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SubjectRe: [RFT] x86 acpi: normalize segment descriptor register on resume
Andi Kleen wrote:
>
> We're in real mode for now nd should not care about the hidden state.
>

Sorry, Andi, that's not how real mode works.

That may be how real mode is *documented*, but that's not how it works.

The segment descriptor registers (what Intel calls "segment cache") is
always active. The only thing that changes based on CR0.PE is how it is
*loaded* and the interpretation of the CS flags.

The segment descriptor registers contain of the following sub-registers:
selector (the "visible" part), base, limit and flags. In protected mode
or long mode, they are loaded from descriptors (or fs.base or gs.base
can be manipulated directly in long mode.) In real mode, the only thing
changed by a segment register load is the selector and the base, where
the base <- selector << 4. In particular, *the limit and the flags are
not changed*.

As far as the handling of the CS flags: a code segment cannot be
writable in protected mode, whereas it is "just another segment" in real
mode, so there is some kind of quirk that kicks in for this when CR0.PE
<- 0. I'm not sure if this is accomplished by actually changing the
cs.flags register or just changing the interpretation; it might be
something that is CPU-specific. In particular, the Transmeta CPUs had
an explicit "CS is writable if you're in real mode" override, so even if
you had loaded CS with an execute-only segment it'd be writable (but not
readable!) on return to real mode. I'm not at all sure if that is how
other CPUs behave.

The most likely explanation for this is that the VESA BIOS expects to be
entered in Big Real Mode (*.limit = 0xffffffff) instead of ordinary Real
Mode. Here is a completely untested patch which changes the segment
descriptors to Big Real Mode instead. It would be worth testing out.
-hpa
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c b/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
index 36af01f..97648aa 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/acpi/sleep.c
@@ -23,6 +23,15 @@ static unsigned long acpi_realmode;
static char temp_stack[10240];
#endif

+/* XXX: this macro should move to asm-x86/segment.h and be shared with the
+ boot code... */
+#define GDT_ENTRY(flags, base, limit) \
+ (((u64)(base & 0xff000000) << 32) | \
+ ((u64)flags << 40) | \
+ ((u64)(limit & 0x00ff0000) << 32) | \
+ ((u64)(base & 0x00ffffff) << 16) | \
+ ((u64)(limit & 0x0000ffff)))
+
/**
* acpi_save_state_mem - save kernel state
*
@@ -58,11 +67,11 @@ int acpi_save_state_mem(void)
((char *)&header->wakeup_gdt - (char *)acpi_realmode))
<< 16);
/* GDT[1]: real-mode-like code segment */
- header->wakeup_gdt[1] = (0x009bULL << 40) +
- ((u64)acpi_wakeup_address << 16) + 0xffff;
+ header->wakeup_gdt[1] =
+ GDT_ENTRY(0x809b, acpi_wakeup_address << 16, 0xfffff);
/* GDT[2]: real-mode-like data segment */
- header->wakeup_gdt[2] = (0x0093ULL << 40) +
- ((u64)acpi_wakeup_address << 16) + 0xffff;
+ header->wakeup_gdt[2] =
+ GDT_ENTRY(0x8093, acpi_wakeup_address << 16, 0xfffff);

#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
store_gdt((struct desc_ptr *)&header->pmode_gdt);
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