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Subject[PATCH 24/52] ext4: Use inode preallocation with -o noextents
Date
From: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>

When mballoc is enabled, block allocation for old block-based
files are allocated using mballoc allocator instead of old
block-based allocator. The old ext3 block reservation is turned
off when mballoc is turned on.

However, the in-core preallocation is not enabled for block-based/
non-extent based file block allocation. This result in performance
regression, as now we don't have "reservation" ore in-core preallocation
to prevent interleaved fragmentation in multiple writes workload.

This patch fix this by enable per inode in-core preallocation
for non extent files when mballoc is used.

Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Mingming Cao <cmm@us.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
---
fs/ext4/balloc.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-
fs/ext4/ext4.h | 7 +++-
fs/ext4/extents.c | 2 +-
fs/ext4/inode.c | 72 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
fs/ext4/xattr.c | 2 +-
5 files changed, 95 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/ext4/balloc.c b/fs/ext4/balloc.c
index 1327ac3..816f1db 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/balloc.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/balloc.c
@@ -1923,7 +1923,7 @@ out:
return 0;
}

-ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext4_fsblk_t goal, int *errp)
{
struct ext4_allocation_request ar;
@@ -1942,9 +1942,29 @@ ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ret = ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle, &ar, errp);
return ret;
}
+ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+ ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned long *count, int *errp)
+{
+ struct ext4_allocation_request ar;
+ ext4_fsblk_t ret;
+
+ if (!test_opt(inode->i_sb, MBALLOC)) {
+ ret = ext4_new_blocks_old(handle, inode, goal, count, errp);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ memset(&ar, 0, sizeof(ar));
+ ar.inode = inode;
+ ar.goal = goal;
+ ar.len = *count;
+ ret = ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle, &ar, errp);
+ *count = ar.len;
+ return ret;
+}

ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
- ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned long *count, int *errp)
+ ext4_lblk_t iblock, ext4_fsblk_t goal,
+ unsigned long *count, int *errp)
{
struct ext4_allocation_request ar;
ext4_fsblk_t ret;
@@ -1955,9 +1975,21 @@ ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
}

memset(&ar, 0, sizeof(ar));
+ /* Fill with neighbour allocated blocks */
+ ar.lleft = 0;
+ ar.pleft = 0;
+ ar.lright = 0;
+ ar.pright = 0;
+
ar.inode = inode;
ar.goal = goal;
ar.len = *count;
+ ar.logical = iblock;
+ if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
+ ar.flags = EXT4_MB_HINT_DATA;
+ else
+ /* disable in-core preallocation for non-regular files */
+ ar.flags = 0;
ret = ext4_mb_new_blocks(handle, &ar, errp);
*count = ar.len;
return ret;
diff --git a/fs/ext4/ext4.h b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
index c4aa1ce..b3e62b7 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/ext4.h
+++ b/fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -970,10 +970,13 @@ extern ext4_grpblk_t ext4_block_group_offset(struct super_block *sb,
extern int ext4_bg_has_super(struct super_block *sb, ext4_group_t group);
extern unsigned long ext4_bg_num_gdb(struct super_block *sb,
ext4_group_t group);
-extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_block (handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext4_fsblk_t goal, int *errp);
-extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_blocks (handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned long *count, int *errp);
+extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
+ ext4_lblk_t iblock, ext4_fsblk_t goal,
+ unsigned long *count, int *errp);
extern ext4_fsblk_t ext4_new_blocks_old(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext4_fsblk_t goal, unsigned long *count, int *errp);
extern void ext4_free_blocks (handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
index 17ea8bb..c729b35 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
@@ -187,7 +187,7 @@ ext4_ext_new_block(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext4_fsblk_t goal, newblock;

goal = ext4_ext_find_goal(inode, path, le32_to_cpu(ex->ee_block));
- newblock = ext4_new_block(handle, inode, goal, err);
+ newblock = ext4_new_meta_block(handle, inode, goal, err);
return newblock;
}

diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index 8d97077..04059ba 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -508,11 +508,12 @@ static int ext4_blks_to_allocate(Indirect *branch, int k, unsigned long blks,
* direct blocks
*/
static int ext4_alloc_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
- ext4_fsblk_t goal, int indirect_blks, int blks,
- ext4_fsblk_t new_blocks[4], int *err)
+ ext4_lblk_t iblock, ext4_fsblk_t goal,
+ int indirect_blks, int blks,
+ ext4_fsblk_t new_blocks[4], int *err)
{
int target, i;
- unsigned long count = 0;
+ unsigned long count = 0, blk_allocated = 0;
int index = 0;
ext4_fsblk_t current_block = 0;
int ret = 0;
@@ -525,12 +526,13 @@ static int ext4_alloc_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
* the first direct block of this branch. That's the
* minimum number of blocks need to allocate(required)
*/
- target = blks + indirect_blks;
-
- while (1) {
+ /* first we try to allocate the indirect blocks */
+ target = indirect_blks;
+ while (target > 0) {
count = target;
/* allocating blocks for indirect blocks and direct blocks */
- current_block = ext4_new_blocks(handle,inode,goal,&count,err);
+ current_block = ext4_new_meta_blocks(handle, inode,
+ goal, &count, err);
if (*err)
goto failed_out;

@@ -540,16 +542,48 @@ static int ext4_alloc_blocks(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
new_blocks[index++] = current_block++;
count--;
}
-
- if (count > 0)
+ if (count > 0) {
+ /*
+ * save the new block number
+ * for the first direct block
+ */
+ new_blocks[index] = current_block;
+ printk(KERN_INFO "%s returned more blocks than "
+ "requested\n", __func__);
+ WARN_ON(1);
break;
+ }
}

- /* save the new block number for the first direct block */
- new_blocks[index] = current_block;
-
+ target = blks - count ;
+ blk_allocated = count;
+ if (!target)
+ goto allocated;
+ /* Now allocate data blocks */
+ count = target;
+ /* allocating blocks for indirect blocks and direct blocks */
+ current_block = ext4_new_blocks(handle, inode, iblock,
+ goal, &count, err);
+ if (*err && (target == blks)) {
+ /*
+ * if the allocation failed and we didn't allocate
+ * any blocks before
+ */
+ goto failed_out;
+ }
+ if (!*err) {
+ if (target == blks) {
+ /*
+ * save the new block number
+ * for the first direct block
+ */
+ new_blocks[index] = current_block;
+ }
+ blk_allocated += count;
+ }
+allocated:
/* total number of blocks allocated for direct blocks */
- ret = count;
+ ret = blk_allocated;
*err = 0;
return ret;
failed_out:
@@ -584,8 +618,9 @@ failed_out:
* as described above and return 0.
*/
static int ext4_alloc_branch(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
- int indirect_blks, int *blks, ext4_fsblk_t goal,
- ext4_lblk_t *offsets, Indirect *branch)
+ ext4_lblk_t iblock, int indirect_blks,
+ int *blks, ext4_fsblk_t goal,
+ ext4_lblk_t *offsets, Indirect *branch)
{
int blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize;
int i, n = 0;
@@ -595,7 +630,7 @@ static int ext4_alloc_branch(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
ext4_fsblk_t new_blocks[4];
ext4_fsblk_t current_block;

- num = ext4_alloc_blocks(handle, inode, goal, indirect_blks,
+ num = ext4_alloc_blocks(handle, inode, iblock, goal, indirect_blks,
*blks, new_blocks, &err);
if (err)
return err;
@@ -855,8 +890,9 @@ int ext4_get_blocks_handle(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
/*
* Block out ext4_truncate while we alter the tree
*/
- err = ext4_alloc_branch(handle, inode, indirect_blks, &count, goal,
- offsets + (partial - chain), partial);
+ err = ext4_alloc_branch(handle, inode, iblock, indirect_blks,
+ &count, goal,
+ offsets + (partial - chain), partial);

/*
* The ext4_splice_branch call will free and forget any buffers
diff --git a/fs/ext4/xattr.c b/fs/ext4/xattr.c
index ff08633..93c5fdc 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/xattr.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/xattr.c
@@ -810,7 +810,7 @@ inserted:
/* We need to allocate a new block */
ext4_fsblk_t goal = ext4_group_first_block_no(sb,
EXT4_I(inode)->i_block_group);
- ext4_fsblk_t block = ext4_new_block(handle, inode,
+ ext4_fsblk_t block = ext4_new_meta_block(handle, inode,
goal, &error);
if (error)
goto cleanup;
--
1.5.6.rc3.1.g36b7.dirty


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