lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2008]   [Sep]   [8]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
SubjectRe: __initdata and struct dmi_system_id? [w/PATCH]
Date
Németh Márton wrote:
> I have a question about how the __initdata sections are handled
> under Linux. As far as I understand after the init function is
> finished all the data from the __initdata section is freed. For
> this reason all the data which are marked as __initdata should
> be separated to a different section by the compiler.
>
> I take for example the drivers/input/keyboards/atkbd.c where we
> can see the following dmi_system_id structure:
>
> static struct dmi_system_id atkbd_dmi_quirk_table[] __initdata = {
> {
> .ident = "Dell Latitude series",
> .matches = {
> DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Dell Inc."),
> DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "Latitude"),
> },
> .callback = atkbd_setup_fixup,
> .driver_data = atkbd_latitude_keymap_fixup,
> },
> {
> .ident = "HP 2133",
> .matches = {
> DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Hewlett-Packard"),
> DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "HP 2133"),
> },
> .callback = atkbd_setup_fixup,
> .driver_data = atkbd_hp_keymap_fixup,
> },
> { }
> };
>
> All these data should be separated to the section marked
> with __initdata, so it can be freed. Let's see what happens
> after compiling this with gcc 4.2.4. Here is the some part
> of the output of "objdump -s drivers/input/keyboards/atkbd.o":
>
> Contents of section .init.text:
> 0000 558b4028 89e55da3 20000000 31c0c390 U.@(..]. ...1...
> 0010 55b80000 000089e5 e8fcffff ffb95000 U.............P.
> 0020 000031d2 b8200000 00e8fcff ffff5dc3 ..1.. ........].
> Contents of section .rodata.str1.1:
> 0000 256c750a 0025640a 00415420 53657420 %lu..%d..AT Set
> 0010 32204578 74726120 6b657962 6f617264 2 Extra keyboard
> 0020 00547261 6e736c61 74656400 52617700 .Translated.Raw.
> 0030 41542025 73205365 74202564 206b6579 AT %s Set %d key
> 0040 626f6172 64002573 2f696e70 75743000 board.%s/input0.
> 0050 61746b62 64002628 2661746b 62642d3e atkbd.&(&atkbd->
> 0060 6576656e 745f776f 726b292d 3e776f72 event_work)->wor
> 0070 6b002661 746b6264 2d3e6576 656e745f k.&atkbd->event_
> 0080 6d757465 78004143 4b004e41 4b007472 mutex.ACK.NAK.tr
> 0090 616e736c 61746564 00726177 0072656c anslated.raw.rel
> 00a0 65617365 64007072 65737365 64006530 eased.pressed.e0
> 00b0 00004465 6c6c204c 61746974 75646520 ..Dell Latitude
> 00c0 73657269 65730044 656c6c20 496e632e series.Dell Inc.
> 00d0 004c6174 69747564 65004850 20323133 .Latitude.HP 213
> 00e0 33004865 776c6574 742d5061 636b6172 3.Hewlett-Packar
> 00f0 64004154 20616e64 2050532f 32206b65 d.AT and PS/2 ke
> 0100 79626f61 72642064 72697665 72006578 yboard driver.ex
> 0110 74726100 7363726f 6c6c0073 65740073 tra.scroll.set.s
> 0120 6f667472 65706561 7400736f 66747261 oftrepeat.softra
> 0130 77006572 725f636f 756e7400 w.err_count.
>
> What I can see here is that some of the atkbd_dmi_quirk_table[]
> content was stored into .init.text, but the strings like
> "Dell Latitude series", "Dell Inc.", "Latitude", etc. were
> combined to .rodata.str1.1 which also contain strings which
> are NOT marked with __initdata. For example the string
> "AT Set 2 Extra keyboard" is used in atkbd_set_device_attrs()
> function thus the section .rodata.str1.1 cannot be freed after
> the init is done.
>
> Did I understand the situation correctly?

Yes, you did.

> How is it possible to also allocate the strings which
> belongs to struct dmi_system_id go to the section .init.text?

Easiest and cleanest way for the dmi_system_id arrays is probably the
attached patch.

There are two downsides though:
1. It makes the inital kernel image bigger than needed (even if the memory
itself is freed later)
2. We have to make sure, that the string lengths fit into the given array
limits (else you get the compiler warning "initializer-string for array of
chars is too long")

I haven't tested how much memory this really saves.

please CC me on replies!

----------

Patch: store DMI const strings in __initdata section

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>

--- a/include/linux/dmi.h
+++ b/include/linux/dmi.h
@@ -53,12 +53,12 @@ struct dmi_header {
*/
struct dmi_strmatch {
u8 slot;
- char *substr;
+ char substr[48];
};

struct dmi_system_id {
int (*callback)(const struct dmi_system_id *);
- const char *ident;
+ char ident[88];
struct dmi_strmatch matches[4];
void *driver_data;
};
--
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2008-09-08 18:49    [W:0.052 / U:3.616 seconds]
©2003-2017 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital OceanAdvertise on this site