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SubjectRe: Random crashes with 2.6.27-rc3 on PPC
On Sunday 24 August 2008, Benjamin Herrenschmidt wrote:
> Random guess:
> Note sure what those together do, check if you have any file compiled
> with -fno-omit-frame-pointer and if you do, try to change things so
> that you don't ... we found some miscompiles when that is set, exposed
> by FTRACE typically (which you don't have enabled) but possibly by other
> things.

Thanks for your random guess.
The following workaround seems to fix the crashes on powerpc.
However, this patch is clearly not what we want for other architectures,
as they might need -fno-omit-frame-pointer to function properly.

I reproduced the random crashes of kernel and userspace applications
(without the following patch) on a vanilla 2.6.26 and 2.6.27-rc{1-4}
kernel. I did _not_ try a 2.6.25 kernel with -fno-omit-frame-pointer, so
I don't know if it would also crash then.

I'm currently running more tests on a patched 2.6.27-rc4 kernel, but it
didn't crash, yet. I already did 5 complete kernel tree compilations. It
should have crashed by now, but it didn't :)

The compiler is:
gcc (GCC) 4.1.3 20070929 (prerelease) (Ubuntu 4.1.2-16ubuntu2)

Index: linux-2.6/Makefile
--- linux-2.6.orig/Makefile 2008-08-24 11:49:53.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6/Makefile 2008-08-24 12:16:42.000000000 +0200
@@ -523,13 +523,13 @@ endif

# Force gcc to behave correct even for buggy distributions
# Arch Makefiles may override this setting
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector)

-KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-omit-frame-pointer -fno-optimize-sibling-calls
+KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-optimize-sibling-calls
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fomit-frame-pointer

Index: linux-2.6/kernel/Makefile
--- linux-2.6.orig/kernel/Makefile 2008-08-24 11:50:23.000000000 +0200
+++ linux-2.6/kernel/Makefile 2008-08-24 12:15:54.000000000 +0200
@@ -92,13 +92,13 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SMP) += sched_cpupri.o
# According to Alan Modra <>, the -fno-omit-frame-pointer is
# needed for x86 only. Why this used to be enabled for all architectures is beyond
# me. I suspect most platforms don't need this, but until we know that for sure
# I turn this off for IA-64 only. Andreas Schwab says it's also needed on m68k
# to get a correct value for the wait-channel (WCHAN in ps). --davidm
-CFLAGS_sched.o := $(PROFILING) -fno-omit-frame-pointer
+CFLAGS_sched.o := $(PROFILING)

$(obj)/configs.o: $(obj)/config_data.h

# config_data.h contains the same information as ikconfig.h but gzipped.
# Info from config_data can be extracted from /proc/config*

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