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SubjectRe: [patch, minor] workqueue: consistently use 'err' in __create_workqueue_key()
2008/7/29 Oleg Nesterov <>:
> On 07/29, Oleg Nesterov wrote:
>> On 07/29, Dmitry Adamushko wrote:
>> >
>> > And I'd say this behavior (of having a partially-created object
>> > visible to the outside world) is not that robust. e.g. the
>> > aforementioned race would be eliminated if we place a wq on the global
>> > list only when it's been successfully initialized.
>> Yes, we can change __create_workqueue_key() to check err == 0 before
>> list_add(),
> Well no, we can't do even this.
> Then we have another race with cpu-hotplug. Suppose we have CPUs 0, 1, 2.
> create_workqueue() fails to create cwq->thread for CPU 2 and calls
> destroy_workqueue(). Before it takes the cpu_add_remove_lock, _cpu_down()
> removes CPU 1 from cpu_populated_map, but since we didn't add this wq
> on the global list, cwq[1]->thread remains alive.
> destroy_workqueue() takes cpu_add_remove_lock, and calls
> cleanup_workqueue_thread() for CPUs 0 and 2. cwq[1]->thread is lost.

Yes, I've actually seen this case and that's why I said "the cleanup
path in __create_workqueue_key() would need
to be altered" :-) likely, to the extent that it would not be a call
to destroy_workqueue() anymore.

either something that only does

for_each_cpu_mask_nr(cpu, *cpu_map)
cleanup_workqueue_thread(per_cpu_ptr(wq->cpu_wq, cpu));

and from the _same_ 'cpu_add_remove_lock' section which is used to
create a wq (so we don't drop a lock);

_or_ do it outside of the locked section _but_ don't rely on
for_each_cpu_mask_nr(cpu, *cpu_map)... e.g. just delete all per-cpu
wq->cpu_wq structures that have been initialized (that's no matter if
their respective cpus are online/offline now).

yes, maybe this cleanup path would not look all that fancy (but I
didn't try) but I do think that by not exposing "partially-initialized
object to the outside world" (e.g. cpu-hotplug events won't see them)
this code would become more straightforward and less prone to possible

e.g. all these "create_workqueue_key() may race with cpu-hotplug" would be gone.

Best regards,
Dmitry Adamushko

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