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Subject[PATCH -v6 04/13] tracing: add static function tracer support for MIPS
Date
If -pg of gcc is enabled with CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER=y. a calling to
_mcount will be inserted into each kernel function. so, there is a
possibility to trace the kernel functions in _mcount.

This patch add the MIPS specific _mcount support for static function
tracing. by deafult, ftrace_trace_function is initialized as
ftrace_stub(an empty function), so, the default _mcount will introduce
very little overhead. after enabling ftrace in user-space, it will jump
to a real tracing function and do static function tracing for us.

And to support module tracing, we need to enable -mlong-calls for the
long call from modules space to kernel space. -mlong-calls load the
address of _mcount to a register and then jump to it, so, the address is
allowed to be 32bit long, but without -mlong-calls, for the instruction
"jal _mcount" only left 26bit for the address of _mcount, which is not
enough for jumping from the module space to kernel space.

Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Wu Zhangjin <wuzhangjin@gmail.com>
---
arch/mips/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/mips/Makefile | 4 ++
arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h | 25 +++++++++++-
arch/mips/kernel/Makefile | 2 +
arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S | 89 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c | 5 ++
6 files changed, 125 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S
diff --git a/arch/mips/Kconfig b/arch/mips/Kconfig
index 03bd56a..6b33e88 100644
--- a/arch/mips/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/mips/Kconfig
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@ config MIPS
select HAVE_IDE
select HAVE_OPROFILE
select HAVE_ARCH_KGDB
+ select HAVE_FUNCTION_TRACER
# Horrible source of confusion. Die, die, die ...
select EMBEDDED
select RTC_LIB if !LEMOTE_FULOONG2E
diff --git a/arch/mips/Makefile b/arch/mips/Makefile
index 77f5021..041deca 100644
--- a/arch/mips/Makefile
+++ b/arch/mips/Makefile
@@ -48,7 +48,11 @@ ifneq ($(SUBARCH),$(ARCH))
endif
endif

+ifndef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
cflags-y := -ffunction-sections
+else
+cflags-y := -mlong-calls
+endif
cflags-y += $(call cc-option, -mno-check-zero-division)

ifdef CONFIG_32BIT
diff --git a/arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h b/arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h
index 40a8c17..5f8ebcf 100644
--- a/arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h
+++ b/arch/mips/include/asm/ftrace.h
@@ -1 +1,24 @@
-/* empty */
+/*
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 DSLab, Lanzhou University, China
+ * Author: Wu Zhangjin <wuzj@lemote.com>
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_MIPS_FTRACE_H
+#define _ASM_MIPS_FTRACE_H
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
+
+#define MCOUNT_ADDR ((unsigned long)(_mcount))
+#define MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE 4 /* sizeof mcount call */
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+extern void _mcount(void);
+#define mcount _mcount
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+#endif /* CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER */
+#endif /* _ASM_MIPS_FTRACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/Makefile b/arch/mips/kernel/Makefile
index f228868..38e704a 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/Makefile
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@ obj-y += cpu-probe.o branch.o entry.o genex.o irq.o process.o \

ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
CFLAGS_REMOVE_trace_clock.o = -pg
+CFLAGS_REMOVE_early_printk.o = -pg
endif

obj-$(CONFIG_CEVT_BCM1480) += cevt-bcm1480.o
@@ -29,6 +30,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_STACKTRACE) += stacktrace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += mips_ksyms.o module.o

obj-$(CONFIG_FTRACE) += trace_clock.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER) += mcount.o

obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_LOONGSON2) += r4k_fpu.o r4k_switch.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CPU_MIPS32) += r4k_fpu.o r4k_switch.o
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S b/arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0c39bc8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S
@@ -0,0 +1,89 @@
+/*
+ * MIPS specific _mcount support
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Lemote Inc. & DSLab, Lanzhou University, China
+ * Author: Wu Zhangjin <wuzj@lemote.com>
+ */
+
+#include <asm/regdef.h>
+#include <asm/stackframe.h>
+#include <asm/ftrace.h>
+
+ .text
+ .set noreorder
+ .set noat
+
+ .macro MCOUNT_SAVE_REGS
+ PTR_SUBU sp, PT_SIZE
+ PTR_S ra, PT_R31(sp)
+ PTR_S AT, PT_R1(sp)
+ PTR_S a0, PT_R4(sp)
+ PTR_S a1, PT_R5(sp)
+ PTR_S a2, PT_R6(sp)
+ PTR_S a3, PT_R7(sp)
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+ PTR_S a4, PT_R8(sp)
+ PTR_S a5, PT_R9(sp)
+ PTR_S a6, PT_R10(sp)
+ PTR_S a7, PT_R11(sp)
+#endif
+ .endm
+
+ .macro MCOUNT_RESTORE_REGS
+ PTR_L ra, PT_R31(sp)
+ PTR_L AT, PT_R1(sp)
+ PTR_L a0, PT_R4(sp)
+ PTR_L a1, PT_R5(sp)
+ PTR_L a2, PT_R6(sp)
+ PTR_L a3, PT_R7(sp)
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+ PTR_L a4, PT_R8(sp)
+ PTR_L a5, PT_R9(sp)
+ PTR_L a6, PT_R10(sp)
+ PTR_L a7, PT_R11(sp)
+#endif
+ PTR_ADDIU sp, PT_SIZE
+.endm
+
+ .macro MCOUNT_SET_ARGS
+ move a0, ra /* arg1: next ip, selfaddr */
+ move a1, AT /* arg2: the caller's next ip, parent */
+ PTR_SUBU a0, MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE
+ .endm
+
+ .macro RETURN_BACK
+#ifdef CONFIG_32BIT
+ PTR_ADDIU sp, 8
+#endif
+ jr ra
+ move ra, AT
+ .endm
+
+NESTED(_mcount, PT_SIZE, ra)
+ PTR_LA t0, ftrace_stub
+ PTR_L t1, ftrace_trace_function /* Prepare t1 for (1) */
+ bne t0, t1, static_trace
+ nop
+
+ j ftrace_stub
+ nop
+
+static_trace:
+ MCOUNT_SAVE_REGS
+
+ MCOUNT_SET_ARGS /* call *ftrace_trace_function */
+ jalr t1 /* (1) */
+ nop
+
+ MCOUNT_RESTORE_REGS
+ .globl ftrace_stub
+ftrace_stub:
+ RETURN_BACK
+ END(_mcount)
+
+ .set at
+ .set reorder
diff --git a/arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c b/arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c
index 225755d..1d04807 100644
--- a/arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c
+++ b/arch/mips/kernel/mips_ksyms.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
#include <asm/checksum.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
+#include <asm/ftrace.h>

extern void *__bzero(void *__s, size_t __count);
extern long __strncpy_from_user_nocheck_asm(char *__to,
@@ -51,3 +52,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(csum_partial_copy_nocheck);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__csum_partial_copy_user);

EXPORT_SYMBOL(invalid_pte_table);
+#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER
+/* _mcount is defined in arch/mips/kernel/mcount.S */
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(_mcount);
+#endif
--
1.6.2.1


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