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Subject[PATCH 35/52] ext4: Invert the locking order of page_lock and transaction start
Date
From: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>

This changes are needed to support data=ordered mode handling via
inodes. This enables us to get rid of the journal heads and buffer
heads for data buffers in the ordered mode. With the changes, during
tranasaction commit we writeout the inode pages using the
writepages()/writepage(). That implies we take page lock during
transaction commit. This can cause a deadlock with the locking order
page_lock -> jbd2_journal_start, since the jbd2_journal_start can wait
for the journal_commit to happen and the journal_commit now needs to
take the page lock. To avoid this dead lock reverse the locking order.

Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Mingming Cao <cmm@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
---
fs/ext4/ext4.h | 4 +-
fs/ext4/extents.c | 15 +--
fs/ext4/inode.c | 292 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------------
3 files changed, 155 insertions(+), 156 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index 16c5e3a..2c0519a 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -1065,7 +1065,7 @@ extern void ext4_set_inode_flags(struct inode *);
extern void ext4_get_inode_flags(struct ext4_inode_info *);
extern void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode);
extern int ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(struct inode *);
-extern int ext4_block_truncate_page(handle_t *handle, struct page *page,
+extern int ext4_block_truncate_page(handle_t *handle,
struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from);
extern int ext4_page_mkwrite(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct page *page);

@@ -1224,7 +1224,7 @@ extern int ext4_ext_get_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext4_lblk_t iblock,
unsigned long max_blocks, struct buffer_head *bh_result,
int create, int extend_disksize);
-extern void ext4_ext_truncate(struct inode *, struct page *);
+extern void ext4_ext_truncate(struct inode *);
extern void ext4_ext_init(struct super_block *);
extern void ext4_ext_release(struct super_block *);
extern long ext4_fallocate(struct inode *inode, int mode, loff_t offset,
diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
index bb36a28..b722bce 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -2749,7 +2749,7 @@ out2:
return err ? err : allocated;
}

-void ext4_ext_truncate(struct inode * inode, struct page *page)
+void ext4_ext_truncate(struct inode *inode)
{
struct address_space *mapping = inode->i_mapping;
struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
@@ -2762,18 +2762,11 @@ void ext4_ext_truncate(struct inode * inode, struct page *page)
*/
err = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode) + 3;
handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, err);
- if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
- if (page) {
- clear_highpage(page);
- flush_dcache_page(page);
- unlock_page(page);
- page_cache_release(page);
- }
+ if (IS_ERR(handle))
return;
- }

- if (page)
- ext4_block_truncate_page(handle, page, mapping, inode->i_size);
+ if (inode->i_size & (sb->s_blocksize - 1))
+ ext4_block_truncate_page(handle, mapping, inode->i_size);

down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->i_data_sem);
ext4_ext_invalidate_cache(inode);
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index 19f2d57..d698844 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -1239,19 +1239,20 @@ static int ext4_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
to = from + len;

retry:
- page = __grab_cache_page(mapping, index);
- if (!page)
- return -ENOMEM;
- *pagep = page;
-
handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, needed_blocks);
if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
- unlock_page(page);
- page_cache_release(page);
ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
goto out;
}

+ page = __grab_cache_page(mapping, index);
+ if (!page) {
+ ext4_journal_stop(handle);
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+ *pagep = page;
+
ret = block_write_begin(file, mapping, pos, len, flags, pagep, fsdata,
ext4_get_block);

@@ -1261,8 +1262,8 @@ retry:
}

if (ret) {
- ext4_journal_stop(handle);
unlock_page(page);
+ ext4_journal_stop(handle);
page_cache_release(page);
}

@@ -1291,29 +1292,6 @@ static int write_end_fn(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
}

/*
- * Generic write_end handler for ordered and writeback ext4 journal modes.
- * We can't use generic_write_end, because that unlocks the page and we need to
- * unlock the page after ext4_journal_stop, but ext4_journal_stop must run
- * after block_write_end.
- */
-static int ext4_generic_write_end(struct file *file,
- struct address_space *mapping,
- loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied,
- struct page *page, void *fsdata)
-{
- struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
-
- copied = block_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, page, fsdata);
-
- if (pos+copied > inode->i_size) {
- i_size_write(inode, pos+copied);
- mark_inode_dirty(inode);
- }
-
- return copied;
-}
-
-/*
* We need to pick up the new inode size which generic_commit_write gave us
* `file' can be NULL - eg, when called from page_symlink().
*
@@ -1326,7 +1304,7 @@ static int ext4_ordered_write_end(struct file *file,
struct page *page, void *fsdata)
{
handle_t *handle = ext4_journal_current_handle();
- struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
unsigned from, to;
int ret = 0, ret2;

@@ -1347,7 +1325,7 @@ static int ext4_ordered_write_end(struct file *file,
new_i_size = pos + copied;
if (new_i_size > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)
EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = new_i_size;
- ret2 = ext4_generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied,
+ ret2 = generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied,
page, fsdata);
copied = ret2;
if (ret2 < 0)
@@ -1356,8 +1334,6 @@ static int ext4_ordered_write_end(struct file *file,
ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
if (!ret)
ret = ret2;
- unlock_page(page);
- page_cache_release(page);

return ret ? ret : copied;
}
@@ -1368,7 +1344,7 @@ static int ext4_writeback_write_end(struct file *file,
struct page *page, void *fsdata)
{
handle_t *handle = ext4_journal_current_handle();
- struct inode *inode = file->f_mapping->host;
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
int ret = 0, ret2;
loff_t new_i_size;

@@ -1376,7 +1352,7 @@ static int ext4_writeback_write_end(struct file *file,
if (new_i_size > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)
EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = new_i_size;

- ret2 = ext4_generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied,
+ ret2 = generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied,
page, fsdata);
copied = ret2;
if (ret2 < 0)
@@ -1385,8 +1361,6 @@ static int ext4_writeback_write_end(struct file *file,
ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
if (!ret)
ret = ret2;
- unlock_page(page);
- page_cache_release(page);

return ret ? ret : copied;
}
@@ -1425,10 +1399,10 @@ static int ext4_journalled_write_end(struct file *file,
ret = ret2;
}

+ unlock_page(page);
ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
if (!ret)
ret = ret2;
- unlock_page(page);
page_cache_release(page);

return ret ? ret : copied;
@@ -1505,12 +1479,16 @@ static int jbd2_journal_dirty_data_fn(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
return 0;
}

+static int ext4_bh_unmapped_or_delay(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
+{
+ return !buffer_mapped(bh) || buffer_delay(bh);
+}
+
/*
- * Note that we always start a transaction even if we're not journalling
- * data. This is to preserve ordering: any hole instantiation within
- * __block_write_full_page -> ext4_get_block() should be journalled
- * along with the data so we don't crash and then get metadata which
- * refers to old data.
+ * Note that we don't need to start a transaction unless we're journaling
+ * data because we should have holes filled from ext4_page_mkwrite(). If
+ * we are journaling data, we cannot start transaction directly because
+ * transaction start ranks above page lock so we have to do some magic...
*
* In all journalling modes block_write_full_page() will start the I/O.
*
@@ -1554,10 +1532,8 @@ static int jbd2_journal_dirty_data_fn(handle_t *handle, struct buffer_head *bh)
* disastrous. Any write() or metadata operation will sync the fs for
* us.
*
- * AKPM2: if all the page's buffers are mapped to disk and !data=journal,
- * we don't need to open a transaction here.
*/
-static int ext4_ordered_writepage(struct page *page,
+static int __ext4_ordered_writepage(struct page *page,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
@@ -1566,22 +1542,6 @@ static int ext4_ordered_writepage(struct page *page,
int ret = 0;
int err;

- J_ASSERT(PageLocked(page));
-
- /*
- * We give up here if we're reentered, because it might be for a
- * different filesystem.
- */
- if (ext4_journal_current_handle())
- goto out_fail;
-
- handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode));
-
- if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
- ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
- goto out_fail;
- }
-
if (!page_has_buffers(page)) {
create_empty_buffers(page, inode->i_sb->s_blocksize,
(1 << BH_Dirty)|(1 << BH_Uptodate));
@@ -1605,54 +1565,135 @@ static int ext4_ordered_writepage(struct page *page,
* and generally junk.
*/
if (ret == 0) {
- err = walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE,
+ handle = ext4_journal_start(inode,
+ ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode));
+ if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
+ goto out_put;
+ }
+
+ ret = walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE,
NULL, jbd2_journal_dirty_data_fn);
+ err = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
if (!ret)
ret = err;
}
- walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0,
- PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, NULL, bput_one);
- err = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
- if (!ret)
- ret = err;
+out_put:
+ walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, NULL,
+ bput_one);
return ret;
+}
+
+static int ext4_ordered_writepage(struct page *page,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc)
+{
+ struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
+ loff_t size = i_size_read(inode);
+ loff_t len;
+
+ J_ASSERT(PageLocked(page));
+ J_ASSERT(page_has_buffers(page));
+ if (page->index == size >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT)
+ len = size & ~PAGE_CACHE_MASK;
+ else
+ len = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
+ BUG_ON(walk_page_buffers(NULL, page_buffers(page), 0, len, NULL,
+ ext4_bh_unmapped_or_delay));
+
+ /*
+ * We give up here if we're reentered, because it might be for a
+ * different filesystem.
+ */
+ if (!ext4_journal_current_handle())
+ return __ext4_ordered_writepage(page, wbc);

-out_fail:
redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page);
unlock_page(page);
- return ret;
+ return 0;
}

+static int __ext4_writeback_writepage(struct page *page,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc)
+{
+ struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
+
+ if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, NOBH))
+ return nobh_writepage(page, ext4_get_block, wbc);
+ else
+ return block_write_full_page(page, ext4_get_block, wbc);
+}
+
+
static int ext4_writeback_writepage(struct page *page,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
+ loff_t size = i_size_read(inode);
+ loff_t len;
+
+ J_ASSERT(PageLocked(page));
+ J_ASSERT(page_has_buffers(page));
+ if (page->index == size >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT)
+ len = size & ~PAGE_CACHE_MASK;
+ else
+ len = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
+ BUG_ON(walk_page_buffers(NULL, page_buffers(page), 0, len, NULL,
+ ext4_bh_unmapped_or_delay));
+
+ if (!ext4_journal_current_handle())
+ return __ext4_writeback_writepage(page, wbc);
+
+ redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page);
+ unlock_page(page);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int __ext4_journalled_writepage(struct page *page,
+ struct writeback_control *wbc)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
+ struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
+ struct buffer_head *page_bufs;
handle_t *handle = NULL;
int ret = 0;
int err;

- if (ext4_journal_current_handle())
- goto out_fail;
+ ret = block_prepare_write(page, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, ext4_get_block);
+ if (ret != 0)
+ goto out_unlock;
+
+ page_bufs = page_buffers(page);
+ walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, NULL,
+ bget_one);
+ /* As soon as we unlock the page, it can go away, but we have
+ * references to buffers so we are safe */
+ unlock_page(page);

handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode));
if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
- goto out_fail;
+ goto out;
}

- if (test_opt(inode->i_sb, NOBH) && ext4_should_writeback_data(inode))
- ret = nobh_writepage(page, ext4_get_block, wbc);
- else
- ret = block_write_full_page(page, ext4_get_block, wbc);
+ ret = walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0,
+ PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, NULL, do_journal_get_write_access);

+ err = walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0,
+ PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, NULL, write_end_fn);
+ if (ret == 0)
+ ret = err;
err = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
if (!ret)
ret = err;
- return ret;

-out_fail:
- redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page);
+ walk_page_buffers(handle, page_bufs, 0,
+ PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, NULL, bput_one);
+ EXT4_I(inode)->i_state |= EXT4_STATE_JDATA;
+ goto out;
+
+out_unlock:
unlock_page(page);
+out:
return ret;
}

@@ -1660,59 +1701,40 @@ static int ext4_journalled_writepage(struct page *page,
struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
- handle_t *handle = NULL;
- int ret = 0;
- int err;
+ loff_t size = i_size_read(inode);
+ loff_t len;

- if (ext4_journal_current_handle())
- goto no_write;
+ J_ASSERT(PageLocked(page));
+ J_ASSERT(page_has_buffers(page));
+ if (page->index == size >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT)
+ len = size & ~PAGE_CACHE_MASK;
+ else
+ len = PAGE_CACHE_SIZE;
+ BUG_ON(walk_page_buffers(NULL, page_buffers(page), 0, len, NULL,
+ ext4_bh_unmapped_or_delay));

- handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode));
- if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
- ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
+ if (ext4_journal_current_handle())
goto no_write;
- }

- if (!page_has_buffers(page) || PageChecked(page)) {
+ if (PageChecked(page)) {
/*
* It's mmapped pagecache. Add buffers and journal it. There
* doesn't seem much point in redirtying the page here.
*/
ClearPageChecked(page);
- ret = block_prepare_write(page, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE,
- ext4_get_block);
- if (ret != 0) {
- ext4_journal_stop(handle);
- goto out_unlock;
- }
- ret = walk_page_buffers(handle, page_buffers(page), 0,
- PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, NULL, do_journal_get_write_access);
-
- err = walk_page_buffers(handle, page_buffers(page), 0,
- PAGE_CACHE_SIZE, NULL, write_end_fn);
- if (ret == 0)
- ret = err;
- EXT4_I(inode)->i_state |= EXT4_STATE_JDATA;
- unlock_page(page);
+ return __ext4_journalled_writepage(page, wbc);
} else {
/*
* It may be a page full of checkpoint-mode buffers. We don't
* really know unless we go poke around in the buffer_heads.
* But block_write_full_page will do the right thing.
*/
- ret = block_write_full_page(page, ext4_get_block, wbc);
+ return block_write_full_page(page, ext4_get_block, wbc);
}
- err = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
- if (!ret)
- ret = err;
-out:
- return ret;
-
no_write:
redirty_page_for_writepage(wbc, page);
-out_unlock:
unlock_page(page);
- goto out;
+ return 0;
}

static int ext4_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page)
@@ -1909,7 +1931,7 @@ void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode)
* This required during truncate. We need to physically zero the tail end
* of that block so it doesn't yield old data if the file is later grown.
*/
-int ext4_block_truncate_page(handle_t *handle, struct page *page,
+int ext4_block_truncate_page(handle_t *handle,
struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from)
{
ext4_fsblk_t index = from >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
@@ -1918,8 +1940,13 @@ int ext4_block_truncate_page(handle_t *handle, struct page *page,
ext4_lblk_t iblock;
struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
struct buffer_head *bh;
+ struct page *page;
int err = 0;

+ page = grab_cache_page(mapping, from >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT);
+ if (!page)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize;
length = blocksize - (offset & (blocksize - 1));
iblock = index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - inode->i_sb->s_blocksize_bits);
@@ -2383,7 +2410,6 @@ void ext4_truncate(struct inode *inode)
int n;
ext4_lblk_t last_block;
unsigned blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize;
- struct page *page;

if (!(S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) ||
S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)))
@@ -2393,41 +2419,21 @@ void ext4_truncate(struct inode *inode)
if (IS_APPEND(inode) || IS_IMMUTABLE(inode))
return;

- /*
- * We have to lock the EOF page here, because lock_page() nests
- * outside jbd2_journal_start().
- */
- if ((inode->i_size & (blocksize - 1)) == 0) {
- /* Block boundary? Nothing to do */
- page = NULL;
- } else {
- page = grab_cache_page(mapping,
- inode->i_size >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT);
- if (!page)
- return;
- }
-
if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_flags & EXT4_EXTENTS_FL) {
- ext4_ext_truncate(inode, page);
+ ext4_ext_truncate(inode);
return;
}

handle = start_transaction(inode);
- if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
- if (page) {
- clear_highpage(page);
- flush_dcache_page(page);
- unlock_page(page);
- page_cache_release(page);
- }
+ if (IS_ERR(handle))
return; /* AKPM: return what? */
- }

last_block = (inode->i_size + blocksize-1)
>> EXT4_BLOCK_SIZE_BITS(inode->i_sb);

- if (page)
- ext4_block_truncate_page(handle, page, mapping, inode->i_size);
+ if (inode->i_size & (blocksize - 1))
+ if (ext4_block_truncate_page(handle, mapping, inode->i_size))
+ goto out_stop;

n = ext4_block_to_path(inode, last_block, offsets, NULL);
if (n == 0)
--
1.5.6.rc3.1.g36b7.dirty


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