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Subject[patch] add optimized generic percpu accessors

* H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> wrote:

> Tejun Heo wrote:
> >
> > I think the two changes aren't exclusive at all. The order of things
> > could be different but in the end, yeah, zero-based percpu symbols w/
> > mostly empty pda is the goal.
> >
> >> Once the PDA is empty, I'll base %gs at the start of the per-cpu
> >> area. I've been working out the bugs with the last patch
> >> (zero-basing the percpu area) before submitting, but I probably
> >> won't have the time until this weekend to polish it off. I could
> >> submit all but the last patch if you'd like.
> >
> > Any chance you can rebase those patches on top of mine? If you don't
> > have time, just send them to me, I'll try to integrate them this week.
> >
>
> A merged tree here would be absolutely wonderful. I've kept an eye on
> the discussion so far, but it looks like you guys are handling it fine.

agreed, it looks really good.

Tejun, could you please also add the patch below to your lineup too?

It is an optimization and a cleanup, and adds the following new generic
percpu methods:

percpu_read()
percpu_write()
percpu_add()
percpu_sub()
percpu_or()
percpu_xor()

and implements support for them on x86. (other architectures will fall
back to a default implementation)

The advantage is that for example to read a local percpu variable, instead
of this sequence:

return __get_cpu_var(var);

ffffffff8102ca2b: 48 8b 14 fd 80 09 74 mov -0x7e8bf680(,%rdi,8),%rdx
ffffffff8102ca32: 81
ffffffff8102ca33: 48 c7 c0 d8 59 00 00 mov $0x59d8,%rax
ffffffff8102ca3a: 48 8b 04 10 mov (%rax,%rdx,1),%rax
We can get a single instruction by using the optimized variants:

return percpu_read(var);

ffffffff8102ca3f: 65 48 8b 05 91 8f fd mov %gs:0x7efd8f91(%rip),%rax
I also cleaned up the x86-specific APIs and made the x86 code use these
new generic percpu primitives.

It looks quite hard to convince the compiler to generate the optimized
single-instruction sequence for us out of __get_cpu_var(var) - or can you
perhaps see a way to do it?

The patch is against your latest zero-based percpu / pda unification tree.
Untested.

Ingo

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/current.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/include/asm/irq_regs_32.h | 4 ++--
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context_32.h | 12 ++++++------
arch/x86/include/asm/pda.h | 10 +++++-----
arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h | 23 ++++++++++++-----------
arch/x86/include/asm/smp.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/kernel/tlb_32.c | 10 +++++-----
arch/x86/mach-voyager/voyager_smp.c | 4 ++--
arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c | 14 +++++++-------
arch/x86/xen/irq.c | 8 ++++----
arch/x86/xen/mmu.c | 2 +-
arch/x86/xen/multicalls.h | 2 +-
arch/x86/xen/smp.c | 2 +-
include/asm-generic/percpu.h | 28 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
16 files changed, 90 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)
Index: linux/arch/x86/include/asm/current.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/include/asm/current.h
+++ linux/arch/x86/include/asm/current.h
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ struct task_struct;
DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, current_task);
static __always_inline struct task_struct *get_current(void)
{
- return x86_read_percpu(current_task);
+ return percpu_read(current_task);
}

#else /* X86_32 */
Index: linux/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_regs_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_regs_32.h
+++ linux/arch/x86/include/asm/irq_regs_32.h
@@ -15,7 +15,7 @@ DECLARE_PER_CPU(struct pt_regs *, irq_re

static inline struct pt_regs *get_irq_regs(void)
{
- return x86_read_percpu(irq_regs);
+ return percpu_read(irq_regs);
}

static inline struct pt_regs *set_irq_regs(struct pt_regs *new_regs)
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ static inline struct pt_regs *set_irq_re
struct pt_regs *old_regs;

old_regs = get_irq_regs();
- x86_write_percpu(irq_regs, new_regs);
+ percpu_write(irq_regs, new_regs);

return old_regs;
}
Index: linux/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context_32.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context_32.h
+++ linux/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context_32.h
@@ -4,8 +4,8 @@
static inline void enter_lazy_tlb(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- if (x86_read_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.state) == TLBSTATE_OK)
- x86_write_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.state, TLBSTATE_LAZY);
+ if (percpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.state) == TLBSTATE_OK)
+ percpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.state, TLBSTATE_LAZY);
#endif
}

@@ -19,8 +19,8 @@ static inline void switch_mm(struct mm_s
/* stop flush ipis for the previous mm */
cpu_clear(cpu, prev->cpu_vm_mask);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- x86_write_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.state, TLBSTATE_OK);
- x86_write_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.active_mm, next);
+ percpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.state, TLBSTATE_OK);
+ percpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.active_mm, next);
#endif
cpu_set(cpu, next->cpu_vm_mask);

@@ -35,8 +35,8 @@ static inline void switch_mm(struct mm_s
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
else {
- x86_write_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.state, TLBSTATE_OK);
- BUG_ON(x86_read_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.active_mm) != next);
+ percpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.state, TLBSTATE_OK);
+ BUG_ON(percpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.active_mm) != next);

if (!cpu_test_and_set(cpu, next->cpu_vm_mask)) {
/* We were in lazy tlb mode and leave_mm disabled
Index: linux/arch/x86/include/asm/pda.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/include/asm/pda.h
+++ linux/arch/x86/include/asm/pda.h
@@ -45,11 +45,11 @@ extern void pda_init(int);

#define cpu_pda(cpu) (&per_cpu(__pda, cpu))

-#define read_pda(field) x86_read_percpu(__pda.field)
-#define write_pda(field, val) x86_write_percpu(__pda.field, val)
-#define add_pda(field, val) x86_add_percpu(__pda.field, val)
-#define sub_pda(field, val) x86_sub_percpu(__pda.field, val)
-#define or_pda(field, val) x86_or_percpu(__pda.field, val)
+#define read_pda(field) percpu_read(__pda.field)
+#define write_pda(field, val) percpu_write(__pda.field, val)
+#define add_pda(field, val) percpu_add(__pda.field, val)
+#define sub_pda(field, val) percpu_sub(__pda.field, val)
+#define or_pda(field, val) percpu_or(__pda.field, val)

/* This is not atomic against other CPUs -- CPU preemption needs to be off */
#define test_and_clear_bit_pda(bit, field) \
Index: linux/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h
+++ linux/arch/x86/include/asm/percpu.h
@@ -40,16 +40,11 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
#define __percpu_seg_str "%%"__stringify(__percpu_seg)":"
-#define __my_cpu_offset x86_read_percpu(this_cpu_off)
+#define __my_cpu_offset percpu_read(this_cpu_off)
#else
#define __percpu_seg_str
#endif

-#include <asm-generic/percpu.h>
-
-/* We can use this directly for local CPU (faster). */
-DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, this_cpu_off);
-
/* For arch-specific code, we can use direct single-insn ops (they
* don't give an lvalue though). */
extern void __bad_percpu_size(void);
@@ -115,11 +110,12 @@ do { \
ret__; \
})

-#define x86_read_percpu(var) percpu_from_op("mov", per_cpu__##var)
-#define x86_write_percpu(var, val) percpu_to_op("mov", per_cpu__##var, val)
-#define x86_add_percpu(var, val) percpu_to_op("add", per_cpu__##var, val)
-#define x86_sub_percpu(var, val) percpu_to_op("sub", per_cpu__##var, val)
-#define x86_or_percpu(var, val) percpu_to_op("or", per_cpu__##var, val)
+#define percpu_read(var) percpu_from_op("mov", per_cpu__##var)
+#define percpu_write(var, val) percpu_to_op("mov", per_cpu__##var, val)
+#define percpu_add(var, val) percpu_to_op("add", per_cpu__##var, val)
+#define percpu_sub(var, val) percpu_to_op("sub", per_cpu__##var, val)
+#define percpu_or(var, val) percpu_to_op("or", per_cpu__##var, val)
+#define percpu_xor(var, val) percpu_to_op("xor", per_cpu__##var, val)

/* This is not atomic against other CPUs -- CPU preemption needs to be off */
#define x86_test_and_clear_bit_percpu(bit, var) \
@@ -131,6 +127,11 @@ do { \
old__; \
})

+#include <asm-generic/percpu.h>
+
+/* We can use this directly for local CPU (faster). */
+DECLARE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, this_cpu_off);
+
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
extern void load_pda_offset(int cpu);
#else
Index: linux/arch/x86/include/asm/smp.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/include/asm/smp.h
+++ linux/arch/x86/include/asm/smp.h
@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ extern unsigned disabled_cpus __cpuinitd
* from the initial startup. We map APIC_BASE very early in page_setup(),
* so this is correct in the x86 case.
*/
-#define raw_smp_processor_id() (x86_read_percpu(cpu_number))
+#define raw_smp_processor_id() (percpu_read(cpu_number))
extern int safe_smp_processor_id(void);

#elif defined(CONFIG_X86_64_SMP)
Index: linux/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
@@ -592,7 +592,7 @@ __switch_to(struct task_struct *prev_p,
if (prev->gs | next->gs)
loadsegment(gs, next->gs);

- x86_write_percpu(current_task, next_p);
+ percpu_write(current_task, next_p);

return prev_p;
}
Index: linux/arch/x86/kernel/tlb_32.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/kernel/tlb_32.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/kernel/tlb_32.c
@@ -34,8 +34,8 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(tlbstate_lock);
*/
void leave_mm(int cpu)
{
- BUG_ON(x86_read_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.state) == TLBSTATE_OK);
- cpu_clear(cpu, x86_read_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.active_mm)->cpu_vm_mask);
+ BUG_ON(percpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.state) == TLBSTATE_OK);
+ cpu_clear(cpu, percpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.active_mm)->cpu_vm_mask);
load_cr3(swapper_pg_dir);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(leave_mm);
@@ -103,8 +103,8 @@ void smp_invalidate_interrupt(struct pt_
* BUG();
*/

- if (flush_mm == x86_read_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.active_mm)) {
- if (x86_read_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.state) == TLBSTATE_OK) {
+ if (flush_mm == percpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.active_mm)) {
+ if (percpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.state) == TLBSTATE_OK) {
if (flush_va == TLB_FLUSH_ALL)
local_flush_tlb();
else
@@ -237,7 +237,7 @@ static void do_flush_tlb_all(void *info)
unsigned long cpu = smp_processor_id();

__flush_tlb_all();
- if (x86_read_percpu(cpu_tlbstate.state) == TLBSTATE_LAZY)
+ if (percpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.state) == TLBSTATE_LAZY)
leave_mm(cpu);
}

Index: linux/arch/x86/mach-voyager/voyager_smp.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/mach-voyager/voyager_smp.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/mach-voyager/voyager_smp.c
@@ -410,7 +410,7 @@ void __init find_smp_config(void)
VOYAGER_SUS_IN_CONTROL_PORT);

current_thread_info()->cpu = boot_cpu_id;
- x86_write_percpu(cpu_number, boot_cpu_id);
+ percpu_write(cpu_number, boot_cpu_id);
}

/*
@@ -1790,7 +1790,7 @@ static void __init voyager_smp_cpus_done
void __init smp_setup_processor_id(void)
{
current_thread_info()->cpu = hard_smp_processor_id();
- x86_write_percpu(cpu_number, hard_smp_processor_id());
+ percpu_write(cpu_number, hard_smp_processor_id());
}

static void voyager_send_call_func(cpumask_t callmask)
Index: linux/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/xen/enlighten.c
@@ -702,17 +702,17 @@ static void xen_write_cr0(unsigned long

static void xen_write_cr2(unsigned long cr2)
{
- x86_read_percpu(xen_vcpu)->arch.cr2 = cr2;
+ percpu_read(xen_vcpu)->arch.cr2 = cr2;
}

static unsigned long xen_read_cr2(void)
{
- return x86_read_percpu(xen_vcpu)->arch.cr2;
+ return percpu_read(xen_vcpu)->arch.cr2;
}

static unsigned long xen_read_cr2_direct(void)
{
- return x86_read_percpu(xen_vcpu_info.arch.cr2);
+ return percpu_read(xen_vcpu_info.arch.cr2);
}

static void xen_write_cr4(unsigned long cr4)
@@ -725,12 +725,12 @@ static void xen_write_cr4(unsigned long

static unsigned long xen_read_cr3(void)
{
- return x86_read_percpu(xen_cr3);
+ return percpu_read(xen_cr3);
}

static void set_current_cr3(void *v)
{
- x86_write_percpu(xen_current_cr3, (unsigned long)v);
+ percpu_write(xen_current_cr3, (unsigned long)v);
}

static void __xen_write_cr3(bool kernel, unsigned long cr3)
@@ -755,7 +755,7 @@ static void __xen_write_cr3(bool kernel,
MULTI_mmuext_op(mcs.mc, op, 1, NULL, DOMID_SELF);

if (kernel) {
- x86_write_percpu(xen_cr3, cr3);
+ percpu_write(xen_cr3, cr3);

/* Update xen_current_cr3 once the batch has actually
been submitted. */
@@ -771,7 +771,7 @@ static void xen_write_cr3(unsigned long

/* Update while interrupts are disabled, so its atomic with
respect to ipis */
- x86_write_percpu(xen_cr3, cr3);
+ percpu_write(xen_cr3, cr3);

__xen_write_cr3(true, cr3);

Index: linux/arch/x86/xen/irq.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/xen/irq.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/xen/irq.c
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ static unsigned long xen_save_fl(void)
struct vcpu_info *vcpu;
unsigned long flags;

- vcpu = x86_read_percpu(xen_vcpu);
+ vcpu = percpu_read(xen_vcpu);

/* flag has opposite sense of mask */
flags = !vcpu->evtchn_upcall_mask;
@@ -62,7 +62,7 @@ static void xen_restore_fl(unsigned long
make sure we're don't switch CPUs between getting the vcpu
pointer and updating the mask. */
preempt_disable();
- vcpu = x86_read_percpu(xen_vcpu);
+ vcpu = percpu_read(xen_vcpu);
vcpu->evtchn_upcall_mask = flags;
preempt_enable_no_resched();

@@ -83,7 +83,7 @@ static void xen_irq_disable(void)
make sure we're don't switch CPUs between getting the vcpu
pointer and updating the mask. */
preempt_disable();
- x86_read_percpu(xen_vcpu)->evtchn_upcall_mask = 1;
+ percpu_read(xen_vcpu)->evtchn_upcall_mask = 1;
preempt_enable_no_resched();
}

@@ -96,7 +96,7 @@ static void xen_irq_enable(void)
the caller is confused and is trying to re-enable interrupts
on an indeterminate processor. */

- vcpu = x86_read_percpu(xen_vcpu);
+ vcpu = percpu_read(xen_vcpu);
vcpu->evtchn_upcall_mask = 0;

/* Doesn't matter if we get preempted here, because any
Index: linux/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/xen/mmu.c
@@ -1074,7 +1074,7 @@ static void drop_other_mm_ref(void *info

/* If this cpu still has a stale cr3 reference, then make sure
it has been flushed. */
- if (x86_read_percpu(xen_current_cr3) == __pa(mm->pgd)) {
+ if (percpu_read(xen_current_cr3) == __pa(mm->pgd)) {
load_cr3(swapper_pg_dir);
arch_flush_lazy_cpu_mode();
}
Index: linux/arch/x86/xen/multicalls.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/xen/multicalls.h
+++ linux/arch/x86/xen/multicalls.h
@@ -39,7 +39,7 @@ static inline void xen_mc_issue(unsigned
xen_mc_flush();

/* restore flags saved in xen_mc_batch */
- local_irq_restore(x86_read_percpu(xen_mc_irq_flags));
+ local_irq_restore(percpu_read(xen_mc_irq_flags));
}

/* Set up a callback to be called when the current batch is flushed */
Index: linux/arch/x86/xen/smp.c
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/arch/x86/xen/smp.c
+++ linux/arch/x86/xen/smp.c
@@ -78,7 +78,7 @@ static __cpuinit void cpu_bringup(void)
xen_setup_cpu_clockevents();

cpu_set(cpu, cpu_online_map);
- x86_write_percpu(cpu_state, CPU_ONLINE);
+ percpu_write(cpu_state, CPU_ONLINE);
wmb();

/* We can take interrupts now: we're officially "up". */
Index: linux/include/asm-generic/percpu.h
===================================================================
--- linux.orig/include/asm-generic/percpu.h
+++ linux/include/asm-generic/percpu.h
@@ -80,4 +80,32 @@ extern void setup_per_cpu_areas(void);
#define DECLARE_PER_CPU(type, name) extern PER_CPU_ATTRIBUTES \
__typeof__(type) per_cpu_var(name)

+/*
+ * Optional methods for optimized non-lvalue per-cpu variable access:
+ */
+
+#ifndef percpu_read
+# define percpu_read(var) __get_cpu_var(var)
+#endif
+
+#ifndef percpu_write
+# define percpu_write(var, val) ({ __get_cpu_var(var) = (val); })
+#endif
+
+#ifndef percpu_add
+# define percpu_add(var, val) ({ __get_cpu_var(var) += (val); })
+#endif
+
+#ifndef percpu_sub
+# define percpu_add(var, val) ({ __get_cpu_var(var) += (val); })
+#endif
+
+#ifndef percpu_or
+# define percpu_or(var, val) ({ __get_cpu_var(var) |= (val); })
+#endif
+
+#ifndef percpu_xor
+# define percpu_xor(var, val) ({ __get_cpu_var(var) ^= (val); })
+#endif
+
#endif /* _ASM_GENERIC_PERCPU_H_ */

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