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Subject[PATCH 41/52] vfs: add basic delayed allocation support
Date
From: Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com>

* block_prepare_write() can be passed a special ->get_block() which
doesn't allocate blocks, but reserve them and mark bh delayed

* a filesystem can use mpage_da_writepages() with other ->get_block()
which doesn't defer allocation. mpage_da_writepages() finds all
non-allocated blocks and try to allocate them with minimal calls
to ->get_block(), then submit IO using __mpage_writepage()

Updated fix from Valerie Clement <valerie.clement@bull.net>
fixes a filesystem corruption issue when the filesystem is
mounted with the delalloc option and blocksize < pagesize.

Updated fix from Mingming Cao <cmm@us.ibm.com> to clear
buffer_delay in block_write_full_page() after allocation to those
delayed buffer.

Signed-off-by: Alex Tomas <alex@clusterfs.com>
Signed-off-by: Mingming Cao <cmm@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Kleikamp <shaggy@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
---
fs/buffer.c | 7 +-
fs/mpage.c | 405 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/mpage.h | 2 +
3 files changed, 412 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/buffer.c b/fs/buffer.c
index a413008..7a2d909 100644
--- a/fs/buffer.c
+++ b/fs/buffer.c
@@ -1691,11 +1691,13 @@ static int __block_write_full_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page,
*/
clear_buffer_dirty(bh);
set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
- } else if (!buffer_mapped(bh) && buffer_dirty(bh)) {
+ } else if ((!buffer_mapped(bh) || buffer_delay(bh))
+ && buffer_dirty(bh)) {
WARN_ON(bh->b_size != blocksize);
err = get_block(inode, block, bh, 1);
if (err)
goto recover;
+ clear_buffer_delay(bh);
if (buffer_new(bh)) {
/* blockdev mappings never come here */
clear_buffer_new(bh);
@@ -1774,7 +1776,8 @@ recover:
bh = head;
/* Recovery: lock and submit the mapped buffers */
do {
- if (buffer_mapped(bh) && buffer_dirty(bh)) {
+ if (buffer_mapped(bh) && buffer_dirty(bh)
+ && !buffer_delay(bh)) {
lock_buffer(bh);
mark_buffer_async_write(bh);
} else {
diff --git a/fs/mpage.c b/fs/mpage.c
index 235e4d3..cde7f11 100644
--- a/fs/mpage.c
+++ b/fs/mpage.c
@@ -10,6 +10,8 @@
* Initial version
* 27Jun2002 axboe@suse.de
* use bio_add_page() to build bio's just the right size
+ * 26Jul2007 alex@clusterfs.com AKA bzzz
+ * basic delayed allocation support
*/

#include <linux/kernel.h>
@@ -710,3 +712,406 @@ int mpage_writepage(struct page *page, get_block_t get_block,
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mpage_writepage);
+
+/*
+ * Delayed allocation stuff
+ */
+
+struct mpage_da_data {
+ struct inode *inode;
+ struct buffer_head lbh; /* extent of blocks */
+ unsigned long first_page, next_page; /* extent of pages */
+ get_block_t *get_block;
+ struct writeback_control *wbc;
+};
+
+
+/*
+ * mpage_da_submit_io - walks through extent of pages and try to write
+ * them with __mpage_writepage()
+ *
+ * @mpd->inode: inode
+ * @mpd->first_page: first page of the extent
+ * @mpd->next_page: page after the last page of the extent
+ * @mpd->get_block: the filesystem's block mapper function
+ *
+ * By the time mpage_da_submit_io() is called we expect all blocks
+ * to be allocated. this may be wrong if allocation failed.
+ *
+ * As pages are already locked by write_cache_pages(), we can't use it
+ */
+static int mpage_da_submit_io(struct mpage_da_data *mpd)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping = mpd->inode->i_mapping;
+ struct mpage_data mpd_pp = {
+ .bio = NULL,
+ .last_block_in_bio = 0,
+ .get_block = mpd->get_block,
+ .use_writepage = 1,
+ };
+ int ret = 0, err, nr_pages, i;
+ unsigned long index, end;
+ struct pagevec pvec;
+
+ BUG_ON(mpd->next_page <= mpd->first_page);
+
+ pagevec_init(&pvec, 0);
+ index = mpd->first_page;
+ end = mpd->next_page - 1;
+
+ while (index <= end) {
+ /* XXX: optimize tail */
+ nr_pages = pagevec_lookup(&pvec, mapping, index, PAGEVEC_SIZE);
+ if (nr_pages == 0)
+ break;
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
+ struct page *page = pvec.pages[i];
+
+ index = page->index;
+ if (index > end)
+ break;
+ index++;
+
+ err = __mpage_writepage(page, mpd->wbc, &mpd_pp);
+
+ /*
+ * In error case, we have to continue because
+ * remaining pages are still locked
+ * XXX: unlock and re-dirty them?
+ */
+ if (ret == 0)
+ ret = err;
+ }
+ pagevec_release(&pvec);
+ }
+ if (mpd_pp.bio)
+ mpage_bio_submit(WRITE, mpd_pp.bio);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * mpage_put_bnr_to_bhs - walk blocks and assign them actual numbers
+ *
+ * @mpd->inode - inode to walk through
+ * @exbh->b_blocknr - first block on a disk
+ * @exbh->b_size - amount of space in bytes
+ * @logical - first logical block to start assignment with
+ *
+ * the function goes through all passed space and put actual disk
+ * block numbers into buffer heads, dropping BH_Delay
+ */
+static void mpage_put_bnr_to_bhs(struct mpage_da_data *mpd, sector_t logical,
+ struct buffer_head *exbh)
+{
+ struct inode *inode = mpd->inode;
+ struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
+ int blocks = exbh->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits;
+ sector_t pblock = exbh->b_blocknr, cur_logical;
+ struct buffer_head *head, *bh;
+ unsigned long index, end;
+ struct pagevec pvec;
+ int nr_pages, i;
+
+ index = logical >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits);
+ end = (logical + blocks - 1) >> (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits);
+ cur_logical = index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits);
+
+ pagevec_init(&pvec, 0);
+
+ while (index <= end) {
+ /* XXX: optimize tail */
+ nr_pages = pagevec_lookup(&pvec, mapping, index, PAGEVEC_SIZE);
+ if (nr_pages == 0)
+ break;
+ for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
+ struct page *page = pvec.pages[i];
+
+ index = page->index;
+ if (index > end)
+ break;
+ index++;
+
+ BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
+ BUG_ON(PageWriteback(page));
+ BUG_ON(!page_has_buffers(page));
+
+ bh = page_buffers(page);
+ head = bh;
+
+ /* skip blocks out of the range */
+ do {
+ if (cur_logical >= logical)
+ break;
+ cur_logical++;
+ } while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
+
+ do {
+ if (cur_logical >= logical + blocks)
+ break;
+
+ if (buffer_delay(bh)) {
+ bh->b_blocknr = pblock;
+ clear_buffer_delay(bh);
+ } else if (buffer_mapped(bh)) {
+ BUG_ON(bh->b_blocknr != pblock);
+ }
+
+ cur_logical++;
+ pblock++;
+ } while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
+ }
+ pagevec_release(&pvec);
+ }
+}
+
+
+/*
+ * __unmap_underlying_blocks - just a helper function to unmap
+ * set of blocks described by @bh
+ */
+static inline void __unmap_underlying_blocks(struct inode *inode,
+ struct buffer_head *bh)
+{
+ struct block_device *bdev = inode->i_sb->s_bdev;
+ int blocks, i;
+
+ blocks = bh->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits;
+ for (i = 0; i < blocks; i++)
+ unmap_underlying_metadata(bdev, bh->b_blocknr + i);
+}
+
+/*
+ * mpage_da_map_blocks - go through given space
+ *
+ * @mpd->lbh - bh describing space
+ * @mpd->get_block - the filesystem's block mapper function
+ *
+ * The function skips space we know is already mapped to disk blocks.
+ *
+ * The function ignores errors ->get_block() returns, thus real
+ * error handling is postponed to __mpage_writepage()
+ */
+static void mpage_da_map_blocks(struct mpage_da_data *mpd)
+{
+ struct buffer_head *lbh = &mpd->lbh;
+ int err = 0, remain = lbh->b_size;
+ sector_t next = lbh->b_blocknr;
+ struct buffer_head new;
+
+ /*
+ * We consider only non-mapped and non-allocated blocks
+ */
+ if (buffer_mapped(lbh) && !buffer_delay(lbh))
+ return;
+
+ while (remain) {
+ new.b_state = lbh->b_state;
+ new.b_blocknr = 0;
+ new.b_size = remain;
+ err = mpd->get_block(mpd->inode, next, &new, 1);
+ if (err) {
+ /*
+ * Rather than implement own error handling
+ * here, we just leave remaining blocks
+ * unallocated and try again with ->writepage()
+ */
+ break;
+ }
+ BUG_ON(new.b_size == 0);
+
+ if (buffer_new(&new))
+ __unmap_underlying_blocks(mpd->inode, &new);
+
+ /*
+ * If blocks are delayed marked, we need to
+ * put actual blocknr and drop delayed bit
+ */
+ if (buffer_delay(lbh))
+ mpage_put_bnr_to_bhs(mpd, next, &new);
+
+ /* go for the remaining blocks */
+ next += new.b_size >> mpd->inode->i_blkbits;
+ remain -= new.b_size;
+ }
+}
+
+#define BH_FLAGS ((1 << BH_Uptodate) | (1 << BH_Mapped) | (1 << BH_Delay))
+
+/*
+ * mpage_add_bh_to_extent - try to add one more block to extent of blocks
+ *
+ * @mpd->lbh - extent of blocks
+ * @logical - logical number of the block in the file
+ * @bh - bh of the block (used to access block's state)
+ *
+ * the function is used to collect contig. blocks in same state
+ */
+static void mpage_add_bh_to_extent(struct mpage_da_data *mpd,
+ sector_t logical, struct buffer_head *bh)
+{
+ struct buffer_head *lbh = &mpd->lbh;
+ sector_t next;
+
+ next = lbh->b_blocknr + (lbh->b_size >> mpd->inode->i_blkbits);
+
+ /*
+ * First block in the extent
+ */
+ if (lbh->b_size == 0) {
+ lbh->b_blocknr = logical;
+ lbh->b_size = bh->b_size;
+ lbh->b_state = bh->b_state & BH_FLAGS;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Can we merge the block to our big extent?
+ */
+ if (logical == next && (bh->b_state & BH_FLAGS) == lbh->b_state) {
+ lbh->b_size += bh->b_size;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * We couldn't merge the block to our extent, so we
+ * need to flush current extent and start new one
+ */
+ mpage_da_map_blocks(mpd);
+
+ /*
+ * Now start a new extent
+ */
+ lbh->b_size = bh->b_size;
+ lbh->b_state = bh->b_state & BH_FLAGS;
+ lbh->b_blocknr = logical;
+}
+
+/*
+ * __mpage_da_writepage - finds extent of pages and blocks
+ *
+ * @page: page to consider
+ * @wbc: not used, we just follow rules
+ * @data: context
+ *
+ * The function finds extents of pages and scan them for all blocks.
+ */
+static int __mpage_da_writepage(struct page *page,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc, void *data)
+{
+ struct mpage_da_data *mpd = data;
+ struct inode *inode = mpd->inode;
+ struct buffer_head *bh, *head, fake;
+ sector_t logical;
+
+ /*
+ * Can we merge this page to current extent?
+ */
+ if (mpd->next_page != page->index) {
+ /*
+ * Nope, we can't. So, we map non-allocated blocks
+ * and start IO on them using __mpage_writepage()
+ */
+ if (mpd->next_page != mpd->first_page) {
+ mpage_da_map_blocks(mpd);
+ mpage_da_submit_io(mpd);
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Start next extent of pages ...
+ */
+ mpd->first_page = page->index;
+
+ /*
+ * ... and blocks
+ */
+ mpd->lbh.b_size = 0;
+ mpd->lbh.b_state = 0;
+ mpd->lbh.b_blocknr = 0;
+ }
+
+ mpd->next_page = page->index + 1;
+ logical = (sector_t) page->index <<
+ (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - inode->i_blkbits);
+
+ if (!page_has_buffers(page)) {
+ /*
+ * There is no attached buffer heads yet (mmap?)
+ * we treat the page asfull of dirty blocks
+ */
+ bh = &fake;
+ bh->b_size = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
+ bh->b_state = 0;
+ set_buffer_dirty(bh);
+ set_buffer_uptodate(bh);
+ mpage_add_bh_to_extent(mpd, logical, bh);
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Page with regular buffer heads, just add all dirty ones
+ */
+ head = page_buffers(page);
+ bh = head;
+ do {
+ BUG_ON(buffer_locked(bh));
+ if (buffer_dirty(bh))
+ mpage_add_bh_to_extent(mpd, logical, bh);
+ logical++;
+ } while ((bh = bh->b_this_page) != head);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * mpage_da_writepages - walk the list of dirty pages of the given
+ * address space, allocates non-allocated blocks, maps newly-allocated
+ * blocks to existing bhs and issue IO them
+ *
+ * @mapping: address space structure to write
+ * @wbc: subtract the number of written pages from *@wbc->nr_to_write
+ * @get_block: the filesystem's block mapper function.
+ *
+ * This is a library function, which implements the writepages()
+ * address_space_operation.
+ *
+ * In order to avoid duplication of logic that deals with partial pages,
+ * multiple bio per page, etc, we find non-allocated blocks, allocate
+ * them with minimal calls to ->get_block() and re-use __mpage_writepage()
+ *
+ * It's important that we call __mpage_writepage() only once for each
+ * involved page, otherwise we'd have to implement more complicated logic
+ * to deal with pages w/o PG_lock or w/ PG_writeback and so on.
+ *
+ * See comments to mpage_writepages()
+ */
+int mpage_da_writepages(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc, get_block_t get_block)
+{
+ struct mpage_da_data mpd;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (!get_block)
+ return generic_writepages(mapping, wbc);
+
+ mpd.wbc = wbc;
+ mpd.inode = mapping->host;
+ mpd.lbh.b_size = 0;
+ mpd.lbh.b_state = 0;
+ mpd.lbh.b_blocknr = 0;
+ mpd.first_page = 0;
+ mpd.next_page = 0;
+ mpd.get_block = get_block;
+
+ ret = write_cache_pages(mapping, wbc, __mpage_da_writepage, &mpd);
+
+ /*
+ * Handle last extent of pages
+ */
+ if (mpd.next_page != mpd.first_page) {
+ mpage_da_map_blocks(&mpd);
+ mpage_da_submit_io(&mpd);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mpage_da_writepages);
diff --git a/include/linux/mpage.h b/include/linux/mpage.h
index 068a0c9..1f67d34 100644
--- a/include/linux/mpage.h
+++ b/include/linux/mpage.h
@@ -18,6 +18,8 @@ int mpage_readpages(struct address_space *mapping, struct list_head *pages,
int mpage_readpage(struct page *page, get_block_t get_block);
int mpage_writepages(struct address_space *mapping,
struct writeback_control *wbc, get_block_t get_block);
+int mpage_da_writepages(struct address_space *mapping,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc, get_block_t get_block);
int mpage_writepage(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block,
struct writeback_control *wbc);

--
1.5.6.rc3.1.g36b7.dirty


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