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Subject[tip:core/rcu] rcu: Make hot-unplugged CPU relinquish its own RCU callbacks
Commit-ID:  69e1a644f2ee46829fa3e8256c3e958a9ea1d5b8
Gitweb: http://git.kernel.org/tip/69e1a644f2ee46829fa3e8256c3e958a9ea1d5b8
Author: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
AuthorDate: Mon, 28 Sep 2009 21:50:23 -0700
Committer: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
CommitDate: Thu, 1 Oct 2009 09:18:55 +0200

rcu: Make hot-unplugged CPU relinquish its own RCU callbacks

The current interaction between RCU and CPU hotplug requires that
RCU block in CPU notifiers waiting for callbacks to drain.

This can be greatly simplified by having each CPU relinquish its
own callbacks, and for both _rcu_barrier() and CPU_DEAD notifiers
to adopt all callbacks that were previously relinquished.

This change also eliminates the possibility of certain types of
hangs due to the previous practice of waiting for callbacks to be
invoked from within CPU notifiers.

If you don't ever wait, you cannot hang.

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca>
Cc: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com
Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com
Cc: akpm@linux-foundation.org
Cc: josh@joshtriplett.org
Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com
Cc: niv@us.ibm.com
Cc: peterz@infradead.org
Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org
Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu
Cc: dhowells@redhat.com
LKML-Reference: <1254199823589-git-send-email->
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>


---
kernel/rcutree.c | 151 ++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------
kernel/rcutree.h | 11 +++-
kernel/rcutree_plugin.h | 34 +++++++++++
kernel/rcutree_trace.c | 4 +-
4 files changed, 125 insertions(+), 75 deletions(-)
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.c b/kernel/rcutree.c
index 0108570..d8d9865 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.c
@@ -63,6 +63,9 @@
.gpnum = -300, \
.completed = -300, \
.onofflock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&name.onofflock), \
+ .orphan_cbs_list = NULL, \
+ .orphan_cbs_tail = &name.orphan_cbs_list, \
+ .orphan_qlen = 0, \
.fqslock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&name.fqslock), \
.n_force_qs = 0, \
.n_force_qs_ngp = 0, \
@@ -838,17 +841,63 @@ rcu_check_quiescent_state(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU

/*
+ * Move a dying CPU's RCU callbacks to the ->orphan_cbs_list for the
+ * specified flavor of RCU. The callbacks will be adopted by the next
+ * _rcu_barrier() invocation or by the CPU_DEAD notifier, whichever
+ * comes first. Because this is invoked from the CPU_DYING notifier,
+ * irqs are already disabled.
+ */
+static void rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = rsp->rda[smp_processor_id()];
+
+ if (rdp->nxtlist == NULL)
+ return; /* irqs disabled, so comparison is stable. */
+ spin_lock(&rsp->onofflock); /* irqs already disabled. */
+ *rsp->orphan_cbs_tail = rdp->nxtlist;
+ rsp->orphan_cbs_tail = rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL];
+ rdp->nxtlist = NULL;
+ for (i = 0; i < RCU_NEXT_SIZE; i++)
+ rdp->nxttail[i] = &rdp->nxtlist;
+ rsp->orphan_qlen += rdp->qlen;
+ rdp->qlen = 0;
+ spin_unlock(&rsp->onofflock); /* irqs remain disabled. */
+}
+
+/*
+ * Adopt previously orphaned RCU callbacks.
+ */
+static void rcu_adopt_orphan_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&rsp->onofflock, flags);
+ rdp = rsp->rda[smp_processor_id()];
+ if (rsp->orphan_cbs_list == NULL) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rsp->onofflock, flags);
+ return;
+ }
+ *rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = rsp->orphan_cbs_list;
+ rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = rsp->orphan_cbs_tail;
+ rdp->qlen += rsp->orphan_qlen;
+ rsp->orphan_cbs_list = NULL;
+ rsp->orphan_cbs_tail = &rsp->orphan_cbs_list;
+ rsp->orphan_qlen = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rsp->onofflock, flags);
+}
+
+/*
* Remove the outgoing CPU from the bitmasks in the rcu_node hierarchy
* and move all callbacks from the outgoing CPU to the current one.
*/
static void __rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
- int i;
unsigned long flags;
long lastcomp;
unsigned long mask;
struct rcu_data *rdp = rsp->rda[cpu];
- struct rcu_data *rdp_me;
struct rcu_node *rnp;

/* Exclude any attempts to start a new grace period. */
@@ -871,32 +920,9 @@ static void __rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp)
} while (rnp != NULL);
lastcomp = rsp->completed;

- spin_unlock(&rsp->onofflock); /* irqs remain disabled. */
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rsp->onofflock, flags);

- /*
- * Move callbacks from the outgoing CPU to the running CPU.
- * Note that the outgoing CPU is now quiescent, so it is now
- * (uncharacteristically) safe to access its rcu_data structure.
- * Note also that we must carefully retain the order of the
- * outgoing CPU's callbacks in order for rcu_barrier() to work
- * correctly. Finally, note that we start all the callbacks
- * afresh, even those that have passed through a grace period
- * and are therefore ready to invoke. The theory is that hotplug
- * events are rare, and that if they are frequent enough to
- * indefinitely delay callbacks, you have far worse things to
- * be worrying about.
- */
- if (rdp->nxtlist != NULL) {
- rdp_me = rsp->rda[smp_processor_id()];
- *rdp_me->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = rdp->nxtlist;
- rdp_me->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL] = rdp->nxttail[RCU_NEXT_TAIL];
- rdp->nxtlist = NULL;
- for (i = 0; i < RCU_NEXT_SIZE; i++)
- rdp->nxttail[i] = &rdp->nxtlist;
- rdp_me->qlen += rdp->qlen;
- rdp->qlen = 0;
- }
- local_irq_restore(flags);
+ rcu_adopt_orphan_cbs(rsp);
}

/*
@@ -914,6 +940,14 @@ static void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)

#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */

+static void rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+}
+
+static void rcu_adopt_orphan_cbs(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+}
+
static void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
{
}
@@ -1367,9 +1401,6 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_head, rcu_barrier_head) = {NULL};
static atomic_t rcu_barrier_cpu_count;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(rcu_barrier_mutex);
static struct completion rcu_barrier_completion;
-static atomic_t rcu_migrate_type_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
-static struct rcu_head rcu_migrate_head[3];
-static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(rcu_migrate_wq);

static void rcu_barrier_callback(struct rcu_head *notused)
{
@@ -1392,21 +1423,16 @@ static void rcu_barrier_func(void *type)
call_rcu_func(head, rcu_barrier_callback);
}

-static inline void wait_migrated_callbacks(void)
-{
- wait_event(rcu_migrate_wq, !atomic_read(&rcu_migrate_type_count));
- smp_mb(); /* In case we didn't sleep. */
-}
-
/*
* Orchestrate the specified type of RCU barrier, waiting for all
* RCU callbacks of the specified type to complete.
*/
-static void _rcu_barrier(void (*call_rcu_func)(struct rcu_head *head,
+static void _rcu_barrier(struct rcu_state *rsp,
+ void (*call_rcu_func)(struct rcu_head *head,
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head)))
{
BUG_ON(in_interrupt());
- /* Take cpucontrol mutex to protect against CPU hotplug */
+ /* Take mutex to serialize concurrent rcu_barrier() requests. */
mutex_lock(&rcu_barrier_mutex);
init_completion(&rcu_barrier_completion);
/*
@@ -1419,29 +1445,22 @@ static void _rcu_barrier(void (*call_rcu_func)(struct rcu_head *head,
* early.
*/
atomic_set(&rcu_barrier_cpu_count, 1);
+ preempt_disable(); /* stop CPU_DYING from filling orphan_cbs_list */
+ rcu_adopt_orphan_cbs(rsp);
on_each_cpu(rcu_barrier_func, (void *)call_rcu_func, 1);
+ preempt_enable(); /* CPU_DYING can again fill orphan_cbs_list */
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rcu_barrier_cpu_count))
complete(&rcu_barrier_completion);
wait_for_completion(&rcu_barrier_completion);
mutex_unlock(&rcu_barrier_mutex);
- wait_migrated_callbacks();
-}
-
-/**
- * rcu_barrier - Wait until all in-flight call_rcu() callbacks complete.
- */
-void rcu_barrier(void)
-{
- _rcu_barrier(call_rcu);
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);

/**
* rcu_barrier_bh - Wait until all in-flight call_rcu_bh() callbacks complete.
*/
void rcu_barrier_bh(void)
{
- _rcu_barrier(call_rcu_bh);
+ _rcu_barrier(&rcu_bh_state, call_rcu_bh);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_bh);

@@ -1450,16 +1469,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_bh);
*/
void rcu_barrier_sched(void)
{
- _rcu_barrier(call_rcu_sched);
+ _rcu_barrier(&rcu_sched_state, call_rcu_sched);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier_sched);

-static void rcu_migrate_callback(struct rcu_head *notused)
-{
- if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rcu_migrate_type_count))
- wake_up(&rcu_migrate_wq);
-}
-
/*
* Do boot-time initialization of a CPU's per-CPU RCU data.
*/
@@ -1556,27 +1569,21 @@ int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
case CPU_UP_PREPARE_FROZEN:
rcu_online_cpu(cpu);
break;
- case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE:
- case CPU_DOWN_PREPARE_FROZEN:
- /* Don't need to wait until next removal operation. */
- /* rcu_migrate_head is protected by cpu_add_remove_lock */
- wait_migrated_callbacks();
- break;
case CPU_DYING:
case CPU_DYING_FROZEN:
/*
- * preempt_disable() in on_each_cpu() prevents stop_machine(),
+ * preempt_disable() in _rcu_barrier() prevents stop_machine(),
* so when "on_each_cpu(rcu_barrier_func, (void *)type, 1);"
- * returns, all online cpus have queued rcu_barrier_func(),
- * and the dead cpu(if it exist) queues rcu_migrate_callback()s.
- *
- * These callbacks ensure _rcu_barrier() waits for all
- * RCU callbacks of the specified type to complete.
+ * returns, all online cpus have queued rcu_barrier_func().
+ * The dying CPU clears its cpu_online_mask bit and
+ * moves all of its RCU callbacks to ->orphan_cbs_list
+ * in the context of stop_machine(), so subsequent calls
+ * to _rcu_barrier() will adopt these callbacks and only
+ * then queue rcu_barrier_func() on all remaining CPUs.
*/
- atomic_set(&rcu_migrate_type_count, 3);
- call_rcu_bh(rcu_migrate_head, rcu_migrate_callback);
- call_rcu_sched(rcu_migrate_head + 1, rcu_migrate_callback);
- call_rcu(rcu_migrate_head + 2, rcu_migrate_callback);
+ rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(&rcu_bh_state);
+ rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(&rcu_sched_state);
+ rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_orphanage();
break;
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
index 676eecd..b40ac57 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
@@ -244,7 +244,15 @@ struct rcu_state {
/* End of fields guarded by root rcu_node's lock. */

spinlock_t onofflock; /* exclude on/offline and */
- /* starting new GP. */
+ /* starting new GP. Also */
+ /* protects the following */
+ /* orphan_cbs fields. */
+ struct rcu_head *orphan_cbs_list; /* list of rcu_head structs */
+ /* orphaned by all CPUs in */
+ /* a given leaf rcu_node */
+ /* going offline. */
+ struct rcu_head **orphan_cbs_tail; /* And tail pointer. */
+ long orphan_qlen; /* Number of orphaned cbs. */
spinlock_t fqslock; /* Only one task forcing */
/* quiescent states. */
unsigned long jiffies_force_qs; /* Time at which to invoke */
@@ -305,6 +313,7 @@ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu));
static int rcu_preempt_pending(int cpu);
static int rcu_preempt_needs_cpu(int cpu);
static void __cpuinit rcu_preempt_init_percpu_data(int cpu);
+static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_orphanage(void);
static void __init __rcu_init_preempt(void);

#endif /* #else #ifdef RCU_TREE_NONCORE */
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
index 57200fe..c0cb783 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_plugin.h
@@ -410,6 +410,15 @@ static int rcu_preempt_needs_cpu(int cpu)
return !!per_cpu(rcu_preempt_data, cpu).nxtlist;
}

+/**
+ * rcu_barrier - Wait until all in-flight call_rcu() callbacks complete.
+ */
+void rcu_barrier(void)
+{
+ _rcu_barrier(&rcu_preempt_state, call_rcu);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);
+
/*
* Initialize preemptable RCU's per-CPU data.
*/
@@ -419,6 +428,14 @@ static void __cpuinit rcu_preempt_init_percpu_data(int cpu)
}

/*
+ * Move preemptable RCU's callbacks to ->orphan_cbs_list.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_orphanage(void)
+{
+ rcu_send_cbs_to_orphanage(&rcu_preempt_state);
+}
+
+/*
* Initialize preemptable RCU's state structures.
*/
static void __init __rcu_init_preempt(void)
@@ -564,6 +581,16 @@ static int rcu_preempt_needs_cpu(int cpu)
}

/*
+ * Because preemptable RCU does not exist, rcu_barrier() is just
+ * another name for rcu_barrier_sched().
+ */
+void rcu_barrier(void)
+{
+ rcu_barrier_sched();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);
+
+/*
* Because preemptable RCU does not exist, there is no per-CPU
* data to initialize.
*/
@@ -572,6 +599,13 @@ static void __cpuinit rcu_preempt_init_percpu_data(int cpu)
}

/*
+ * Because there is no preemptable RCU, there are no callbacks to move.
+ */
+static void rcu_preempt_send_cbs_to_orphanage(void)
+{
+}
+
+/*
* Because preemptable RCU does not exist, it need not be initialized.
*/
static void __init __rcu_init_preempt(void)
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
index f09af28..4b31c77 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/rcutree_trace.c
@@ -159,13 +159,13 @@ static void print_one_rcu_state(struct seq_file *m, struct rcu_state *rsp)
struct rcu_node *rnp;

seq_printf(m, "c=%ld g=%ld s=%d jfq=%ld j=%x "
- "nfqs=%lu/nfqsng=%lu(%lu) fqlh=%lu\n",
+ "nfqs=%lu/nfqsng=%lu(%lu) fqlh=%lu oqlen=%ld\n",
rsp->completed, rsp->gpnum, rsp->signaled,
(long)(rsp->jiffies_force_qs - jiffies),
(int)(jiffies & 0xffff),
rsp->n_force_qs, rsp->n_force_qs_ngp,
rsp->n_force_qs - rsp->n_force_qs_ngp,
- rsp->n_force_qs_lh);
+ rsp->n_force_qs_lh, rsp->orphan_qlen);
for (rnp = &rsp->node[0]; rnp - &rsp->node[0] < NUM_RCU_NODES; rnp++) {
if (rnp->level != level) {
seq_puts(m, "\n");

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