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Subject[PATCH RT RFC 7/7] rtmutex: pi-boost locks as late as possible
Date
Adaptive-locking technology often times acquires the lock by
spinning on a running-owner instead of sleeping. It is unecessary
to go through pi-boosting if the owner is of equal or (logically)
lower priority. Therefore, we can save some significant overhead
by deferring the boost until absolutely necessary. This has shown
to improve overall performance in PREEMPT_RT

Special thanks to Peter Morreale for suggesting the optimization to
only consider skipping the boost if the owner is >= to current

Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com>
CC: Peter Morreale <pmorreale@novell.com>
---
include/linux/rtmutex.h | 1
kernel/rtmutex.c | 195 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
kernel/rtmutex_common.h | 1
3 files changed, 153 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)
diff --git a/include/linux/rtmutex.h b/include/linux/rtmutex.h
index d984244..1d98107 100644
--- a/include/linux/rtmutex.h
+++ b/include/linux/rtmutex.h
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@ struct rt_mutex {
struct pi_node node;
struct pi_sink snk;
int prio;
+ int boosters;
} pi;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RT_MUTEXES
int save_state;
diff --git a/kernel/rtmutex.c b/kernel/rtmutex.c
index 0f64298..de213ac 100644
--- a/kernel/rtmutex.c
+++ b/kernel/rtmutex.c
@@ -76,14 +76,15 @@ rt_mutex_set_owner(struct rt_mutex *lock, struct task_struct *owner,
{
unsigned long val = (unsigned long)owner | mask;

- if (rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock)) {
+ if (lock->pi.boosters) {
struct task_struct *prev_owner = rt_mutex_owner(lock);

rtmutex_pi_owner(lock, prev_owner, 0);
rtmutex_pi_owner(lock, owner, 1);
+ }

+ if (rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock))
val |= RT_MUTEX_HAS_WAITERS;
- }

lock->owner = (struct task_struct *)val;
}
@@ -177,7 +178,7 @@ static inline int rtmutex_pi_update(struct pi_sink *snk,

spin_lock_irqsave(&lock->wait_lock, iflags);

- if (rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock)) {
+ if (lock->pi.boosters) {
owner = rt_mutex_owner(lock);

if (owner && owner != RT_RW_READER) {
@@ -206,6 +207,7 @@ static void init_pi(struct rt_mutex *lock)
pi_node_init(&lock->pi.node);

lock->pi.prio = MAX_PRIO;
+ lock->pi.boosters = 0;
pi_source_init(&lock->pi.src, &lock->pi.prio);
lock->pi.snk = rtmutex_pi_snk;

@@ -303,6 +305,16 @@ static inline int try_to_take_rt_mutex(struct rt_mutex *lock)
return do_try_to_take_rt_mutex(lock, STEAL_NORMAL);
}

+static inline void requeue_waiter(struct rt_mutex *lock,
+ struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter)
+{
+ BUG_ON(!waiter->task);
+
+ plist_del(&waiter->list_entry, &lock->wait_list);
+ plist_node_init(&waiter->list_entry, waiter->pi.prio);
+ plist_add(&waiter->list_entry, &lock->wait_list);
+}
+
/*
* These callbacks are invoked whenever a waiter has changed priority.
* So we should requeue it within the lock->wait_list
@@ -343,11 +355,8 @@ static inline int rtmutex_waiter_pi_update(struct pi_sink *snk,
* pi list. Therefore, if waiter->pi.prio has changed since we
* queued ourselves, requeue it.
*/
- if (waiter->task && waiter->list_entry.prio != waiter->pi.prio) {
- plist_del(&waiter->list_entry, &lock->wait_list);
- plist_node_init(&waiter->list_entry, waiter->pi.prio);
- plist_add(&waiter->list_entry, &lock->wait_list);
- }
+ if (waiter->task && waiter->list_entry.prio != waiter->pi.prio)
+ requeue_waiter(lock, waiter);

spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, iflags);

@@ -359,20 +368,9 @@ static struct pi_sink rtmutex_waiter_pi_snk = {
.update = rtmutex_waiter_pi_update,
};

-/*
- * This must be called with lock->wait_lock held.
- */
-static int add_waiter(struct rt_mutex *lock,
- struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter,
- unsigned long *flags)
+static void boost_lock(struct rt_mutex *lock,
+ struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter)
{
- int has_waiters = rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock);
-
- waiter->task = current;
- waiter->lock = lock;
- waiter->pi.prio = current->prio;
- plist_node_init(&waiter->list_entry, waiter->pi.prio);
- plist_add(&waiter->list_entry, &lock->wait_list);
waiter->pi.snk = rtmutex_waiter_pi_snk;

/*
@@ -397,35 +395,28 @@ static int add_waiter(struct rt_mutex *lock,
* If we previously had no waiters, we are transitioning to
* a mode where we need to boost the owner
*/
- if (!has_waiters) {
+ if (!lock->pi.boosters) {
struct task_struct *owner = rt_mutex_owner(lock);
rtmutex_pi_owner(lock, owner, 1);
}

- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, *flags);
- task_pi_update(current, 0);
- spin_lock_irqsave(&lock->wait_lock, *flags);
-
- return 0;
+ lock->pi.boosters++;
+ waiter->pi.boosted = 1;
}

-/*
- * Remove a waiter from a lock
- *
- * Must be called with lock->wait_lock held
- */
-static void remove_waiter(struct rt_mutex *lock,
- struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter)
+static void deboost_lock(struct rt_mutex *lock,
+ struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter,
+ struct task_struct *p)
{
- struct task_struct *p = waiter->task;
+ BUG_ON(!waiter->pi.boosted);

- plist_del(&waiter->list_entry, &lock->wait_list);
- waiter->task = NULL;
+ waiter->pi.boosted = 0;
+ lock->pi.boosters--;

/*
* We can stop boosting the owner if there are no more waiters
*/
- if (!rt_mutex_has_waiters(lock)) {
+ if (!lock->pi.boosters) {
struct task_struct *owner = rt_mutex_owner(lock);
rtmutex_pi_owner(lock, owner, 0);
}
@@ -446,6 +437,51 @@ static void remove_waiter(struct rt_mutex *lock,
}

/*
+ * This must be called with lock->wait_lock held.
+ */
+static void _add_waiter(struct rt_mutex *lock,
+ struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter)
+{
+ waiter->task = current;
+ waiter->lock = lock;
+ waiter->pi.prio = current->prio;
+ plist_node_init(&waiter->list_entry, waiter->pi.prio);
+ plist_add(&waiter->list_entry, &lock->wait_list);
+}
+
+static int add_waiter(struct rt_mutex *lock,
+ struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter,
+ unsigned long *flags)
+{
+ _add_waiter(lock, waiter);
+
+ boost_lock(lock, waiter);
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, *flags);
+ task_pi_update(current, 0);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&lock->wait_lock, *flags);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Remove a waiter from a lock
+ *
+ * Must be called with lock->wait_lock held
+ */
+static void remove_waiter(struct rt_mutex *lock,
+ struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter)
+{
+ struct task_struct *p = waiter->task;
+
+ plist_del(&waiter->list_entry, &lock->wait_list);
+ waiter->task = NULL;
+
+ if (waiter->pi.boosted)
+ deboost_lock(lock, waiter, p);
+}
+
+/*
* Wake up the next waiter on the lock.
*
* Remove the top waiter from the current tasks waiter list and from
@@ -558,6 +594,24 @@ static int adaptive_wait(struct rt_mutex_waiter *waiter,
if (orig_owner != rt_mutex_owner(waiter->lock))
return 0;

+ /* Special handling for when we are not in pi-boost mode */
+ if (!waiter->pi.boosted) {
+ /*
+ * Are we higher priority than the owner? If so
+ * we should bail out immediately so that we can
+ * pi boost them.
+ */
+ if (current->prio < orig_owner->prio)
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * Did our priority change? If so, we need to
+ * requeue our position in the list
+ */
+ if (waiter->pi.prio != current->prio)
+ return 0;
+ }
+
/* Owner went to bed, so should we */
if (!task_is_current(orig_owner))
return 1;
@@ -599,6 +653,7 @@ rt_spin_lock_slowlock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
unsigned long saved_state, state, flags;
struct task_struct *orig_owner;
int missed = 0;
+ int boosted = 0;

init_waiter(&waiter);

@@ -631,26 +686,54 @@ rt_spin_lock_slowlock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
}
missed = 1;

+ orig_owner = rt_mutex_owner(lock);
+
/*
* waiter.task is NULL the first time we come here and
* when we have been woken up by the previous owner
* but the lock got stolen by an higher prio task.
*/
- if (!waiter.task) {
- add_waiter(lock, &waiter, &flags);
+ if (!waiter.task)
+ _add_waiter(lock, &waiter);
+
+ /*
+ * We only need to pi-boost the owner if they are lower
+ * priority than us. We dont care if this is racy
+ * against priority changes as we will break out of
+ * the adaptive spin anytime any priority changes occur
+ * without boosting enabled.
+ */
+ if (!waiter.pi.boosted && current->prio < orig_owner->prio) {
+ boost_lock(lock, &waiter);
+ boosted = 1;
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
+ task_pi_update(current, 0);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
+
/* Wakeup during boost ? */
if (unlikely(!waiter.task))
continue;
}

/*
+ * If we are not currently pi-boosting the lock, we have to
+ * monitor whether our priority changed since the last
+ * time it was recorded and requeue ourselves if it moves.
+ */
+ if (!waiter.pi.boosted && waiter.pi.prio != current->prio) {
+ waiter.pi.prio = current->prio;
+
+ requeue_waiter(lock, &waiter);
+ }
+
+ /*
* Prevent schedule() to drop BKL, while waiting for
* the lock ! We restore lock_depth when we come back.
*/
saved_flags = current->flags & PF_NOSCHED;
current->lock_depth = -1;
current->flags &= ~PF_NOSCHED;
- orig_owner = rt_mutex_owner(lock);
get_task_struct(orig_owner);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, flags);

@@ -664,6 +747,24 @@ rt_spin_lock_slowlock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
* barrier which we rely upon to ensure current->state
* is visible before we test waiter.task.
*/
+ if (waiter.task && !waiter.pi.boosted) {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
+
+ /*
+ * We get here if we have not yet boosted
+ * the lock, yet we are going to sleep. If
+ * we are still pending (waiter.task != 0),
+ * then go ahead and boost them now
+ */
+ if (waiter.task) {
+ boost_lock(lock, &waiter);
+ boosted = 1;
+ }
+
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, flags);
+ task_pi_update(current, 0);
+ }
+
if (waiter.task)
schedule_rt_mutex(lock);
} else
@@ -696,7 +797,8 @@ rt_spin_lock_slowlock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, flags);

/* Undo any pi boosting, if necessary */
- task_pi_update(current, 0);
+ if (boosted)
+ task_pi_update(current, 0);

debug_rt_mutex_free_waiter(&waiter);
}
@@ -708,6 +810,7 @@ static void noinline __sched
rt_spin_lock_slowunlock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
{
unsigned long flags;
+ int deboost = 0;

spin_lock_irqsave(&lock->wait_lock, flags);

@@ -721,12 +824,16 @@ rt_spin_lock_slowunlock(struct rt_mutex *lock)
return;
}

+ if (lock->pi.boosters)
+ deboost = 1;
+
wakeup_next_waiter(lock, 1);

spin_unlock_irqrestore(&lock->wait_lock, flags);

- /* Undo pi boosting when necessary */
- task_pi_update(current, 0);
+ if (deboost)
+ /* Undo pi boosting when necessary */
+ task_pi_update(current, 0);
}

void __lockfunc rt_spin_lock(spinlock_t *lock)
diff --git a/kernel/rtmutex_common.h b/kernel/rtmutex_common.h
index 7bf32d0..34e2381 100644
--- a/kernel/rtmutex_common.h
+++ b/kernel/rtmutex_common.h
@@ -55,6 +55,7 @@ struct rt_mutex_waiter {
struct {
struct pi_sink snk;
int prio;
+ int boosted;
} pi;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_RT_MUTEXES
unsigned long ip;


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