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Subjectdiet-kconfig: a script to trim unneeded kconfigs
Hi,

a topic that just came up in kernel summit is a script to remove
unneeded kernel configs automatically to reduce the compile time.
Incidentally, I already wrote such a script during the last SUSE hack
week a couple of weeks ago, so I'd like to share here, hopefully to
give an idea for further improvements.

The script checks the currently loaded modules and trims other
CONFIG_XXX=m simply, and tries make oldconfig, and writes out the
resultant .config in the current directory after some checks.
You can specify the config file via option, as default, it reads from
/proc/config.gz.

The script is VERY hackish. I should have begun with perl or whatever
better script language, but I chose bash and co. So, don't expect
much code quality. I'm no script guy after all :)


Takashi
---
#!/bin/sh

# this magic makes grep and co a lot faster
export LANG=C

kroot=
subarch=$(uname -i)
oldconfig=/proc/config.gz
localversion=
modulelist=
optimize_smp=
optimize_memory=
outputfile=

usage () {
cat <<EOF
diet-kconfig -- Trim down kernel configs of unused modules
Usage: diet-kconfig [-options]
Create a kernel config file based on the running system
option:
-r ROOT Specifies the linux-kernel root, default: current dir
-a ARCH Architecture (e.g. i386), default: running arch
-c FILE Old config file, default: /proc/config.gz)
-o FILE Output config file, default: kernel/.config
-l LIST Module list, default: read lsmod
-v VER Specifies the local version string, default: as is the original
-s Optimize SMP
-m Optimize memory model (for i386)
-h This help
EOF
exit 1
}
while getopts r:a:c:o:l:v:pmh opt; do
case "$opt" in
r)
kroot="$OPTARG"
;;
a)
subarch="$OPTARG"
;;
c)
oldconfig="$OPTARG"
if [ ! -f "$oldconfig" ]; then
echo "Cannot find old config $oldconfig"
exit 1
fi
;;
o)
outputfile="$OPTARG"
;;
l)
modulelist="$OPTARG"
if [ ! -f "$modulelist" ]; then
echo "Cannot find module list file modulelist"
exit 1
fi
;;
v)
localversion="-$OPTARG"
;;
s)
optimize_smp=y
;;
m)
optimize_memory=y
;;
h)
usage
;;
*)
echo "Invalid option $opt"
usage
;;
esac
done

if [ -z "$kroot" ]; then
kdir=.
else
kdir="$kroot"
fi
if [ ! -d "$kdir" -o ! -f "$kdir"/Makefile -o ! -f "$kdir"/MAINTAINERS ]; then
echo "Invalid kernel root directory $kdir"
exit 1
fi

case $subarch in
i?86|x86_64) arch=x86;;
*) arch=$subarch;;
esac
tmpd=$(mktemp -q -d /tmp/dietkconf.XXXXXX)
cleanup () {
rm -rf $tmpd
exit 1
}
trap cleanup 0
curdir=$(pwd)

test -n "$kroot" && cd $kroot

# create a list of Makefile's
find arch/$arch block crypto drivers fs ipc kernel lib mm net security sound virt \
-name 'Makefile' | xargs cat >> $tmpd/makefiles
# find configs to create the given module
find_kconfig () {
module=$1
modregex=$(echo $1 | sed -e's/_/[_-]/g')
grep -E '^[[:space:]]*obj-\$\([A-Za-z0-9_]*\)[[:space:]]*[+:]=.*[[:space:]]'"$modregex"'\.o' $tmpd/makefiles | \
sed -e's/^.*://g' -e's/^[[:space:]]*obj-\$(\(.*\)).*$/\1/g'
}
# set config no
kconfig_no () {
sed -i -e's/^\('$1'\)=.*/# \1 is not set/' $tmpd/kconfig
}
# set config yes
kconfig_yes () {
sed -i -e's/# '$1' .*/'$1'=y/' $tmpd/kconfig
}
# only previously selected modules with XXX marks
kconfig_mod () {
sed -i -e's/# '$1' XXX/'$1'=m/' $tmpd/kconfig
}
get_old_config () {
case "$oldconfig" in
*.gz)
zcat $oldconfig
;;
*)
cat $oldconfig
esac
}
list_modules () {
if [ -n "$modulelist" ]; then
awk '{if ($1 != "Module") {print $1}}' < $modulelist
else
lsmod | awk '{if ($1 != "Module") {print $1}}'
fi
}
# copy the original kconfigs; reset all modules, but remember they were
# enabled by marking XXX
get_old_config | sed -e's/^\(CONFIG.*\)=m/# \1 XXX/g' > $tmpd/kconfig
# optimize some stuff (if given)
if [ "$optimize_smp" = "y" ]; then
cpus=$(cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep -q -c 'processor[[:space:]]*:')
if [ "$cpus" = 1 ]; then
kconfig_no CONFIG_SMP
else
kconfig_yes CONFIG_SMP
fi
fi
if [ "$subarch" = "i386" ]; then
if [ "$optimize_memory" = "y" ]; then
mem=$(free | grep 'Mem:' | awk '{print $2}')
if [ $mem -gt 4194304 ]; then
kconfig_yes CONFIG_HIGHMEM64G
kconfig_no CONFIG_HIGHMEM4G
kconfig_no CONFIG_NOHIGHMEM
kconfig_yes CONFIG_X86_PAE
elif [ $mem -gt 1048576 ]; then
kconfig_no CONFIG_HIGHMEM64G
kconfig_yes CONFIG_HIGHMEM4G
kconfig_no CONFIG_NOHIGHMEM
kconfig_no CONFIG_X86_PAE
else
kconfig_no CONFIG_HIGHMEM64G
kconfig_no CONFIG_HIGHMEM4G
kconfig_yes CONFIG_NOHIGHMEM
kconfig_no CONFIG_X86_PAE
fi
fi
fi
# rewrite the local version
if [ -n "$localversion" ]; then
sed -i -e's/^CONFIG_LOCALVERSION=.*/CONFIG_LOCALVERSION="'$localversion'"/' $tmpd/kconfig
fi

# find kconfig for each module
rm -f $noconfigs $okconfigs
list_modules | while read m; do
echo -n "Checking module $m..."
cfgs=$(find_kconfig $m)
if [ -z "$cfgs" ]; then
echo -n "N/A"
echo $m >> $tmpd/conf-no
else
echo -n "$m" >> $tmpd/conf-ok
for c in $cfgs; do
echo -n " $c"
echo -n " $c" >> $tmpd/conf-ok
kconfig_mod $c
done
echo >> $tmpd/conf-ok
fi
echo
done
# if the previously =m doesn't enable any modules, it's a virtual one, which
# we should keep =m
for c in $(grep '^#.*XXX$' $tmpd/kconfig | sed -e's/^#.*\(CONFIG.*\) XXX/\1/g'); do
grep -q 'obj-\$('$c').*=.*\.o' $tmpd/makefiles || kconfig_mod $c
done
# replace XXX to standard
sed -i -e's/^\(#.*\) XXX/\1 is not set/g' $tmpd/kconfig

# reconfigure
echo "Reconfiguring via make silentconfig"
cd $curdir
cp $tmpd/kconfig .config

if [ -n "$kroot" ]; then
make_args="-C $kroot O=$curdir"
else
make_args=
fi
make $make_args silentoldconfig ARCH=$arch

if [ -n "$outputfile" ]; then
echo "Copying the result to $outputfile"
cp .config $outputfile
fi

echo
echo "*** FINISHED ***"
echo
if [ -s $tmpd/conf-no ]; then
echo "Modules not configured:"
cat $tmpd/conf-no
fi

if [ -s $tmpd/conf-ok ]; then
while read m cfgs; do
found=
for c in $cfgs; do
if grep -q $c=m .config; then
found=y
break
fi
done
if [ -z "$found" ]; then
echo "Not enabled: module $m with config $cfgs"
fi
done < $tmpd/conf-ok
fi

exit 0


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