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SubjectRe: [PATCH tip/core/rcu 2/6] rcu: prevent RCU IPI storms in presence of high call_rcu() load
On Thu, Oct 15, 2009 at 05:31:04AM +0200, Nick Piggin wrote:
> Hi Paul,
>
> I wonder why you don't just use the existing relaxed logic in
> force_quiescent_state? Is it because you are worried about
> different granularity of jiffies, and cases where RCU callbacks
> are being processed much more quickly than 1 jiffy? (this would
> make sense, I'm just asking because I'm curious as to your
> thinking behind it).

This code is designed to handle the case where the kernel is generating
callbacks quickly enough that you cannot afford to wait for the normal
time that force_quiescent_state() would be invoked. So, if callbacks
are piling up too quickly, do a force_quiescent_state() -- but only
one during such an interval in order to keep the IPIs and lock
contention down to a dull roar.

Quite possibly in need of further tuning or modification, hence the
request for testing.

> Thanks, and yes I will give this a test and let you know how
> it goes.

Look forward to seeing the results!

Thanx, Paul

> On Wed, Oct 14, 2009 at 10:15:55AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > From: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> >
> > As the number of callbacks on a given CPU rises, invoke
> > force_quiescent_state() only every blimit number of callbacks
> > (defaults to 10,000), and even then only if no other CPU has invoked
> > force_quiescent_state() in the meantime.
> >
> > Reported-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>
> > Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
> > ---
> > kernel/rcutree.c | 29 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
> > kernel/rcutree.h | 4 ++++
> > 2 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
> > index 705f02a..ddbf111 100644
> > --- a/kernel/rcutree.c
> > +++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
> > @@ -958,7 +958,7 @@ static void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
> > * Invoke any RCU callbacks that have made it to the end of their grace
> > * period. Thottle as specified by rdp->blimit.
> > */
> > -static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
> > +static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
> > {
> > unsigned long flags;
> > struct rcu_head *next, *list, **tail;
> > @@ -1011,6 +1011,13 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
> > if (rdp->blimit == LONG_MAX && rdp->qlen <= qlowmark)
> > rdp->blimit = blimit;
> >
> > + /* Reset ->qlen_last_fqs_check trigger if enough CBs have drained. */
> > + if (rdp->qlen == 0 && rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check != 0) {
> > + rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = 0;
> > + rdp->n_force_qs_snap = rsp->n_force_qs;
> > + } else if (rdp->qlen < rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check - qhimark)
> > + rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = rdp->qlen;
> > +
> > local_irq_restore(flags);
> >
> > /* Re-raise the RCU softirq if there are callbacks remaining. */
> > @@ -1224,7 +1231,7 @@ __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
> > }
> >
> > /* If there are callbacks ready, invoke them. */
> > - rcu_do_batch(rdp);
> > + rcu_do_batch(rsp, rdp);
> > }
> >
> > /*
> > @@ -1288,10 +1295,20 @@ __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu),
> > rcu_start_gp(rsp, nestflag); /* releases rnp_root->lock. */
> > }
> >
> > - /* Force the grace period if too many callbacks or too long waiting. */
> > - if (unlikely(++rdp->qlen > qhimark)) {
> > + /*
> > + * Force the grace period if too many callbacks or too long waiting.
> > + * Enforce hysteresis, and don't invoke force_quiescent_state()
> > + * if some other CPU has recently done so. Also, don't bother
> > + * invoking force_quiescent_state() if the newly enqueued callback
> > + * is the only one waiting for a grace period to complete.
> > + */
> > + if (unlikely(++rdp->qlen > rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check + qhimark)) {
> > rdp->blimit = LONG_MAX;
> > - force_quiescent_state(rsp, 0);
> > + if (rsp->n_force_qs == rdp->n_force_qs_snap &&
> > + *rdp->nxttail[RCU_DONE_TAIL] != head)
> > + force_quiescent_state(rsp, 0);
> > + rdp->n_force_qs_snap = rsp->n_force_qs;
> > + rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = rdp->qlen;
> > } else if ((long)(ACCESS_ONCE(rsp->jiffies_force_qs) - jiffies) < 0)
> > force_quiescent_state(rsp, 1);
> > local_irq_restore(flags);
> > @@ -1523,6 +1540,8 @@ rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp, int preemptable)
> > rdp->beenonline = 1; /* We have now been online. */
> > rdp->preemptable = preemptable;
> > rdp->passed_quiesc_completed = lastcomp - 1;
> > + rdp->qlen_last_fqs_check = 0;
> > + rdp->n_force_qs_snap = rsp->n_force_qs;
> > rdp->blimit = blimit;
> > spin_unlock(&rnp->lock); /* irqs remain disabled. */
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
> > index b40ac57..599161f 100644
> > --- a/kernel/rcutree.h
> > +++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
> > @@ -167,6 +167,10 @@ struct rcu_data {
> > struct rcu_head *nxtlist;
> > struct rcu_head **nxttail[RCU_NEXT_SIZE];
> > long qlen; /* # of queued callbacks */
> > + long qlen_last_fqs_check;
> > + /* qlen at last check for QS forcing */
> > + unsigned long n_force_qs_snap;
> > + /* did other CPU force QS recently? */
> > long blimit; /* Upper limit on a processed batch */
> >
> > #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
> > --
> > 1.5.2.5


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