lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Oct]   [25]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH tip/core/rcu 1/6] rcu: The Bloatwatch Edition, v8
Date
This patch is a version of RCU designed for !SMP provided for a
small-footprint RCU implementation. In particular, the implementation
of synchronize_rcu() is extremely lightweight and high performance.
It passes rcutorture testing in each of the four relevant configurations
(combinations of NO_HZ and PREEMPT) on x86. This saves about 1K bytes
compared to old Classic RCU (which is no longer in mainline), and more
than three kilobytes compared to Hierarchical RCU (updated to 2.6.30):

CONFIG_TREE_RCU:

text data bss dec filename
183 4 0 187 kernel/rcupdate.o
2783 520 36 3339 kernel/rcutree.o
3526 Total (vs 4565 for v7)

CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU:

text data bss dec filename
263 4 0 267 kernel/rcupdate.o
4594 776 52 5422 kernel/rcutree.o
5689 Total (6155 for v7)

CONFIG_TINY_RCU:

text data bss dec filename
96 4 0 100 kernel/rcupdate.o
734 24 0 758 kernel/rcutiny.o
858 Total (vs 848 for v7)

The above is for x86. Your mileage may vary on other platforms.
Further compression is possible, but is being procrastinated.

Changes from v7 (http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/10/9/388)

o Apply Lai Jiangshan's review comments (aside from might_sleep()
in synchronize_sched(), which is covered by SMP builds).

o Fix up expedited primitives.

Changes from v6 (http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/9/23/293).

o Forward ported to put it into the 2.6.33 stream.

o Added lockdep support.

o Make lightweight rcu_barrier.

Changes from v5 (http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/6/23/12).

o Ported to latest pre-2.6.32 merge window kernel.

- Renamed rcu_qsctr_inc() to rcu_sched_qs().
- Renamed rcu_bh_qsctr_inc() to rcu_bh_qs().
- Provided trivial rcu_cpu_notify().
- Provided trivial exit_rcu().
- Provided trivial rcu_needs_cpu().
- Fixed up the rcu_*_enter/exit() functions in linux/hardirq.h.

o Removed the dependence on EMBEDDED, with a view to making
TINY_RCU default for !SMP at some time in the future.

o Added (trivial) support for expedited grace periods.

Changes from v4 (http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/5/2/91) include:

o Squeeze the size down a bit further by removing the
->completed field from struct rcu_ctrlblk.

o This permits synchronize_rcu() to become the empty function.
Previous concerns about rcutorture were unfounded, as
rcutorture correctly handles a constant value from
rcu_batches_completed() and rcu_batches_completed_bh().

Changes from v3 (http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/3/29/221) include:

o Changed rcu_batches_completed(), rcu_batches_completed_bh()
rcu_enter_nohz(), rcu_exit_nohz(), rcu_nmi_enter(), and
rcu_nmi_exit(), to be static inlines, as suggested by David
Howells. Doing this saves about 100 bytes from rcutiny.o.
(The numbers between v3 and this v4 of the patch are not directly
comparable, since they are against different versions of Linux.)

Changes from v2 (http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/2/3/333) include:

o Fix whitespace issues.

o Change short-circuit "||" operator to instead be "+" in order to
fix performance bug noted by "kraai" on LWN.
(http://lwn.net/Articles/324348/)

Changes from v1 (http://lkml.org/lkml/2009/1/13/440) include:

o This version depends on EMBEDDED as well as !SMP, as suggested
by Ingo.

o Updated rcu_needs_cpu() to unconditionally return zero,
permitting the CPU to enter dynticks-idle mode at any time.
This works because callbacks can be invoked upon entry to
dynticks-idle mode.

o Paul is now OK with this being included, based on a poll at the
Kernel Miniconf at linux.conf.au, where about ten people said
that they cared about saving 900 bytes on single-CPU systems.

o Applies to both mainline and tip/core/rcu.

Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
include/linux/hardirq.h | 24 ++++
include/linux/rcupdate.h | 6 +
include/linux/rcutiny.h | 97 +++++++++++++++
init/Kconfig | 9 ++
kernel/Makefile | 1 +
kernel/rcupdate.c | 4 +
kernel/rcutiny.c | 294 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
7 files changed, 435 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 include/linux/rcutiny.h
create mode 100644 kernel/rcutiny.c
diff --git a/include/linux/hardirq.h b/include/linux/hardirq.h
index 6d527ee..d5b3876 100644
--- a/include/linux/hardirq.h
+++ b/include/linux/hardirq.h
@@ -139,10 +139,34 @@ static inline void account_system_vtime(struct task_struct *tsk)
#endif

#if defined(CONFIG_NO_HZ)
+#if defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU)
+extern void rcu_enter_nohz(void);
+extern void rcu_exit_nohz(void);
+
+static inline void rcu_irq_enter(void)
+{
+ rcu_exit_nohz();
+}
+
+static inline void rcu_irq_exit(void)
+{
+ rcu_enter_nohz();
+}
+
+static inline void rcu_nmi_enter(void)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void rcu_nmi_exit(void)
+{
+}
+
+#else
extern void rcu_irq_enter(void);
extern void rcu_irq_exit(void);
extern void rcu_nmi_enter(void);
extern void rcu_nmi_exit(void);
+#endif
#else
# define rcu_irq_enter() do { } while (0)
# define rcu_irq_exit() do { } while (0)
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index 3ebd0b7..6dd71fa 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -68,11 +68,17 @@ extern int sched_expedited_torture_stats(char *page);
/* Internal to kernel */
extern void rcu_init(void);
extern void rcu_scheduler_starting(void);
+#ifndef CONFIG_TINY_RCU
extern int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu);
+#else
+static inline int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu) { return 0; }
+#endif
extern int rcu_scheduler_active;

#if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) || defined(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU)
#include <linux/rcutree.h>
+#elif CONFIG_TINY_RCU
+#include <linux/rcutiny.h>
#else
#error "Unknown RCU implementation specified to kernel configuration"
#endif
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutiny.h b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..891073c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
@@ -0,0 +1,97 @@
+/*
+ * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion, the Bloatwatch edition.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2008
+ *
+ * Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ *
+ * For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see -
+ * Documentation/RCU
+ */
+
+#ifndef __LINUX_TINY_H
+#define __LINUX_TINY_H
+
+#include <linux/cache.h>
+
+void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu);
+void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu);
+
+#define __rcu_read_lock() preempt_disable()
+#define __rcu_read_unlock() preempt_enable()
+#define __rcu_read_lock_bh() local_bh_disable()
+#define __rcu_read_unlock_bh() local_bh_enable()
+#define call_rcu_sched call_rcu
+
+#define rcu_init_sched() do { } while (0)
+extern void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user);
+extern void __rcu_init(void);
+
+/*
+ * Return the number of grace periods.
+ */
+static inline long rcu_batches_completed(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return the number of bottom-half grace periods.
+ */
+static inline long rcu_batches_completed_bh(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+extern int rcu_expedited_torture_stats(char *page);
+
+static inline void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)
+{
+ synchronize_sched();
+}
+
+static inline void synchronize_rcu_bh_expedited(void)
+{
+ synchronize_sched();
+}
+
+struct notifier_block;
+extern int rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
+
+extern void rcu_enter_nohz(void);
+extern void rcu_exit_nohz(void);
+
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
+
+static inline void rcu_enter_nohz(void)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void rcu_exit_nohz(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
+
+static inline void exit_rcu(void)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* __LINUX_RCUTINY_H */
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 09c5c64..d367bf6 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -334,6 +334,15 @@ config TREE_PREEMPT_RCU
is also required. It also scales down nicely to
smaller systems.

+config TINY_RCU
+ bool "UP-only small-memory-footprint RCU"
+ depends on !SMP
+ help
+ This option selects the RCU implementation that is
+ designed for UP systems from which real-time response
+ is not required. This option greatly reduces the
+ memory footprint of RCU.
+
endchoice

config RCU_TRACE
diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
index b8d4cd8..e9a0e6e 100644
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -82,6 +82,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST) += rcutorture.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) += rcutree.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU) += rcutree.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TREE_RCU_TRACE) += rcutree_trace.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_TINY_RCU) += rcutiny.o
obj-$(CONFIG_RELAY) += relay.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SYSCTL) += utsname_sysctl.o
obj-$(CONFIG_TASK_DELAY_ACCT) += delayacct.o
diff --git a/kernel/rcupdate.c b/kernel/rcupdate.c
index 4001833..7625f20 100644
--- a/kernel/rcupdate.c
+++ b/kernel/rcupdate.c
@@ -67,6 +67,8 @@ void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
complete(&rcu->completion);
}

+#ifndef CONFIG_TINY_RCU
+
#ifdef CONFIG_TREE_PREEMPT_RCU

/**
@@ -157,6 +159,8 @@ void synchronize_rcu_bh(void)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu_bh);

+#endif /* #ifndef CONFIG_TINY_RCU */
+
static int __cpuinit rcu_barrier_cpu_hotplug(struct notifier_block *self,
unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
diff --git a/kernel/rcutiny.c b/kernel/rcutiny.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..0b54efd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/rcutiny.c
@@ -0,0 +1,294 @@
+/*
+ * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion, the Bloatwatch edition.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2008
+ *
+ * Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
+ *
+ * For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see -
+ * Documentation/RCU
+ */
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/time.h>
+
+/* Global control variables for rcupdate callback mechanism. */
+struct rcu_ctrlblk {
+ struct rcu_head *rcucblist; /* List of pending callbacks (CBs). */
+ struct rcu_head **donetail; /* ->next pointer of last "done" CB. */
+ struct rcu_head **curtail; /* ->next pointer of last CB. */
+};
+
+/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
+static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_ctrlblk = {
+ .rcucblist = NULL,
+ .donetail = &rcu_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+ .curtail = &rcu_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+};
+static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
+ .rcucblist = NULL,
+ .donetail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+ .curtail = &rcu_bh_ctrlblk.rcucblist,
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
+
+static long rcu_dynticks_nesting = 1;
+
+/*
+ * Enter dynticks-idle mode, which is an extended quiescent state
+ * if we have fully entered that mode (i.e., if the new value of
+ * dynticks_nesting is zero).
+ */
+void rcu_enter_nohz(void)
+{
+ if (--rcu_dynticks_nesting == 0)
+ rcu_sched_qs(0); /* implies rcu_bh_qsctr_inc(0) */
+}
+
+/*
+ * Exit dynticks-idle mode, so that we are no longer in an extended
+ * quiescent state.
+ */
+void rcu_exit_nohz(void)
+{
+ rcu_dynticks_nesting++;
+}
+
+#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
+
+/*
+ * Helper function for rcu_qsctr_inc() and rcu_bh_qsctr_inc().
+ * Also disable irqs to avoid confusion due to interrupt handlers invoking
+ * call_rcu().
+ */
+static int rcu_qsctr_help(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ if (rcp->rcucblist != NULL &&
+ rcp->donetail != rcp->curtail) {
+ rcp->donetail = rcp->curtail;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Record an rcu quiescent state. And an rcu_bh quiescent state while we
+ * are at it, given that any rcu quiescent state is also an rcu_bh
+ * quiescent state. Use "+" instead of "||" to defeat short circuiting.
+ */
+void rcu_sched_qs(int cpu)
+{
+ if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_ctrlblk) + rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
+ raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Record an rcu_bh quiescent state.
+ */
+void rcu_bh_qs(int cpu)
+{
+ if (rcu_qsctr_help(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk))
+ raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check to see if the scheduling-clock interrupt came from an extended
+ * quiescent state, and, if so, tell RCU about it.
+ */
+void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
+{
+ if (user ||
+ (idle_cpu(cpu) &&
+ !in_softirq() &&
+ hardirq_count() <= (1 << HARDIRQ_SHIFT)))
+ rcu_sched_qs(cpu);
+ else if (!in_softirq())
+ rcu_bh_qs(cpu);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Helper function for rcu_process_callbacks() that operates on the
+ * specified rcu_ctrlkblk structure.
+ */
+static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rcu_head *next, *list;
+
+ /* If no RCU callbacks ready to invoke, just return. */
+ if (&rcp->rcucblist == rcp->donetail)
+ return;
+
+ /* Move the ready-to-invoke callbacks to a local list. */
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ list = rcp->rcucblist;
+ rcp->rcucblist = *rcp->donetail;
+ *rcp->donetail = NULL;
+ if (rcp->curtail == rcp->donetail)
+ rcp->curtail = &rcp->rcucblist;
+ rcp->donetail = &rcp->rcucblist;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+
+ /* Invoke the callbacks on the local list. */
+ while (list) {
+ next = list->next;
+ prefetch(next);
+ list->func(list);
+ list = next;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Invoke any callbacks whose grace period has completed.
+ */
+static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
+{
+ __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_ctrlblk);
+ __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Null function to handle CPU being onlined. Longer term, we want to
+ * make TINY_RCU avoid using rcupdate.c, but later...
+ */
+int rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+{
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Wait for a grace period to elapse. But it is illegal to invoke
+ * synchronize_sched() from within an RCU read-side critical section.
+ * Therefore, any legal call to synchronize_sched() is a quiescent
+ * state, and so on a UP system, synchronize_sched() need do nothing.
+ * Ditto for synchronize_rcu_bh(). (But Lai Jiangshan points out the
+ * benefits of doing might_sleep() to reduce latency.)
+ *
+ * Cool, huh? (Due to Josh Triplett.)
+ *
+ * But we want to make this a static inline later.
+ */
+void synchronize_sched(void)
+{
+ cond_resched();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched);
+
+void synchronize_rcu_bh(void)
+{
+ synchronize_sched();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu_bh);
+
+/*
+ * Helper function for call_rcu() and call_rcu_bh().
+ */
+static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
+ void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
+ struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ head->func = func;
+ head->next = NULL;
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ *rcp->curtail = head;
+ rcp->curtail = &head->next;
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Post an RCU callback to be invoked after the end of an RCU grace
+ * period. But since we have but one CPU, that would be after any
+ * quiescent state.
+ */
+void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
+ void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
+{
+ __call_rcu(head, func, &rcu_ctrlblk);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
+
+/*
+ * Post an RCU bottom-half callback to be invoked after any subsequent
+ * quiescent state.
+ */
+void call_rcu_bh(struct rcu_head *head,
+ void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
+{
+ __call_rcu(head, func, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_bh);
+
+void rcu_barrier(void)
+{
+ struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+
+ init_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ /* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
+ call_rcu(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
+ /* Wait for it. */
+ wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);
+
+void rcu_barrier_bh(void)
+{
+ struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+
+ init_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ /* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
+ call_rcu_bh(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
+ /* Wait for it. */
+ wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_bh);
+
+void rcu_barrier_sched(void)
+{
+ struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+
+ init_completion(&rcu.completion);
+ /* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
+ call_rcu_sched(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
+ /* Wait for it. */
+ wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_sched);
+
+void __rcu_init(void)
+{
+ open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks);
+}
--
1.5.2.5


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-10-26 03:07    [from the cache]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site