lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2008]   [Sep]   [4]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[RFC v3][PATCH 5/9] Memory managemnet (restore)

Restoring the memory address space begins with nuking the existing one
of the current process, and then reading the VMA state and contents.
Call do_mmap_pgoffset() for each VMA and then read in the data.

Signed-off-by: Oren Laadan <orenl@cs.columbia.edu>
---
arch/x86/mm/restart.c | 56 ++++++++
checkpoint/Makefile | 2 +-
checkpoint/ckpt_arch.h | 1 +
checkpoint/restart.c | 43 ++++++
checkpoint/rstr_mem.c | 351 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/ckpt.h | 2 +
6 files changed, 454 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 checkpoint/rstr_mem.c
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/restart.c b/arch/x86/mm/restart.c
index d7fb89a..7c5a7d7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/restart.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/restart.c
@@ -177,3 +177,59 @@ int cr_read_cpu(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
out:
return ret;
}
+
+asmlinkage int sys_modify_ldt(int func, void __user *ptr, unsigned long bytecount);
+
+int cr_read_mm_context(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct mm_struct *mm, int parent)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr_mm_context *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ int n, rparent;
+
+ rparent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_MM_CONTEXT);
+ cr_debug("parent %d rparent %d nldt %d\n", parent, rparent, hh->nldt);
+ if (rparent < 0)
+ return rparent;
+ if (rparent != parent)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (hh->nldt < 0 || hh->ldt_entry_size != LDT_ENTRY_SIZE)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* to utilize the syscall modify_ldt() we first convert the data
+ * in the checkpoint image from 'struct desc_struct' to 'struct
+ * user_desc' with reverse logic of inclue/asm/desc.h:fill_ldt() */
+
+ for (n = 0; n < hh->nldt; n++) {
+ struct user_desc info;
+ struct desc_struct desc;
+ mm_segment_t old_fs;
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = cr_kread(ctx, &desc, LDT_ENTRY_SIZE);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ info.entry_number = n;
+ info.base_addr = desc.base0 | (desc.base1 << 16);
+ info.limit = desc.limit0;
+ info.seg_32bit = desc.d;
+ info.contents = desc.type >> 2;
+ info.read_exec_only = (desc.type >> 1) ^ 1;
+ info.limit_in_pages = desc.g;
+ info.seg_not_present = desc.p ^ 1;
+ info.useable = desc.avl;
+
+ old_fs = get_fs();
+ set_fs(get_ds());
+ ret = sys_modify_ldt(1, &info, sizeof(info));
+ set_fs(old_fs);
+
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ load_LDT(&mm->context);
+
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/checkpoint/Makefile b/checkpoint/Makefile
index 3a0df6d..ac35033 100644
--- a/checkpoint/Makefile
+++ b/checkpoint/Makefile
@@ -3,4 +3,4 @@
#

obj-$(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTART) += sys.o checkpoint.o restart.o \
- ckpt_mem.o
+ ckpt_mem.o rstr_mem.o
diff --git a/checkpoint/ckpt_arch.h b/checkpoint/ckpt_arch.h
index 9bd0ba4..acfa101 100644
--- a/checkpoint/ckpt_arch.h
+++ b/checkpoint/ckpt_arch.h
@@ -6,3 +6,4 @@ int cr_write_mm_context(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct mm_struct *mm, int parent);

int cr_read_thread(struct cr_ctx *ctx);
int cr_read_cpu(struct cr_ctx *ctx);
+int cr_read_mm_context(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct mm_struct *mm, int parent);
diff --git a/checkpoint/restart.c b/checkpoint/restart.c
index 5226994..f8c919d 100644
--- a/checkpoint/restart.c
+++ b/checkpoint/restart.c
@@ -77,6 +77,45 @@ int cr_read_string(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *str, int len)
return cr_read_obj_type(ctx, str, len, CR_HDR_STRING);
}

+/**
+ * cr_read_fname - read a file name
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @fname: buffer
+ * @n: buffer length
+ */
+int cr_read_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *fname, int flen)
+{
+ return cr_read_obj_type(ctx, fname, flen, CR_HDR_FNAME);
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_read_open_fname - read a file name and open a file
+ * @ctx: checkpoint context
+ * @flags: file flags
+ * @mode: file mode
+ */
+struct file *cr_read_open_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int flags, int mode)
+{
+ struct file *file;
+ char *fname;
+ int flen, ret;
+
+ flen = PATH_MAX;
+ fname = kmalloc(flen, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!fname)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ ret = cr_read_fname(ctx, fname, flen);
+ cr_debug("fname '%s' flags %#x mode %#x\n", fname, flags, mode);
+ if (ret >= 0)
+ file = filp_open(fname, flags, mode);
+ else
+ file = ERR_PTR(ret);
+
+ kfree(fname);
+ return file;
+}
+
/* read the checkpoint header */
static int cr_read_head(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
{
@@ -169,6 +208,10 @@ static int cr_read_task(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
cr_debug("task_struct: ret %d\n", ret);
if (ret < 0)
goto out;
+ ret = cr_read_mm(ctx);
+ cr_debug("memory: ret %d\n", ret);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
ret = cr_read_thread(ctx);
cr_debug("thread: ret %d\n", ret);
if (ret < 0)
diff --git a/checkpoint/rstr_mem.c b/checkpoint/rstr_mem.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..2437e2e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/checkpoint/rstr_mem.c
@@ -0,0 +1,351 @@
+/*
+ * Restart memory contents
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2008 Oren Laadan
+ *
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
+ * distribution for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/fcntl.h>
+#include <linux/file.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/mm_types.h>
+#include <linux/mman.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
+#include <linux/ckpt.h>
+#include <linux/ckpt_hdr.h>
+
+#include "ckpt_arch.h"
+#include "ckpt_mem.h"
+
+/*
+ * Unlike checkpoint, restart is executed in the context of each restarting
+ * process: vma regions are restored via a call to mmap(), and the data is
+ * read in directly to the address space of the current process
+ */
+
+/**
+ * cr_vma_read_pages_addr - read addresses of pages to page-array chain
+ * @ctx - restart context
+ * @npages - number of pages
+ */
+static int cr_vma_read_pages_addr(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int npages)
+{
+ struct cr_pgarr *pgarr;
+ int nr, ret;
+
+ while (npages) {
+ pgarr = cr_pgarr_prep(ctx);
+ if (!pgarr)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ nr = min(npages, (int) pgarr->nleft);
+ ret = cr_kread(ctx, pgarr->addrs, nr * sizeof(unsigned long));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ pgarr->nleft -= nr;
+ pgarr->nused += nr;
+ npages -= nr;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_vma_read_pages_data - read in data of pages in page-array chain
+ * @ctx - restart context
+ * @npages - number of pages
+ */
+static int cr_vma_read_pages_data(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int npages)
+{
+ struct cr_pgarr *pgarr;
+ unsigned long *addrs;
+ int nr, ret;
+
+ for (pgarr = ctx->pgarr; npages; pgarr = pgarr->next) {
+ addrs = pgarr->addrs;
+ nr = pgarr->nused;
+ npages -= nr;
+ while (nr--) {
+ ret = cr_uread(ctx, (void *) *(addrs++), PAGE_SIZE);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/* change the protection of an address range to be writable/non-writable.
+ * this is useful when restoring the memory of a read-only vma */
+static int cr_vma_writable(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
+ unsigned long end, int writable)
+{
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev;
+ unsigned long flags = 0;
+ int ret = -EINVAL;
+
+ cr_debug("vma %#lx-%#lx writable %d\n", start, end, writable);
+
+ down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ vma = find_vma_prev(mm, start, &prev);
+ if (unlikely(!vma || vma->vm_start > end || vma->vm_end < start))
+ goto out;
+ if (writable && !(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
+ flags = vma->vm_flags | VM_WRITE;
+ else if (!writable && (vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
+ flags = vma->vm_flags & ~VM_WRITE;
+ cr_debug("flags %#lx\n", flags);
+ if (flags)
+ ret = mprotect_fixup(vma, &prev, vma->vm_start,
+ vma->vm_end, flags);
+ out:
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_vma_read_pages - read in pages for to restore a vma
+ * @ctx - restart context
+ * @cr_vma - vma descriptor from restart
+ */
+static int cr_vma_read_pages(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct cr_hdr_vma *cr_vma)
+{
+ struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (!cr_vma->nr_pages)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* in the unlikely case that this vma is read-only */
+ if (!(cr_vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
+ ret = cr_vma_writable(mm, cr_vma->vm_start, cr_vma->vm_end, 1);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = cr_vma_read_pages_addr(ctx, cr_vma->nr_pages);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+ ret = cr_vma_read_pages_data(ctx, cr_vma->nr_pages);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ cr_pgarr_release(ctx); /* reset page-array chain */
+
+ /* restore original protection for this vma */
+ if (!(cr_vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
+ ret = cr_vma_writable(mm, cr_vma->vm_start, cr_vma->vm_end, 0);
+
+ out:
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_calc_map_prot_bits - convert vm_flags to mmap protection
+ * orig_vm_flags: source vm_flags
+ */
+static unsigned long cr_calc_map_prot_bits(unsigned long orig_vm_flags)
+{
+ unsigned long vm_prot = 0;
+
+ if (orig_vm_flags & VM_READ)
+ vm_prot |= PROT_READ;
+ if (orig_vm_flags & VM_WRITE)
+ vm_prot |= PROT_WRITE;
+ if (orig_vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
+ vm_prot |= PROT_EXEC;
+ if (orig_vm_flags & PROT_SEM) /* only (?) with IPC-SHM */
+ vm_prot |= PROT_SEM;
+
+ return vm_prot;
+}
+
+/**
+ * cr_calc_map_flags_bits - convert vm_flags to mmap flags
+ * orig_vm_flags: source vm_flags
+ */
+static unsigned long cr_calc_map_flags_bits(unsigned long orig_vm_flags)
+{
+ unsigned long vm_flags = 0;
+
+ vm_flags = MAP_FIXED;
+ if (orig_vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN)
+ vm_flags |= MAP_GROWSDOWN;
+ if (orig_vm_flags & VM_DENYWRITE)
+ vm_flags |= MAP_DENYWRITE;
+ if (orig_vm_flags & VM_EXECUTABLE)
+ vm_flags |= MAP_EXECUTABLE;
+ if (orig_vm_flags & VM_MAYSHARE)
+ vm_flags |= MAP_SHARED;
+ else
+ vm_flags |= MAP_PRIVATE;
+
+ return vm_flags;
+}
+
+static int cr_read_vma(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr_vma *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ unsigned long vm_size, vm_flags, vm_prot, vm_pgoff;
+ unsigned long addr;
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct file *file = NULL;
+ int parent, ret = 0;
+
+ parent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_VMA);
+ if (parent < 0)
+ return parent;
+ else if (parent != 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ cr_debug("vma %#lx-%#lx type %d nr_pages %d\n",
+ (unsigned long) hh->vm_start, (unsigned long) hh->vm_end,
+ (int) hh->vma_type, (int) hh->nr_pages);
+
+ if (hh->vm_end < hh->vm_start || hh->nr_pages < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ vm_size = hh->vm_end - hh->vm_start;
+ vm_prot = cr_calc_map_prot_bits(hh->vm_flags);
+ vm_flags = cr_calc_map_flags_bits(hh->vm_flags);
+ vm_pgoff = hh->vm_pgoff;
+
+ switch (hh->vma_type) {
+
+ case CR_VMA_ANON: /* anonymous private mapping */
+ /* vm_pgoff for anonymous mapping is the "global" page
+ offset (namely from addr 0x0), so we force a zero */
+ vm_pgoff = 0;
+ break;
+
+ case CR_VMA_FILE: /* private mapping from a file */
+ /* O_RDWR only needed if both (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED) are set */
+ flags = hh->vm_flags & (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED);
+ flags = (flags == (VM_WRITE | VM_SHARED) ? O_RDWR : O_RDONLY);
+ file = cr_read_open_fname(ctx, flags, 0);
+ if (IS_ERR(file))
+ return PTR_ERR(file);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ }
+
+ down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ addr = do_mmap_pgoff(file, (unsigned long) hh->vm_start,
+ vm_size, vm_prot, vm_flags, vm_pgoff);
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ cr_debug("size %#lx prot %#lx flag %#lx pgoff %#lx => %#lx\n",
+ vm_size, vm_prot, vm_flags, vm_pgoff, addr);
+
+ /* the file (if opened) is now referenced by the vma */
+ if (file)
+ filp_close(file, NULL);
+
+ if (IS_ERR((void *) addr))
+ return PTR_ERR((void *) addr);
+
+ /*
+ * CR_VMA_ANON: read in memory as is
+ * CR_VMA_FILE: read in memory as is
+ * (more to follow ...)
+ */
+
+ switch (hh->vma_type) {
+ case CR_VMA_ANON:
+ case CR_VMA_FILE:
+ /* standard case: read the data into the memory */
+ ret = cr_vma_read_pages(ctx, hh);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ if (vm_prot & PROT_EXEC)
+ flush_icache_range(hh->vm_start, hh->vm_end);
+
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ cr_debug("vma retval %d\n", ret);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int cr_destroy_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ struct vm_area_struct *vmnext = mm->mmap;
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+ int ret;
+
+ while (vmnext) {
+ vma = vmnext;
+ vmnext = vmnext->vm_next;
+ ret = do_munmap(mm, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end-vma->vm_start);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ pr_debug("CR: restart failed do_munmap (%d)\n", ret);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int cr_read_mm(struct cr_ctx *ctx)
+{
+ struct cr_hdr_mm *hh = cr_hbuf_get(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ struct mm_struct *mm;
+ int nr, parent, ret;
+
+ parent = cr_read_obj_type(ctx, hh, sizeof(*hh), CR_HDR_MM);
+ if (parent < 0)
+ return parent;
+#if 0 /* activate when containers are used */
+ if (parent != task_pid_vnr(current))
+ return -EINVAL;
+#endif
+ cr_debug("map_count %d\n", hh->map_count);
+
+ /* XXX need more sanity checks */
+ if (hh->start_code > hh->end_code ||
+ hh->start_data > hh->end_data || hh->map_count < 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ mm = current->mm;
+
+ /* point of no return -- destruct current mm */
+ down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ ret = cr_destroy_mm(mm);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ return ret;
+ }
+ mm->start_code = hh->start_code;
+ mm->end_code = hh->end_code;
+ mm->start_data = hh->start_data;
+ mm->end_data = hh->end_data;
+ mm->start_brk = hh->start_brk;
+ mm->brk = hh->brk;
+ mm->start_stack = hh->start_stack;
+ mm->arg_start = hh->arg_start;
+ mm->arg_end = hh->arg_end;
+ mm->env_start = hh->env_start;
+ mm->env_end = hh->env_end;
+ up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
+
+
+ /* FIX: need also mm->flags */
+
+ for (nr = hh->map_count; nr; nr--) {
+ ret = cr_read_vma(ctx, mm);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ ret = cr_read_mm_context(ctx, mm, hh->objref);
+
+ cr_hbuf_put(ctx, sizeof(*hh));
+ return ret;
+}
diff --git a/include/linux/ckpt.h b/include/linux/ckpt.h
index c834f3c..83c61a4 100644
--- a/include/linux/ckpt.h
+++ b/include/linux/ckpt.h
@@ -59,6 +59,8 @@ int cr_write_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct path *path, struct path *root);
int cr_read_obj(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct cr_hdr *h, void *buf, int n);
int cr_read_obj_type(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *buf, int n, int type);
int cr_read_string(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *str, int len);
+int cr_read_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx, void *fname, int n);
+struct file *cr_read_open_fname(struct cr_ctx *ctx, int flags, int mode);

int cr_write_mm(struct cr_ctx *ctx, struct task_struct *t);
int cr_read_mm(struct cr_ctx *ctx);
--
1.5.4.3


\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2008-09-04 10:11    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans