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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCHSET] workqueue: implement concurrency managed workqueue
Jens Axboe wrote:
> On Thu, Oct 01 2009, Tejun Heo wrote:
>> I'm attaching test-wq source and Makefile which I used to verify each
>> aspect of the new workqueue. It's pretty easy to write new test
>> scenarios using the module so if you're interested in how this
>> actually work, it is quite useful.
>
> BTW, you forgot to attach the test-wq source.
>

Oooh... right, here they are.

--
tejun
obj-m := test-wq.o
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>

#define MAX_WQ_NAME 64
#define MAX_WQS 64
#define MAX_WORKS 64

struct wq_spec {
int id; /* -1 terminates */
unsigned int flags;
};

enum action {
ACT_TERM, /* end */
ACT_LOG, /* const char * */
ACT_BURN, /* ulong duration_msecs */
ACT_SLEEP, /* ulong duration_msecs */
ACT_WAKEUP, /* ulong work_id */
ACT_REQUEUE, /* ulong delay_msecs */
ACT_FLUSH, /* ulong work_id */
ACT_FLUSH_WQ, /* ulong workqueue_id */
ACT_CANCEL, /* ulong work_id */
};

struct work_action {
enum action action; /* ACT_TERM terminates */
union {
unsigned long v;
const char *s;
};
};

struct work_spec {
int id; /* -1 terminates */
int wq_id;
int requeue_cnt;
unsigned int cpu;
unsigned long initial_delay; /* msecs */

const struct work_action *actions;
};

struct test_scenario {
const struct wq_spec *wq_spec;
const struct work_spec **work_spec; /* NULL terminated */
};

static const struct wq_spec dfl_wq_spec[] = {
{
.id = 0,
.flags = 0,
},
{
.id = 1,
.flags = 0,
},
{
.id = 2,
.flags = WQ_RESCUER,
},
{
.id = 3,
.flags = WQ_FREEZEABLE,
},
{ .id = -1 },
};

/*
* Scenario 0. All are on cpu0. work16 and 17 burn cpus for 10 and
* 5msecs respectively and requeue themselves. 18 sleeps 2 secs and
* cancel both.
*/
static const struct work_spec work_spec0[] = {
{
.id = 16,
.requeue_cnt = 1024,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_BURN, { 10 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 0 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 17,
.requeue_cnt = 1024,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_BURN, { 5 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 0 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 18,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "will sleep 2s and cancel both" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 2000 }},
{ ACT_CANCEL, { 16 }},
{ ACT_CANCEL, { 17 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{ .id = -1 },
};

static const struct test_scenario scenario0 = {
.wq_spec = dfl_wq_spec,
.work_spec =
(const struct work_spec *[]) { work_spec0, NULL },
};

/*
* Scenario 1. All are on cpu0. Work 0, 1 and 2 sleep for different
* intervals but all three will terminate at around 30secs. 3 starts
* at @28 and 4 at @33 and both sleep for five secs and then
* terminate. 5 waits for 0, 1, 2 and then flush wq which by the time
* should have 3 on it. After 3 completes @32, 5 terminates too.
* After 4 secs, 4 terminates and all test sequence is done.
*/
static const struct work_spec work_spec1[] = {
{
.id = 0,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_BURN, { 3 }}, /* to cause sched activation */
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "will sleep 30s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 30000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_BURN, { 5 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "will sleep 10s and burn 5msec and repeat 3 times" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 10000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 5 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@10s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 10000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 5 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@20s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 10000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 5 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@30s" }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 2,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "will sleep 3s and burn 1msec and repeat 10 times" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@3s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@6s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@9s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@12s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@15s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@18s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@21s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@24s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@27s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 3000 }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 1 }},
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "@30s" }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 3,
.initial_delay = 29000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "started@28s, will sleep for 5s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
}
},
{
.id = 4,
.initial_delay = 33000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "started@33s, will sleep for 5s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
}
},
{
.id = 5,
.wq_id = 1, /* can't flush self */
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "flushing 0, 1 and 2" }},
{ ACT_FLUSH, { 0 }},
{ ACT_FLUSH, { 1 }},
{ ACT_FLUSH, { 2 }},
{ ACT_FLUSH_WQ, { 0 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{ .id = -1 },
};

static const struct test_scenario scenario1 = {
.wq_spec = dfl_wq_spec,
.work_spec =
(const struct work_spec *[]) { work_spec1, NULL },
};

/*
* Scenario 2. Combination of scenario 0 and 1.
*/
static const struct test_scenario scenario2 = {
.wq_spec = dfl_wq_spec,
.work_spec =
(const struct work_spec *[]) { work_spec0, work_spec1, NULL },
};

/*
* Scenario 3. More complex flushing.
*
* 2:burn 2s 3:4s
* <----> <---------->
* 0:4s 1:4s
* <----------> <..----------->
* ^ ^
* | |
* | |
* 4:flush(cpu0) flush_wq
* 5:flush(cpu0) flush
* 6:flush(cpu1) flush_wq
* 7:flush(cpu1) flush
*/
static const struct work_spec work_spec2[] = {
{
.id = 0,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 4s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 4000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 1,
.initial_delay = 6000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 4s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 4000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 2,
.initial_delay = 5000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "burning 2s" }},
{ ACT_BURN, { 2000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 3,
.initial_delay = 9000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 4s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 4000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},

{
.id = 4,
.wq_id = 1,
.initial_delay = 1000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_FLUSH, { 0 }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 2500 }},
{ ACT_FLUSH_WQ, { 0 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 5,
.wq_id = 1,
.initial_delay = 1000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_FLUSH, { 0 }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 2500 }},
{ ACT_FLUSH, { 1 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 6,
.wq_id = 1,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 1000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_FLUSH, { 0 }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 2500 }},
{ ACT_FLUSH_WQ, { 0 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 7,
.wq_id = 1,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 1000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_FLUSH, { 0 }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 2500 }},
{ ACT_FLUSH, { 1 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{ .id = -1 },
};

static const struct test_scenario scenario3 = {
.wq_spec = dfl_wq_spec,
.work_spec =
(const struct work_spec *[]) { work_spec2, NULL },
};

/*
* Scenario 4. Mayday! To be used with MAX_CPU_WORKERS_ORDER reduced
* to 2.
*/
static const struct work_spec work_spec4[] = {
{
.id = 0,
.requeue_cnt = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 5s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 1,
.requeue_cnt = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 5s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 2,
.requeue_cnt = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 5s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 3,
.requeue_cnt = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 5s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 4,
.wq_id = 2,
.requeue_cnt = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 1s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 1000 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 5,
.wq_id = 2,
.requeue_cnt = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 1s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 1000 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 6,
.wq_id = 2,
.requeue_cnt = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 1s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 1000 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 7,
.wq_id = 2,
.requeue_cnt = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 1s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 1000 }},
{ ACT_REQUEUE, { 5000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{ .id = -1 },
};

static const struct test_scenario scenario4 = {
.wq_spec = dfl_wq_spec,
.work_spec =
(const struct work_spec *[]) { work_spec4, NULL },
};

/*
* Scenario 5. To test cpu off/onlining. A bunch of long running
* tasks on cpu1. Gets interesting with various other conditions
* applied together - lowered MAX_CPU_WORKERS_ORDER, induced failure
* or delay during CPU_DOWN/UP_PREPARE and so on.
*/
static const struct work_spec work_spec5[] = {
/* runs for 30 secs */
{
.id = 0,
.cpu = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 30s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 30000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 1,
.cpu = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 30s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 30000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 2,
.cpu = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 30s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 30000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 3,
.cpu = 1,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 30s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 30000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},

/* kicks in @15 and runs for 15 from wq0 */
{
.id = 4,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 15000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 15s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 15000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 5,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 15000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 15s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 15000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 6,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 15000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 15s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 15000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 7,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 15000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 15s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 15000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},

/* kicks in @15 and runs for 15 from wq2 */
{
.id = 8,
.wq_id = 2,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 15000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 15s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 15000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 9,
.wq_id = 2,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 15000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 15s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 15000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},

/* kicks in @30 and runs for 15 */
{
.id = 10,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 30000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 15s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 15000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 11,
.cpu = 1,
.initial_delay = 30000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 15s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 15000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},

{ .id = -1 },
};

static const struct test_scenario scenario5 = {
.wq_spec = dfl_wq_spec,
.work_spec =
(const struct work_spec *[]) { work_spec5, NULL },
};

/*
* Scenario 6. Scenario to test freezeable workqueue. User should
* freeze the machine between 0s and 9s.
*
* 0,1:sleep 10s
* <-------->
* <--freezing--><--frozen--><-thawed
* 2,3: sleeps for 10s
* <.....................-------->
* <.....................-------->
*/
static const struct work_spec work_spec6[] = {
/* two works which get queued @0s and sleeps for 10s */
{
.id = 0,
.wq_id = 3,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 10s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 10000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 1,
.wq_id = 3,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 10s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 10000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
/* two works which get queued @9s and sleeps for 10s */
{
.id = 2,
.wq_id = 3,
.initial_delay = 9000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 10s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 10000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},
{
.id = 3,
.wq_id = 3,
.initial_delay = 9000,
.actions = (const struct work_action[]) {
{ ACT_LOG, { .s = "sleeping for 10s" }},
{ ACT_SLEEP, { 10000 }},
{ ACT_TERM },
},
},

{ .id = -1 },
};

static const struct test_scenario scenario6 = {
.wq_spec = dfl_wq_spec,
.work_spec =
(const struct work_spec *[]) { work_spec6, NULL },
};

static const struct test_scenario *scenarios[] = {
&scenario0, &scenario1, &scenario2, &scenario3, &scenario4, &scenario5,
&scenario6,
};

/*
* Execute
*/
static struct task_struct *sequencer;
static char wq_names[MAX_WQS][MAX_WQ_NAME];
static struct workqueue_struct *wqs[MAX_WQS];
static struct delayed_work dworks[MAX_WORKS];
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
static struct lock_class_key wq_lockdep_keys[MAX_WORKS];
static struct lock_class_key dwork_lockdep_keys[MAX_WORKS];
#endif
static const struct work_spec *work_specs[MAX_WORKS];
static bool sleeping[MAX_WORKS];
static wait_queue_head_t wait_heads[MAX_WORKS];
static int requeue_cnt[MAX_WORKS];

static void test_work_fn(struct work_struct *work)
{
int id = to_delayed_work(work) - dworks;
const struct work_spec *spec = work_specs[id];
const struct work_action *act = spec->actions;
int rc;

#define pd(lvl, fmt, args...) \
printk("w%02d/%04d@%d "lvl": "fmt"\n", id, current->pid, raw_smp_processor_id() , ##args);
#define plog(fmt, args...) pd("LOG ", fmt , ##args)
#define pinfo(fmt, args...) pd("INFO", fmt , ##args)
#define perr(fmt, args...) pd("ERR ", fmt , ##args)
repeat:
switch (act->action) {
case ACT_TERM:
pinfo("TERM");
return;
case ACT_LOG:
plog("%s", act->s);
break;
case ACT_BURN:
mdelay(act->v);
break;
case ACT_SLEEP:
sleeping[id] = true;
wait_event_timeout(wait_heads[id], !sleeping[id],
msecs_to_jiffies(act->v));
if (!sleeping[id])
pinfo("somebody woke me up");
sleeping[id] = false;
break;
case ACT_WAKEUP:
if (act->v < MAX_WORKS && sleeping[act->v]) {
pinfo("waking %lu up", act->v);
sleeping[act->v] = false;
wake_up(&wait_heads[act->v]);
} else
perr("trying to wake up non-sleeping work %lu",
act->v);
break;
case ACT_REQUEUE:
if (requeue_cnt[id] > 0 || requeue_cnt[id] < 0) {
int cpu;

get_online_cpus();

if (spec->cpu < nr_cpu_ids && cpu_online(spec->cpu))
cpu = spec->cpu;
else
cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();

if (act->v)
queue_delayed_work_on(cpu, wqs[spec->wq_id],
&dworks[id],
msecs_to_jiffies(act->v));
else
queue_work_on(cpu, wqs[spec->wq_id],
&dworks[id].work);

pinfo("requeued on cpu%d delay=%lumsecs",
cpu, act->v);
if (requeue_cnt[id] > 0)
requeue_cnt[id]--;

put_online_cpus();
} else
pinfo("requeue limit reached");

break;
case ACT_FLUSH:
if (act->v < MAX_WORKS && work_specs[act->v]) {
pinfo("flushing work %lu", act->v);
rc = flush_work(&dworks[act->v].work);
pinfo("flushed work %lu, rc=%d", act->v, rc);
} else
perr("trying to flush non-existent work %lu", act->v);
break;
case ACT_FLUSH_WQ:
if (act->v < MAX_WQS && wqs[act->v]) {
pinfo("flushing workqueue %lu", act->v);
flush_workqueue(wqs[act->v]);
pinfo("flushed workqueue %lu", act->v);
} else
perr("trying to flush non-existent workqueue %lu",
act->v);
break;
case ACT_CANCEL:
if (act->v < MAX_WORKS && work_specs[act->v]) {
pinfo("canceling work %lu", act->v);
rc = cancel_delayed_work_sync(&dworks[act->v]);
pinfo("canceled work %lu, rc=%d", act->v, rc);
} else
perr("trying to cancel non-existent work %lu", act->v);
break;
}
act++;
goto repeat;
}

#define for_each_work_spec(spec, i, scenario) \
for (i = 0, spec = scenario->work_spec[i]; spec; \
spec = (spec + 1)->id >= 0 ? spec + 1 : scenario->work_spec[++i])

static int sequencer_thread(void *__scenario)
{
const struct test_scenario *scenario = __scenario;
const struct wq_spec *wq_spec;
const struct work_spec *work_spec;
int i, id;

for (wq_spec = scenario->wq_spec; wq_spec->id >= 0; wq_spec++) {
if (wq_spec->id >= MAX_WQS) {
printk("ERR : wq id %d too high\n", wq_spec->id);
goto err;
}

if (wqs[wq_spec->id]) {
printk("ERR : wq %d already occupied\n", wq_spec->id);
goto err;
}

snprintf(wq_names[wq_spec->id], MAX_WQ_NAME, "test-wq-%02d",
wq_spec->id);
wqs[wq_spec->id] = __create_workqueue_key(wq_names[wq_spec->id],
wq_spec->flags,
&wq_lockdep_keys[wq_spec->id],
wq_names[wq_spec->id]);
if (!wqs[wq_spec->id]) {
printk("ERR : failed create wq %d\n", wq_spec->id);
goto err;
}
}

for_each_work_spec(work_spec, i, scenario) {
struct delayed_work *dwork = &dworks[work_spec->id];
struct workqueue_struct *wq = wqs[work_spec->wq_id];

if (work_spec->id >= MAX_WORKS) {
printk("ERR : work id %d too high\n", work_spec->id);
goto err;
}

if (!wq) {
printk("ERR : work %d references non-existent wq %d\n",
work_spec->id, work_spec->wq_id);
goto err;
}

if (work_specs[work_spec->id]) {
printk("ERR : work %d already initialized\n",
work_spec->id);
goto err;
}
INIT_DELAYED_WORK(dwork, test_work_fn);
#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
lockdep_init_map(&dwork->work.lockdep_map, "test-dwork",
&dwork_lockdep_keys[work_spec->id], 0);
#endif
work_specs[work_spec->id] = work_spec;
init_waitqueue_head(&wait_heads[work_spec->id]);
requeue_cnt[work_spec->id] = work_spec->requeue_cnt ?: -1;
}

for_each_work_spec(work_spec, i, scenario) {
struct delayed_work *dwork = &dworks[work_spec->id];
struct workqueue_struct *wq = wqs[work_spec->wq_id];
int cpu;

get_online_cpus();

if (work_spec->cpu < nr_cpu_ids && cpu_online(work_spec->cpu))
cpu = work_spec->cpu;
else
cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();

if (work_spec->initial_delay)
queue_delayed_work_on(cpu, wq, dwork,
msecs_to_jiffies(work_spec->initial_delay));
else
queue_work_on(cpu, wq, &dwork->work);

put_online_cpus();
}

set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
schedule();
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
}
set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);

err:
for (id = 0; id < MAX_WORKS; id++)
if (work_specs[id])
cancel_delayed_work_sync(&dworks[id]);
for (id = 0; id < MAX_WQS; id++)
if (wqs[id])
destroy_workqueue(wqs[id]);

set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
schedule();
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
}

return 0;
}

static int scenario_switch = -1;
module_param_named(scenario, scenario_switch, int, 0444);

static int __init test_init(void)
{
if (scenario_switch < 0 || scenario_switch >= ARRAY_SIZE(scenarios)) {
printk("TEST WQ - no such scenario\n");
return -EINVAL;
}

printk("TEST WQ - executing scenario %d\n", scenario_switch);
sequencer = kthread_run(sequencer_thread,
(void *)scenarios[scenario_switch],
"test-wq-sequencer");
if (IS_ERR(sequencer))
return PTR_ERR(sequencer);
return 0;
}

static void __exit test_exit(void)
{
kthread_stop(sequencer);
}

module_init(test_init);
module_exit(test_exit);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
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