort_opt(const struct option *opt __used,
+ const char *arg, int unset __used)
+{
+ sort_fn_t sort_fn;
+
+ if (!arg)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (strcmp(arg, "ptr") == 0)
+ sort_fn = ptr_cmp;
+ else if (strcmp(arg, "call_site") == 0)
+ sort_fn = callsite_cmp;
+ else if (strcmp(arg, "bytes") == 0)
+ sort_fn = bytes_cmp;
+ else
+ return -1;
+
+ if (caller_flag > alloc_flag)
+ caller_sort_fn = sort_fn;
+ else
+ alloc_sort_fn = sort_fn;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int parse_stat_opt(const struct option *opt __used,
+ const char *arg, int unset __used)
+{
+ if (!arg)
+ return -1;
+
+ if (strcmp(arg, "alloc") == 0)
+ alloc_flag = (caller_flag + 1);
+ else if (strcmp(arg, "caller") == 0)
+ caller_flag = (alloc_flag + 1);
+ else
+ return -1;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int parse_line_opt(const struct option *opt __used,
+ const char *arg, int unset __used)
+{
+ int lines;
+
+ if (!arg)
+ return -1;
+
+ lines = strtoul(arg, NULL, 10);
+
+ if (caller_flag > alloc_flag)
+ caller_lines = lines;
+ else
+ alloc_lines = lines;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct option kmem_options[] = {
+ OPT_STRING('i', "input", &input_name, "file",
+ "input file name"),
+ OPT_CALLBACK(0, "stat", NULL, "<alloc>|<caller>",
+ "stat selector, Pass 'alloc' or 'caller'.",
+ parse_stat_opt),
+ OPT_CALLBACK('s', "sort", NULL, "key",
+ "sort by key: ptr, call_site, hit, bytes",
+ parse_sort_opt),
+ OPT_CALLBACK('l', "line", NULL, "num",
+ "show n lins",
+ parse_line_opt),
+ OPT_END()
+};
+
+static const char *record_args[] = {
+ "record",
+ "-a",
+ "-R",
+ "-M",
+ "-f",
+ "-c", "1",
+ "-e", "kmem:kmalloc",
+ "-e", "kmem:kmalloc_node",
+ "-e", "kmem:kfree",
+ "-e", "kmem:kmem_cache_alloc",
+ "-e", "kmem:kmem_cache_alloc_node",
+ "-e", "kmem:kmem_cache_free",
+};
+
+static int __cmd_record(int argc, const char **argv)
+{
+ unsigned int rec_argc, i, j;
+ const char **rec_argv;
+
+ rec_argc = ARRAY_SIZE(record_args) + argc - 1;
+ rec_argv = calloc(rec_argc + 1, sizeof(char *));
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(record_args); i++)
+ rec_argv[i] = strdup(record_args[i]);
+
+ for (j = 1; j < (unsigned int)argc; j++, i++)
+ rec_argv[i] = argv[j];
+
+ return cmd_record(i, rec_argv, NULL);
+}
+
+int cmd_kmem(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix __used)
+{
+ symbol__init(0);
+
+ argc = parse_options(argc, argv, kmem_options, kmem_usage, 0);
+
+ if (argc && !strncmp(argv[0], "rec", 3))
+ return __cmd_record(argc, argv);
+ else if (argc)
+ usage_with_options(kmem_usage, kmem_options);
+
+ if (!alloc_sort_fn)
+ alloc_sort_fn = bytes_cmp;
+ if (!caller_sort_fn)
+ caller_sort_fn = bytes_cmp;
+
+ return __cmd_kmem();
+}
+
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin.h b/tools/perf/builtin.h
index 9b02d85..a3d8bf6 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin.h
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin.h
@@ -28,5 +28,6 @@ extern int cmd_top(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_trace(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_version(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
extern int cmd_probe(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);
+extern int cmd_kmem(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix);

#endif
diff --git a/tools/perf/perf.c b/tools/perf/perf.c
index 89b82ac..cf64049 100644
--- a/tools/perf/perf.c
+++ b/tools/perf/perf.c
@@ -285,20 +285,21 @@ static void handle_internal_command(int argc, const char **argv)
{
const char *cmd = argv[0];
static struct cmd_struct commands[] = {
- { "help", cmd_help, 0 },
- { "list", cmd_list, 0 },
{ "buildid-list", cmd_buildid_list, 0 },
- { "record", cmd_record, 0 },
- { "report", cmd_report, 0 },
- { "bench", cmd_bench, 0 },
- { "stat", cmd_stat, 0 },
- { "timechart", cmd_timechart, 0 },
- { "top", cmd_top, 0 },
- { "annotate", cmd_annotate, 0 },
- { "version", cmd_version, 0 },
- { "trace", cmd_trace, 0 },
- { "sched", cmd_sched, 0 },
- { "probe", cmd_probe, 0 },
+ { "help", cmd_help, 0 },
+ { "list", cmd_list, 0 },
+ { "record", cmd_record, 0 },
+ { "report", cmd_report, 0 },
+ { "bench", cmd_bench, 0 },
+ { "stat", cmd_stat, 0 },
+ { "timechart", cmd_timechart, 0 },
+ { "top", cmd_top, 0 },
+ { "annotate", cmd_annotate, 0 },
+ { "version", cmd_version, 0 },
+ { "trace", cmd_trace, 0 },
+ { "sched", cmd_sched, 0 },
+ { "probe", cmd_probe, 0 },
+ { "kmem", cmd_kmem, 0 },
};
unsigned int i;
static const char ext[] = STRIP_EXTENSION;
--
1.6.3


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