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SubjectRe: Linux 2.6.26.2
diff --git a/Documentation/ftrace.txt b/Documentation/ftrace.txt
deleted file mode 100644
index 13e4bf0..0000000
--- a/Documentation/ftrace.txt
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,1353 +0,0 @@
- ftrace - Function Tracer
- ========================
-
-Copyright 2008 Red Hat Inc.
-Author: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
-
-
-Introduction
-------------
-
-Ftrace is an internal tracer designed to help out developers and
-designers of systems to find what is going on inside the kernel.
-It can be used for debugging or analyzing latencies and performance
-issues that take place outside of user-space.
-
-Although ftrace is the function tracer, it also includes an
-infrastructure that allows for other types of tracing. Some of the
-tracers that are currently in ftrace is a tracer to trace
-context switches, the time it takes for a high priority task to
-run after it was woken up, the time interrupts are disabled, and
-more.
-
-
-The File System
----------------
-
-Ftrace uses the debugfs file system to hold the control files as well
-as the files to display output.
-
-To mount the debugfs system:
-
- # mkdir /debug
- # mount -t debugfs nodev /debug
-
-
-That's it! (assuming that you have ftrace configured into your kernel)
-
-After mounting the debugfs, you can see a directory called
-"tracing". This directory contains the control and output files
-of ftrace. Here is a list of some of the key files:
-
-
- Note: all time values are in microseconds.
-
- current_tracer : This is used to set or display the current tracer
- that is configured.
-
- available_tracers : This holds the different types of tracers that
- has been compiled into the kernel. The tracers
- listed here can be configured by echoing in their
- name into current_tracer.
-
- tracing_enabled : This sets or displays whether the current_tracer
- is activated and tracing or not. Echo 0 into this
- file to disable the tracer or 1 (or non-zero) to
- enable it.
-
- trace : This file holds the output of the trace in a human readable
- format.
-
- latency_trace : This file shows the same trace but the information
- is organized more to display possible latencies
- in the system.
-
- trace_pipe : The output is the same as the "trace" file but this
- file is meant to be streamed with live tracing.
- Reads from this file will block until new data
- is retrieved. Unlike the "trace" and "latency_trace"
- files, this file is a consumer. This means reading
- from this file causes sequential reads to display
- more current data. Once data is read from this
- file, it is consumed, and will not be read
- again with a sequential read. The "trace" and
- "latency_trace" files are static, and if the
- tracer isn't adding more data, they will display
- the same information every time they are read.
-
- iter_ctrl : This file lets the user control the amount of data
- that is displayed in one of the above output
- files.
-
- trace_max_latency : Some of the tracers record the max latency.
- For example, the time interrupts are disabled.
- This time is saved in this file. The max trace
- will also be stored, and displayed by either
- "trace" or "latency_trace". A new max trace will
- only be recorded if the latency is greater than
- the value in this file. (in microseconds)
-
- trace_entries : This sets or displays the number of trace
- entries each CPU buffer can hold. The tracer buffers
- are the same size for each CPU, so care must be
- taken when modifying the trace_entries. The number
- of actually entries will be the number given
- times the number of possible CPUS. The buffers
- are saved as individual pages, and the actual entries
- will always be rounded up to entries per page.
-
- This can only be updated when the current_tracer
- is set to "none".
-
- NOTE: It is planned on changing the allocated buffers
- from being the number of possible CPUS to
- the number of online CPUS.
-
- tracing_cpumask : This is a mask that lets the user only trace
- on specified CPUS. The format is a hex string
- representing the CPUS.
-
- set_ftrace_filter : When dynamic ftrace is configured in, the
- code is dynamically modified to disable calling
- of the function profiler (mcount). This lets
- tracing be configured in with practically no overhead
- in performance. This also has a side effect of
- enabling or disabling specific functions to be
- traced. Echoing in names of functions into this
- file will limit the trace to only those files.
-
- set_ftrace_notrace: This has the opposite effect that
- set_ftrace_filter has. Any function that is added
- here will not be traced. If a function exists
- in both set_ftrace_filter and set_ftrace_notrace
- the function will _not_ bet traced.
-
- available_filter_functions : When a function is encountered the first
- time by the dynamic tracer, it is recorded and
- later the call is converted into a nop. This file
- lists the functions that have been recorded
- by the dynamic tracer and these functions can
- be used to set the ftrace filter by the above
- "set_ftrace_filter" file.
-
-
-The Tracers
------------
-
-Here are the list of current tracers that can be configured.
-
- ftrace - function tracer that uses mcount to trace all functions.
- It is possible to filter out which functions that are
- traced when dynamic ftrace is configured in.
-
- sched_switch - traces the context switches between tasks.
-
- irqsoff - traces the areas that disable interrupts and saves off
- the trace with the longest max latency.
- See tracing_max_latency. When a new max is recorded,
- it replaces the old trace. It is best to view this
- trace with the latency_trace file.
-
- preemptoff - Similar to irqsoff but traces and records the time
- preemption is disabled.
-
- preemptirqsoff - Similar to irqsoff and preemptoff, but traces and
- records the largest time irqs and/or preemption is
- disabled.
-
- wakeup - Traces and records the max latency that it takes for
- the highest priority task to get scheduled after
- it has been woken up.
-
- none - This is not a tracer. To remove all tracers from tracing
- simply echo "none" into current_tracer.
-
-
-Examples of using the tracer
-----------------------------
-
-Here are typical examples of using the tracers with only controlling
-them with the debugfs interface (without using any user-land utilities).
-
-Output format:
---------------
-
-Here's an example of the output format of the file "trace"
-
- --------
-# tracer: ftrace
-#
-# TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
-# | | | | |
- bash-4251 [01] 10152.583854: path_put <-path_walk
- bash-4251 [01] 10152.583855: dput <-path_put
- bash-4251 [01] 10152.583855: _atomic_dec_and_lock <-dput
- --------
-
-A header is printed with the trace that is represented. In this case
-the tracer is "ftrace". Then a header showing the format. Task name
-"bash", the task PID "4251", the CPU that it was running on
-"01", the timestamp in <secs>.<usecs> format, the function name that was
-traced "path_put" and the parent function that called this function
-"path_walk".
-
-The sched_switch tracer also includes tracing of task wake ups and
-context switches.
-
- ksoftirqd/1-7 [01] 1453.070013: 7:115:R + 2916:115:S
- ksoftirqd/1-7 [01] 1453.070013: 7:115:R + 10:115:S
- ksoftirqd/1-7 [01] 1453.070013: 7:115:R ==> 10:115:R
- events/1-10 [01] 1453.070013: 10:115:S ==> 2916:115:R
- kondemand/1-2916 [01] 1453.070013: 2916:115:S ==> 7:115:R
- ksoftirqd/1-7 [01] 1453.070013: 7:115:S ==> 0:140:R
-
-Wake ups are represented by a "+" and the context switches show
-"==>". The format is:
-
- Context switches:
-
- Previous task Next Task
-
- <pid>:<prio>:<state> ==> <pid>:<prio>:<state>
-
- Wake ups:
-
- Current task Task waking up
-
- <pid>:<prio>:<state> + <pid>:<prio>:<state>
-
-The prio is the internal kernel priority, which is inverse to the
-priority that is usually displayed by user-space tools. Zero represents
-the highest priority (99). Prio 100 starts the "nice" priorities with
-100 being equal to nice -20 and 139 being nice 19. The prio "140" is
-reserved for the idle task which is the lowest priority thread (pid 0).
-
-
-Latency trace format
---------------------
-
-For traces that display latency times, the latency_trace file gives
-a bit more information to see why a latency happened. Here's a typical
-trace.
-
-# tracer: irqsoff
-#
-irqsoff latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.26-rc8
---------------------------------------------------------------------
- latency: 97 us, #3/3, CPU#0 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
- -----------------
- | task: swapper-0 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
- -----------------
- => started at: apic_timer_interrupt
- => ended at: do_softirq
-
-# _------=> CPU#
-# / _-----=> irqs-off
-# | / _----=> need-resched
-# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
-# |||| /
-# ||||| delay
-# cmd pid ||||| time | caller
-# \ / ||||| \ | /
- <idle>-0 0d..1 0us+: trace_hardirqs_off_thunk (apic_timer_interrupt)
- <idle>-0 0d.s. 97us : __do_softirq (do_softirq)
- <idle>-0 0d.s1 98us : trace_hardirqs_on (do_softirq)
-
-
-vim:ft=help
-
-
-This shows that the current tracer is "irqsoff" tracing the time
-interrupts are disabled. It gives the trace version and the kernel
-this was executed on (2.6.26-rc8). Then it displays the max latency
-in microsecs (97 us). The number of trace entries displayed
-by the total number recorded (both are three: #3/3). The type of
-preemption that was used (PREEMPT). VP, KP, SP, and HP are always zero
-and reserved for later use. #P is the number of online CPUS (#P:2).
-
-The task is the process that was running when the latency happened.
-(swapper pid: 0).
-
-The start and stop that caused the latencies:
-
- apic_timer_interrupt is where the interrupts were disabled.
- do_softirq is where they were enabled again.
-
-The next lines after the header are the trace itself. The header
-explains which is which.
-
- cmd: The name of the process in the trace.
-
- pid: The PID of that process.
-
- CPU#: The CPU that the process was running on.
-
- irqs-off: 'd' interrupts are disabled. '.' otherwise.
-
- need-resched: 'N' task need_resched is set, '.' otherwise.
-
- hardirq/softirq:
- 'H' - hard irq happened inside a softirq.
- 'h' - hard irq is running
- 's' - soft irq is running
- '.' - normal context.
-
- preempt-depth: The level of preempt_disabled
-
-The above is mostly meaningful for kernel developers.
-
- time: This differs from the trace output where as the trace output
- contained a absolute timestamp. This timestamp is relative
- to the start of the first entry in the the trace.
-
- delay: This is just to help catch your eye a bit better. And
- needs to be fixed to be only relative to the same CPU.
- The marks is determined by the difference between this
- current trace and the next trace.
- '!' - greater than preempt_mark_thresh (default 100)
- '+' - greater than 1 microsecond
- ' ' - less than or equal to 1 microsecond.
-
- The rest is the same as the 'trace' file.
-
-
-iter_ctrl
----------
-
-The iter_ctrl file is used to control what gets printed in the trace
-output. To see what is available, simply cat the file:
-
- cat /debug/tracing/iter_ctrl
- print-parent nosym-offset nosym-addr noverbose noraw nohex nobin \
- noblock nostacktrace nosched-tree
-
-To disable one of the options, echo in the option appended with "no".
-
- echo noprint-parent > /debug/tracing/iter_ctrl
-
-To enable an option, leave off the "no".
-
- echo sym-offest > /debug/tracing/iter_ctrl
-
-Here are the available options:
-
- print-parent - On function traces, display the calling function
- as well as the function being traced.
-
- print-parent:
- bash-4000 [01] 1477.606694: simple_strtoul <-strict_strtoul
-
- noprint-parent:
- bash-4000 [01] 1477.606694: simple_strtoul
-
-
- sym-offset - Display not only the function name, but also the offset
- in the function. For example, instead of seeing just
- "ktime_get" you will see "ktime_get+0xb/0x20"
-
- sym-offset:
- bash-4000 [01] 1477.606694: simple_strtoul+0x6/0xa0
-
- sym-addr - this will also display the function address as well as
- the function name.
-
- sym-addr:
- bash-4000 [01] 1477.606694: simple_strtoul <c0339346>
-
- verbose - This deals with the latency_trace file.
-
- bash 4000 1 0 00000000 00010a95 [58127d26] 1720.415ms \
- (+0.000ms): simple_strtoul (strict_strtoul)
-
- raw - This will display raw numbers. This option is best for use with
- user applications that can translate the raw numbers better than
- having it done in the kernel.
-
- hex - similar to raw, but the numbers will be in a hexadecimal format.
-
- bin - This will print out the formats in raw binary.
-
- block - TBD (needs update)
-
- stacktrace - This is one of the options that changes the trace itself.
- When a trace is recorded, so is the stack of functions.
- This allows for back traces of trace sites.
-
- sched-tree - TBD (any users??)
-
-
-sched_switch
-------------
-
-This tracer simply records schedule switches. Here's an example
-on how to implement it.
-
- # echo sched_switch > /debug/tracing/current_tracer
- # echo 1 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # sleep 1
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # cat /debug/tracing/trace
-
-# tracer: sched_switch
-#
-# TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
-# | | | | |
- bash-3997 [01] 240.132281: 3997:120:R + 4055:120:R
- bash-3997 [01] 240.132284: 3997:120:R ==> 4055:120:R
- sleep-4055 [01] 240.132371: 4055:120:S ==> 3997:120:R
- bash-3997 [01] 240.132454: 3997:120:R + 4055:120:S
- bash-3997 [01] 240.132457: 3997:120:R ==> 4055:120:R
- sleep-4055 [01] 240.132460: 4055:120:D ==> 3997:120:R
- bash-3997 [01] 240.132463: 3997:120:R + 4055:120:D
- bash-3997 [01] 240.132465: 3997:120:R ==> 4055:120:R
- <idle>-0 [00] 240.132589: 0:140:R + 4:115:S
- <idle>-0 [00] 240.132591: 0:140:R ==> 4:115:R
- ksoftirqd/0-4 [00] 240.132595: 4:115:S ==> 0:140:R
- <idle>-0 [00] 240.132598: 0:140:R + 4:115:S
- <idle>-0 [00] 240.132599: 0:140:R ==> 4:115:R
- ksoftirqd/0-4 [00] 240.132603: 4:115:S ==> 0:140:R
- sleep-4055 [01] 240.133058: 4055:120:S ==> 3997:120:R
- [...]
-
-
-As we have discussed previously about this format, the header shows
-the name of the trace and points to the options. The "FUNCTION"
-is a misnomer since here it represents the wake ups and context
-switches.
-
-The sched_switch only lists the wake ups (represented with '+')
-and context switches ('==>') with the previous task or current
-first followed by the next task or task waking up. The format for both
-of these is PID:KERNEL-PRIO:TASK-STATE. Remember that the KERNEL-PRIO
-is the inverse of the actual priority with zero (0) being the highest
-priority and the nice values starting at 100 (nice -20). Below is
-a quick chart to map the kernel priority to user land priorities.
-
- Kernel priority: 0 to 99 ==> user RT priority 99 to 0
- Kernel priority: 100 to 139 ==> user nice -20 to 19
- Kernel priority: 140 ==> idle task priority
-
-The task states are:
-
- R - running : wants to run, may not actually be running
- S - sleep : process is waiting to be woken up (handles signals)
- D - deep sleep : process must be woken up (ignores signals)
- T - stopped : process suspended
- t - traced : process is being traced (with something like gdb)
- Z - zombie : process waiting to be cleaned up
- X - unknown
-
-
-ftrace_enabled
---------------
-
-The following tracers give different output depending on whether
-or not the sysctl ftrace_enabled is set. To set ftrace_enabled,
-one can either use the sysctl function or set it via the proc
-file system interface.
-
- sysctl kernel.ftrace_enabled=1
-
- or
-
- echo 1 > /proc/sys/kernel/ftrace_enabled
-
-To disable ftrace_enabled simply replace the '1' with '0' in
-the above commands.
-
-When ftrace_enabled is set the tracers will also record the functions
-that are within the trace. The descriptions of the tracers
-will also show an example with ftrace enabled.
-
-
-irqsoff
--------
-
-When interrupts are disabled, the CPU can not react to any other
-external event (besides NMIs and SMIs). This prevents the timer
-interrupt from triggering or the mouse interrupt from letting the
-kernel know of a new mouse event. The result is a latency with the
-reaction time.
-
-The irqsoff tracer tracks the time interrupts are disabled and when
-they are re-enabled. When a new maximum latency is hit, it saves off
-the trace so that it may be retrieved at a later time. Every time a
-new maximum in reached, the old saved trace is discarded and the new
-trace is saved.
-
-To reset the maximum, echo 0 into tracing_max_latency. Here's an
-example:
-
- # echo irqsoff > /debug/tracing/current_tracer
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_max_latency
- # echo 1 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # ls -ltr
- [...]
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # cat /debug/tracing/latency_trace
-# tracer: irqsoff
-#
-irqsoff latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.26-rc8
---------------------------------------------------------------------
- latency: 6 us, #3/3, CPU#1 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
- -----------------
- | task: bash-4269 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
- -----------------
- => started at: copy_page_range
- => ended at: copy_page_range
-
-# _------=> CPU#
-# / _-----=> irqs-off
-# | / _----=> need-resched
-# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
-# |||| /
-# ||||| delay
-# cmd pid ||||| time | caller
-# \ / ||||| \ | /
- bash-4269 1...1 0us+: _spin_lock (copy_page_range)
- bash-4269 1...1 7us : _spin_unlock (copy_page_range)
- bash-4269 1...2 7us : trace_preempt_on (copy_page_range)
-
-
-vim:ft=help
-
-Here we see that that we had a latency of 6 microsecs (which is
-very good). The spin_lock in copy_page_range disabled interrupts.
-The difference between the 6 and the displayed timestamp 7us is
-because the clock must have incremented between the time of recording
-the max latency and recording the function that had that latency.
-
-Note the above had ftrace_enabled not set. If we set the ftrace_enabled
-we get a much larger output:
-
-# tracer: irqsoff
-#
-irqsoff latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.26-rc8
---------------------------------------------------------------------
- latency: 50 us, #101/101, CPU#0 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
- -----------------
- | task: ls-4339 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
- -----------------
- => started at: __alloc_pages_internal
- => ended at: __alloc_pages_internal
-
-# _------=> CPU#
-# / _-----=> irqs-off
-# | / _----=> need-resched
-# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
-# |||| /
-# ||||| delay
-# cmd pid ||||| time | caller
-# \ / ||||| \ | /
- ls-4339 0...1 0us+: get_page_from_freelist (__alloc_pages_internal)
- ls-4339 0d..1 3us : rmqueue_bulk (get_page_from_freelist)
- ls-4339 0d..1 3us : _spin_lock (rmqueue_bulk)
- ls-4339 0d..1 4us : add_preempt_count (_spin_lock)
- ls-4339 0d..2 4us : __rmqueue (rmqueue_bulk)
- ls-4339 0d..2 5us : __rmqueue_smallest (__rmqueue)
- ls-4339 0d..2 5us : __mod_zone_page_state (__rmqueue_smallest)
- ls-4339 0d..2 6us : __rmqueue (rmqueue_bulk)
- ls-4339 0d..2 6us : __rmqueue_smallest (__rmqueue)
- ls-4339 0d..2 7us : __mod_zone_page_state (__rmqueue_smallest)
- ls-4339 0d..2 7us : __rmqueue (rmqueue_bulk)
- ls-4339 0d..2 8us : __rmqueue_smallest (__rmqueue)
-[...]
- ls-4339 0d..2 46us : __rmqueue_smallest (__rmqueue)
- ls-4339 0d..2 47us : __mod_zone_page_state (__rmqueue_smallest)
- ls-4339 0d..2 47us : __rmqueue (rmqueue_bulk)
- ls-4339 0d..2 48us : __rmqueue_smallest (__rmqueue)
- ls-4339 0d..2 48us : __mod_zone_page_state (__rmqueue_smallest)
- ls-4339 0d..2 49us : _spin_unlock (rmqueue_bulk)
- ls-4339 0d..2 49us : sub_preempt_count (_spin_unlock)
- ls-4339 0d..1 50us : get_page_from_freelist (__alloc_pages_internal)
- ls-4339 0d..2 51us : trace_hardirqs_on (__alloc_pages_internal)
-
-
-vim:ft=help
-
-
-Here we traced a 50 microsecond latency. But we also see all the
-functions that were called during that time. Note that enabling
-function tracing we endure an added overhead. This overhead may
-extend the latency times. But never the less, this trace has provided
-some very helpful debugging.
-
-
-preemptoff
-----------
-
-When preemption is disabled we may be able to receive interrupts but
-the task can not be preempted and a higher priority task must wait
-for preemption to be enabled again before it can preempt a lower
-priority task.
-
-The preemptoff tracer traces the places that disables preemption.
-Like the irqsoff, it records the maximum latency that preemption
-was disabled. The control of preemptoff is much like the irqsoff.
-
- # echo preemptoff > /debug/tracing/current_tracer
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_max_latency
- # echo 1 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # ls -ltr
- [...]
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # cat /debug/tracing/latency_trace
-# tracer: preemptoff
-#
-preemptoff latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.26-rc8
---------------------------------------------------------------------
- latency: 29 us, #3/3, CPU#0 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
- -----------------
- | task: sshd-4261 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
- -----------------
- => started at: do_IRQ
- => ended at: __do_softirq
-
-# _------=> CPU#
-# / _-----=> irqs-off
-# | / _----=> need-resched
-# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
-# |||| /
-# ||||| delay
-# cmd pid ||||| time | caller
-# \ / ||||| \ | /
- sshd-4261 0d.h. 0us+: irq_enter (do_IRQ)
- sshd-4261 0d.s. 29us : _local_bh_enable (__do_softirq)
- sshd-4261 0d.s1 30us : trace_preempt_on (__do_softirq)
-
-
-vim:ft=help
-
-This has some more changes. Preemption was disabled when an interrupt
-came in (notice the 'h'), and was enabled while doing a softirq.
-(notice the 's'). But we also see that interrupts have been disabled
-when entering the preempt off section and leaving it (the 'd').
-We do not know if interrupts were enabled in the mean time.
-
-# tracer: preemptoff
-#
-preemptoff latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.26-rc8
---------------------------------------------------------------------
- latency: 63 us, #87/87, CPU#0 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
- -----------------
- | task: sshd-4261 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
- -----------------
- => started at: remove_wait_queue
- => ended at: __do_softirq
-
-# _------=> CPU#
-# / _-----=> irqs-off
-# | / _----=> need-resched
-# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
-# |||| /
-# ||||| delay
-# cmd pid ||||| time | caller
-# \ / ||||| \ | /
- sshd-4261 0d..1 0us : _spin_lock_irqsave (remove_wait_queue)
- sshd-4261 0d..1 1us : _spin_unlock_irqrestore (remove_wait_queue)
- sshd-4261 0d..1 2us : do_IRQ (common_interrupt)
- sshd-4261 0d..1 2us : irq_enter (do_IRQ)
- sshd-4261 0d..1 2us : idle_cpu (irq_enter)
- sshd-4261 0d..1 3us : add_preempt_count (irq_enter)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 3us : idle_cpu (irq_enter)
- sshd-4261 0d.h. 4us : handle_fasteoi_irq (do_IRQ)
-[...]
- sshd-4261 0d.h. 12us : add_preempt_count (_spin_lock)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 12us : ack_ioapic_quirk_irq (handle_fasteoi_irq)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 13us : move_native_irq (ack_ioapic_quirk_irq)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 13us : _spin_unlock (handle_fasteoi_irq)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 14us : sub_preempt_count (_spin_unlock)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 14us : irq_exit (do_IRQ)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 15us : sub_preempt_count (irq_exit)
- sshd-4261 0d..2 15us : do_softirq (irq_exit)
- sshd-4261 0d... 15us : __do_softirq (do_softirq)
- sshd-4261 0d... 16us : __local_bh_disable (__do_softirq)
- sshd-4261 0d... 16us+: add_preempt_count (__local_bh_disable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s4 20us : add_preempt_count (__local_bh_disable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s4 21us : sub_preempt_count (local_bh_enable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s5 21us : sub_preempt_count (local_bh_enable)
-[...]
- sshd-4261 0d.s6 41us : add_preempt_count (__local_bh_disable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s6 42us : sub_preempt_count (local_bh_enable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s7 42us : sub_preempt_count (local_bh_enable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s5 43us : add_preempt_count (__local_bh_disable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s5 43us : sub_preempt_count (local_bh_enable_ip)
- sshd-4261 0d.s6 44us : sub_preempt_count (local_bh_enable_ip)
- sshd-4261 0d.s5 44us : add_preempt_count (__local_bh_disable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s5 45us : sub_preempt_count (local_bh_enable)
-[...]
- sshd-4261 0d.s. 63us : _local_bh_enable (__do_softirq)
- sshd-4261 0d.s1 64us : trace_preempt_on (__do_softirq)
-
-
-The above is an example of the preemptoff trace with ftrace_enabled
-set. Here we see that interrupts were disabled the entire time.
-The irq_enter code lets us know that we entered an interrupt 'h'.
-Before that, the functions being traced still show that it is not
-in an interrupt, but we can see by the functions themselves that
-this is not the case.
-
-Notice that the __do_softirq when called doesn't have a preempt_count.
-It may seem that we missed a preempt enabled. What really happened
-is that the preempt count is held on the threads stack and we
-switched to the softirq stack (4K stacks in effect). The code
-does not copy the preempt count, but because interrupts are disabled
-we don't need to worry about it. Having a tracer like this is good
-to let people know what really happens inside the kernel.
-
-
-preemptirqsoff
---------------
-
-Knowing the locations that have interrupts disabled or preemption
-disabled for the longest times is helpful. But sometimes we would
-like to know when either preemption and/or interrupts are disabled.
-
-The following code:
-
- local_irq_disable();
- call_function_with_irqs_off();
- preempt_disable();
- call_function_with_irqs_and_preemption_off();
- local_irq_enable();
- call_function_with_preemption_off();
- preempt_enable();
-
-The irqsoff tracer will record the total length of
-call_function_with_irqs_off() and
-call_function_with_irqs_and_preemption_off().
-
-The preemptoff tracer will record the total length of
-call_function_with_irqs_and_preemption_off() and
-call_function_with_preemption_off().
-
-But neither will trace the time that interrupts and/or preemption
-is disabled. This total time is the time that we can not schedule.
-To record this time, use the preemptirqsoff tracer.
-
-Again, using this trace is much like the irqsoff and preemptoff tracers.
-
- # echo preemptoff > /debug/tracing/current_tracer
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_max_latency
- # echo 1 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # ls -ltr
- [...]
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # cat /debug/tracing/latency_trace
-# tracer: preemptirqsoff
-#
-preemptirqsoff latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.26-rc8
---------------------------------------------------------------------
- latency: 293 us, #3/3, CPU#0 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
- -----------------
- | task: ls-4860 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
- -----------------
- => started at: apic_timer_interrupt
- => ended at: __do_softirq
-
-# _------=> CPU#
-# / _-----=> irqs-off
-# | / _----=> need-resched
-# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
-# |||| /
-# ||||| delay
-# cmd pid ||||| time | caller
-# \ / ||||| \ | /
- ls-4860 0d... 0us!: trace_hardirqs_off_thunk (apic_timer_interrupt)
- ls-4860 0d.s. 294us : _local_bh_enable (__do_softirq)
- ls-4860 0d.s1 294us : trace_preempt_on (__do_softirq)
-
-
-vim:ft=help
-
-
-The trace_hardirqs_off_thunk is called from assembly on x86 when
-interrupts are disabled in the assembly code. Without the function
-tracing, we don't know if interrupts were enabled within the preemption
-points. We do see that it started with preemption enabled.
-
-Here is a trace with ftrace_enabled set:
-
-
-# tracer: preemptirqsoff
-#
-preemptirqsoff latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.26-rc8
---------------------------------------------------------------------
- latency: 105 us, #183/183, CPU#0 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
- -----------------
- | task: sshd-4261 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:0 rt_prio:0)
- -----------------
- => started at: write_chan
- => ended at: __do_softirq
-
-# _------=> CPU#
-# / _-----=> irqs-off
-# | / _----=> need-resched
-# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
-# |||| /
-# ||||| delay
-# cmd pid ||||| time | caller
-# \ / ||||| \ | /
- ls-4473 0.N.. 0us : preempt_schedule (write_chan)
- ls-4473 0dN.1 1us : _spin_lock (schedule)
- ls-4473 0dN.1 2us : add_preempt_count (_spin_lock)
- ls-4473 0d..2 2us : put_prev_task_fair (schedule)
-[...]
- ls-4473 0d..2 13us : set_normalized_timespec (ktime_get_ts)
- ls-4473 0d..2 13us : __switch_to (schedule)
- sshd-4261 0d..2 14us : finish_task_switch (schedule)
- sshd-4261 0d..2 14us : _spin_unlock_irq (finish_task_switch)
- sshd-4261 0d..1 15us : add_preempt_count (_spin_lock_irqsave)
- sshd-4261 0d..2 16us : _spin_unlock_irqrestore (hrtick_set)
- sshd-4261 0d..2 16us : do_IRQ (common_interrupt)
- sshd-4261 0d..2 17us : irq_enter (do_IRQ)
- sshd-4261 0d..2 17us : idle_cpu (irq_enter)
- sshd-4261 0d..2 18us : add_preempt_count (irq_enter)
- sshd-4261 0d.h2 18us : idle_cpu (irq_enter)
- sshd-4261 0d.h. 18us : handle_fasteoi_irq (do_IRQ)
- sshd-4261 0d.h. 19us : _spin_lock (handle_fasteoi_irq)
- sshd-4261 0d.h. 19us : add_preempt_count (_spin_lock)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 20us : _spin_unlock (handle_fasteoi_irq)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 20us : sub_preempt_count (_spin_unlock)
-[...]
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 28us : _spin_unlock (handle_fasteoi_irq)
- sshd-4261 0d.h1 29us : sub_preempt_count (_spin_unlock)
- sshd-4261 0d.h2 29us : irq_exit (do_IRQ)
- sshd-4261 0d.h2 29us : sub_preempt_count (irq_exit)
- sshd-4261 0d..3 30us : do_softirq (irq_exit)
- sshd-4261 0d... 30us : __do_softirq (do_softirq)
- sshd-4261 0d... 31us : __local_bh_disable (__do_softirq)
- sshd-4261 0d... 31us+: add_preempt_count (__local_bh_disable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s4 34us : add_preempt_count (__local_bh_disable)
-[...]
- sshd-4261 0d.s3 43us : sub_preempt_count (local_bh_enable_ip)
- sshd-4261 0d.s4 44us : sub_preempt_count (local_bh_enable_ip)
- sshd-4261 0d.s3 44us : smp_apic_timer_interrupt (apic_timer_interrupt)
- sshd-4261 0d.s3 45us : irq_enter (smp_apic_timer_interrupt)
- sshd-4261 0d.s3 45us : idle_cpu (irq_enter)
- sshd-4261 0d.s3 46us : add_preempt_count (irq_enter)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 46us : idle_cpu (irq_enter)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 47us : hrtimer_interrupt (smp_apic_timer_interrupt)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 47us : ktime_get (hrtimer_interrupt)
-[...]
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 81us : tick_program_event (hrtimer_interrupt)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 82us : ktime_get (tick_program_event)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 82us : ktime_get_ts (ktime_get)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 83us : getnstimeofday (ktime_get_ts)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 83us : set_normalized_timespec (ktime_get_ts)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 84us : clockevents_program_event (tick_program_event)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 84us : lapic_next_event (clockevents_program_event)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 85us : irq_exit (smp_apic_timer_interrupt)
- sshd-4261 0d.H3 85us : sub_preempt_count (irq_exit)
- sshd-4261 0d.s4 86us : sub_preempt_count (irq_exit)
- sshd-4261 0d.s3 86us : add_preempt_count (__local_bh_disable)
-[...]
- sshd-4261 0d.s1 98us : sub_preempt_count (net_rx_action)
- sshd-4261 0d.s. 99us : add_preempt_count (_spin_lock_irq)
- sshd-4261 0d.s1 99us+: _spin_unlock_irq (run_timer_softirq)
- sshd-4261 0d.s. 104us : _local_bh_enable (__do_softirq)
- sshd-4261 0d.s. 104us : sub_preempt_count (_local_bh_enable)
- sshd-4261 0d.s. 105us : _local_bh_enable (__do_softirq)
- sshd-4261 0d.s1 105us : trace_preempt_on (__do_softirq)
-
-
-This is a very interesting trace. It started with the preemption of
-the ls task. We see that the task had the "need_resched" bit set
-with the 'N' in the trace. Interrupts are disabled in the spin_lock
-and the trace started. We see that a schedule took place to run
-sshd. When the interrupts were enabled we took an interrupt.
-On return of the interrupt the softirq ran. We took another interrupt
-while running the softirq as we see with the capital 'H'.
-
-
-wakeup
-------
-
-In Real-Time environment it is very important to know the wakeup
-time it takes for the highest priority task that wakes up to the
-time it executes. This is also known as "schedule latency".
-I stress the point that this is about RT tasks. It is also important
-to know the scheduling latency of non-RT tasks, but the average
-schedule latency is better for non-RT tasks. Tools like
-LatencyTop is more appropriate for such measurements.
-
-Real-Time environments is interested in the worst case latency.
-That is the longest latency it takes for something to happen, and
-not the average. We can have a very fast scheduler that may only
-have a large latency once in a while, but that would not work well
-with Real-Time tasks. The wakeup tracer was designed to record
-the worst case wakeups of RT tasks. Non-RT tasks are not recorded
-because the tracer only records one worst case and tracing non-RT
-tasks that are unpredictable will overwrite the worst case latency
-of RT tasks.
-
-Since this tracer only deals with RT tasks, we will run this slightly
-different than we did with the previous tracers. Instead of performing
-an 'ls' we will run 'sleep 1' under 'chrt' which changes the
-priority of the task.
-
- # echo wakeup > /debug/tracing/current_tracer
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_max_latency
- # echo 1 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # chrt -f 5 sleep 1
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # cat /debug/tracing/latency_trace
-# tracer: wakeup
-#
-wakeup latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.26-rc8
---------------------------------------------------------------------
- latency: 4 us, #2/2, CPU#1 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
- -----------------
- | task: sleep-4901 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:1 rt_prio:5)
- -----------------
-
-# _------=> CPU#
-# / _-----=> irqs-off
-# | / _----=> need-resched
-# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
-# |||| /
-# ||||| delay
-# cmd pid ||||| time | caller
-# \ / ||||| \ | /
- <idle>-0 1d.h4 0us+: try_to_wake_up (wake_up_process)
- <idle>-0 1d..4 4us : schedule (cpu_idle)
-
-
-vim:ft=help
-
-
-Running this on an idle system we see that it only took 4 microseconds
-to perform the task switch. Note, since the trace marker in the
-schedule is before the actual "switch" we stop the tracing when
-the recorded task is about to schedule in. This may change if
-we add a new marker at the end of the scheduler.
-
-Notice that the recorded task is 'sleep' with the PID of 4901 and it
-has an rt_prio of 5. This priority is user-space priority and not
-the internal kernel priority. The policy is 1 for SCHED_FIFO and 2
-for SCHED_RR.
-
-Doing the same with chrt -r 5 and ftrace_enabled set.
-
-# tracer: wakeup
-#
-wakeup latency trace v1.1.5 on 2.6.26-rc8
---------------------------------------------------------------------
- latency: 50 us, #60/60, CPU#1 | (M:preempt VP:0, KP:0, SP:0 HP:0 #P:2)
- -----------------
- | task: sleep-4068 (uid:0 nice:0 policy:2 rt_prio:5)
- -----------------
-
-# _------=> CPU#
-# / _-----=> irqs-off
-# | / _----=> need-resched
-# || / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-# ||| / _--=> preempt-depth
-# |||| /
-# ||||| delay
-# cmd pid ||||| time | caller
-# \ / ||||| \ | /
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H3 0us : try_to_wake_up (wake_up_process)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H4 1us : sub_preempt_count (marker_probe_cb)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H3 2us : check_preempt_wakeup (try_to_wake_up)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H3 3us : update_curr (check_preempt_wakeup)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H3 4us : calc_delta_mine (update_curr)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H3 5us : __resched_task (check_preempt_wakeup)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H3 6us : task_wake_up_rt (try_to_wake_up)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H3 7us : _spin_unlock_irqrestore (try_to_wake_up)
-[...]
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H2 17us : irq_exit (smp_apic_timer_interrupt)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.H2 18us : sub_preempt_count (irq_exit)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.s3 19us : sub_preempt_count (irq_exit)
-ksoftirq-7 1..s2 20us : rcu_process_callbacks (__do_softirq)
-[...]
-ksoftirq-7 1..s2 26us : __rcu_process_callbacks (rcu_process_callbacks)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.s2 27us : _local_bh_enable (__do_softirq)
-ksoftirq-7 1d.s2 28us : sub_preempt_count (_local_bh_enable)
-ksoftirq-7 1.N.3 29us : sub_preempt_count (ksoftirqd)
-ksoftirq-7 1.N.2 30us : _cond_resched (ksoftirqd)
-ksoftirq-7 1.N.2 31us : __cond_resched (_cond_resched)
-ksoftirq-7 1.N.2 32us : add_preempt_count (__cond_resched)
-ksoftirq-7 1.N.2 33us : schedule (__cond_resched)
-ksoftirq-7 1.N.2 33us : add_preempt_count (schedule)
-ksoftirq-7 1.N.3 34us : hrtick_clear (schedule)
-ksoftirq-7 1dN.3 35us : _spin_lock (schedule)
-ksoftirq-7 1dN.3 36us : add_preempt_count (_spin_lock)
-ksoftirq-7 1d..4 37us : put_prev_task_fair (schedule)
-ksoftirq-7 1d..4 38us : update_curr (put_prev_task_fair)
-[...]
-ksoftirq-7 1d..5 47us : _spin_trylock (tracing_record_cmdline)
-ksoftirq-7 1d..5 48us : add_preempt_count (_spin_trylock)
-ksoftirq-7 1d..6 49us : _spin_unlock (tracing_record_cmdline)
-ksoftirq-7 1d..6 49us : sub_preempt_count (_spin_unlock)
-ksoftirq-7 1d..4 50us : schedule (__cond_resched)
-
-The interrupt went off while running ksoftirqd. This task runs at
-SCHED_OTHER. Why didn't we see the 'N' set early? This may be
-a harmless bug with x86_32 and 4K stacks. The need_reched() function
-that tests if we need to reschedule looks on the actual stack.
-Where as the setting of the NEED_RESCHED bit happens on the
-task's stack. But because we are in a hard interrupt, the test
-is with the interrupts stack which has that to be false. We don't
-see the 'N' until we switch back to the task's stack.
-
-ftrace
-------
-
-ftrace is not only the name of the tracing infrastructure, but it
-is also a name of one of the tracers. The tracer is the function
-tracer. Enabling the function tracer can be done from the
-debug file system. Make sure the ftrace_enabled is set otherwise
-this tracer is a nop.
-
- # sysctl kernel.ftrace_enabled=1
- # echo ftrace > /debug/tracing/current_tracer
- # echo 1 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # usleep 1
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # cat /debug/tracing/trace
-# tracer: ftrace
-#
-# TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
-# | | | | |
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638713: finish_task_switch <-schedule
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638714: _spin_unlock_irq <-finish_task_switch
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638714: sub_preempt_count <-_spin_unlock_irq
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638715: hrtick_set <-schedule
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638715: _spin_lock_irqsave <-hrtick_set
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638716: add_preempt_count <-_spin_lock_irqsave
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638716: _spin_unlock_irqrestore <-hrtick_set
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638717: sub_preempt_count <-_spin_unlock_irqrestore
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638717: hrtick_clear <-hrtick_set
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638718: sub_preempt_count <-schedule
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638718: sub_preempt_count <-preempt_schedule
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638719: wait_for_completion <-__stop_machine_run
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638719: wait_for_common <-wait_for_completion
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638720: _spin_lock_irq <-wait_for_common
- bash-4003 [00] 123.638720: add_preempt_count <-_spin_lock_irq
-[...]
-
-
-Note: It is sometimes better to enable or disable tracing directly from
-a program, because the buffer may be overflowed by the echo commands
-before you get to the point you want to trace. It is also easier to
-stop the tracing at the point that you hit the part that you are
-interested in. Since the ftrace buffer is a ring buffer with the
-oldest data being overwritten, usually it is sufficient to start the
-tracer with an echo command but have you code stop it. Something
-like the following is usually appropriate for this.
-
-int trace_fd;
-[...]
-int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
- [...]
- trace_fd = open("/debug/tracing/tracing_enabled", O_WRONLY);
- [...]
- if (condition_hit()) {
- write(trace_fd, "0", 1);
- }
- [...]
-}
-
-
-dynamic ftrace
---------------
-
-If CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE is set, then the system will run with
-virtually no overhead when function tracing is disabled. The way
-this works is the mcount function call (placed at the start of
-every kernel function, produced by the -pg switch in gcc), starts
-of pointing to a simple return.
-
-When dynamic ftrace is initialized, it calls kstop_machine to make it
-act like a uniprocessor so that it can freely modify code without
-worrying about other processors executing that same code. At
-initialization, the mcount calls are change to call a "record_ip"
-function. After this, the first time a kernel function is called,
-it has the calling address saved in a hash table.
-
-Later on the ftraced kernel thread is awoken and will again call
-kstop_machine if new functions have been recorded. The ftraced thread
-will change all calls to mcount to "nop". Just calling mcount
-and having mcount return has shown a 10% overhead. By converting
-it to a nop, there is no recordable overhead to the system.
-
-One special side-effect to the recording of the functions being
-traced, is that we can now selectively choose which functions we
-want to trace and which ones we want the mcount calls to remain as
-nops.
-
-Two files that contain to the enabling and disabling of recorded
-functions are:
-
- set_ftrace_filter
-
-and
-
- set_ftrace_notrace
-
-A list of available functions that you can add to this files is listed
-in:
-
- available_filter_functions
-
- # cat /debug/tracing/available_filter_functions
-put_prev_task_idle
-kmem_cache_create
-pick_next_task_rt
-get_online_cpus
-pick_next_task_fair
-mutex_lock
-[...]
-
-If I'm only interested in sys_nanosleep and hrtimer_interrupt:
-
- # echo sys_nanosleep hrtimer_interrupt \
- > /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
- # echo ftrace > /debug/tracing/current_tracer
- # echo 1 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # usleep 1
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # cat /debug/tracing/trace
-# tracer: ftrace
-#
-# TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
-# | | | | |
- usleep-4134 [00] 1317.070017: hrtimer_interrupt <-smp_apic_timer_interrupt
- usleep-4134 [00] 1317.070111: sys_nanosleep <-syscall_call
- <idle>-0 [00] 1317.070115: hrtimer_interrupt <-smp_apic_timer_interrupt
-
-To see what functions are being traced, you can cat the file:
-
- # cat /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
-hrtimer_interrupt
-sys_nanosleep
-
-
-Perhaps this isn't enough. The filters also allow simple wild cards.
-Only the following is currently available
-
- <match>* - will match functions that begins with <match>
- *<match> - will match functions that end with <match>
- *<match>* - will match functions that have <match> in it
-
-Thats all the wild cards that are allowed.
-
- <match>*<match> will not work.
-
- # echo hrtimer_* > /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
-
-Produces:
-
-# tracer: ftrace
-#
-# TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
-# | | | | |
- bash-4003 [00] 1480.611794: hrtimer_init <-copy_process
- bash-4003 [00] 1480.611941: hrtimer_start <-hrtick_set
- bash-4003 [00] 1480.611956: hrtimer_cancel <-hrtick_clear
- bash-4003 [00] 1480.611956: hrtimer_try_to_cancel <-hrtimer_cancel
- <idle>-0 [00] 1480.612019: hrtimer_get_next_event <-get_next_timer_interrupt
- <idle>-0 [00] 1480.612025: hrtimer_get_next_event <-get_next_timer_interrupt
- <idle>-0 [00] 1480.612032: hrtimer_get_next_event <-get_next_timer_interrupt
- <idle>-0 [00] 1480.612037: hrtimer_get_next_event <-get_next_timer_interrupt
- <idle>-0 [00] 1480.612382: hrtimer_get_next_event <-get_next_timer_interrupt
-
-
-Notice that we lost the sys_nanosleep.
-
- # cat /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
-hrtimer_run_queues
-hrtimer_run_pending
-hrtimer_init
-hrtimer_cancel
-hrtimer_try_to_cancel
-hrtimer_forward
-hrtimer_start
-hrtimer_reprogram
-hrtimer_force_reprogram
-hrtimer_get_next_event
-hrtimer_interrupt
-hrtimer_nanosleep
-hrtimer_wakeup
-hrtimer_get_remaining
-hrtimer_get_res
-hrtimer_init_sleeper
-
-
-This is because the '>' and '>>' act just like they do in bash.
-To rewrite the filters, use '>'
-To append to the filters, use '>>'
-
-To clear out a filter so that all functions will be recorded again.
-
- # echo > /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
- # cat /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
- #
-
-Again, now we want to append.
-
- # echo sys_nanosleep > /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
- # cat /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
-sys_nanosleep
- # echo hrtimer_* >> /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
- # cat /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_filter
-hrtimer_run_queues
-hrtimer_run_pending
-hrtimer_init
-hrtimer_cancel
-hrtimer_try_to_cancel
-hrtimer_forward
-hrtimer_start
-hrtimer_reprogram
-hrtimer_force_reprogram
-hrtimer_get_next_event
-hrtimer_interrupt
-sys_nanosleep
-hrtimer_nanosleep
-hrtimer_wakeup
-hrtimer_get_remaining
-hrtimer_get_res
-hrtimer_init_sleeper
-
-
-The set_ftrace_notrace prevents those functions from being traced.
-
- # echo '*preempt*' '*lock*' > /debug/tracing/set_ftrace_notrace
-
-Produces:
-
-# tracer: ftrace
-#
-# TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
-# | | | | |
- bash-4043 [01] 115.281644: finish_task_switch <-schedule
- bash-4043 [01] 115.281645: hrtick_set <-schedule
- bash-4043 [01] 115.281645: hrtick_clear <-hrtick_set
- bash-4043 [01] 115.281646: wait_for_completion <-__stop_machine_run
- bash-4043 [01] 115.281647: wait_for_common <-wait_for_completion
- bash-4043 [01] 115.281647: kthread_stop <-stop_machine_run
- bash-4043 [01] 115.281648: init_waitqueue_head <-kthread_stop
- bash-4043 [01] 115.281648: wake_up_process <-kthread_stop
- bash-4043 [01] 115.281649: try_to_wake_up <-wake_up_process
-
-We can see that there's no more lock or preempt tracing.
-
-ftraced
--------
-
-As mentioned above, when dynamic ftrace is configured in, a kernel
-thread wakes up once a second and checks to see if there are mcount
-calls that need to be converted into nops. If there is not, then
-it simply goes back to sleep. But if there is, it will call
-kstop_machine to convert the calls to nops.
-
-There may be a case that you do not want this added latency.
-Perhaps you are doing some audio recording and this activity might
-cause skips in the playback. There is an interface to disable
-and enable the ftraced kernel thread.
-
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/ftraced_enabled
-
-This will disable the calling of the kstop_machine to update the
-mcount calls to nops. Remember that there's a large overhead
-to calling mcount. Without this kernel thread, that overhead will
-exist.
-
-Any write to the ftraced_enabled file will cause the kstop_machine
-to run if there are recorded calls to mcount. This means that a
-user can manually perform the updates when they want to by simply
-echoing a '0' into the ftraced_enabled file.
-
-The updates are also done at the beginning of enabling a tracer
-that uses ftrace function recording.
-
-
-trace_pipe
-----------
-
-The trace_pipe outputs the same as trace, but the effect on the
-tracing is different. Every read from trace_pipe is consumed.
-This means that subsequent reads will be different. The trace
-is live.
-
- # echo ftrace > /debug/tracing/current_tracer
- # cat /debug/tracing/trace_pipe > /tmp/trace.out &
-[1] 4153
- # echo 1 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # usleep 1
- # echo 0 > /debug/tracing/tracing_enabled
- # cat /debug/tracing/trace
-# tracer: ftrace
-#
-# TASK-PID CPU# TIMESTAMP FUNCTION
-# | | | | |
-
- #
- # cat /tmp/trace.out
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267106: finish_task_switch <-schedule
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267106: hrtick_set <-schedule
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267107: hrtick_clear <-hrtick_set
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267108: wait_for_completion <-__stop_machine_run
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267108: wait_for_common <-wait_for_completion
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267109: kthread_stop <-stop_machine_run
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267109: init_waitqueue_head <-kthread_stop
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267110: wake_up_process <-kthread_stop
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267110: try_to_wake_up <-wake_up_process
- bash-4043 [00] 41.267111: select_task_rq_rt <-try_to_wake_up
-
-
-Note, reading the trace_pipe will block until more input is added.
-By changing the tracer, trace_pipe will issue an EOF. We needed
-to set the ftrace tracer _before_ cating the trace_pipe file.
-
-
-trace entries
--------------
-
-Having too much or not enough data can be troublesome in diagnosing
-some issue in the kernel. The file trace_entries is used to modify
-the size of the internal trace buffers. The numbers listed
-is the number of entries that can be recorded per CPU. To know
-the full size, multiply the number of possible CPUS with the
-number of entries.
-
- # cat /debug/tracing/trace_entries
-65620
-
-Note, to modify this you must have tracing fulling disabled. To do that,
-echo "none" into the current_tracer.
-
- # echo none > /debug/tracing/current_tracer
- # echo 100000 > /debug/tracing/trace_entries
- # cat /debug/tracing/trace_entries
-100045
-
-
-Notice that we echoed in 100,000 but the size is 100,045. The entries
-are held by individual pages. It allocates the number of pages it takes
-to fulfill the request. If more entries may fit on the last page
-it will add them.
-
- # echo 1 > /debug/tracing/trace_entries
- # cat /debug/tracing/trace_entries
-85
-
-This shows us that 85 entries can fit on a single page.
-
-The number of pages that will be allocated is a percentage of available
-memory. Allocating too much will produces an error.
-
- # echo 1000000000000 > /debug/tracing/trace_entries
--bash: echo: write error: Cannot allocate memory
- # cat /debug/tracing/trace_entries
-85
-
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index c536d7b..5599044 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -1,7 +1,7 @@
VERSION = 2
PATCHLEVEL = 6
SUBLEVEL = 26
-EXTRAVERSION = .1
+EXTRAVERSION = .2
NAME = Rotary Wombat

# *DOCUMENTATION*
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ppc32.h b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ppc32.h
index 90e5627..fda05e2 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ppc32.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ppc32.h
@@ -135,4 +135,6 @@ struct ucontext32 {
struct mcontext32 uc_mcontext;
};

+extern int copy_siginfo_to_user32(struct compat_siginfo __user *d, siginfo_t *s);
+
#endif /* _PPC64_PPC32_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace32.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace32.c
index 4c1de6a..9d30e10 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace32.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/ptrace32.c
@@ -29,12 +29,15 @@
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
+#include <linux/elf.h>

#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/system.h>

+#include "ppc32.h"
+
/*
* does not yet catch signals sent when the child dies.
* in exit.c or in signal.c.
@@ -64,6 +67,27 @@ static long compat_ptrace_old(struct task_struct *child, long request,
return -EPERM;
}

+static int compat_ptrace_getsiginfo(struct task_struct *child, compat_siginfo_t __user *data)
+{
+ siginfo_t lastinfo;
+ int error = -ESRCH;
+
+ read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
+ if (likely(child->sighand != NULL)) {
+ error = -EINVAL;
+ spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
+ if (likely(child->last_siginfo != NULL)) {
+ lastinfo = *child->last_siginfo;
+ error = 0;
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
+ }
+ read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
+ if (!error)
+ return copy_siginfo_to_user32(data, &lastinfo);
+ return error;
+}
+
long compat_arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request,
compat_ulong_t caddr, compat_ulong_t cdata)
{
@@ -282,6 +306,9 @@ long compat_arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request,
0, PT_REGS_COUNT * sizeof(compat_long_t),
compat_ptr(data));

+ case PTRACE_GETSIGINFO:
+ return compat_ptrace_getsiginfo(child, compat_ptr(data));
+
case PTRACE_GETFPREGS:
case PTRACE_SETFPREGS:
case PTRACE_GETVRREGS:
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
index 5921e5f..1c3a66a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/io_delay.c
@@ -103,6 +103,9 @@ void __init io_delay_init(void)

static int __init io_delay_param(char *s)
{
+ if (!s)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (!strcmp(s, "0x80"))
io_delay_type = CONFIG_IO_DELAY_TYPE_0X80;
else if (!strcmp(s, "0xed"))
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c
index b8c6743..43c019f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -860,7 +860,6 @@ static int __kprobes post_kprobe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)

resume_execution(cur, regs, kcb);
regs->flags |= kcb->kprobe_saved_flags;
- trace_hardirqs_fixup_flags(regs->flags);

if ((kcb->kprobe_status != KPROBE_REENTER) && cur->post_handler) {
kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
index ba370dc..58325a6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
@@ -164,6 +164,9 @@ void __cpuinit select_idle_routine(const struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)

static int __init idle_setup(char *str)
{
+ if (!str)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
if (!strcmp(str, "poll")) {
printk("using polling idle threads.\n");
pm_idle = poll_idle;
diff --git a/block/bsg.c b/block/bsg.c
index 54d617f..0526471 100644
--- a/block/bsg.c
+++ b/block/bsg.c
@@ -725,8 +725,13 @@ static int bsg_put_device(struct bsg_device *bd)
mutex_lock(&bsg_mutex);

do_free = atomic_dec_and_test(&bd->ref_count);
- if (!do_free)
+ if (!do_free) {
+ mutex_unlock(&bsg_mutex);
goto out;
+ }
+
+ hlist_del(&bd->dev_list);
+ mutex_unlock(&bsg_mutex);

dprintk("%s: tearing down\n", bd->name);

@@ -742,10 +747,8 @@ static int bsg_put_device(struct bsg_device *bd)
*/
ret = bsg_complete_all_commands(bd);

- hlist_del(&bd->dev_list);
kfree(bd);
out:
- mutex_unlock(&bsg_mutex);
kref_put(&q->bsg_dev.ref, bsg_kref_release_function);
if (do_free)
blk_put_queue(q);
diff --git a/drivers/input/serio/i8042-x86ia64io.h b/drivers/input/serio/i8042-x86ia64io.h
index 78eb784..7828ef2 100644
--- a/drivers/input/serio/i8042-x86ia64io.h
+++ b/drivers/input/serio/i8042-x86ia64io.h
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ static inline void i8042_write_command(int val)
outb(val, I8042_COMMAND_REG);
}

-#if defined(__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86

#include <linux/dmi.h>

@@ -291,17 +291,36 @@ static struct dmi_system_id __initdata i8042_dmi_nomux_table[] = {
DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_VERSION, "3000 N100"),
},
},
+ {
+ .ident = "Acer Aspire 1360",
+ .matches = {
+ DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Acer"),
+ DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "Aspire 1360"),
+ },
+ },
{ }
};

-
-
+#ifdef CONFIG_PNP
+static struct dmi_system_id __initdata i8042_dmi_nopnp_table[] = {
+ {
+ .ident = "Intel MBO Desktop D845PESV",
+ .matches = {
+ DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "D845PESV"),
+ DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_VENDOR, "Intel Corporation"),
+ },
+ },
+ {
+ .ident = "Gericom Bellagio",
+ .matches = {
+ DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Gericom"),
+ DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "N34AS6"),
+ },
+ },
+ { }
+};
#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86
-
-#include <linux/dmi.h>
-
/*
* Some Wistron based laptops need us to explicitly enable the 'Dritek
* keyboard extension' to make their extra keys start generating scancodes.
@@ -356,7 +375,6 @@ static struct dmi_system_id __initdata i8042_dmi_dritek_table[] = {

#endif /* CONFIG_X86 */

-
#ifdef CONFIG_PNP
#include <linux/pnp.h>

@@ -466,6 +484,11 @@ static int __init i8042_pnp_init(void)
int pnp_data_busted = 0;
int err;

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
+ if (dmi_check_system(i8042_dmi_nopnp_table))
+ i8042_nopnp = 1;
+#endif
+
if (i8042_nopnp) {
printk(KERN_INFO "i8042: PNP detection disabled\n");
return 0;
@@ -591,15 +614,13 @@ static int __init i8042_platform_init(void)
i8042_reset = 1;
#endif

-#if defined(__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
if (dmi_check_system(i8042_dmi_noloop_table))
i8042_noloop = 1;

if (dmi_check_system(i8042_dmi_nomux_table))
i8042_nomux = 1;
-#endif

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86
if (dmi_check_system(i8042_dmi_dritek_table))
i8042_dritek = 1;
#endif /* CONFIG_X86 */
diff --git a/drivers/md/linear.c b/drivers/md/linear.c
index 1074824..ec921f5 100644
--- a/drivers/md/linear.c
+++ b/drivers/md/linear.c
@@ -126,7 +126,7 @@ static linear_conf_t *linear_conf(mddev_t *mddev, int raid_disks)
int j = rdev->raid_disk;
dev_info_t *disk = conf->disks + j;

- if (j < 0 || j > raid_disks || disk->rdev) {
+ if (j < 0 || j >= raid_disks || disk->rdev) {
printk("linear: disk numbering problem. Aborting!\n");
goto out;
}
diff --git a/drivers/md/md.c b/drivers/md/md.c
index 2580ac1..9664511 100644
--- a/drivers/md/md.c
+++ b/drivers/md/md.c
@@ -3326,9 +3326,9 @@ static struct kobject *md_probe(dev_t dev, int *part, void *data)
disk->queue = mddev->queue;
add_disk(disk);
mddev->gendisk = disk;
- mutex_unlock(&disks_mutex);
error = kobject_init_and_add(&mddev->kobj, &md_ktype, &disk->dev.kobj,
"%s", "md");
+ mutex_unlock(&disks_mutex);
if (error)
printk(KERN_WARNING "md: cannot register %s/md - name in use\n",
disk->disk_name);
diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/ath5k/base.c b/drivers/net/wireless/ath5k/base.c
index e57905c..bc3ea09 100644
--- a/drivers/net/wireless/ath5k/base.c
+++ b/drivers/net/wireless/ath5k/base.c
@@ -1774,20 +1774,21 @@ ath5k_tasklet_rx(unsigned long data)
struct ath5k_rx_status rs = {};
struct sk_buff *skb;
struct ath5k_softc *sc = (void *)data;
- struct ath5k_buf *bf;
+ struct ath5k_buf *bf, *bf_last;
struct ath5k_desc *ds;
int ret;
int hdrlen;
int pad;

spin_lock(&sc->rxbuflock);
+ if (list_empty(&sc->rxbuf)) {
+ ATH5K_WARN(sc, "empty rx buf pool\n");
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+ bf_last = list_entry(sc->rxbuf.prev, struct ath5k_buf, list);
do {
rxs.flag = 0;

- if (unlikely(list_empty(&sc->rxbuf))) {
- ATH5K_WARN(sc, "empty rx buf pool\n");
- break;
- }
bf = list_first_entry(&sc->rxbuf, struct ath5k_buf, list);
BUG_ON(bf->skb == NULL);
skb = bf->skb;
@@ -1797,8 +1798,24 @@ ath5k_tasklet_rx(unsigned long data)
pci_dma_sync_single_for_cpu(sc->pdev, sc->desc_daddr,
sc->desc_len, PCI_DMA_FROMDEVICE);

- if (unlikely(ds->ds_link == bf->daddr)) /* this is the end */
- break;
+ /*
+ * last buffer must not be freed to ensure proper hardware
+ * function. When the hardware finishes also a packet next to
+ * it, we are sure, it doesn't use it anymore and we can go on.
+ */
+ if (bf_last == bf)
+ bf->flags |= 1;
+ if (bf->flags) {
+ struct ath5k_buf *bf_next = list_entry(bf->list.next,
+ struct ath5k_buf, list);
+ ret = sc->ah->ah_proc_rx_desc(sc->ah, bf_next->desc,
+ &rs);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ bf->flags &= ~1;
+ /* skip the overwritten one (even status is martian) */
+ goto next;
+ }

ret = sc->ah->ah_proc_rx_desc(sc->ah, ds, &rs);
if (unlikely(ret == -EINPROGRESS))
@@ -1921,6 +1938,7 @@ accept:
next:
list_move_tail(&bf->list, &sc->rxbuf);
} while (ath5k_rxbuf_setup(sc, bf) == 0);
+unlock:
spin_unlock(&sc->rxbuflock);
}

@@ -2435,6 +2453,9 @@ ath5k_stop_hw(struct ath5k_softc *sc)
mutex_unlock(&sc->lock);

del_timer_sync(&sc->calib_tim);
+ tasklet_kill(&sc->rxtq);
+ tasklet_kill(&sc->txtq);
+ tasklet_kill(&sc->restq);

return ret;
}
diff --git a/drivers/net/wireless/ath5k/base.h b/drivers/net/wireless/ath5k/base.h
index 3a97558..4badca7 100644
--- a/drivers/net/wireless/ath5k/base.h
+++ b/drivers/net/wireless/ath5k/base.h
@@ -55,7 +55,7 @@

struct ath5k_buf {
struct list_head list;
- unsigned int flags; /* tx descriptor flags */
+ unsigned int flags; /* rx descriptor flags */
struct ath5k_desc *desc; /* virtual addr of desc */
dma_addr_t daddr; /* physical addr of desc */
struct sk_buff *skb; /* skbuff for buf */
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/ch.c b/drivers/scsi/ch.c
index c4b938b..2be2da6 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/ch.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/ch.c
@@ -926,6 +926,7 @@ static int ch_probe(struct device *dev)
if (init)
ch_init_elem(ch);

+ dev_set_drvdata(dev, ch);
sdev_printk(KERN_INFO, sd, "Attached scsi changer %s\n", ch->name);

return 0;
diff --git a/fs/jbd/transaction.c b/fs/jbd/transaction.c
index 67ff202..8dee320 100644
--- a/fs/jbd/transaction.c
+++ b/fs/jbd/transaction.c
@@ -1648,12 +1648,42 @@ out:
return;
}

+/*
+ * journal_try_to_free_buffers() could race with journal_commit_transaction()
+ * The latter might still hold the a count on buffers when inspecting
+ * them on t_syncdata_list or t_locked_list.
+ *
+ * journal_try_to_free_buffers() will call this function to
+ * wait for the current transaction to finish syncing data buffers, before
+ * tryinf to free that buffer.
+ *
+ * Called with journal->j_state_lock held.
+ */
+static void journal_wait_for_transaction_sync_data(journal_t *journal)
+{
+ transaction_t *transaction = NULL;
+ tid_t tid;
+
+ spin_lock(&journal->j_state_lock);
+ transaction = journal->j_committing_transaction;
+
+ if (!transaction) {
+ spin_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ tid = transaction->t_tid;
+ spin_unlock(&journal->j_state_lock);
+ log_wait_commit(journal, tid);
+}

/**
* int journal_try_to_free_buffers() - try to free page buffers.
* @journal: journal for operation
* @page: to try and free
- * @unused_gfp_mask: unused
+ * @gfp_mask: we use the mask to detect how hard should we try to release
+ * buffers. If __GFP_WAIT and __GFP_FS is set, we wait for commit code to
+ * release the buffers.
*
*
* For all the buffers on this page,
@@ -1682,9 +1712,11 @@ out:
* journal_try_to_free_buffer() is changing its state. But that
* cannot happen because we never reallocate freed data as metadata
* while the data is part of a transaction. Yes?
+ *
+ * Return 0 on failure, 1 on success
*/
int journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal,
- struct page *page, gfp_t unused_gfp_mask)
+ struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
struct buffer_head *head;
struct buffer_head *bh;
@@ -1713,7 +1745,28 @@ int journal_try_to_free_buffers(journal_t *journal,
if (buffer_jbd(bh))
goto busy;
} while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
+
ret = try_to_free_buffers(page);
+
+ /*
+ * There are a number of places where journal_try_to_free_buffers()
+ * could race with journal_commit_transaction(), the later still
+ * holds the reference to the buffers to free while processing them.
+ * try_to_free_buffers() failed to free those buffers. Some of the
+ * caller of releasepage() request page buffers to be dropped, otherwise
+ * treat the fail-to-free as errors (such as generic_file_direct_IO())
+ *
+ * So, if the caller of try_to_release_page() wants the synchronous
+ * behaviour(i.e make sure buffers are dropped upon return),
+ * let's wait for the current transaction to finish flush of
+ * dirty data buffers, then try to free those buffers again,
+ * with the journal locked.
+ */
+ if (ret == 0 && (gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT) && (gfp_mask & __GFP_FS)) {
+ journal_wait_for_transaction_sync_data(journal);
+ ret = try_to_free_buffers(page);
+ }
+
busy:
return ret;
}
diff --git a/fs/namei.c b/fs/namei.c
index 01e67dd..3b26a24 100644
--- a/fs/namei.c
+++ b/fs/namei.c
@@ -519,7 +519,14 @@ static struct dentry * real_lookup(struct dentry * parent, struct qstr * name, s
*/
result = d_lookup(parent, name);
if (!result) {
- struct dentry * dentry = d_alloc(parent, name);
+ struct dentry *dentry;
+
+ /* Don't create child dentry for a dead directory. */
+ result = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+ if (IS_DEADDIR(dir))
+ goto out_unlock;
+
+ dentry = d_alloc(parent, name);
result = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
if (dentry) {
result = dir->i_op->lookup(dir, dentry, nd);
@@ -528,6 +535,7 @@ static struct dentry * real_lookup(struct dentry * parent, struct qstr * name, s
else
result = dentry;
}
+out_unlock:
mutex_unlock(&dir->i_mutex);
return result;
}
@@ -1317,7 +1325,14 @@ static struct dentry *__lookup_hash(struct qstr *name,

dentry = cached_lookup(base, name, nd);
if (!dentry) {
- struct dentry *new = d_alloc(base, name);
+ struct dentry *new;
+
+ /* Don't create child dentry for a dead directory. */
+ dentry = ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
+ if (IS_DEADDIR(inode))
+ goto out;
+
+ new = d_alloc(base, name);
dentry = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
if (!new)
goto out;
diff --git a/fs/nfs/inode.c b/fs/nfs/inode.c
index 596c5d8..1d7ac64 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/inode.c
@@ -57,8 +57,6 @@ static int enable_ino64 = NFS_64_BIT_INODE_NUMBERS_ENABLED;
static void nfs_invalidate_inode(struct inode *);
static int nfs_update_inode(struct inode *, struct nfs_fattr *);

-static void nfs_zap_acl_cache(struct inode *);
-
static struct kmem_cache * nfs_inode_cachep;

static inline unsigned long
@@ -167,7 +165,7 @@ void nfs_zap_mapping(struct inode *inode, struct address_space *mapping)
}
}

-static void nfs_zap_acl_cache(struct inode *inode)
+void nfs_zap_acl_cache(struct inode *inode)
{
void (*clear_acl_cache)(struct inode *);

diff --git a/fs/nfs/internal.h b/fs/nfs/internal.h
index 04ae867..24241fc 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/internal.h
+++ b/fs/nfs/internal.h
@@ -150,6 +150,7 @@ extern void nfs_clear_inode(struct inode *);
#ifdef CONFIG_NFS_V4
extern void nfs4_clear_inode(struct inode *);
#endif
+void nfs_zap_acl_cache(struct inode *inode);

/* super.c */
extern struct file_system_type nfs_xdev_fs_type;
diff --git a/fs/nfs/nfs3acl.c b/fs/nfs/nfs3acl.c
index 9b73625..423842f 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/nfs3acl.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/nfs3acl.c
@@ -5,6 +5,8 @@
#include <linux/posix_acl_xattr.h>
#include <linux/nfsacl.h>

+#include "internal.h"
+
#define NFSDBG_FACILITY NFSDBG_PROC

ssize_t nfs3_listxattr(struct dentry *dentry, char *buffer, size_t size)
@@ -205,6 +207,8 @@ struct posix_acl *nfs3_proc_getacl(struct inode *inode, int type)
status = nfs_revalidate_inode(server, inode);
if (status < 0)
return ERR_PTR(status);
+ if (NFS_I(inode)->cache_validity & NFS_INO_INVALID_ACL)
+ nfs_zap_acl_cache(inode);
acl = nfs3_get_cached_acl(inode, type);
if (acl != ERR_PTR(-EAGAIN))
return acl;
@@ -319,9 +323,8 @@ static int nfs3_proc_setacls(struct inode *inode, struct posix_acl *acl,
dprintk("NFS call setacl\n");
msg.rpc_proc = &server->client_acl->cl_procinfo[ACLPROC3_SETACL];
status = rpc_call_sync(server->client_acl, &msg, 0);
- spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
- NFS_I(inode)->cache_validity |= NFS_INO_INVALID_ACCESS;
- spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ nfs_access_zap_cache(inode);
+ nfs_zap_acl_cache(inode);
dprintk("NFS reply setacl: %d\n", status);

/* pages may have been allocated at the xdr layer. */
diff --git a/fs/nfs/nfs4proc.c b/fs/nfs/nfs4proc.c
index 1293e0a..806d17f 100644
--- a/fs/nfs/nfs4proc.c
+++ b/fs/nfs/nfs4proc.c
@@ -2706,6 +2706,8 @@ static ssize_t nfs4_proc_get_acl(struct inode *inode, void *buf, size_t buflen)
ret = nfs_revalidate_inode(server, inode);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
+ if (NFS_I(inode)->cache_validity & NFS_INO_INVALID_ACL)
+ nfs_zap_acl_cache(inode);
ret = nfs4_read_cached_acl(inode, buf, buflen);
if (ret != -ENOENT)
return ret;
@@ -2733,7 +2735,8 @@ static int __nfs4_proc_set_acl(struct inode *inode, const void *buf, size_t bufl
nfs_inode_return_delegation(inode);
buf_to_pages(buf, buflen, arg.acl_pages, &arg.acl_pgbase);
ret = rpc_call_sync(NFS_CLIENT(inode), &msg, 0);
- nfs_zap_caches(inode);
+ nfs_access_zap_cache(inode);
+ nfs_zap_acl_cache(inode);
return ret;
}

diff --git a/fs/romfs/inode.c b/fs/romfs/inode.c
index 3f13d49..35e5c6e 100644
--- a/fs/romfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/romfs/inode.c
@@ -418,7 +418,8 @@ static int
romfs_readpage(struct file *file, struct page * page)
{
struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
- loff_t offset, avail, readlen;
+ loff_t offset, size;
+ unsigned long filled;
void *buf;
int result = -EIO;

@@ -430,21 +431,29 @@ romfs_readpage(struct file *file, struct page * page)

/* 32 bit warning -- but not for us :) */
offset = page_offset(page);
- if (offset < i_size_read(inode)) {
- avail = inode->i_size-offset;
- readlen = min_t(unsigned long, avail, PAGE_SIZE);
- if (romfs_copyfrom(inode, buf, ROMFS_I(inode)->i_dataoffset+offset, readlen) == readlen) {
- if (readlen < PAGE_SIZE) {
- memset(buf + readlen,0,PAGE_SIZE-readlen);
- }
- SetPageUptodate(page);
- result = 0;
+ size = i_size_read(inode);
+ filled = 0;
+ result = 0;
+ if (offset < size) {
+ unsigned long readlen;
+
+ size -= offset;
+ readlen = size > PAGE_SIZE ? PAGE_SIZE : size;
+
+ filled = romfs_copyfrom(inode, buf, ROMFS_I(inode)->i_dataoffset+offset, readlen);
+
+ if (filled != readlen) {
+ SetPageError(page);
+ filled = 0;
+ result = -EIO;
}
}
- if (result) {
- memset(buf, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
- SetPageError(page);
- }
+
+ if (filled < PAGE_SIZE)
+ memset(buf + filled, 0, PAGE_SIZE-filled);
+
+ if (!result)
+ SetPageUptodate(page);
flush_dcache_page(page);

unlock_page(page);
diff --git a/include/sound/emu10k1.h b/include/sound/emu10k1.h
index 7b7b9b1..10ee28e 100644
--- a/include/sound/emu10k1.h
+++ b/include/sound/emu10k1.h
@@ -1670,6 +1670,7 @@ struct snd_emu_chip_details {
unsigned char spi_dac; /* SPI interface for DAC */
unsigned char i2c_adc; /* I2C interface for ADC */
unsigned char adc_1361t; /* Use Philips 1361T ADC */
+ unsigned char invert_shared_spdif; /* analog/digital switch inverted */
const char *driver;
const char *name;
const char *id; /* for backward compatibility - can be NULL if not needed */
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 4f32423..afb991a 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -2581,9 +2581,8 @@ out:
* Otherwise return zero.
*
* The @gfp_mask argument specifies whether I/O may be performed to release
- * this page (__GFP_IO), and whether the call may block (__GFP_WAIT).
+ * this page (__GFP_IO), and whether the call may block (__GFP_WAIT & __GFP_FS).
*
- * NOTE: @gfp_mask may go away, and this function may become non-blocking.
*/
int try_to_release_page(struct page *page, gfp_t gfp_mask)
{
diff --git a/net/bluetooth/bnep/core.c b/net/bluetooth/bnep/core.c
index f85d946..24e91eb 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/bnep/core.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/bnep/core.c
@@ -507,6 +507,11 @@ static int bnep_session(void *arg)
/* Delete network device */
unregister_netdev(dev);

+ /* Wakeup user-space polling for socket errors */
+ s->sock->sk->sk_err = EUNATCH;
+
+ wake_up_interruptible(s->sock->sk->sk_sleep);
+
/* Release the socket */
fput(s->sock->file);

diff --git a/net/bluetooth/hidp/core.c b/net/bluetooth/hidp/core.c
index 519cdb9..96434d7 100644
--- a/net/bluetooth/hidp/core.c
+++ b/net/bluetooth/hidp/core.c
@@ -581,6 +581,12 @@ static int hidp_session(void *arg)
hid_free_device(session->hid);
}

+ /* Wakeup user-space polling for socket errors */
+ session->intr_sock->sk->sk_err = EUNATCH;
+ session->ctrl_sock->sk->sk_err = EUNATCH;
+
+ hidp_schedule(session);
+
fput(session->intr_sock->file);

wait_event_timeout(*(ctrl_sk->sk_sleep),
@@ -879,6 +885,10 @@ int hidp_del_connection(struct hidp_conndel_req *req)
skb_queue_purge(&session->ctrl_transmit);
skb_queue_purge(&session->intr_transmit);

+ /* Wakeup user-space polling for socket errors */
+ session->intr_sock->sk->sk_err = EUNATCH;
+ session->ctrl_sock->sk->sk_err = EUNATCH;
+
/* Kill session thread */
atomic_inc(&session->terminate);
hidp_schedule(session);
diff --git a/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.c b/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.c
index 4334d5c..1454432 100644
--- a/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.c
+++ b/net/ipv4/netfilter/nf_nat_sip.c
@@ -318,11 +318,11 @@ static int mangle_content_len(struct sk_buff *skb,
buffer, buflen);
}

-static unsigned mangle_sdp_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, const char **dptr,
- unsigned int dataoff, unsigned int *datalen,
- enum sdp_header_types type,
- enum sdp_header_types term,
- char *buffer, int buflen)
+static int mangle_sdp_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, const char **dptr,
+ unsigned int dataoff, unsigned int *datalen,
+ enum sdp_header_types type,
+ enum sdp_header_types term,
+ char *buffer, int buflen)
{
enum ip_conntrack_info ctinfo;
struct nf_conn *ct = nf_ct_get(skb, &ctinfo);
@@ -330,9 +330,9 @@ static unsigned mangle_sdp_packet(struct sk_buff *skb, const char **dptr,

if (ct_sip_get_sdp_header(ct, *dptr, dataoff, *datalen, type, term,
&matchoff, &matchlen) <= 0)
- return 0;
+ return -ENOENT;
return mangle_packet(skb, dptr, datalen, matchoff, matchlen,
- buffer, buflen);
+ buffer, buflen) ? 0 : -EINVAL;
}

static unsigned int ip_nat_sdp_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, const char **dptr,
@@ -346,8 +346,8 @@ static unsigned int ip_nat_sdp_addr(struct sk_buff *skb, const char **dptr,
unsigned int buflen;

buflen = sprintf(buffer, NIPQUAD_FMT, NIPQUAD(addr->ip));
- if (!mangle_sdp_packet(skb, dptr, dataoff, datalen, type, term,
- buffer, buflen))
+ if (mangle_sdp_packet(skb, dptr, dataoff, datalen, type, term,
+ buffer, buflen))
return 0;

return mangle_content_len(skb, dptr, datalen);
@@ -381,15 +381,27 @@ static unsigned int ip_nat_sdp_session(struct sk_buff *skb, const char **dptr,

/* Mangle session description owner and contact addresses */
buflen = sprintf(buffer, "%u.%u.%u.%u", NIPQUAD(addr->ip));
- if (!mangle_sdp_packet(skb, dptr, dataoff, datalen,
+ if (mangle_sdp_packet(skb, dptr, dataoff, datalen,
SDP_HDR_OWNER_IP4, SDP_HDR_MEDIA,
buffer, buflen))
return 0;

- if (!mangle_sdp_packet(skb, dptr, dataoff, datalen,
- SDP_HDR_CONNECTION_IP4, SDP_HDR_MEDIA,
- buffer, buflen))
+ switch (mangle_sdp_packet(skb, dptr, dataoff, datalen,
+ SDP_HDR_CONNECTION_IP4, SDP_HDR_MEDIA,
+ buffer, buflen)) {
+ case 0:
+ /*
+ * RFC 2327:
+ *
+ * Session description
+ *
+ * c=* (connection information - not required if included in all media)
+ */
+ case -ENOENT:
+ break;
+ default:
return 0;
+ }

return mangle_content_len(skb, dptr, datalen);
}
diff --git a/net/netfilter/xt_time.c b/net/netfilter/xt_time.c
index ed76baa..9f32859 100644
--- a/net/netfilter/xt_time.c
+++ b/net/netfilter/xt_time.c
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@ time_mt(const struct sk_buff *skb, const struct net_device *in,
__net_timestamp((struct sk_buff *)skb);

stamp = ktime_to_ns(skb->tstamp);
- do_div(stamp, NSEC_PER_SEC);
+ stamp = div_s64(stamp, NSEC_PER_SEC);

if (info->flags & XT_TIME_LOCAL_TZ)
/* Adjust for local timezone */
diff --git a/sound/core/seq/oss/seq_oss_synth.c b/sound/core/seq/oss/seq_oss_synth.c
index 558dadb..e024e45 100644
--- a/sound/core/seq/oss/seq_oss_synth.c
+++ b/sound/core/seq/oss/seq_oss_synth.c
@@ -604,6 +604,9 @@ snd_seq_oss_synth_make_info(struct seq_oss_devinfo *dp, int dev, struct synth_in
{
struct seq_oss_synth *rec;

+ if (dev < 0 || dev >= dp->max_synthdev)
+ return -ENXIO;
+
if (dp->synths[dev].is_midi) {
struct midi_info minf;
snd_seq_oss_midi_make_info(dp, dp->synths[dev].midi_mapped, &minf);
diff --git a/sound/pci/emu10k1/emu10k1_main.c b/sound/pci/emu10k1/emu10k1_main.c
index 548c9cc..2f283ea 100644
--- a/sound/pci/emu10k1/emu10k1_main.c
+++ b/sound/pci/emu10k1/emu10k1_main.c
@@ -1528,6 +1528,7 @@ static struct snd_emu_chip_details emu_chip_details[] = {
.ca0151_chip = 1,
.spk71 = 1,
.spdif_bug = 1,
+ .invert_shared_spdif = 1, /* digital/analog switch swapped */
.adc_1361t = 1, /* 24 bit capture instead of 16bit. Fixes ALSA bug#324 */
.ac97_chip = 1} ,
{.vendor = 0x1102, .device = 0x0004, .revision = 0x04,
diff --git a/sound/pci/emu10k1/emumixer.c b/sound/pci/emu10k1/emumixer.c
index fd22120..9f77692 100644
--- a/sound/pci/emu10k1/emumixer.c
+++ b/sound/pci/emu10k1/emumixer.c
@@ -1578,6 +1578,10 @@ static int snd_emu10k1_shared_spdif_get(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] = inl(emu->port + A_IOCFG) & A_IOCFG_GPOUT0 ? 1 : 0;
else
ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] = inl(emu->port + HCFG) & HCFG_GPOUT0 ? 1 : 0;
+ if (emu->card_capabilities->invert_shared_spdif)
+ ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] =
+ !ucontrol->value.integer.value[0];
+
return 0;
}

@@ -1586,15 +1590,18 @@ static int snd_emu10k1_shared_spdif_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
{
unsigned long flags;
struct snd_emu10k1 *emu = snd_kcontrol_chip(kcontrol);
- unsigned int reg, val;
+ unsigned int reg, val, sw;
int change = 0;

+ sw = ucontrol->value.integer.value[0];
+ if (emu->card_capabilities->invert_shared_spdif)
+ sw = !sw;
spin_lock_irqsave(&emu->reg_lock, flags);
if ( emu->card_capabilities->i2c_adc) {
/* Do nothing for Audigy 2 ZS Notebook */
} else if (emu->audigy) {
reg = inl(emu->port + A_IOCFG);
- val = ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] ? A_IOCFG_GPOUT0 : 0;
+ val = sw ? A_IOCFG_GPOUT0 : 0;
change = (reg & A_IOCFG_GPOUT0) != val;
if (change) {
reg &= ~A_IOCFG_GPOUT0;
@@ -1603,7 +1610,7 @@ static int snd_emu10k1_shared_spdif_put(struct snd_kcontrol *kcontrol,
}
}
reg = inl(emu->port + HCFG);
- val = ucontrol->value.integer.value[0] ? HCFG_GPOUT0 : 0;
+ val = sw ? HCFG_GPOUT0 : 0;
change |= (reg & HCFG_GPOUT0) != val;
if (change) {
reg &= ~HCFG_GPOUT0;
diff --git a/sound/pci/hda/hda_intel.c b/sound/pci/hda/hda_intel.c
index b3a618e..6ba7ac0 100644
--- a/sound/pci/hda/hda_intel.c
+++ b/sound/pci/hda/hda_intel.c
@@ -285,6 +285,7 @@ struct azx_dev {
u32 *posbuf; /* position buffer pointer */

unsigned int bufsize; /* size of the play buffer in bytes */
+ unsigned int period_bytes; /* size of the period in bytes */
unsigned int frags; /* number for period in the play buffer */
unsigned int fifo_size; /* FIFO size */

@@ -301,11 +302,10 @@ struct azx_dev {
*/
unsigned char stream_tag; /* assigned stream */
unsigned char index; /* stream index */
- /* for sanity check of position buffer */
- unsigned int period_intr;

unsigned int opened :1;
unsigned int running :1;
+ unsigned int irq_pending: 1;
};

/* CORB/RIRB */
@@ -369,6 +369,9 @@ struct azx {

/* for debugging */
unsigned int last_cmd; /* last issued command (to sync) */
+
+ /* for pending irqs */
+ struct work_struct irq_pending_work;
};

/* driver types */
@@ -908,6 +911,8 @@ static void azx_init_pci(struct azx *chip)
}


+static int azx_position_ok(struct azx *chip, struct azx_dev *azx_dev);
+
/*
* interrupt handler
*/
@@ -930,11 +935,18 @@ static irqreturn_t azx_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id)
azx_dev = &chip->azx_dev[i];
if (status & azx_dev->sd_int_sta_mask) {
azx_sd_writeb(azx_dev, SD_STS, SD_INT_MASK);
- if (azx_dev->substream && azx_dev->running) {
- azx_dev->period_intr++;
+ if (!azx_dev->substream || !azx_dev->running)
+ continue;
+ /* check whether this IRQ is really acceptable */
+ if (azx_position_ok(chip, azx_dev)) {
+ azx_dev->irq_pending = 0;
spin_unlock(&chip->reg_lock);
snd_pcm_period_elapsed(azx_dev->substream);
spin_lock(&chip->reg_lock);
+ } else {
+ /* bogus IRQ, process it later */
+ azx_dev->irq_pending = 1;
+ schedule_work(&chip->irq_pending_work);
}
}
}
@@ -973,6 +985,7 @@ static int azx_setup_periods(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
azx_sd_writel(azx_dev, SD_BDLPU, 0);

period_bytes = snd_pcm_lib_period_bytes(substream);
+ azx_dev->period_bytes = period_bytes;
periods = azx_dev->bufsize / period_bytes;

/* program the initial BDL entries */
@@ -1421,27 +1434,16 @@ static int azx_pcm_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
return 0;
}

-static snd_pcm_uframes_t azx_pcm_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+static unsigned int azx_get_position(struct azx *chip,
+ struct azx_dev *azx_dev)
{
- struct azx_pcm *apcm = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
- struct azx *chip = apcm->chip;
- struct azx_dev *azx_dev = get_azx_dev(substream);
unsigned int pos;

if (chip->position_fix == POS_FIX_POSBUF ||
chip->position_fix == POS_FIX_AUTO) {
/* use the position buffer */
pos = le32_to_cpu(*azx_dev->posbuf);
- if (chip->position_fix == POS_FIX_AUTO &&
- azx_dev->period_intr == 1 && !pos) {
- printk(KERN_WARNING
- "hda-intel: Invalid position buffer, "
- "using LPIB read method instead.\n");
- chip->position_fix = POS_FIX_NONE;
- goto read_lpib;
- }
} else {
- read_lpib:
/* read LPIB */
pos = azx_sd_readl(azx_dev, SD_LPIB);
if (chip->position_fix == POS_FIX_FIFO)
@@ -1449,7 +1451,90 @@ static snd_pcm_uframes_t azx_pcm_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
}
if (pos >= azx_dev->bufsize)
pos = 0;
- return bytes_to_frames(substream->runtime, pos);
+ return pos;
+}
+
+static snd_pcm_uframes_t azx_pcm_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
+{
+ struct azx_pcm *apcm = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
+ struct azx *chip = apcm->chip;
+ struct azx_dev *azx_dev = get_azx_dev(substream);
+ return bytes_to_frames(substream->runtime,
+ azx_get_position(chip, azx_dev));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check whether the current DMA position is acceptable for updating
+ * periods. Returns non-zero if it's OK.
+ *
+ * Many HD-audio controllers appear pretty inaccurate about
+ * the update-IRQ timing. The IRQ is issued before actually the
+ * data is processed. So, we need to process it afterwords in a
+ * workqueue.
+ */
+static int azx_position_ok(struct azx *chip, struct azx_dev *azx_dev)
+{
+ unsigned int pos;
+
+ pos = azx_get_position(chip, azx_dev);
+ if (chip->position_fix == POS_FIX_AUTO) {
+ if (!pos) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING
+ "hda-intel: Invalid position buffer, "
+ "using LPIB read method instead.\n");
+ chip->position_fix = POS_FIX_NONE;
+ pos = azx_get_position(chip, azx_dev);
+ } else
+ chip->position_fix = POS_FIX_POSBUF;
+ }
+
+ if (pos % azx_dev->period_bytes > azx_dev->period_bytes / 2)
+ return 0; /* NG - it's below the period boundary */
+ return 1; /* OK, it's fine */
+}
+
+/*
+ * The work for pending PCM period updates.
+ */
+static void azx_irq_pending_work(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct azx *chip = container_of(work, struct azx, irq_pending_work);
+ int i, pending;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ pending = 0;
+ spin_lock_irq(&chip->reg_lock);
+ for (i = 0; i < chip->num_streams; i++) {
+ struct azx_dev *azx_dev = &chip->azx_dev[i];
+ if (!azx_dev->irq_pending ||
+ !azx_dev->substream ||
+ !azx_dev->running)
+ continue;
+ if (azx_position_ok(chip, azx_dev)) {
+ azx_dev->irq_pending = 0;
+ spin_unlock(&chip->reg_lock);
+ snd_pcm_period_elapsed(azx_dev->substream);
+ spin_lock(&chip->reg_lock);
+ } else
+ pending++;
+ }
+ spin_unlock_irq(&chip->reg_lock);
+ if (!pending)
+ return;
+ cond_resched();
+ }
+}
+
+/* clear irq_pending flags and assure no on-going workq */
+static void azx_clear_irq_pending(struct azx *chip)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&chip->reg_lock);
+ for (i = 0; i < chip->num_streams; i++)
+ chip->azx_dev[i].irq_pending = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irq(&chip->reg_lock);
+ flush_scheduled_work();
}

static struct snd_pcm_ops azx_pcm_ops = {
@@ -1676,6 +1761,7 @@ static int azx_suspend(struct pci_dev *pci, pm_message_t state)
int i;

snd_power_change_state(card, SNDRV_CTL_POWER_D3hot);
+ azx_clear_irq_pending(chip);
for (i = 0; i < AZX_MAX_PCMS; i++)
snd_pcm_suspend_all(chip->pcm[i]);
if (chip->initialized)
@@ -1732,6 +1818,7 @@ static int azx_free(struct azx *chip)
int i;

if (chip->initialized) {
+ azx_clear_irq_pending(chip);
for (i = 0; i < chip->num_streams; i++)
azx_stream_stop(chip, &chip->azx_dev[i]);
azx_stop_chip(chip);
@@ -1857,6 +1944,7 @@ static int __devinit azx_create(struct snd_card *card, struct pci_dev *pci,
chip->irq = -1;
chip->driver_type = driver_type;
chip->msi = enable_msi;
+ INIT_WORK(&chip->irq_pending_work, azx_irq_pending_work);

chip->position_fix = check_position_fix(chip, position_fix[dev]);
check_probe_mask(chip, dev);
diff --git a/sound/pci/hda/patch_analog.c b/sound/pci/hda/patch_analog.c
index a99e86d..b5f655d 100644
--- a/sound/pci/hda/patch_analog.c
+++ b/sound/pci/hda/patch_analog.c
@@ -1618,6 +1618,7 @@ static const char *ad1981_models[AD1981_MODELS] = {

static struct snd_pci_quirk ad1981_cfg_tbl[] = {
SND_PCI_QUIRK(0x1014, 0x0597, "Lenovo Z60", AD1981_THINKPAD),
+ SND_PCI_QUIRK(0x1014, 0x05b7, "Lenovo Z60m", AD1981_THINKPAD),
/* All HP models */
SND_PCI_QUIRK(0x103c, 0, "HP nx", AD1981_HP),
SND_PCI_QUIRK(0x1179, 0x0001, "Toshiba U205", AD1981_TOSHIBA),
@@ -2623,7 +2624,7 @@ static int ad1988_auto_create_extra_out(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t pin,
{
struct ad198x_spec *spec = codec->spec;
hda_nid_t nid;
- int idx, err;
+ int i, idx, err;
char name[32];

if (! pin)
@@ -2631,16 +2632,26 @@ static int ad1988_auto_create_extra_out(struct hda_codec *codec, hda_nid_t pin,

idx = ad1988_pin_idx(pin);
nid = ad1988_idx_to_dac(codec, idx);
- /* specify the DAC as the extra output */
- if (! spec->multiout.hp_nid)
- spec->multiout.hp_nid = nid;
- else
- spec->multiout.extra_out_nid[0] = nid;
- /* control HP volume/switch on the output mixer amp */
- sprintf(name, "%s Playback Volume", pfx);
- if ((err = add_control(spec, AD_CTL_WIDGET_VOL, name,
- HDA_COMPOSE_AMP_VAL(nid, 3, 0, HDA_OUTPUT))) < 0)
- return err;
+ /* check whether the corresponding DAC was already taken */
+ for (i = 0; i < spec->autocfg.line_outs; i++) {
+ hda_nid_t pin = spec->autocfg.line_out_pins[i];
+ hda_nid_t dac = ad1988_idx_to_dac(codec, ad1988_pin_idx(pin));
+ if (dac == nid)
+ break;
+ }
+ if (i >= spec->autocfg.line_outs) {
+ /* specify the DAC as the extra output */
+ if (!spec->multiout.hp_nid)
+ spec->multiout.hp_nid = nid;
+ else
+ spec->multiout.extra_out_nid[0] = nid;
+ /* control HP volume/switch on the output mixer amp */
+ sprintf(name, "%s Playback Volume", pfx);
+ err = add_control(spec, AD_CTL_WIDGET_VOL, name,
+ HDA_COMPOSE_AMP_VAL(nid, 3, 0, HDA_OUTPUT));
+ if (err < 0)
+ return err;
+ }
nid = ad1988_mixer_nids[idx];
sprintf(name, "%s Playback Switch", pfx);
if ((err = add_control(spec, AD_CTL_BIND_MUTE, name,

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