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Subject[PATCH 10/10] Add timeout feature
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Date
The timeout feature is added to "freeze ioctl" to solve a deadlock
when the freezer accesses a frozen filesystem. And new ioctl
to reset the timeout period is added to extend the timeout period.
For example, the freezer resets the timeout period to 10 seconds every 5
seconds. In this approach, even if the freezer causes a deadlock by
accessing the frozen filesystem, it will be solved by the timeout
in 10 seconds and the freezer will be able to recognize that
at the next reset of timeout period.
o Freeze the filesystem
int ioctl(int fd, int FIFREEZE, long *timeout_sec)
fd: The file descriptor of the mountpoint
FIFREEZE: request code for the freeze
timeout_sec: the timeout period in seconds
If it's 0 or 1, the timeout isn't set.
This special case of "1" is implemented to keep
the compatibility with XFS applications.
Return value: 0 if the operation succeeds. Otherwise, -1

o Reset the timeout period
int ioctl(int fd, int FIFREEZE_RESET_TIMEOUT, long *timeout_sec)
fd:file descriptor of mountpoint
FIFREEZE_RESET_TIMEOUT: request code for reset of timeout period
timeout_sec: new timeout period in seconds
Return value: 0 if the operation succeeds. Otherwise, -1
Error number: If the filesystem has already been unfrozen,
errno is set to EINVAL.

Signed-off-by: Takashi Sato <t-sato@yk.jp.nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Masayuki Hamaguchi <m-hamaguchi@ys.jp.nec.com>
---
drivers/md/dm.c | 2 -
fs/block_dev.c | 2 +
fs/buffer.c | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++---
fs/ioctl.c | 71 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
fs/super.c | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++
fs/xfs/xfs_fsops.c | 2 -
include/linux/buffer_head.h | 4 +-
include/linux/fs.h | 8 ++++
8 files changed, 159 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/drivers/md/dm.c linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/
drivers/md/dm.c
--- linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/drivers/md/dm.c 2008-09-22 07:29:55.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/drivers/md/dm.c 2008-09-26 21:16:41.000000000 +0900
@@ -1451,7 +1451,7 @@ static int lock_fs(struct mapped_device

WARN_ON(md->frozen_sb);

- md->frozen_sb = freeze_bdev(md->suspended_bdev);
+ md->frozen_sb = freeze_bdev(md->suspended_bdev, 0);
if (IS_ERR(md->frozen_sb)) {
r = PTR_ERR(md->frozen_sb);
md->frozen_sb = NULL;
diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/block_dev.c linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/f
s/block_dev.c
--- linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/block_dev.c 2008-09-26 21:12:02.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/fs/block_dev.c 2008-09-26 21:16:41.000000000 +0900
@@ -287,6 +287,8 @@ static void init_once(void *foo)
inode_init_once(&ei->vfs_inode);
/* Initialize mutex for freeze. */
mutex_init(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
+ /* Setup freeze timeout function. */
+ INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_timeout, fsfreeze_timeout);
}

static inline void __bd_forget(struct inode *inode)
diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/buffer.c linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/fs/b
uffer.c
--- linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/buffer.c 2008-09-26 21:12:02.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/fs/buffer.c 2008-09-26 21:16:41.000000000 +0900
@@ -190,27 +190,37 @@ int fsync_bdev(struct block_device *bdev

/**
* freeze_bdev -- lock a filesystem and force it into a consistent state
- * @bdev: blockdevice to lock
+ * @bdev: blockdevice to lock
+ * @timeout_msec: timeout period
*
* This takes the block device bd_mount_sem to make sure no new mounts
* happen on bdev until thaw_bdev() is called.
* If a superblock is found on this device, we take the s_umount semaphore
* on it to make sure nobody unmounts until the snapshot creation is done.
+ * If timeout_msec is bigger than 0, this registers the delayed work for
+ * timeout of the freeze feature.
* The reference counter (bd_fsfreeze_count) guarantees that only the last
* unfreeze process can unfreeze the frozen filesystem actually when multiple
* freeze requests arrive simultaneously. It counts up in freeze_bdev() and
* count down in thaw_bdev(). When it becomes 0, thaw_bdev() will unfreeze
* actually.
*/
-struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *bdev)
+struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *bdev,
+ unsigned int timeout_msec)
{
struct super_block *sb;
int error = 0;

mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
if (bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count > 0) {
- bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count++;
- sb = get_super(bdev);
+ if ((delayed_work_pending(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_timeout))
+ || (timeout_msec != 0))
+ sb = ERR_PTR(-EBUSY);
+ else {
+ bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count++;
+ sb = get_super(bdev);
+ }
+
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return sb;
}
@@ -245,6 +255,10 @@ struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct b
}

sync_blockdev(bdev);
+ /* Setup unfreeze timer. */
+ if (timeout_msec > 0)
+ add_fsfreeze_timeout(bdev, timeout_msec);
+
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);

return sb; /* thaw_bdev releases s->s_umount and bd_mount_sem */
@@ -260,6 +274,22 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(freeze_bdev);
*/
int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev, struct super_block *sb)
{
+ return thaw_bdev_core(bdev, sb, 1);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_bdev);
+
+/**
+ * thaw_bdev_core -- unlock filesystem and delete timeout task
+ * @bdev: blockdevice to unlock
+ * @sb: associated superblock
+ * @del_timeout_task: If it is 0 then don't delete timeout task else delete
+ *
+ * Unlocks the filesystem and marks it writeable again after freeze_bdev().
+ * And If del_timeout_task is 0 then don't delete timeout task else delete.
+ */
+int thaw_bdev_core(struct block_device *bdev,
+ struct super_block *sb, int del_timeout_task)
+{
int error = 0;

mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
@@ -276,6 +306,10 @@ int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev,
return 0;
}

+ /* Delete unfreeze timer. */
+ if (del_timeout_task)
+ cancel_delayed_work_sync(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_timeout);
+
if (sb) {
BUG_ON(sb->s_bdev != bdev);
if (!(sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)) {
@@ -301,7 +335,7 @@ int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *bdev,
mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
return 0;
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_bdev);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(thaw_bdev_core);

/*
* Various filesystems appear to want __find_get_block to be non-blocking.
diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/ioctl.c linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/fs/io
ctl.c
--- linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/ioctl.c 2008-09-26 21:12:02.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/fs/ioctl.c 2008-09-26 21:16:41.000000000 +0900
@@ -141,9 +141,12 @@ static int ioctl_fioasync(unsigned int f
return error;
}

-static int ioctl_fsfreeze(struct file *filp)
+static int ioctl_fsfreeze(struct file *filp, int __user *argp)
{
+ int timeout_sec;
+ unsigned int timeout_msec;
struct super_block *sb = filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_sb;
+ int error;

if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;
@@ -156,8 +159,25 @@ static int ioctl_fsfreeze(struct file *f
if (sb->s_bdev == NULL)
return -EINVAL;

+ /* arg(sec) to tick value. */
+ error = get_user(timeout_sec, argp);
+ if (error != 0)
+ return error;
+
+ if (timeout_sec < 0 || timeout_sec > UINT_MAX/1000)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /*
+ * If 1 is specified as the timeout period it is changed into 0
+ * to retain compatibility with XFS's xfs_freeze.
+ */
+ if (timeout_sec == 1)
+ timeout_sec = 0;
+
+ timeout_msec = timeout_sec * 1000;
+
/* Freeze */
- sb = freeze_bdev(sb->s_bdev);
+ sb = freeze_bdev(sb->s_bdev, timeout_msec);
if (IS_ERR(sb))
return PTR_ERR(sb);
return 0;
@@ -178,6 +198,47 @@ static int ioctl_fsthaw(struct file *fil
return thaw_bdev(sb->s_bdev, sb);
}

+static int
+ioctl_fsfreeze_reset_timeout(struct file *filp, int __user *argp)
+{
+ int timeout_sec;
+ unsigned int timeout_msec;
+ struct super_block *sb = filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_sb;
+ struct block_device *bdev = sb->s_bdev;
+ int error;
+
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ /* If a blockdevice-backed filesystem isn't specified, return EINVAL. */
+ if (bdev == NULL)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* arg(sec) to tick value */
+ error = get_user(timeout_sec, argp);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
+
+ if (timeout_sec <= 1 || timeout_sec > UINT_MAX/1000)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ timeout_msec = timeout_sec * 1000;
+
+ mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
+ if (!bdev->bd_fsfreeze_count) {
+ mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ } else if (!delayed_work_pending(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_timeout)) {
+ mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
+ return -EBUSY;
+ }
+ /* setup unfreeze timer */
+ add_fsfreeze_timeout(bdev, timeout_msec);
+ mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_mutex);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
/*
* When you add any new common ioctls to the switches above and below
* please update compat_sys_ioctl() too.
@@ -221,13 +282,17 @@ int do_vfs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsi
break;

case FIFREEZE:
- error = ioctl_fsfreeze(filp);
+ error = ioctl_fsfreeze(filp, argp);
break;

case FITHAW:
error = ioctl_fsthaw(filp);
break;

+ case FIFREEZE_RESET_TIMEOUT:
+ error = ioctl_fsfreeze_reset_timeout(filp, argp);
+ break;
+
default:
if (S_ISREG(filp->f_path.dentry->d_inode->i_mode))
error = file_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/super.c linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/fs/su
per.c
--- linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/super.c 2008-09-22 07:29:55.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/fs/super.c 2008-09-26 21:16:41.000000000 +0900
@@ -981,3 +981,40 @@ struct vfsmount *kern_mount_data(struct
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kern_mount_data);
+
+/*
+ * fsfreeze_timeout - Thaw the filesystem.
+ *
+ * @work: work queue (delayed_work.work)
+ *
+ * Called by the delayed work when elapsing the timeout period.
+ * Thaw the filesystem.
+ */
+void fsfreeze_timeout(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct block_device *bd = container_of(work,
+ struct block_device, bd_fsfreeze_timeout.work);
+ struct super_block *sb = get_super(bd);
+
+ thaw_bdev_core(bd, sb, 0);
+
+ if (sb)
+ drop_super(sb);
+}
+
+/*
+ * add_fsfreeze_timeout - Add timeout for freeze.
+ *
+ * @bdev: block device struct
+ * @timeout_msec: timeout period
+ *
+ * Add the delayed work for freeze timeout to the delayed work queue.
+ */
+void add_fsfreeze_timeout(struct block_device *bdev, unsigned int timeout_msec)
+{
+ s64 timeout_jiffies = msecs_to_jiffies(timeout_msec);
+
+ /* Set delayed work queue */
+ cancel_delayed_work_sync(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_timeout);
+ schedule_delayed_work(&bdev->bd_fsfreeze_timeout, timeout_jiffies);
+}
diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/xfs/xfs_fsops.c linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeo
ut/fs/xfs/xfs_fsops.c
--- linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/fs/xfs/xfs_fsops.c 2008-09-26 21:10:28.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/fs/xfs/xfs_fsops.c 2008-09-26 21:16:41.000000000 +0900
@@ -624,7 +624,7 @@ xfs_fs_goingdown(
{
switch (inflags) {
case XFS_FSOP_GOING_FLAGS_DEFAULT: {
- struct super_block *sb = freeze_bdev(mp->m_super->s_bdev);
+ struct super_block *sb = freeze_bdev(mp->m_super->s_bdev, 0);

if (sb && !IS_ERR(sb)) {
xfs_force_shutdown(mp, SHUTDOWN_FORCE_UMOUNT);
diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/include/linux/buffer_head.h linux-2.6.27-
rc7-timeout/include/linux/buffer_head.h
--- linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/include/linux/buffer_head.h 2008-09-26 21:12:02.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/include/linux/buffer_head.h 2008-09-26 21:16:41.000000000 +0900
@@ -169,8 +169,10 @@ int sync_blockdev(struct block_device *b
void __wait_on_buffer(struct buffer_head *);
wait_queue_head_t *bh_waitq_head(struct buffer_head *bh);
int fsync_bdev(struct block_device *);
-struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *);
+struct super_block *freeze_bdev(struct block_device *,
+ unsigned int timeout_msec);
int thaw_bdev(struct block_device *, struct super_block *);
+int thaw_bdev_core(struct block_device *, struct super_block *, int);
int fsync_super(struct super_block *);
int fsync_no_super(struct block_device *);
struct buffer_head *__find_get_block(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t block,
diff -uprN -X linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/Documentation/dontdiff linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/include/linux/fs.h linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeo
ut/include/linux/fs.h
--- linux-2.6.27-rc7-xfs/include/linux/fs.h 2008-09-26 21:12:02.000000000 +0900
+++ linux-2.6.27-rc7-timeout/include/linux/fs.h 2008-09-26 21:16:41.000000000 +0900
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@

#include <linux/limits.h>
#include <linux/ioctl.h>
+#include <linux/workqueue.h>

/*
* It's silly to have NR_OPEN bigger than NR_FILE, but you can change
@@ -228,6 +229,7 @@ extern int dir_notify_enable;
#define FIGETBSZ _IO(0x00,2) /* get the block size used for bmap */
#define FIFREEZE _IOWR('X', 119, int) /* Freeze */
#define FITHAW _IOWR('X', 120, int) /* Thaw */
+#define FIFREEZE_RESET_TIMEOUT _IO(0x00, 3) /* Reset freeze timeout */

#define FS_IOC_GETFLAGS _IOR('f', 1, long)
#define FS_IOC_SETFLAGS _IOW('f', 2, long)
@@ -581,6 +583,8 @@ struct block_device {
int bd_fsfreeze_count;
/* Mutex for freeze */
struct mutex bd_fsfreeze_mutex;
+ /* Delayed work for freeze */
+ struct delayed_work bd_fsfreeze_timeout;
};

/*
@@ -2160,5 +2164,9 @@ int proc_nr_files(struct ctl_table *tabl

int get_filesystem_list(char * buf);

+extern void add_fsfreeze_timeout(struct block_device *bdev,
+ unsigned int timeout_msec);
+extern void fsfreeze_timeout(struct work_struct *work);
+
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_FS_H */

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