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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86: Generate cmpxchg build failures
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On Mon, 2009-10-05 at 12:16 -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
>
> On Mon, 5 Oct 2009, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>
> > On Tue, 2009-09-29 at 14:17 -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> >
> > > And regardless, we should fix the silent cmpxchg failure, even if it's
> > > just a link-time failure or something.
> >
> > Something like the below?
>
> Looks good to me. This is also one of the cases where a macro will do
> better than an inline function, since the return value depends on the size
> of the pointer, and it doesn't do the whole 'unsigned long' thing any
> more.

Indeed, I was glad to see that go.

> It should also be fairly easy to make this now just do a cmpxchg8b for the
> 64-bit case (again, that wouldn't have worked sanely due to the fixed type
> in the inline function version - expanding that size to 64-bit would have
> been insane). But that's a separate issue (and maybe we don't want to do
> it, due to the whole "it's not DMA-atomic" etc issue - we may be better
> off with a build failure, and forcing people who really want 64-bit
> accesses to use the explicit cmpxchg64 thing)

Right, that would be a second patch if we think its a sane thing to do.

> That said, I think that you should merge the insane three versions of this
> macro into one. Having separate versions for "__[sync_|local_|]cmpxchg()"
> is disgusting. I bet you can do it with a single macro, and just pass in
> the LOCK_PREFIX (or empty, or "lock;") to that as needed. Rather than
> duplicating it three times.

You're right, what was I thinking doing all this copy/paste stuff.

Here's a new one, still seems to build i386 and x86_64 defconfigs.


Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_32.h | 218 ++++++++++++++---------------------
arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_64.h | 234 ++++++++++++++----------------------
2 files changed, 177 insertions(+), 275 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_32.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_32.h
index ee1931b..720c3d4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_32.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_32.h
@@ -8,14 +8,50 @@
* you need to test for the feature in boot_cpu_data.
*/

-#define xchg(ptr, v) \
- ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__xchg((unsigned long)(v), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr))))
+extern void __xchg_wrong_size(void);
+
+/*
+ * Note: no "lock" prefix even on SMP: xchg always implies lock anyway
+ * Note 2: xchg has side effect, so that attribute volatile is necessary,
+ * but generally the primitive is invalid, *ptr is output argument. --ANK
+ */

struct __xchg_dummy {
unsigned long a[100];
};
#define __xg(x) ((struct __xchg_dummy *)(x))

+#define __xchg(x, ptr, size) \
+({ \
+ __typeof(*(ptr)) __x = (x); \
+ switch (size) { \
+ case 1: \
+ asm volatile("xchgb %b0,%1" \
+ : "=q" (__x) \
+ : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (__x) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 2: \
+ asm volatile("xchgw %w0,%1" \
+ : "=r" (__x) \
+ : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (__x) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 4: \
+ asm volatile("xchgl %0,%1" \
+ : "=r" (__x) \
+ : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (__x) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ default: \
+ __xchg_wrong_size(); \
+ } \
+ __x; \
+})
+
+#define xchg(ptr, v) \
+ __xchg((v), (ptr), sizeof(*ptr))
+
/*
* The semantics of XCHGCMP8B are a bit strange, this is why
* there is a loop and the loading of %%eax and %%edx has to
@@ -71,57 +107,63 @@ static inline void __set_64bit_var(unsigned long long *ptr,
(unsigned int)((value) >> 32)) \
: __set_64bit(ptr, ll_low((value)), ll_high((value))))

-/*
- * Note: no "lock" prefix even on SMP: xchg always implies lock anyway
- * Note 2: xchg has side effect, so that attribute volatile is necessary,
- * but generally the primitive is invalid, *ptr is output argument. --ANK
- */
-static inline unsigned long __xchg(unsigned long x, volatile void *ptr,
- int size)
-{
- switch (size) {
- case 1:
- asm volatile("xchgb %b0,%1"
- : "=q" (x)
- : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- : "memory");
- break;
- case 2:
- asm volatile("xchgw %w0,%1"
- : "=r" (x)
- : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- : "memory");
- break;
- case 4:
- asm volatile("xchgl %0,%1"
- : "=r" (x)
- : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- : "memory");
- break;
- }
- return x;
-}
+extern void __cmpxchg_wrong_size(void);

/*
* Atomic compare and exchange. Compare OLD with MEM, if identical,
* store NEW in MEM. Return the initial value in MEM. Success is
* indicated by comparing RETURN with OLD.
*/
+#define __raw_cmpxchg(ptr, old, new, size, lock) \
+({ \
+ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __ret; \
+ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __old = (old); \
+ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __new = (new); \
+ switch (size) { \
+ case 1: \
+ asm volatile(lock "cmpxchgb %b1,%2" \
+ : "=a"(__ret) \
+ : "q"(__new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(__old) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 2: \
+ asm volatile(lock "cmpxchgw %w1,%2" \
+ : "=a"(__ret) \
+ : "r"(__new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(__old) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 4: \
+ asm volatile(lock "cmpxchgl %1,%2" \
+ : "=a"(__ret) \
+ : "r"(__new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(__old) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ default: \
+ __cmpxchg_wrong_size(); \
+ } \
+ __ret; \
+})
+
+#define __cmpxchg(ptr, old, new, size) \
+ __raw_cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), (size), LOCK_PREFIX)
+
+#define __sync_cmpxchg(ptr, old, new, size) \
+ __raw_cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), (size), "lock; ")
+
+#define __cmpxchg_local(ptr, old, new, size) \
+ __raw_cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), (size), "")

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG
#define __HAVE_ARCH_CMPXCHG 1
-#define cmpxchg(ptr, o, n) \
- ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__cmpxchg((ptr), (unsigned long)(o), \
- (unsigned long)(n), \
- sizeof(*(ptr))))
-#define sync_cmpxchg(ptr, o, n) \
- ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__sync_cmpxchg((ptr), (unsigned long)(o), \
- (unsigned long)(n), \
- sizeof(*(ptr))))
-#define cmpxchg_local(ptr, o, n) \
- ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__cmpxchg_local((ptr), (unsigned long)(o), \
- (unsigned long)(n), \
- sizeof(*(ptr))))
+
+#define cmpxchg(ptr, old, new) \
+ __cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), sizeof(*ptr))
+
+#define sync_cmpxchg(ptr, old, new) \
+ __sync_cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), sizeof(*ptr))
+
+#define cmpxchg_local(ptr, old, new) \
+ __cmpxchg_local((ptr), (old), (new), sizeof(*ptr))
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_CMPXCHG64
@@ -133,94 +175,6 @@ static inline unsigned long __xchg(unsigned long x, volatile void *ptr,
(unsigned long long)(n)))
#endif

-static inline unsigned long __cmpxchg(volatile void *ptr, unsigned long old,
- unsigned long new, int size)
-{
- unsigned long prev;
- switch (size) {
- case 1:
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgb %b1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "q"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 2:
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgw %w1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 4:
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- }
- return old;
-}
-
-/*
- * Always use locked operations when touching memory shared with a
- * hypervisor, since the system may be SMP even if the guest kernel
- * isn't.
- */
-static inline unsigned long __sync_cmpxchg(volatile void *ptr,
- unsigned long old,
- unsigned long new, int size)
-{
- unsigned long prev;
- switch (size) {
- case 1:
- asm volatile("lock; cmpxchgb %b1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "q"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 2:
- asm volatile("lock; cmpxchgw %w1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 4:
- asm volatile("lock; cmpxchgl %1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- }
- return old;
-}
-
-static inline unsigned long __cmpxchg_local(volatile void *ptr,
- unsigned long old,
- unsigned long new, int size)
-{
- unsigned long prev;
- switch (size) {
- case 1:
- asm volatile("cmpxchgb %b1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "q"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 2:
- asm volatile("cmpxchgw %w1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 4:
- asm volatile("cmpxchgl %1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- }
- return old;
-}
-
static inline unsigned long long __cmpxchg64(volatile void *ptr,
unsigned long long old,
unsigned long long new)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_64.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_64.h
index 52de72e..d565670 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_64.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cmpxchg_64.h
@@ -3,9 +3,6 @@

#include <asm/alternative.h> /* Provides LOCK_PREFIX */

-#define xchg(ptr, v) ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__xchg((unsigned long)(v), \
- (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr))))
-
#define __xg(x) ((volatile long *)(x))

static inline void set_64bit(volatile unsigned long *ptr, unsigned long val)
@@ -15,167 +12,118 @@ static inline void set_64bit(volatile unsigned long *ptr, unsigned long val)

#define _set_64bit set_64bit

+extern void __xchg_wrong_size(void);
+extern void __cmpxchg_wrong_size(void);
+
/*
* Note: no "lock" prefix even on SMP: xchg always implies lock anyway
* Note 2: xchg has side effect, so that attribute volatile is necessary,
* but generally the primitive is invalid, *ptr is output argument. --ANK
*/
-static inline unsigned long __xchg(unsigned long x, volatile void *ptr,
- int size)
-{
- switch (size) {
- case 1:
- asm volatile("xchgb %b0,%1"
- : "=q" (x)
- : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- : "memory");
- break;
- case 2:
- asm volatile("xchgw %w0,%1"
- : "=r" (x)
- : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- : "memory");
- break;
- case 4:
- asm volatile("xchgl %k0,%1"
- : "=r" (x)
- : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- : "memory");
- break;
- case 8:
- asm volatile("xchgq %0,%1"
- : "=r" (x)
- : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (x)
- : "memory");
- break;
- }
- return x;
-}
+#define __xchg(x, ptr, size) \
+({ \
+ __typeof(*(ptr)) __x = (x); \
+ switch (size) { \
+ case 1: \
+ asm volatile("xchgb %b0,%1" \
+ : "=q" (__x) \
+ : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (__x) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 2: \
+ asm volatile("xchgw %w0,%1" \
+ : "=r" (__x) \
+ : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (__x) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 4: \
+ asm volatile("xchgl %k0,%1" \
+ : "=r" (__x) \
+ : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (__x) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 8: \
+ asm volatile("xchgq %0,%1" \
+ : "=r" (__x) \
+ : "m" (*__xg(ptr)), "0" (__x) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ default: \
+ __xchg_wrong_size(); \
+ } \
+ __x; \
+})
+
+#define xchg(ptr, v) \
+ __xchg((v), (ptr), sizeof(*ptr))
+
+#define __HAVE_ARCH_CMPXCHG 1

/*
* Atomic compare and exchange. Compare OLD with MEM, if identical,
* store NEW in MEM. Return the initial value in MEM. Success is
* indicated by comparing RETURN with OLD.
*/
+#define __raw_cmpxchg(ptr, old, new, size, lock) \
+({ \
+ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __ret; \
+ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __old = (old); \
+ __typeof__(*(ptr)) __new = (new); \
+ switch (size) { \
+ case 1: \
+ asm volatile(lock "cmpxchgb %b1,%2" \
+ : "=a"(__ret) \
+ : "q"(__new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(__old) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 2: \
+ asm volatile(lock "cmpxchgw %w1,%2" \
+ : "=a"(__ret) \
+ : "r"(__new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(__old) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 4: \
+ asm volatile(lock "cmpxchgl %k1,%2" \
+ : "=a"(__ret) \
+ : "r"(__new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(__old) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ case 8: \
+ asm volatile(lock "cmpxchgq %1,%2" \
+ : "=a"(__ret) \
+ : "r"(__new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(__old) \
+ : "memory"); \
+ break; \
+ default: \
+ __cmpxchg_wrong_size(); \
+ } \
+ __ret; \
+})

-#define __HAVE_ARCH_CMPXCHG 1
+#define __cmpxchg(ptr, old, new, size) \
+ __raw_cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), (size), LOCK_PREFIX)

-static inline unsigned long __cmpxchg(volatile void *ptr, unsigned long old,
- unsigned long new, int size)
-{
- unsigned long prev;
- switch (size) {
- case 1:
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgb %b1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "q"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 2:
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgw %w1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 4:
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %k1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 8:
- asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgq %1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- }
- return old;
-}
+#define __sync_cmpxchg(ptr, old, new, size) \
+ __raw_cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), (size), "lock; ")

-/*
- * Always use locked operations when touching memory shared with a
- * hypervisor, since the system may be SMP even if the guest kernel
- * isn't.
- */
-static inline unsigned long __sync_cmpxchg(volatile void *ptr,
- unsigned long old,
- unsigned long new, int size)
-{
- unsigned long prev;
- switch (size) {
- case 1:
- asm volatile("lock; cmpxchgb %b1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "q"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 2:
- asm volatile("lock; cmpxchgw %w1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 4:
- asm volatile("lock; cmpxchgl %1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- }
- return old;
-}
+#define __cmpxchg_local(ptr, old, new, size) \
+ __raw_cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), (size), "")

-static inline unsigned long __cmpxchg_local(volatile void *ptr,
- unsigned long old,
- unsigned long new, int size)
-{
- unsigned long prev;
- switch (size) {
- case 1:
- asm volatile("cmpxchgb %b1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "q"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 2:
- asm volatile("cmpxchgw %w1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 4:
- asm volatile("cmpxchgl %k1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- case 8:
- asm volatile("cmpxchgq %1,%2"
- : "=a"(prev)
- : "r"(new), "m"(*__xg(ptr)), "0"(old)
- : "memory");
- return prev;
- }
- return old;
-}
+#define cmpxchg(ptr, old, new) \
+ __cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), sizeof(*ptr))
+
+#define sync_cmpxchg(ptr, old, new) \
+ __sync_cmpxchg((ptr), (old), (new), sizeof(*ptr))
+
+#define cmpxchg_local(ptr, old, new) \
+ __cmpxchg_local((ptr), (old), (new), sizeof(*ptr))

-#define cmpxchg(ptr, o, n) \
- ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__cmpxchg((ptr), (unsigned long)(o), \
- (unsigned long)(n), sizeof(*(ptr))))
#define cmpxchg64(ptr, o, n) \
({ \
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(*(ptr)) != 8); \
cmpxchg((ptr), (o), (n)); \
})
-#define cmpxchg_local(ptr, o, n) \
- ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__cmpxchg_local((ptr), (unsigned long)(o), \
- (unsigned long)(n), \
- sizeof(*(ptr))))
-#define sync_cmpxchg(ptr, o, n) \
- ((__typeof__(*(ptr)))__sync_cmpxchg((ptr), (unsigned long)(o), \
- (unsigned long)(n), \
- sizeof(*(ptr))))
+
#define cmpxchg64_local(ptr, o, n) \
({ \
BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(*(ptr)) != 8); \



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