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SubjectRe: [PATCH] USB: add USB test and measurement class driver - round 2
On Thu, Aug 28, 2008 at 12:10:26PM +0200, Oliver Neukum wrote:
> Am Donnerstag 28 August 2008 01:47:20 schrieb Greg KH:
> > On Wed, Aug 27, 2008 at 02:58:08PM -0400, Alan Stern wrote:
> > > On Wed, 27 Aug 2008, Greg KH wrote:
> > >
> > > > On Wed, Aug 27, 2008 at 02:28:22PM -0400, Alan Stern wrote:
> > > > > On Wed, 27 Aug 2008, Greg KH wrote:
> > > > >
> > > > > > Here's an updated version of the usbtmc driver, with all of the
> > > > > > different issues that have been raised, hopefully addressed.
> > > > >
> > > > > This is an example of what I was discussing with Oliver. In all
> > > > > likelihood you simply don't need usbtmc_mutex, and using it will cause
> > > > > a lockdep violation.
> > > > >
> > > > > That's why so many of the other USB class drivers don't have an
> > > > > analogous static mutex.
> > > >
> > > > Ok, then it's just safe to drop this static mutex entirely, right?
> > >
> > > Yes, once you add the call to usb_deregister_dev.
> >
> > Great, all done now.
> >
> > Here's the updated version.
>
> OK, here we go again.
>
> > +static ssize_t usbtmc_read(struct file *filp, char __user *buf,
> > + size_t count, loff_t *f_pos)
> > +{
>
> [..]
>
> > + /* Setup IO buffer for DEV_DEP_MSG_IN message
> > + * Refer to class specs for details
> > + */
> > + buffer[0] = 2;
> > + buffer[1] = data->bTag;
> > + buffer[2] = ~(data->bTag);
> > + buffer[3] = 0; /* Reserved */
> > + buffer[4] = (this_part - 12 - 3) & 255;
> > + buffer[5] = ((this_part - 12 - 3) >> 8) & 255;
> > + buffer[6] = ((this_part - 12 - 3) >> 16) & 255;
> > + buffer[7] = ((this_part - 12 - 3) >> 24) & 255;
>
> We have excellent endianness conversion macros.

For splitting values up into the individual byte portions? I think this
is far more obvious as to exactly what is going on, don't you?

> > + buffer[8] = data->TermCharEnabled * 2;
> > + /* Use term character? */
>
> smp_rmb(); /* we must make sure we don't read a stale terminator */

I'm not going to worry about races here, that's not a real issue.

> > + buffer[9] = data->TermChar;
> > + buffer[10] = 0; /* Reserved */
> > + buffer[11] = 0; /* Reserved */
> > +
> > + /* Send bulk URB */
> > + retval = usb_bulk_msg(data->usb_dev,
> > + usb_sndbulkpipe(data->usb_dev,
> > + data->bulk_out),
> > + buffer, 12, &actual, USBTMC_TIMEOUT);
> > +
> > + /* Store bTag (in case we need to abort) */
> > + data->bTag_last_write = data->bTag;
>
> even if usb_bulk_msg() failed?

Good point, will fix.

> > + /* How many characters did the instrument send? */
> > + n_characters = buffer[4] +
> > + (buffer[5] << 8) +
> > + (buffer[6] << 16) +
> > + (buffer[7] << 24);
>
> endianness macro

I'll leave it (casting is just a big of a mess, this obviously shows
what is going on here.)

> > + /* Copy buffer to user space */
> > + if (copy_to_user(buf + done, &buffer[12], n_characters)) {
> > + /* There must have been an addressing problem */
> > + retval = -EFAULT;
> > + goto exit;
> > + }
> > +
> > + done += n_characters;
> > + if (n_characters < USBTMC_SIZE_IOBUFFER)
> > + remaining = 0;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Update file position value */
> > + *f_pos = *f_pos + done;
>
> That'll get out of sync if -EFAULT is returned

Hm, I wonder if this is an issue, I'll poke at it.

> > +static ssize_t usbtmc_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *buf,
> > + size_t count, loff_t *f_pos)
> > +{
> > + struct usbtmc_device_data *data;
> > + u8 *buffer;
> > + int retval;
> > + int actual;
> > + unsigned long int n_bytes;
> > + int n;
> > + int remaining;
> > + int done;
> > + int this_part;
> > +
> > + data = filp->private_data;
> > +
> > + buffer = kmalloc(USBTMC_SIZE_IOBUFFER, GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!buffer)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > + mutex_lock(&data->io_mutex);
>
> This and usbtmc_read() need a test for disconnection. Open() and disconnect
> are guarded in usbcore, read & write are not. By reference count you've made
> sure you have a valid device descriptor, but the device may have been reprobed.

If so, then struct usb_device would be different, right? Oh, I see,
disconnect() using usbfs/sysfs. Bah, is it really something that
happens in the real world? Oh well, I'll go fix this...

> > + retval = usb_bulk_msg(data->usb_dev,
> > + usb_sndbulkpipe(data->usb_dev,
> > + data->bulk_out),
> > + buffer, n_bytes, &actual, USBTMC_TIMEOUT);
> > +
> > + data->bTag_last_write = data->bTag;
>
> error case?

Will do.

> > +static int get_capabilities(struct usbtmc_device_data *data)
> > +{
> > + struct device *dev = &data->usb_dev->dev;
> > + char *buffer;
> > + int rv;
> > +
> > + buffer = kmalloc(0x18, GFP_KERNEL);
> > + if (!buffer)
> > + return -ENOMEM;
> > +
> > + rv = usb_control_msg(data->usb_dev, usb_rcvctrlpipe(data->usb_dev, 0),
> > + USBTMC_REQUEST_GET_CAPABILITIES,
> > + USB_DIR_IN | USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_INTERFACE,
> > + 0, 0, buffer, 0x18, USBTMC_TIMEOUT);
> > + if (rv < 0) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "usb_control_msg returned %d\n", rv);
> > + return rv;
>
> memory leak

Good find, will fix.

> > + dev_dbg(dev, "GET_CAPABILITIES returned %x\n", buffer[0]);
> > + dev_dbg(dev, "Interface capabilities are %x\n", buffer[4]);
> > + dev_dbg(dev, "Device capabilities are %x\n", buffer[5]);
> > + dev_dbg(dev, "USB488 interface capabilities are %x\n", buffer[14]);
> > + dev_dbg(dev, "USB488 device capabilities are %x\n", buffer[15]);
> > + if (buffer[0] != USBTMC_STATUS_SUCCESS) {
> > + dev_err(dev, "GET_CAPABILITIES returned %x\n", buffer[0]);
> > + return -EPERM;
>
> memory leak

will fix.

> [..]
> > +static ssize_t store_TermChar(struct device *dev,
> > + struct device_attribute *attr,
> > + const char *buf, size_t count)
> > +{
> > + struct usb_interface *intf = to_usb_interface(dev);
> > + struct usbtmc_device_data *data = usb_get_intfdata(intf);
> > +
> > + if (count < 1)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + data->TermChar = buf[0];
>
> smp_wmb(); /* must hit RAM before enablement */

Not going to be an issue, it's ok to leave as-is.

> > +{ \
> > + struct usb_interface *intf = to_usb_interface(dev); \
> > + struct usbtmc_device_data *data = usb_get_intfdata(intf); \
> > + ssize_t result; \
> > + unsigned val; \
> > + \
> > + result = sscanf(buf, "%u\n", &val); \
> > + if (result != 1) \
> > + result = -EINVAL; \
>
> smp_rmb(); /* must hit RAM after the terminator */ \

Same as above.

> There are subtle penalties to avoiding ioctl(). Among them is the loss
> of atomicity.

Sure, but again, this isn't a real issue here.

> [..]
> > +static long usbtmc_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> > +{
> > + struct usbtmc_device_data *data;
> > + int retval = -EBADRQC;
> > +
> > + data = file->private_data;
> > + mutex_lock(&data->io_mutex);
>
> check for disconnect as in read & write
>
> > +
> > + switch (cmd) {
> > + case USBTMC_IOCTL_CLEAR_OUT_HALT:
> > + retval = usbtmc_ioctl_clear_out_halt(data);
> > +
> > + case USBTMC_IOCTL_CLEAR_IN_HALT:
> > + retval = usbtmc_ioctl_clear_in_halt(data);
> > +
> > + case USBTMC_IOCTL_INDICATOR_PULSE:
> > + retval = usbtmc_ioctl_indicator_pulse(data);
> > +
> > + case USBTMC_IOCTL_CLEAR:
> > + retval = usbtmc_ioctl_clear(data);
> > +
> > + case USBTMC_IOCTL_ABORT_BULK_OUT:
> > + retval = usbtmc_ioctl_abort_bulk_out(data);
> > +
> > + case USBTMC_IOCTL_ABORT_BULK_IN:
> > + retval = usbtmc_ioctl_abort_bulk_in(data);
> > + }
>
> This is missing a whole lot of "break;"

Bah, good catch, my fault.

> > + retcode = get_capabilities(data);
> > + if (retcode)
> > + dev_err(&intf->dev, "can't read capabilities\n");
> > + else
> > + retcode = sysfs_create_group(&intf->dev.kobj,
> > + &capability_attr_grp);
> > +
> > + retcode = sysfs_create_group(&intf->dev.kobj, &data_attr_grp);
>
> If you ignore an error return, be open about it.

I'm not? Should I print an error and then just continue on? Would that
be sufficient?

> > +error_register:
> > + sysfs_remove_group(&intf->dev.kobj, &capability_attr_grp);
> > + sysfs_remove_group(&intf->dev.kobj, &data_attr_grp);
>
> The groups might never have been created.

That's ok, the sysfs core should handle this safely.

> > +static void usbtmc_disconnect(struct usb_interface *intf)
> > +{
> > + struct usbtmc_device_data *data;
> > +
> > + dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "usbtmc_disconnect called\n");
> > +
>
> You must set a flag for read, write and ioctl.

Will do. Then I need to lock the flag with a mutex, right?

thanks,

greg k-h


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