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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC] pm_qos_requirement might sleep
On Wed, Aug 13, 2008 at 12:49 AM, mark gross <mgross@linux.intel.com> wrote:
> On Wed, Aug 06, 2008 at 12:18:08AM +0200, John Kacur wrote:
>> On Tue, Aug 5, 2008 at 11:09 PM, Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:
>> > On Tue, 2008-08-05 at 13:49 -0700, mark gross wrote:
>> >> On Tue, Aug 05, 2008 at 09:25:01AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
>> >> > On Mon, 2008-08-04 at 22:52 +0200, John Kacur wrote:
>> >> > > Even after applying some fixes posted by Chirag and Peter Z, I'm still
>> >> > > getting some messages in my log like this
>> >> >
>> >> > > BUG: sleeping function called from invalid context swapper(0) at
>> >> > > kernel/rtmutex.c:743
>> >> > > in_atomic():1 [00000001], irqs_disabled():1
>> >> > > Pid: 0, comm: swapper Tainted: G W 2.6.26.1-rt1.jk #2
>> >> > >
>> >> > > Call Trace:
>> >> > > [<ffffffff802305d3>] __might_sleep+0x12d/0x132
>> >> > > [<ffffffff8046cdbe>] __rt_spin_lock+0x34/0x7d
>> >> > > [<ffffffff8046ce15>] rt_spin_lock+0xe/0x10
>> >> > > [<ffffffff802532e5>] pm_qos_requirement+0x1f/0x3c
>> >> > > [<ffffffff803e1b7f>] menu_select+0x7b/0x9c
>> >> > > [<ffffffff8020b1be>] ? default_idle+0x0/0x5a
>> >> > > [<ffffffff8020b1be>] ? default_idle+0x0/0x5a
>> >> > > [<ffffffff803e0b4b>] cpuidle_idle_call+0x68/0xd8
>> >> > > [<ffffffff803e0ae3>] ? cpuidle_idle_call+0x0/0xd8
>> >> > > [<ffffffff8020b1be>] ? default_idle+0x0/0x5a
>> >> > > [<ffffffff8020b333>] cpu_idle+0xb2/0x12d
>> >> > > [<ffffffff80466af0>] start_secondary+0x186/0x18b
>> >> > >
>> >> > > ---------------------------
>> >> > > | preempt count: 00000001 ]
>> >> > > | 1-level deep critical section nesting:
>> >> > > ----------------------------------------
>> >> > > ... [<ffffffff8020b39c>] .... cpu_idle+0x11b/0x12d
>> >> > > ......[<ffffffff80466af0>] .. ( <= start_secondary+0x186/0x18b)
>> >> > >
>> >> > > The following simple patch makes the messages disappear - however,
>> >> > > there may be a better more fine grained solution, but the problem is
>> >> > > also that all the functions are designed to use the same lock.
>> >> >
>> >> > Hmm, I think you're right - its called from the idle routine so we can't
>> >> > go about sleeping there.
>> >> >
>> >> > The only trouble I have is with kernel/pm_qos_params.c:update_target()'s
>> >> > use of this lock - that is decidedly not O(1).
>> >> >
>> >> > Mark, would it be possible to split that lock in two, one lock
>> >> > protecting pm_qos_array[], and one lock protecting the
>> >> > requirements.list ?
>> >>
>> >> very likely, but I'm not sure how it will help.
>> >>
>> >> the fine grain locking I had initially worked out on pm_qos was to have
>> >> a lock per pm_qos_object, that would be used for accessing the
>> >> requirement_list and the target_value. But that isn't what you are
>> >> asking about is it?
>> >>
>> >> Is what you want is a pm_qos_requirements_list_lock and a
>> >> pm_qos_target_value_lock, for each pm_qos_object instance?
>> >>
>> >> I guess it wold work but besides giving the code spinlock diarrhea would
>> >> it really help solve the issue you are seeing?
>> >
>> > The problem is that on -rt spinlocks turn into mutexes. And the above
>> > BUG tells us that the idle loop might end up scheduling due to trying to
>> > take this lock.
>> >
>> > Now, the way I read the code, pm_qos_lock protects multiple things:
>> >
>> > - pm_qos_array[target]->target_value
>> >
>> > - &pm_qos_array[pm_qos_class]->requirements.list
>> >
>> > Now, the thing is, we could turn the lock back into a real spinlock
>> > (raw_spinlock_t), but the loops in eg update_target() are not O(1) and
>> > could thus cause serious preempt-off latencies.
>> >
>> > My question was, and now having had a second look at the code I think it
>> > is, would it be possible to guard the list using a sleeping lock,
>> > protect the target_value using a (raw) spinlock.
>> >
>> > OTOH, just reading a (word aligned, word sized) value doesn't normally
>> > require serialization, esp if the update site is already serialized by
>> > other means.
>> >
>> > So could we perhaps remove the lock usage from pm_qos_requirement()? -
>> > that too would solve the issue.
>> >
>> >
>> > - Peter
>> >
>>
>> How about this patch? Like Peter suggests, It adds a raw spinlock only
>> for the target value. I'm currently running with it, but still
>> testing, comments are appreciated.
>>
>> Thanks
>
>> pm_qos_requirement-fix
>> Signed-off-by: John Kacur <jkacur at gmail dot com>
>>
>> Add a raw spinlock for the target value.
>>
>>
>> Index: linux-2.6.26.1-rt1.jk/kernel/pm_qos_params.c
>> ===================================================================
>> --- linux-2.6.26.1-rt1.jk.orig/kernel/pm_qos_params.c
>> +++ linux-2.6.26.1-rt1.jk/kernel/pm_qos_params.c
>> @@ -111,6 +111,7 @@ static struct pm_qos_object *pm_qos_arra
>> };
>>
>> static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pm_qos_lock);
>> +static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(pm_qos_rawlock);
>>
>> static ssize_t pm_qos_power_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *buf,
>> size_t count, loff_t *f_pos);
>> @@ -149,13 +150,15 @@ static void update_target(int target)
>> extreme_value = pm_qos_array[target]->comparitor(
>> extreme_value, node->value);
>> }
>> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_lock, flags);
>> + spin_lock_irqsave(&pm_qos_rawlock, flags);
>> if (pm_qos_array[target]->target_value != extreme_value) {
>> call_notifier = 1;
>> pm_qos_array[target]->target_value = extreme_value;
>> pr_debug(KERN_ERR "new target for qos %d is %d\n", target,
>> pm_qos_array[target]->target_value);
>> }
>> - spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_lock, flags);
>> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_rawlock, flags);
>>
>> if (call_notifier)
>> blocking_notifier_call_chain(pm_qos_array[target]->notifiers,
>> @@ -195,9 +198,9 @@ int pm_qos_requirement(int pm_qos_class)
>> int ret_val;
>> unsigned long flags;
>>
>> - spin_lock_irqsave(&pm_qos_lock, flags);
>> + spin_lock_irqsave(&pm_qos_rawlock, flags);
>> ret_val = pm_qos_array[pm_qos_class]->target_value;
>> - spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_lock, flags);
>> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_rawlock, flags);
>>
>> return ret_val;
>> }
>
> As long as RAW_SPINLOCK compiles to a normal spinlock for non-RT premept
> kernels I'm don't see a problem, as the change is almost a no-op for
> non-RT kernels.

Correct, kernels with the rt patch that are configured to be non-rt
change the raw_spinlock to a normal spinlock. This patch still applies
to rt kernels only.

>
> Signed-off-by: mark gross <mgross@linux.intel.com>
>
> Should I send an updated patch that includes a change to the comment
> block regarding the locking design after this patch or instead of it?
>

I've updated my patch to include changes to the comment block about
the locking design. I've also added your Signed-off-by line . (Maybe
Acked-by: would be more appropriate?)

Now that I've separated locking of the target value from the other
locks, Peter's question still remains. Could the lock protecting
target be dropped from mainline which would allow us to drop this
patch altogether from rt? For now the safe thing to do is keep it
protected, but could you explain why it is needed? (it may very well
be)

Thank You.
(updated patch attached)
pm_qos_requirement-fix
Add a raw_spinlock_t for target. target is modified in pm_qos_requirement
called by idle so it cannot be allowed to sleep.

Signed-off-by: John Kacur <jkacur at gmail dot com>
Signed-off-by: mark gross <mgross@linux.intel.com>

Index: linux-2.6.26.1-rt1.jk/kernel/pm_qos_params.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.26.1-rt1.jk.orig/kernel/pm_qos_params.c
+++ linux-2.6.26.1-rt1.jk/kernel/pm_qos_params.c
@@ -42,9 +42,10 @@
#include <linux/uaccess.h>

/*
- * locking rule: all changes to target_value or requirements or notifiers lists
+ * locking rule: all changes to requirements or notifiers lists
* or pm_qos_object list and pm_qos_objects need to happen with pm_qos_lock
- * held, taken with _irqsave. One lock to rule them all
+ * held, taken with _irqsave. target is locked by pm_qos_rawlock because it
+ * is modified in pm_qos_requirement called from idle and cannot sleep.
*/
struct requirement_list {
struct list_head list;
@@ -111,6 +112,7 @@ static struct pm_qos_object *pm_qos_arra
};

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pm_qos_lock);
+static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(pm_qos_rawlock);

static ssize_t pm_qos_power_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *buf,
size_t count, loff_t *f_pos);
@@ -149,13 +151,15 @@ static void update_target(int target)
extreme_value = pm_qos_array[target]->comparitor(
extreme_value, node->value);
}
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_lock, flags);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&pm_qos_rawlock, flags);
if (pm_qos_array[target]->target_value != extreme_value) {
call_notifier = 1;
pm_qos_array[target]->target_value = extreme_value;
pr_debug(KERN_ERR "new target for qos %d is %d\n", target,
pm_qos_array[target]->target_value);
}
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_lock, flags);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_rawlock, flags);

if (call_notifier)
blocking_notifier_call_chain(pm_qos_array[target]->notifiers,
@@ -195,9 +199,12 @@ int pm_qos_requirement(int pm_qos_class)
int ret_val;
unsigned long flags;

- spin_lock_irqsave(&pm_qos_lock, flags);
+ /*
+ * pm_qos_requirement is called from idle, so it cannot sleep
+ */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&pm_qos_rawlock, flags);
ret_val = pm_qos_array[pm_qos_class]->target_value;
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_lock, flags);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pm_qos_rawlock, flags);

return ret_val;
}
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