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Subject[patch 08/19] slub/slabinfo: add defrag statistics
Add statistics counters for slab defragmentation.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com>
Signed-off-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>

---
Documentation/vm/slabinfo.c | 45 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
include/linux/slub_def.h | 6 +++++
mm/slub.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++-
3 files changed, 66 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
Index: linux-next/Documentation/vm/slabinfo.c
===================================================================
--- linux-next.orig/Documentation/vm/slabinfo.c 2008-08-11 07:47:01.749625123 -0700
+++ linux-next/Documentation/vm/slabinfo.c 2008-08-11 07:47:01.762349658 -0700
@@ -41,6 +41,9 @@ struct slabinfo {
unsigned long cpuslab_flush, deactivate_full, deactivate_empty;
unsigned long deactivate_to_head, deactivate_to_tail;
unsigned long deactivate_remote_frees, order_fallback;
+ unsigned long shrink_calls, shrink_attempt_defrag, shrink_empty_slab;
+ unsigned long shrink_slab_skipped, shrink_slab_reclaimed;
+ unsigned long shrink_object_reclaim_failed;
int numa[MAX_NODES];
int numa_partial[MAX_NODES];
} slabinfo[MAX_SLABS];
@@ -79,6 +82,7 @@ int sort_active = 0;
int set_debug = 0;
int show_ops = 0;
int show_activity = 0;
+int show_defragcount = 0;

/* Debug options */
int sanity = 0;
@@ -113,6 +117,7 @@ void usage(void)
"-e|--empty Show empty slabs\n"
"-f|--first-alias Show first alias\n"
"-F|--defrag Show defragmentable caches\n"
+ "-G:--display-defrag Display defrag counters\n"
"-h|--help Show usage information\n"
"-i|--inverted Inverted list\n"
"-l|--slabs Show slabs\n"
@@ -300,6 +305,8 @@ void first_line(void)
{
if (show_activity)
printf("Name Objects Alloc Free %%Fast Fallb O\n");
+ else if (show_defragcount)
+ printf("Name Objects DefragRQ Slabs Success Empty Skipped Failed\n");
else
printf("Name Objects Objsize Space "
"Slabs/Part/Cpu O/S O %%Ra %%Ef Flg\n");
@@ -466,22 +473,28 @@ void slab_stats(struct slabinfo *s)

printf("Total %8lu %8lu\n\n", total_alloc, total_free);

- if (s->cpuslab_flush)
- printf("Flushes %8lu\n", s->cpuslab_flush);
-
- if (s->alloc_refill)
- printf("Refill %8lu\n", s->alloc_refill);
+ if (s->cpuslab_flush || s->alloc_refill)
+ printf("CPU Slab : Flushes=%lu Refills=%lu\n",
+ s->cpuslab_flush, s->alloc_refill);

total = s->deactivate_full + s->deactivate_empty +
s->deactivate_to_head + s->deactivate_to_tail;

if (total)
- printf("Deactivate Full=%lu(%lu%%) Empty=%lu(%lu%%) "
+ printf("Deactivate: Full=%lu(%lu%%) Empty=%lu(%lu%%) "
"ToHead=%lu(%lu%%) ToTail=%lu(%lu%%)\n",
s->deactivate_full, (s->deactivate_full * 100) / total,
s->deactivate_empty, (s->deactivate_empty * 100) / total,
s->deactivate_to_head, (s->deactivate_to_head * 100) / total,
s->deactivate_to_tail, (s->deactivate_to_tail * 100) / total);
+
+ if (s->shrink_calls)
+ printf("Shrink : Calls=%lu Attempts=%lu Empty=%lu Successful=%lu\n",
+ s->shrink_calls, s->shrink_attempt_defrag,
+ s->shrink_empty_slab, s->shrink_slab_reclaimed);
+ if (s->shrink_slab_skipped || s->shrink_object_reclaim_failed)
+ printf("Defrag : Slabs skipped=%lu Object reclaim failed=%lu\n",
+ s->shrink_slab_skipped, s->shrink_object_reclaim_failed);
}

void report(struct slabinfo *s)
@@ -598,7 +611,12 @@ void slabcache(struct slabinfo *s)
total_alloc ? (s->alloc_fastpath * 100 / total_alloc) : 0,
total_free ? (s->free_fastpath * 100 / total_free) : 0,
s->order_fallback, s->order);
- }
+ } else
+ if (show_defragcount)
+ printf("%-21s %8ld %7d %7d %7d %7d %7d %7d\n",
+ s->name, s->objects, s->shrink_calls, s->shrink_attempt_defrag,
+ s->shrink_slab_reclaimed, s->shrink_empty_slab,
+ s->shrink_slab_skipped, s->shrink_object_reclaim_failed);
else
printf("%-21s %8ld %7d %8s %14s %4d %1d %3ld %3ld %s\n",
s->name, s->objects, s->object_size, size_str, dist_str,
@@ -1210,6 +1228,13 @@ void read_slab_dir(void)
slab->deactivate_to_tail = get_obj("deactivate_to_tail");
slab->deactivate_remote_frees = get_obj("deactivate_remote_frees");
slab->order_fallback = get_obj("order_fallback");
+ slab->shrink_calls = get_obj("shrink_calls");
+ slab->shrink_attempt_defrag = get_obj("shrink_attempt_defrag");
+ slab->shrink_empty_slab = get_obj("shrink_empty_slab");
+ slab->shrink_slab_skipped = get_obj("shrink_slab_skipped");
+ slab->shrink_slab_reclaimed = get_obj("shrink_slab_reclaimed");
+ slab->shrink_object_reclaim_failed =
+ get_obj("shrink_object_reclaim_failed");
slab->defrag_ratio = get_obj("defrag_ratio");
slab->remote_node_defrag_ratio =
get_obj("remote_node_defrag_ratio");
@@ -1274,6 +1299,7 @@ struct option opts[] = {
{ "ctor", 0, NULL, 'C' },
{ "debug", 2, NULL, 'd' },
{ "display-activity", 0, NULL, 'D' },
+ { "display-defrag", 0, NULL, 'G' },
{ "empty", 0, NULL, 'e' },
{ "first-alias", 0, NULL, 'f' },
{ "defrag", 0, NULL, 'F' },
@@ -1299,7 +1325,7 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])

page_size = getpagesize();

- while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "aACd::DefFhil1noprstvzTS",
+ while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, "aACd::DefFGhil1noprstvzTS",
opts, NULL)) != -1)
switch (c) {
case '1':
@@ -1325,6 +1351,9 @@ int main(int argc, char *argv[])
case 'f':
show_first_alias = 1;
break;
+ case 'G':
+ show_defragcount = 1;
+ break;
case 'h':
usage();
return 0;
Index: linux-next/include/linux/slub_def.h
===================================================================
--- linux-next.orig/include/linux/slub_def.h 2008-08-11 07:47:01.362349055 -0700
+++ linux-next/include/linux/slub_def.h 2008-08-11 07:47:01.852357729 -0700
@@ -30,6 +30,12 @@ enum stat_item {
DEACTIVATE_TO_TAIL, /* Cpu slab was moved to the tail of partials */
DEACTIVATE_REMOTE_FREES,/* Slab contained remotely freed objects */
ORDER_FALLBACK, /* Number of times fallback was necessary */
+ SHRINK_CALLS, /* Number of invocations of kmem_cache_shrink */
+ SHRINK_ATTEMPT_DEFRAG, /* Slabs that were attempted to be reclaimed */
+ SHRINK_EMPTY_SLAB, /* Shrink encountered and freed empty slab */
+ SHRINK_SLAB_SKIPPED, /* Slab reclaim skipped an slab (busy etc) */
+ SHRINK_SLAB_RECLAIMED, /* Successfully reclaimed slabs */
+ SHRINK_OBJECT_RECLAIM_FAILED, /* Callbacks signaled busy objects */
NR_SLUB_STAT_ITEMS };

struct kmem_cache_cpu {
Index: linux-next/mm/slub.c
===================================================================
--- linux-next.orig/mm/slub.c 2008-08-11 07:47:01.542349442 -0700
+++ linux-next/mm/slub.c 2008-08-11 07:47:01.932358747 -0700
@@ -2821,6 +2821,7 @@ static int kmem_cache_vacate(struct page
void *private;
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long objects;
+ struct kmem_cache_cpu *c;

local_irq_save(flags);
slab_lock(page);
@@ -2869,9 +2870,13 @@ out:
* Check the result and unfreeze the slab
*/
leftover = page->inuse;
- if (leftover)
+ c = get_cpu_slab(s, smp_processor_id());
+ if (leftover) {
/* Unsuccessful reclaim. Avoid future reclaim attempts. */
+ stat(c, SHRINK_OBJECT_RECLAIM_FAILED);
__ClearPageSlubKickable(page);
+ } else
+ stat(c, SHRINK_SLAB_RECLAIMED);
unfreeze_slab(s, page, leftover > 0);
local_irq_restore(flags);
return leftover;
@@ -2922,11 +2927,14 @@ static unsigned long __kmem_cache_shrink
LIST_HEAD(zaplist);
int freed = 0;
struct kmem_cache_node *n = get_node(s, node);
+ struct kmem_cache_cpu *c;

if (n->nr_partial <= limit)
return 0;

spin_lock_irqsave(&n->list_lock, flags);
+ c = get_cpu_slab(s, smp_processor_id());
+ stat(c, SHRINK_CALLS);
list_for_each_entry_safe(page, page2, &n->partial, lru) {
if (!slab_trylock(page))
/* Busy slab. Get out of the way */
@@ -2946,12 +2954,14 @@ static unsigned long __kmem_cache_shrink

list_move(&page->lru, &zaplist);
if (s->kick) {
+ stat(c, SHRINK_ATTEMPT_DEFRAG);
n->nr_partial--;
__SetPageSlubFrozen(page);
}
slab_unlock(page);
} else {
/* Empty slab page */
+ stat(c, SHRINK_EMPTY_SLAB);
list_del(&page->lru);
n->nr_partial--;
slab_unlock(page);
@@ -4380,6 +4390,12 @@ STAT_ATTR(DEACTIVATE_TO_HEAD, deactivate
STAT_ATTR(DEACTIVATE_TO_TAIL, deactivate_to_tail);
STAT_ATTR(DEACTIVATE_REMOTE_FREES, deactivate_remote_frees);
STAT_ATTR(ORDER_FALLBACK, order_fallback);
+STAT_ATTR(SHRINK_CALLS, shrink_calls);
+STAT_ATTR(SHRINK_ATTEMPT_DEFRAG, shrink_attempt_defrag);
+STAT_ATTR(SHRINK_EMPTY_SLAB, shrink_empty_slab);
+STAT_ATTR(SHRINK_SLAB_SKIPPED, shrink_slab_skipped);
+STAT_ATTR(SHRINK_SLAB_RECLAIMED, shrink_slab_reclaimed);
+STAT_ATTR(SHRINK_OBJECT_RECLAIM_FAILED, shrink_object_reclaim_failed);
#endif

static struct attribute *slab_attrs[] = {
@@ -4434,6 +4450,12 @@ static struct attribute *slab_attrs[] =
&deactivate_to_tail_attr.attr,
&deactivate_remote_frees_attr.attr,
&order_fallback_attr.attr,
+ &shrink_calls_attr.attr,
+ &shrink_attempt_defrag_attr.attr,
+ &shrink_empty_slab_attr.attr,
+ &shrink_slab_skipped_attr.attr,
+ &shrink_slab_reclaimed_attr.attr,
+ &shrink_object_reclaim_failed_attr.attr,
#endif
NULL
};
--


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