lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2009]   [Jan]   [14]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[GIT PULL] adaptive spinning mutexes

* Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:

> Full series, including changelogs available at:
>
> http://programming.kicks-ass.net/kernel-patches/mutex-adaptive-spin/
>
> and should shortly appear in a git tree near Ingo :-)

Linus,

Please pull the adaptive-mutexes-for-linus git tree from:

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip.git adaptive-mutexes-for-linus

We dropped two fresh patches from v11 for the time being: the two debug
patches, they had test failures [they triggered mutex debugging false
positives].

So this tree is v10 (which got a lot of testing already) plus Chris's
performance patch. It passes all x86 runtime tests here.

The cross build matrix looks good too:

testing 10 architectures.
[ syncing linus ... ]
testing alpha: -git: pass ( 21), -tip: pass ( 21)
testing arm: -git: pass ( 5), -tip: pass ( 5)
testing blackfin: -git: pass ( 20), -tip: pass ( 20)
testing cris: -git: pass ( 32), -tip: pass ( 32)
testing ia64: -git: pass ( 153), -tip: pass ( 153)
testing m32r: -git: pass ( 21), -tip: pass ( 21)
testing m68k: -git: pass ( 34), -tip: pass ( 34)
testing mips: -git: pass ( 4), -tip: pass ( 4)
testing powerpc: -git: pass ( 11), -tip: pass ( 11)
testing sparc: -git: pass ( 0), -tip: pass ( 0)

Passes all and no new warnings.

So in theory this is good enough as a pre-rc2 pull too, should you feel
tempted ;-)

Thanks,

Ingo

------------------>
Chris Mason (1):
mutex: adaptive spinnning, performance tweaks
Peter Zijlstra (3):
mutex: small cleanup
mutex: preemption fixes
mutex: implement adaptive spinning


include/linux/mutex.h | 5 +-
include/linux/sched.h | 2 +
kernel/mutex-debug.c | 9 +---
kernel/mutex-debug.h | 18 ++++---
kernel/mutex.c | 121 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
kernel/mutex.h | 22 ++++++++-
kernel/sched.c | 71 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
kernel/sched_features.h | 1 +
8 files changed, 209 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/mutex.h b/include/linux/mutex.h
index 7a0e5c4..3069ec7 100644
--- a/include/linux/mutex.h
+++ b/include/linux/mutex.h
@@ -50,8 +50,10 @@ struct mutex {
atomic_t count;
spinlock_t wait_lock;
struct list_head wait_list;
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
+#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES) || defined(CONFIG_SMP)
struct thread_info *owner;
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
const char *name;
void *magic;
#endif
@@ -68,7 +70,6 @@ struct mutex_waiter {
struct list_head list;
struct task_struct *task;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
- struct mutex *lock;
void *magic;
#endif
};
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 4cae9b8..c34b137 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -328,7 +328,9 @@ extern signed long schedule_timeout(signed long timeout);
extern signed long schedule_timeout_interruptible(signed long timeout);
extern signed long schedule_timeout_killable(signed long timeout);
extern signed long schedule_timeout_uninterruptible(signed long timeout);
+asmlinkage void __schedule(void);
asmlinkage void schedule(void);
+extern int mutex_spin_on_owner(struct mutex *lock, struct thread_info *owner);

struct nsproxy;
struct user_namespace;
diff --git a/kernel/mutex-debug.c b/kernel/mutex-debug.c
index 1d94160..50d022e 100644
--- a/kernel/mutex-debug.c
+++ b/kernel/mutex-debug.c
@@ -26,11 +26,6 @@
/*
* Must be called with lock->wait_lock held.
*/
-void debug_mutex_set_owner(struct mutex *lock, struct thread_info *new_owner)
-{
- lock->owner = new_owner;
-}
-
void debug_mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter)
{
memset(waiter, MUTEX_DEBUG_INIT, sizeof(*waiter));
@@ -59,7 +54,6 @@ void debug_mutex_add_waiter(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter,

/* Mark the current thread as blocked on the lock: */
ti->task->blocked_on = waiter;
- waiter->lock = lock;
}

void mutex_remove_waiter(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter,
@@ -82,7 +76,7 @@ void debug_mutex_unlock(struct mutex *lock)
DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(lock->magic != lock);
DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(lock->owner != current_thread_info());
DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(!lock->wait_list.prev && !lock->wait_list.next);
- DEBUG_LOCKS_WARN_ON(lock->owner != current_thread_info());
+ mutex_clear_owner(lock);
}

void debug_mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name,
@@ -95,7 +89,6 @@ void debug_mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name,
debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)lock, sizeof(*lock));
lockdep_init_map(&lock->dep_map, name, key, 0);
#endif
- lock->owner = NULL;
lock->magic = lock;
}

diff --git a/kernel/mutex-debug.h b/kernel/mutex-debug.h
index babfbdf..6b2d735 100644
--- a/kernel/mutex-debug.h
+++ b/kernel/mutex-debug.h
@@ -13,14 +13,6 @@
/*
* This must be called with lock->wait_lock held.
*/
-extern void
-debug_mutex_set_owner(struct mutex *lock, struct thread_info *new_owner);
-
-static inline void debug_mutex_clear_owner(struct mutex *lock)
-{
- lock->owner = NULL;
-}
-
extern void debug_mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock,
struct mutex_waiter *waiter);
extern void debug_mutex_wake_waiter(struct mutex *lock,
@@ -35,6 +27,16 @@ extern void debug_mutex_unlock(struct mutex *lock);
extern void debug_mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name,
struct lock_class_key *key);

+static inline void mutex_set_owner(struct mutex *lock)
+{
+ lock->owner = current_thread_info();
+}
+
+static inline void mutex_clear_owner(struct mutex *lock)
+{
+ lock->owner = NULL;
+}
+
#define spin_lock_mutex(lock, flags) \
do { \
struct mutex *l = container_of(lock, struct mutex, wait_lock); \
diff --git a/kernel/mutex.c b/kernel/mutex.c
index 4f45d4b..5d79781 100644
--- a/kernel/mutex.c
+++ b/kernel/mutex.c
@@ -10,6 +10,11 @@
* Many thanks to Arjan van de Ven, Thomas Gleixner, Steven Rostedt and
* David Howells for suggestions and improvements.
*
+ * - Adaptive spinning for mutexes by Peter Zijlstra. (Ported to mainline
+ * from the -rt tree, where it was originally implemented for rtmutexes
+ * by Steven Rostedt, based on work by Gregory Haskins, Peter Morreale
+ * and Sven Dietrich.
+ *
* Also see Documentation/mutex-design.txt.
*/
#include <linux/mutex.h>
@@ -46,6 +51,7 @@ __mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name, struct lock_class_key *key)
atomic_set(&lock->count, 1);
spin_lock_init(&lock->wait_lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lock->wait_list);
+ mutex_clear_owner(lock);

debug_mutex_init(lock, name, key);
}
@@ -91,6 +97,7 @@ void inline __sched mutex_lock(struct mutex *lock)
* 'unlocked' into 'locked' state.
*/
__mutex_fastpath_lock(&lock->count, __mutex_lock_slowpath);
+ mutex_set_owner(lock);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_lock);
@@ -115,6 +122,14 @@ void __sched mutex_unlock(struct mutex *lock)
* The unlocking fastpath is the 0->1 transition from 'locked'
* into 'unlocked' state:
*/
+#ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES
+ /*
+ * When debugging is enabled we must not clear the owner before time,
+ * the slow path will always be taken, and that clears the owner field
+ * after verifying that it was indeed current.
+ */
+ mutex_clear_owner(lock);
+#endif
__mutex_fastpath_unlock(&lock->count, __mutex_unlock_slowpath);
}

@@ -129,21 +144,75 @@ __mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock, long state, unsigned int subclass,
{
struct task_struct *task = current;
struct mutex_waiter waiter;
- unsigned int old_val;
unsigned long flags;

+ preempt_disable();
+ mutex_acquire(&lock->dep_map, subclass, 0, ip);
+#if defined(CONFIG_SMP) && !defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_MUTEXES)
+ /*
+ * Optimistic spinning.
+ *
+ * We try to spin for acquisition when we find that there are no
+ * pending waiters and the lock owner is currently running on a
+ * (different) CPU.
+ *
+ * The rationale is that if the lock owner is running, it is likely to
+ * release the lock soon.
+ *
+ * Since this needs the lock owner, and this mutex implementation
+ * doesn't track the owner atomically in the lock field, we need to
+ * track it non-atomically.
+ *
+ * We can't do this for DEBUG_MUTEXES because that relies on wait_lock
+ * to serialize everything.
+ */
+
+ for (;;) {
+ struct thread_info *owner;
+
+ /*
+ * If there's an owner, wait for it to either
+ * release the lock or go to sleep.
+ */
+ owner = ACCESS_ONCE(lock->owner);
+ if (owner && !mutex_spin_on_owner(lock, owner))
+ break;
+
+ if (atomic_cmpxchg(&lock->count, 1, 0) == 1) {
+ lock_acquired(&lock->dep_map, ip);
+ mutex_set_owner(lock);
+ preempt_enable();
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * When there's no owner, we might have preempted between the
+ * owner acquiring the lock and setting the owner field. If
+ * we're an RT task that will live-lock because we won't let
+ * the owner complete.
+ */
+ if (!owner && (need_resched() || rt_task(task)))
+ break;
+
+ /*
+ * The cpu_relax() call is a compiler barrier which forces
+ * everything in this loop to be re-loaded. We don't need
+ * memory barriers as we'll eventually observe the right
+ * values at the cost of a few extra spins.
+ */
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+#endif
spin_lock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, flags);

debug_mutex_lock_common(lock, &waiter);
- mutex_acquire(&lock->dep_map, subclass, 0, ip);
debug_mutex_add_waiter(lock, &waiter, task_thread_info(task));

/* add waiting tasks to the end of the waitqueue (FIFO): */
list_add_tail(&waiter.list, &lock->wait_list);
waiter.task = task;

- old_val = atomic_xchg(&lock->count, -1);
- if (old_val == 1)
+ if (atomic_xchg(&lock->count, -1) == 1)
goto done;

lock_contended(&lock->dep_map, ip);
@@ -158,8 +227,7 @@ __mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock, long state, unsigned int subclass,
* that when we release the lock, we properly wake up the
* other waiters:
*/
- old_val = atomic_xchg(&lock->count, -1);
- if (old_val == 1)
+ if (atomic_xchg(&lock->count, -1) == 1)
break;

/*
@@ -173,21 +241,22 @@ __mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock, long state, unsigned int subclass,
spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, flags);

debug_mutex_free_waiter(&waiter);
+ preempt_enable();
return -EINTR;
}
__set_task_state(task, state);

/* didnt get the lock, go to sleep: */
spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
- schedule();
+ __schedule();
spin_lock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
}

done:
lock_acquired(&lock->dep_map, ip);
/* got the lock - rejoice! */
- mutex_remove_waiter(lock, &waiter, task_thread_info(task));
- debug_mutex_set_owner(lock, task_thread_info(task));
+ mutex_remove_waiter(lock, &waiter, current_thread_info());
+ mutex_set_owner(lock);

/* set it to 0 if there are no waiters left: */
if (likely(list_empty(&lock->wait_list)))
@@ -196,6 +265,7 @@ done:
spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, flags);

debug_mutex_free_waiter(&waiter);
+ preempt_enable();

return 0;
}
@@ -222,7 +292,8 @@ int __sched
mutex_lock_interruptible_nested(struct mutex *lock, unsigned int subclass)
{
might_sleep();
- return __mutex_lock_common(lock, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE, subclass, _RET_IP_);
+ return __mutex_lock_common(lock, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE,
+ subclass, _RET_IP_);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mutex_lock_interruptible_nested);
@@ -260,8 +331,6 @@ __mutex_unlock_common_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count, int nested)
wake_up_process(waiter->task);
}

- debug_mutex_clear_owner(lock);
-
spin_unlock_mutex(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
}

@@ -298,18 +367,30 @@ __mutex_lock_interruptible_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count);
*/
int __sched mutex_lock_interruptible(struct mutex *lock)
{
+ int ret;
+
might_sleep();
- return __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval
+ ret = __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval
(&lock->count, __mutex_lock_interruptible_slowpath);
+ if (!ret)
+ mutex_set_owner(lock);
+
+ return ret;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_lock_interruptible);

int __sched mutex_lock_killable(struct mutex *lock)
{
+ int ret;
+
might_sleep();
- return __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval
+ ret = __mutex_fastpath_lock_retval
(&lock->count, __mutex_lock_killable_slowpath);
+ if (!ret)
+ mutex_set_owner(lock);
+
+ return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_lock_killable);

@@ -352,9 +433,10 @@ static inline int __mutex_trylock_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count)

prev = atomic_xchg(&lock->count, -1);
if (likely(prev == 1)) {
- debug_mutex_set_owner(lock, current_thread_info());
+ mutex_set_owner(lock);
mutex_acquire(&lock->dep_map, 0, 1, _RET_IP_);
}
+
/* Set it back to 0 if there are no waiters: */
if (likely(list_empty(&lock->wait_list)))
atomic_set(&lock->count, 0);
@@ -380,8 +462,13 @@ static inline int __mutex_trylock_slowpath(atomic_t *lock_count)
*/
int __sched mutex_trylock(struct mutex *lock)
{
- return __mutex_fastpath_trylock(&lock->count,
- __mutex_trylock_slowpath);
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = __mutex_fastpath_trylock(&lock->count, __mutex_trylock_slowpath);
+ if (ret)
+ mutex_set_owner(lock);
+
+ return ret;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(mutex_trylock);
diff --git a/kernel/mutex.h b/kernel/mutex.h
index a075daf..67578ca 100644
--- a/kernel/mutex.h
+++ b/kernel/mutex.h
@@ -16,8 +16,26 @@
#define mutex_remove_waiter(lock, waiter, ti) \
__list_del((waiter)->list.prev, (waiter)->list.next)

-#define debug_mutex_set_owner(lock, new_owner) do { } while (0)
-#define debug_mutex_clear_owner(lock) do { } while (0)
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+static inline void mutex_set_owner(struct mutex *lock)
+{
+ lock->owner = current_thread_info();
+}
+
+static inline void mutex_clear_owner(struct mutex *lock)
+{
+ lock->owner = NULL;
+}
+#else
+static inline void mutex_set_owner(struct mutex *lock)
+{
+}
+
+static inline void mutex_clear_owner(struct mutex *lock)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
#define debug_mutex_wake_waiter(lock, waiter) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_free_waiter(waiter) do { } while (0)
#define debug_mutex_add_waiter(lock, waiter, ti) do { } while (0)
diff --git a/kernel/sched.c b/kernel/sched.c
index 8be2c13..589e730 100644
--- a/kernel/sched.c
+++ b/kernel/sched.c
@@ -4538,15 +4538,13 @@ pick_next_task(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *prev)
/*
* schedule() is the main scheduler function.
*/
-asmlinkage void __sched schedule(void)
+asmlinkage void __sched __schedule(void)
{
struct task_struct *prev, *next;
unsigned long *switch_count;
struct rq *rq;
int cpu;

-need_resched:
- preempt_disable();
cpu = smp_processor_id();
rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
rcu_qsctr_inc(cpu);
@@ -4603,13 +4601,80 @@ need_resched_nonpreemptible:

if (unlikely(reacquire_kernel_lock(current) < 0))
goto need_resched_nonpreemptible;
+}

+asmlinkage void __sched schedule(void)
+{
+need_resched:
+ preempt_disable();
+ __schedule();
preempt_enable_no_resched();
if (unlikely(test_thread_flag(TIF_NEED_RESCHED)))
goto need_resched;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(schedule);

+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+/*
+ * Look out! "owner" is an entirely speculative pointer
+ * access and not reliable.
+ */
+int mutex_spin_on_owner(struct mutex *lock, struct thread_info *owner)
+{
+ unsigned int cpu;
+ struct rq *rq;
+
+ if (!sched_feat(OWNER_SPIN))
+ return 0;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
+ /*
+ * Need to access the cpu field knowing that
+ * DEBUG_PAGEALLOC could have unmapped it if
+ * the mutex owner just released it and exited.
+ */
+ if (probe_kernel_address(&owner->cpu, cpu))
+ goto out;
+#else
+ cpu = owner->cpu;
+#endif
+
+ /*
+ * Even if the access succeeded (likely case),
+ * the cpu field may no longer be valid.
+ */
+ if (cpu >= nr_cpumask_bits)
+ goto out;
+
+ /*
+ * We need to validate that we can do a
+ * get_cpu() and that we have the percpu area.
+ */
+ if (!cpu_online(cpu))
+ goto out;
+
+ rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
+
+ for (;;) {
+ /*
+ * Owner changed, break to re-assess state.
+ */
+ if (lock->owner != owner)
+ break;
+
+ /*
+ * Is that owner really running on that cpu?
+ */
+ if (task_thread_info(rq->curr) != owner || need_resched())
+ return 0;
+
+ cpu_relax();
+ }
+out:
+ return 1;
+}
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
/*
* this is the entry point to schedule() from in-kernel preemption
diff --git a/kernel/sched_features.h b/kernel/sched_features.h
index da5d93b..07bc02e 100644
--- a/kernel/sched_features.h
+++ b/kernel/sched_features.h
@@ -13,3 +13,4 @@ SCHED_FEAT(LB_WAKEUP_UPDATE, 1)
SCHED_FEAT(ASYM_EFF_LOAD, 1)
SCHED_FEAT(WAKEUP_OVERLAP, 0)
SCHED_FEAT(LAST_BUDDY, 1)
+SCHED_FEAT(OWNER_SPIN, 1)

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2009-01-14 19:37    [W:0.172 / U:0.720 seconds]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. Advertise on this site