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Subject[PATCH 4/6] integrity: IMA policy
Date
Support for a user loadable policy through securityfs
with support for LSM specific policy data.

Based on comments made by: Matt Helsley, Serge Hallyn
- replaced policy parsing code with version using strsep and match_token
- only replace default policy with a valid policy

Signed-off-by: Mimi Zohar <zohar@us.ibm.com>
---
diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/ima_policy b/Documentation/ABI/testing/ima_policy
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..6434f0d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/ima_policy
@@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
+What: security/ima/policy
+Date: May 2008
+Contact: Mimi Zohar <zohar@us.ibm.com>
+Description:
+ The Trusted Computing Group(TCG) runtime Integrity
+ Measurement Architecture(IMA) maintains a list of hash
+ values of executables and other sensitive system files
+ loaded into the run-time of this system. At runtime,
+ the policy can be constrained based on LSM specific data.
+ Policies are loaded into the securityfs file ima/policy
+ by opening the file, writing the rules one at a time and
+ then closing the file. The new policy takes effect after
+ the file ima/policy is closed.
+
+ rule format: action [condition ...]
+
+ action: measure | dont_measure
+ condition:= base | lsm
+ base: [[func=] [mask=] [fsmagic=] [uid=]]
+ lsm: [[subj_user=] [subj_role=] [subj_type=]
+ [obj_user=] [obj_role=] [obj_type=]]
+
+ base: func:= [BPRM_CHECK][FILE_MMAP][INODE_PERMISSION]
+ mask:= [MAY_READ] [MAY_WRITE] [MAY_APPEND] [MAY_EXEC]
+ fsmagic:= hex value
+ uid:= decimal value
+ lsm: are LSM specific
+
+ default policy:
+ # PROC_SUPER_MAGIC
+ dont_measure fsmagic=0x9fa0
+ # SYSFS_MAGIC
+ dont_measure fsmagic=0x62656572
+ # DEBUGFS_MAGIC
+ dont_measure fsmagic=0x64626720
+ # TMPFS_MAGIC
+ dont_measure fsmagic=0x01021994
+ # SECURITYFS_MAGIC
+ dont_measure fsmagic=0x73636673
+
+ measure func=BPRM_CHECK
+ measure func=FILE_MMAP mask=MAY_EXEC
+ measure func=INODE_PERM mask=MAY_READ uid=0
+
+ The default policy measures all executables in bprm_check,
+ all files mmapped executable in file_mmap, and all files
+ open for read by root in inode_permission.
+
+ Examples of LSM specific definitions:
+
+ SELinux:
+ # SELINUX_MAGIC
+ dont_measure fsmagic=0xF97CFF8C
+
+ dont_measure obj_type=var_log_t
+ dont_measure obj_type=auditd_log_t
+ measure subj_user=system_u func=INODE_PERM mask=MAY_READ
+ measure subj_role=system_r func=INODE_PERM mask=MAY_READ
+
+ Smack:
+ measure subj_user=_ func=INODE_PERM mask=MAY_READ
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/Kconfig b/security/integrity/ima/Kconfig
index 2a761c8..3d2b6ee 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/Kconfig
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/Kconfig
@@ -47,3 +47,9 @@ config IMA_AUDIT
auditing messages can be enabled with 'ima_audit=1' on
the kernel command line.

+config IMA_LSM_RULES
+ bool
+ depends on IMA && (SECURITY_SELINUX || SECURITY_SMACK)
+ default y
+ help
+ Disabling this option will disregard LSM based policy rules
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
index 236b74e..5b72cdb 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima.h
@@ -138,4 +138,28 @@ enum ima_hooks { PATH_CHECK = 1, FILE_MMAP, BPRM_CHECK };
int ima_match_policy(struct inode *inode, enum ima_hooks func, int mask);
void ima_init_policy(void);
void ima_update_policy(void);
+int ima_parse_add_rule(char *);
+void ima_delete_rules(void);
+
+/* LSM based policy rules require audit */
+#ifdef CONFIG_IMA_LSM_RULES
+
+#define security_filter_rule_init security_audit_rule_init
+#define security_filter_rule_match security_audit_rule_match
+
+#else
+
+static inline int security_filter_rule_init(u32 field, u32 op, char *rulestr,
+ void **lsmrule)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+static inline int security_filter_rule_match(u32 secid, u32 field, u32 op,
+ void *lsmrule,
+ struct audit_context *actx)
+{
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_IMA_LSM_RULES */
#endif
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_fs.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_fs.c
index 5044e4c..752a344 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_fs.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_fs.c
@@ -19,9 +19,11 @@
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/rculist.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/parser.h>

#include "ima.h"

+static int valid_policy = 1;
#define TMPBUFLEN 12
static ssize_t ima_show_htable_value(char __user *buf, size_t count,
loff_t *ppos, atomic_long_t *val)
@@ -237,11 +239,66 @@ static struct file_operations ima_ascii_measurements_ops = {
.release = seq_release,
};

+static ssize_t ima_write_policy(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
+ size_t datalen, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ char *data;
+ int rc;
+
+ if (datalen >= PAGE_SIZE)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ if (*ppos != 0) {
+ /* No partial writes. */
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ data = kmalloc(datalen + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!data)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(data, buf, datalen)) {
+ kfree(data);
+ return -EFAULT;
+ }
+ *(data + datalen) = '\0';
+ rc = ima_parse_add_rule(data);
+ if (rc < 0) {
+ datalen = -EINVAL;
+ valid_policy = 0;
+ }
+
+ kfree(data);
+ return datalen;
+}
+
static struct dentry *ima_dir;
static struct dentry *binary_runtime_measurements;
static struct dentry *ascii_runtime_measurements;
static struct dentry *runtime_measurements_count;
static struct dentry *violations;
+static struct dentry *ima_policy;
+
+/*
+ * ima_release_policy - start using the new measure policy rules.
+ *
+ * Initially, ima_measure points to the default policy rules, now
+ * point to the new policy rules, and remove the securityfs policy file.
+ */
+static int ima_release_policy(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ if (!valid_policy) {
+ ima_delete_rules();
+ return 0;
+ }
+ ima_update_policy();
+ securityfs_remove(ima_policy);
+ ima_policy = NULL;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct file_operations ima_measure_policy_ops = {
+ .write = ima_write_policy,
+ .release = ima_release_policy
+};

int ima_fs_init(void)
{
@@ -276,13 +333,20 @@ int ima_fs_init(void)
if (!violations || IS_ERR(violations))
goto out;

- return 0;
+ ima_policy = securityfs_create_file("policy",
+ S_IRUSR | S_IRGRP | S_IWUSR,
+ ima_dir, NULL,
+ &ima_measure_policy_ops);
+ if (!ima_policy || IS_ERR(ima_policy))
+ goto out;

+ return 0;
out:
securityfs_remove(runtime_measurements_count);
securityfs_remove(ascii_runtime_measurements);
securityfs_remove(binary_runtime_measurements);
securityfs_remove(ima_dir);
+ securityfs_remove(ima_policy);
return -1;
}

@@ -293,4 +357,5 @@ void __exit ima_fs_cleanup(void)
securityfs_remove(ascii_runtime_measurements);
securityfs_remove(binary_runtime_measurements);
securityfs_remove(ima_dir);
+ securityfs_remove(ima_policy);
}
diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
index 7c3d1ff..c10e6f6 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_policy.c
@@ -15,6 +15,7 @@
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
+#include <linux/parser.h>

#include "ima.h"

@@ -24,7 +25,12 @@
#define IMA_FSMAGIC 0x0004
#define IMA_UID 0x0008

-enum ima_action { DONT_MEASURE, MEASURE };
+enum ima_action { UNKNOWN = -1, DONT_MEASURE = 0, MEASURE };
+
+#define MAX_LSM_RULES 6
+enum lsm_rule_types { LSM_OBJ_USER, LSM_OBJ_ROLE, LSM_OBJ_TYPE,
+ LSM_SUBJ_USER, LSM_SUBJ_ROLE, LSM_SUBJ_TYPE
+};

struct ima_measure_rule_entry {
struct list_head list;
@@ -34,8 +40,15 @@ struct ima_measure_rule_entry {
int mask;
unsigned long fsmagic;
uid_t uid;
+ struct {
+ void *rule; /* LSM file metadata specific */
+ int type; /* audit type */
+ } lsm[MAX_LSM_RULES];
};

+/* Without LSM specific knowledge, the default policy can only be
+ * written in terms of .action, .func, .mask, .fsmagic, and .uid
+ */
static struct ima_measure_rule_entry default_rules[] = {
{.action = DONT_MEASURE,.fsmagic = PROC_SUPER_MAGIC,
.flags = IMA_FSMAGIC},
@@ -54,8 +67,11 @@ static struct ima_measure_rule_entry default_rules[] = {
};

static LIST_HEAD(measure_default_rules);
+static LIST_HEAD(measure_policy_rules);
static struct list_head *ima_measure;

+static DEFINE_MUTEX(ima_measure_mutex);
+
/**
* ima_match_rules - determine whether an inode matches the measure rule.
* @rule: a pointer to a rule
@@ -69,6 +85,7 @@ static bool ima_match_rules(struct ima_measure_rule_entry *rule,
struct inode *inode, enum ima_hooks func, int mask)
{
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
+ int i;

if ((rule->flags & IMA_FUNC) && rule->func != func)
return false;
@@ -79,6 +96,39 @@ static bool ima_match_rules(struct ima_measure_rule_entry *rule,
return false;
if ((rule->flags & IMA_UID) && rule->uid != tsk->cred->uid)
return false;
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_LSM_RULES; i++) {
+ int rc;
+ u32 osid, sid;
+
+ if (!rule->lsm[i].rule)
+ continue;
+
+ switch (i) {
+ case LSM_OBJ_USER:
+ case LSM_OBJ_ROLE:
+ case LSM_OBJ_TYPE:
+ security_inode_getsecid(inode, &osid);
+ rc = security_filter_rule_match(osid,
+ rule->lsm[i].type,
+ AUDIT_EQUAL,
+ rule->lsm[i].rule,
+ NULL);
+ break;
+ case LSM_SUBJ_USER:
+ case LSM_SUBJ_ROLE:
+ case LSM_SUBJ_TYPE:
+ security_task_getsecid(tsk, &sid);
+ rc = security_filter_rule_match(sid,
+ rule->lsm[i].type,
+ AUDIT_EQUAL,
+ rule->lsm[i].rule,
+ NULL);
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ if (!rc)
+ return false;
+ }
return true;
}

@@ -112,9 +162,8 @@ int ima_match_policy(struct inode *inode, enum ima_hooks func, int mask)
/**
* ima_init_policy - initialize the default measure rules.
*
- * (Could use the default_rules directly, but in policy patch
* ima_measure points to either the measure_default_rules or the
- * the new measure_policy_rules.)
+ * the new measure_policy_rules.
*/
void ima_init_policy(void)
{
@@ -124,3 +173,240 @@ void ima_init_policy(void)
list_add_tail(&default_rules[i].list, &measure_default_rules);
ima_measure = &measure_default_rules;
}
+
+/**
+ * ima_update_policy - update default_rules with new measure rules
+ *
+ * Called on file .release to update the default rules with a complete new
+ * policy. Once updated, the policy is locked, no additional rules can be
+ * added to the policy.
+ */
+void ima_update_policy(void)
+{
+ const char *op = "policy_update";
+ const char *cause = "already exists";
+ int result = 1;
+ int audit_info = 0;
+
+ if (ima_measure == &measure_default_rules) {
+ ima_measure = &measure_policy_rules;
+ cause = "complete";
+ result = 0;
+ }
+ integrity_audit_msg(AUDIT_INTEGRITY_STATUS, NULL,
+ NULL, op, cause, result, audit_info);
+}
+
+enum {
+ Opt_err = -1,
+ Opt_measure = 1, Opt_dont_measure,
+ Opt_obj_user, Opt_obj_role, Opt_obj_type,
+ Opt_subj_user, Opt_subj_role, Opt_subj_type,
+ Opt_func, Opt_mask, Opt_fsmagic, Opt_uid
+};
+
+static match_table_t policy_tokens = {
+ {Opt_measure, "measure"},
+ {Opt_dont_measure, "dont_measure"},
+ {Opt_obj_user, "obj_user=%s"},
+ {Opt_obj_role, "obj_role=%s"},
+ {Opt_obj_type, "obj_type=%s"},
+ {Opt_subj_user, "subj_user=%s"},
+ {Opt_subj_role, "subj_role=%s"},
+ {Opt_subj_type, "subj_type=%s"},
+ {Opt_func, "func=%s"},
+ {Opt_mask, "mask=%s"},
+ {Opt_fsmagic, "fsmagic=%s"},
+ {Opt_uid, "uid=%s"},
+ {Opt_err, NULL}
+};
+
+static int ima_lsm_rule_init(struct ima_measure_rule_entry *entry,
+ char *args, int lsm_rule, int audit_type)
+{
+ int result;
+
+ entry->lsm[lsm_rule].type = audit_type;
+ result = security_filter_rule_init(entry->lsm[lsm_rule].type,
+ AUDIT_EQUAL, args,
+ &entry->lsm[lsm_rule].rule);
+ return result;
+}
+
+static int ima_parse_rule(char *rule, struct ima_measure_rule_entry *entry)
+{
+ struct audit_buffer *ab;
+ char *p;
+ int result = 0;
+
+ ab = audit_log_start(current->audit_context, GFP_KERNEL,
+ AUDIT_INTEGRITY_STATUS);
+
+ entry->action = -1;
+ while ((p = strsep(&rule, " \n")) != NULL) {
+ substring_t args[MAX_OPT_ARGS];
+ int token;
+ unsigned long lnum;
+
+ if (result < 0)
+ break;
+ if (!*p)
+ continue;
+ token = match_token(p, policy_tokens, args);
+ switch (token) {
+ case Opt_measure:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "%s ", "measure");
+ entry->action = MEASURE;
+ break;
+ case Opt_dont_measure:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "%s ", "dont_measure");
+ entry->action = DONT_MEASURE;
+ break;
+ case Opt_func:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "func=%s ", args[0].from);
+ if (strcmp(args[0].from, "PATH_CHECK") == 0)
+ entry->func = PATH_CHECK;
+ else if (strcmp(args[0].from, "FILE_MMAP") == 0)
+ entry->func = FILE_MMAP;
+ else if (strcmp(args[0].from, "BPRM_CHECK") == 0)
+ entry->func = BPRM_CHECK;
+ else
+ result = -EINVAL;
+ if (!result)
+ entry->flags |= IMA_FUNC;
+ break;
+ case Opt_mask:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "mask=%s ", args[0].from);
+ if ((strcmp(args[0].from, "MAY_EXEC")) == 0)
+ entry->mask = MAY_EXEC;
+ else if (strcmp(args[0].from, "MAY_WRITE") == 0)
+ entry->mask = MAY_WRITE;
+ else if (strcmp(args[0].from, "MAY_READ") == 0)
+ entry->mask = MAY_READ;
+ else if (strcmp(args[0].from, "MAY_APPEND") == 0)
+ entry->mask = MAY_APPEND;
+ else
+ result = -EINVAL;
+ if (!result)
+ entry->flags |= IMA_MASK;
+ break;
+ case Opt_fsmagic:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "fsmagic=%s ", args[0].from);
+ result = strict_strtoul(args[0].from, 16,
+ &entry->fsmagic);
+ if (!result)
+ entry->flags |= IMA_FSMAGIC;
+ break;
+ case Opt_uid:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "uid=%s ", args[0].from);
+ result = strict_strtoul(args[0].from, 10, &lnum);
+ if (!result) {
+ entry->uid = (uid_t) lnum;
+ if (entry->uid != lnum)
+ result = -EINVAL;
+ else
+ entry->flags |= IMA_UID;
+ }
+ break;
+ case Opt_obj_user:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "obj_user=%s ", args[0].from);
+ result = ima_lsm_rule_init(entry, args[0].from,
+ LSM_OBJ_USER,
+ AUDIT_OBJ_USER);
+ break;
+ case Opt_obj_role:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "obj_role=%s ", args[0].from);
+ result = ima_lsm_rule_init(entry, args[0].from,
+ LSM_OBJ_ROLE,
+ AUDIT_OBJ_ROLE);
+ break;
+ case Opt_obj_type:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "obj_type=%s ", args[0].from);
+ result = ima_lsm_rule_init(entry, args[0].from,
+ LSM_OBJ_TYPE,
+ AUDIT_OBJ_TYPE);
+ break;
+ case Opt_subj_user:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "subj_user=%s ", args[0].from);
+ result = ima_lsm_rule_init(entry, args[0].from,
+ LSM_SUBJ_USER,
+ AUDIT_SUBJ_USER);
+ break;
+ case Opt_subj_role:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "subj_role=%s ", args[0].from);
+ result = ima_lsm_rule_init(entry, args[0].from,
+ LSM_SUBJ_ROLE,
+ AUDIT_SUBJ_ROLE);
+ break;
+ case Opt_subj_type:
+ audit_log_format(ab, "subj_type=%s ", args[0].from);
+ result = ima_lsm_rule_init(entry, args[0].from,
+ LSM_SUBJ_TYPE,
+ AUDIT_SUBJ_TYPE);
+ break;
+ case Opt_err:
+ printk(KERN_INFO "%s: unknown token: %s\n",
+ __FUNCTION__, p);
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (entry->action == UNKNOWN)
+ result = -EINVAL;
+
+ audit_log_format(ab, "res=%d", result);
+ audit_log_end(ab);
+ return result;
+}
+
+/**
+ * ima_parse_add_rule - add a rule to measure_policy_rules
+ * @rule - ima measurement policy rule
+ *
+ * Uses a mutex to protect the policy list from multiple concurrent writers.
+ * Returns 0 on success, an error code on failure.
+ */
+int ima_parse_add_rule(char *rule)
+{
+ const char *op = "add_rule";
+ struct ima_measure_rule_entry *entry;
+ int result = 0;
+ int audit_info = 0;
+
+ /* Prevent installed policy from changing */
+ if (ima_measure != &measure_default_rules) {
+ integrity_audit_msg(AUDIT_INTEGRITY_STATUS, NULL,
+ NULL, op, "already exists",
+ -EACCES, audit_info);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+
+ entry = kzalloc(sizeof(*entry), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!entry) {
+ integrity_audit_msg(AUDIT_INTEGRITY_STATUS, NULL,
+ NULL, op, "-ENOMEM", -ENOMEM, audit_info);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&entry->list);
+
+ result = ima_parse_rule(rule, entry);
+ if (!result) {
+ mutex_lock(&ima_measure_mutex);
+ list_add_tail(&entry->list, &measure_policy_rules);
+ mutex_unlock(&ima_measure_mutex);
+ }
+ return result;
+}
+
+/* ima_delete_rules called to cleanup invalid policy */
+void ima_delete_rules()
+{
+ struct ima_measure_rule_entry *entry, *tmp;
+
+ mutex_lock(&ima_measure_mutex);
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(entry, tmp, &measure_policy_rules, list) {
+ list_del(&entry->list);
+ kfree(entry);
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&ima_measure_mutex);
+}
--
1.5.6.6


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