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Subject[PATCH 3/3] epoll: add /proc/sys/fs/epoll/limits interface
Date
This is a 6 value vector containing max_user_instances and
max_user_watches constants as well as the current userid and
highest value for any user of these items.

Signed-off-by: Bron Gondwana <brong@fastmail.fm>
---
Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt | 22 +++++++++++++++++++
fs/eventpoll.c | 41 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
include/linux/eventpoll.h | 16 ++++++++++++++
kernel/user.c | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 100 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
index c4debd3..18a69b5 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/proc.txt
@@ -2260,6 +2260,28 @@ low memory, divided for the "watch" cost in bytes.

Setting max_user_watches to '0' makes it unlimited.

+limits
+------
+
+The limits file contains information that can be used to judge the
+appropriateness of your max_user_instances and max_user_watches settings.
+
+This file is read-only, and contains 6 integer values:
+
+instances_uid - the UID of the user with the most instances
+num_user_instances - the number of epoll instances the above UID has
+max_user_instances - the configured maximum (for comparison)
+watches_uid - the UID of the user with the most watches
+num_user_watches - the number of epoll watches the above UID has
+max_user_watches - the configured maximum (for comparison)
+
+By comparing the "num" and "max" values you can see if you are getting
+close to the limit, and then use the UID field to see which user is
+responsible.
+
+(caveat: a daemon like Postfix might create the epoll watch before
+dropping privileges - in this case the watch will be charged to root)
+

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

diff --git a/fs/eventpoll.c b/fs/eventpoll.c
index c6d5c1d..dd4351b 100644
--- a/fs/eventpoll.c
+++ b/fs/eventpoll.c
@@ -234,10 +234,7 @@ struct ep_pqueue {
/*
* Configuration options available inside /proc/sys/fs/epoll/
*/
-/* Maximum number of epoll devices, per user */
-static int max_user_instances __read_mostly;
-/* Maximum number of epoll watched descriptors, per user */
-static int max_user_watches __read_mostly;
+struct epoll_limits_struct epoll_limits;

/*
* This mutex is used to serialize ep_free() and eventpoll_release_file().
@@ -259,10 +256,20 @@ static struct kmem_cache *pwq_cache __read_mostly;

static int zero;

+static int epoll_counts(ctl_table *table, int write, struct file *filp,
+ void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ user_epoll_maximums(&epoll_limits.instances_uid,
+ &epoll_limits.num_user_instances,
+ &epoll_limits.watches_uid,
+ &epoll_limits.num_user_watches);
+ return proc_dointvec(table, write, filp, buffer, lenp, ppos);
+}
+
ctl_table epoll_table[] = {
{
.procname = "max_user_instances",
- .data = &max_user_instances,
+ .data = &epoll_limits.max_user_instances,
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
@@ -270,12 +277,20 @@ ctl_table epoll_table[] = {
},
{
.procname = "max_user_watches",
- .data = &max_user_watches,
+ .data = &epoll_limits.max_user_watches,
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
.mode = 0644,
.proc_handler = &proc_dointvec_minmax,
.extra1 = &zero,
},
+ {
+ .procname = "limits",
+ .data = &epoll_limits,
+ .maxlen = 6*sizeof(int),
+ .mode = 0444,
+ .proc_handler = &epoll_counts,
+ .extra1 = &zero,
+ },
{ .ctl_name = 0 }
};
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
@@ -582,8 +597,9 @@ static int ep_alloc(struct eventpoll **pep)

user = get_current_user();
error = -EMFILE;
- if (unlikely(max_user_instances &&
- (max_user_instances < atomic_read(&user->epoll_devs))))
+ if (unlikely(epoll_limits.max_user_instances &&
+ (epoll_limits.max_user_instances <
+ atomic_read(&user->epoll_devs))))
goto free_uid;
error = -ENOMEM;
ep = kzalloc(sizeof(*ep), GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -761,8 +777,9 @@ static int ep_insert(struct eventpoll *ep, struct epoll_event *event,
struct epitem *epi;
struct ep_pqueue epq;

- if (unlikely(max_user_watches &&
- (max_user_watches < atomic_read(&ep->user->epoll_watches))))
+ if (unlikely(epoll_limits.max_user_watches &&
+ (epoll_limits.max_user_watches <
+ atomic_read(&ep->user->epoll_watches))))
return -ENOSPC;
if (!(epi = kmem_cache_alloc(epi_cache, GFP_KERNEL)))
return -ENOMEM;
@@ -1366,8 +1383,8 @@ static int __init eventpoll_init(void)
struct sysinfo si;

si_meminfo(&si);
- max_user_instances = 1024;
- max_user_watches = (((si.totalram - si.totalhigh) / 32) << PAGE_SHIFT) /
+ epoll_limits.max_user_instances = 1024;
+ epoll_limits.max_user_watches = (((si.totalram - si.totalhigh) / 32) << PAGE_SHIFT) /
EP_ITEM_COST;

/* Initialize the structure used to perform safe poll wait head wake ups */
diff --git a/include/linux/eventpoll.h b/include/linux/eventpoll.h
index f1e1d3c..65565ef 100644
--- a/include/linux/eventpoll.h
+++ b/include/linux/eventpoll.h
@@ -57,6 +57,18 @@ struct file;

#ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL

+/*
+ * Configuration options available inside /proc/sys/fs/epoll/
+ */
+struct epoll_limits_struct {
+ uid_t instances_uid; /* read only */
+ int num_user_instances; /* read only */
+ int max_user_instances; /* tunable */
+ uid_t watches_uid; /* read only */
+ int num_user_watches; /* read only */
+ int max_user_watches; /* tunable */
+};
+
/* Used to initialize the epoll bits inside the "struct file" */
static inline void eventpoll_init_file(struct file *file)
{
@@ -96,6 +108,10 @@ static inline void eventpoll_release(struct file *file)
eventpoll_release_file(file);
}

+extern struct epoll_limits_struct epoll_limits;
+extern void user_epoll_maximums(uid_t *user_devs, int *num_devs,
+ uid_t *user_watches, int *num_watches);
+
#else

static inline void eventpoll_init_file(struct file *file) {}
diff --git a/kernel/user.c b/kernel/user.c
index 477b666..08e2b4f 100644
--- a/kernel/user.c
+++ b/kernel/user.c
@@ -381,6 +381,39 @@ struct user_struct *find_user(uid_t uid)
return ret;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL
+void user_epoll_maximums(uid_t *user_devs, int *max_devs,
+ uid_t *user_watches, int *max_watches)
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct user_struct *user;
+ struct hlist_node *h;
+ int n;
+
+ *max_devs = 0;
+ *user_devs = root_user.uid;
+ *max_watches = 0;
+ *user_watches = root_user.uid;
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&uidhash_lock, flags);
+
+ for(n = 0; n < UIDHASH_SZ; ++n) {
+ hlist_for_each_entry(user, h, init_user_ns.uidhash_table + n, uidhash_node) {
+ if (user->epoll_devs.counter > *max_devs) {
+ *max_devs = user->epoll_devs.counter;
+ *user_devs = user->uid;
+ }
+ if (user->epoll_watches.counter > *max_watches) {
+ *max_watches = user->epoll_watches.counter;
+ *user_watches = user->uid;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_EPOLL */
+
void free_uid(struct user_struct *up)
{
unsigned long flags;
--
1.5.6.3


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