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SubjectRe: [PATCH/RFC] pci: dynids.use_driver_data considered harmful
Date

On Jul 12, 2008, at 4:08 PM, Milton Miller wrote:

> You left out:
>>> Searching the next-20080709 tree shows the bit is set by exactly 3
>>> pci
>>> drivers. However, the use of per-match-entry driver data is much
>>> more
>>> prevalent: A boot of allyesconfig on a powerpc64 pseries with a
>>> debug patch
>>> shows 27 drivers apparently use the field for a pointer, 14 use it
>>> for
>>> setting flags, and 98 use it as a table index. (Pointers are
>>> defined as
>>> >PAGE_OFFSET, aka in the 64 bit kernel linear mapping. Flags are
>>> defined as
>>> the maximum value exceeds the number of entries in the match table.
>>> Any
>>> other nonzero value is classified as an index).
>
> I did the work to establish the scope of the problem.
>

For the record or independent investigation, here is the patch and grep
of
output from the kernel log. Hopefully you can read them after this
mailer
mangles them.

milton

[ 30.412634] PCI Driver CyberPro(in cyber2000fb) uses data 3/3 times
for indexes
[ 30.418967] PCI Driver aty128fb(in aty128fb) uses data 37/47 times
for indexes
[ 30.419787] PCI Driver radeonfb(in radeonfb) uses data 98/98 times
for flags
[ 30.421104] PCI Driver sisfb(in sisfb) uses data 11/12 times for
indexes
[ 30.422332] PCI Driver savagefb(in savagefb) uses data 23/23 times
for flags
[ 30.423088] PCI Driver neofb(in neofb) uses data 9/9 times for flags
[ 30.424431] PCI Driver imsttfb(in imsttfb) uses data 1/2 times for
indexes
[ 30.427089] PCI Driver s3fb(in s3fb) uses data 12/12 times for flags
[ 30.428495] PCI Driver sstfb(in sstfb) uses data 1/2 times for
indexes
[ 30.429439] PCI Driver cirrusfb(in cirrusfb) uses data 11/11 times
for indexes
[ 30.431251] PCI Driver gxt4500(in gxt4500) uses data 1/2 times for
indexes
[ 33.082152] PCI Driver epca(in epca) uses data 3/4 times for indexes
[ 37.857569] PCI Driver serial(in 8250_pci) uses data 177/180 times
for indexes
[ 37.868296] PCI Driver jsm(in jsm) uses data 4/5 times for indexes
[ 37.901045] PCI Driver parport_pc(in parport_pc) uses data 52/53
times for indexes
[ 37.906019] PCI Driver parport_serial(in parport_serial) uses data
30/31 times for indexes
[ 38.253736] PCI Driver DAC960(in DAC960) uses data 7/7 times for
pointers
[ 38.983951] PCI Driver e1000e(in e1000e) uses data 29/38 times for
indexes
[ 39.026014] PCI Driver Sundance Technology IPG Triple-Speed
Ethernet(in ipg) uses data 5/6 times for indexes
[ 39.033218] PCI Driver cxgb(in cxgb) uses data 5/7 times for indexes
[ 39.039465] PCI Driver cxgb3(in cxgb3) uses data 9/10 times for
indexes
[ 39.092305] PCI Driver 3c59x(in 3c59x) uses data 37/38 times for
indexes
[ 39.098029] PCI Driver typhoon(in typhoon) uses data 12/13 times for
indexes
[ 39.103976] PCI Driver ne2k-pci(in ne2k_pci) uses data 10/11 times
for indexes
[ 39.122763] PCI Driver e100(in e100) uses data 36/41 times for
indexes
[ 39.129041] PCI Driver tlan(in tlan) uses data 12/13 times for
indexes
[ 39.141155] PCI Driver epic100(in epic100) uses data 2/3 times for
indexes
[ 39.146232] PCI Driver sis190(in sis190) uses data 1/2 times for
indexes
[ 39.151792] PCI Driver sis900(in sis900) uses data 1/2 times for
indexes
[ 39.161699] PCI Driver yellowfin(in yellowfin) uses data 1/2 times
for indexes
[ 39.173144] PCI Driver natsemi(in natsemi) uses data 1/2 times for
indexes
[ 39.184923] PCI Driver fealnx(in fealnx) uses data 2/3 times for
indexes
[ 39.196097] PCI Driver bnx2(in bnx2) uses data 8/9 times for indexes
[ 39.201880] PCI Driver bnx2x(in bnx2x) uses data 2/3 times for
indexes
[ 39.347752] PCI Driver sundance(in sundance) uses data 6/7 times for
indexes
[ 39.372095] PCI Driver forcedeth(in forcedeth) uses data 39/39 times
for flags
[ 39.426772] PCI Driver 8139too(in 8139too) uses data 1/23 times for
indexes
[ 39.455602] PCI Driver r8169(in r8169) uses data 3/10 times for
indexes
[ 39.508688] PCI Driver tmspci(in tmspci) uses data 3/4 times for
indexes
[ 39.520548] PCI Driver fst(in farsync) uses data 7/7 times for
indexes
[ 39.530531] PCI Driver pc300(in pc300) uses data 6/6 times for flags
[ 39.559427] PCI Driver com20020(in com20020_pci) uses data 16/24
times for indexes
[ 39.832122] PCI Driver iwl3945(in iwl3945) uses data 6/6 times for
pointers
[ 39.839834] PCI Driver iwl4965(in iwl4965) uses data 5/5 times for
pointers
[ 39.845806] PCI Driver rt2400pci(in rt2400pci) uses data 1/1 times
for pointers
[ 39.851029] PCI Driver rt2500pci(in rt2500pci) uses data 1/1 times
for pointers
[ 39.856159] PCI Driver rt61pci(in rt61pci) uses data 3/3 times for
pointers
[ 39.877628] PCI Driver ath5k_pci(in ath5k) uses data 17/19 times for
indexes
[ 39.942037] PCI Driver dmfe(in dmfe) uses data 4/4 times for flags
[ 39.949311] PCI Driver winbond-840(in winbond_840) uses data 2/3
times for indexes
[ 39.955770] PCI Driver de2104x(in de2104x) uses data 1/2 times for
indexes
[ 39.961608] PCI Driver tulip(in tulip) uses data 35/35 times for
indexes
[ 39.967483] PCI Driver de4x5(in de4x5) uses data 3/4 times for
indexes
[ 39.974029] PCI Driver uli526x(in uli526x) uses data 2/2 times for
flags
[ 40.101590] PCI Driver via-ircc(in via_ircc) uses data 4/5 times for
indexes
[ 40.150602] PCI Driver sfc(in sfc) uses data 2/2 times for pointers
[ 40.273109] PCI Driver saa7134(in saa7134) uses data 169/173 times
for flags
[ 40.385014] PCI Driver Multimedia eXtension Board(in saa7146) uses
data 1/1 times for pointers
[ 40.392699] PCI Driver hexium HV-PCI6 Orion(in saa7146) uses data
3/3 times for pointers
[ 40.399454] PCI Driver hexium gemini(in saa7146) uses data 2/2 times
for pointers
[ 40.405585] PCI Driver dpc7146 demonstration board(in saa7146) uses
data 1/1 times for pointers
[ 40.694876] PCI Driver budget dvb(in saa7146) uses data 9/9 times
for pointers
[ 40.701401] PCI Driver budget_av(in saa7146) uses data 25/25 times
for pointers
[ 40.707745] PCI Driver budget_ci dvb(in saa7146) uses data 7/7 times
for pointers
[ 40.715095] PCI Driver budget_patch dvb(in saa7146) uses data 1/1
times for pointers
[ 40.722309] PCI Driver dvb(in saa7146) uses data 11/11 times for
pointers
[ 40.757291] PCI Driver bt878(in bt878) uses data 12/12 times for
pointers
[ 40.922318] PCI Driver fore_200e(in fore_200e) uses data 1/1 times
for pointers
[ 40.928212] PCI Driver eni(in eni) uses data 1/2 times for indexes
[ 41.017464] PCI Driver AEC62xx_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 4/5 times
for indexes
[ 41.023069] PCI Driver ALI15x3_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 1/2 times
for indexes
[ 41.028564] PCI Driver AMD_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 22/23 times for
indexes
[ 41.038241] PCI Driver CMD64x_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 3/4 times for
indexes
[ 41.043407] PCI Driver Cyrix_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 1/2 times for
indexes
[ 41.057769] PCI Driver HPT366_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 5/6 times for
indexes
[ 41.084702] PCI Driver Promise_Old_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 4/5
times for indexes
[ 41.086387] PCI Driver Promise_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 6/7 times
for indexes
[ 41.086833] PCI Driver PIIX_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 24/25 times for
indexes
[ 41.087269] PCI Driver Serverworks_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 4/5
times for indexes
[ 41.087687] PCI Driver SiI_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 2/3 times for
indexes
[ 41.090972] PCI Driver VIA_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 2/5 times for
indexes
[ 41.091405] PCI Driver PCI_IDE(in <NULL>) uses data 14/15 times for
indexes
[ 41.296455] PCI Driver aacraid(in aacraid) uses data 63/64 times for
indexes
[ 41.314088] PCI Driver aic94xx(in aic94xx) uses data 9/9 times for
indexes
[ 41.333209] PCI Driver qla1280(in qla1280) uses data 5/6 times for
indexes
[ 41.370864] PCI Driver dmx3191d(in dmx3191d) uses data 1/1 times for
flags
[ 41.473648] PCI Driver ipr sets use_driver_data
[ 41.474349] PCI Driver ipr(in ipr) uses data 11/23 times for indexes
[ 50.137032] PCI Driver hptiop(in hptiop) uses data 13/13 times for
pointers
[ 50.137434] PCI Driver stex(in stex) uses data 7/11 times for indexes
[ 50.137794] PCI Driver mvsas(in mvsas) uses data 4/5 times for
indexes
[ 50.821457] PCI Driver ahci(in ahci) uses data 24/115 times for
indexes
[ 50.821921] PCI Driver sata_svw(in sata_svw) uses data 3/7 times for
indexes
[ 50.822295] PCI Driver ata_piix(in ata_piix) uses data 46/47 times
for indexes
[ 50.822788] PCI Driver sata_promise(in sata_promise) uses data 13/17
times for indexes
[ 50.823838] PCI Driver sata_sil(in sata_sil) uses data 4/7 times for
indexes
[ 50.824261] PCI Driver sata_sil24(in sata_sil24) uses data 4/6 times
for indexes
[ 50.824675] PCI Driver sata_via(in sata_via) uses data 1/7 times for
indexes
[ 50.826219] PCI Driver sata_nv(in sata_nv) uses data 11/14 times for
indexes
[ 50.826611] PCI Driver sata_uli(in sata_uli) uses data 2/3 times for
indexes
[ 50.826979] PCI Driver sata_mv(in sata_mv) uses data 14/16 times for
indexes
[ 50.828821] PCI Driver pata_amd(in pata_amd) uses data 19/20 times
for indexes
[ 50.829188] PCI Driver pata_artop(in pata_artop) uses data 4/5 times
for indexes
[ 50.830278] PCI Driver pata_cmd64x(in pata_cmd64x) uses data 3/4
times for flags
[ 50.836264] PCI Driver pata_opti(in pata_opti) uses data 1/2 times
for indexes
[ 50.838717] PCI Driver pata_pdc2027x(in pata_pdc2027x) uses data 5/7
times for indexes
[ 50.839105] PCI Driver pata_pdc202xx_old(in pata_pdc202xx_old) uses
data 4/5 times for indexes
[ 50.840546] PCI Driver pata_serverworks(in pata_serverworks) uses
data 4/5 times for indexes
[ 50.843885] PCI Driver ata_generic(in ata_generic) uses data 1/13
times for indexes
[ 50.137032] PCI Driver hptiop(in hptiop) uses data 13/13 times for
pointers
[ 50.137434] PCI Driver stex(in stex) uses data 7/11 times for indexes
[ 50.137794] PCI Driver mvsas(in mvsas) uses data 4/5 times for
indexes
[ 50.821457] PCI Driver ahci(in ahci) uses data 24/115 times for
indexes
[ 50.821921] PCI Driver sata_svw(in sata_svw) uses data 3/7 times for
indexes
[ 50.822295] PCI Driver ata_piix(in ata_piix) uses data 46/47 times
for indexes
[ 50.822788] PCI Driver sata_promise(in sata_promise) uses data 13/17
times for indexes
[ 50.823838] PCI Driver sata_sil(in sata_sil) uses data 4/7 times for
indexes
[ 50.824261] PCI Driver sata_sil24(in sata_sil24) uses data 4/6 times
for indexes
[ 50.824675] PCI Driver sata_via(in sata_via) uses data 1/7 times for
indexes
[ 50.826219] PCI Driver sata_nv(in sata_nv) uses data 11/14 times for
indexes
[ 50.826611] PCI Driver sata_uli(in sata_uli) uses data 2/3 times for
indexes
[ 50.826979] PCI Driver sata_mv(in sata_mv) uses data 14/16 times for
indexes
[ 50.828821] PCI Driver pata_amd(in pata_amd) uses data 19/20 times
for indexes
[ 50.829188] PCI Driver pata_artop(in pata_artop) uses data 4/5 times
for indexes
[ 50.830278] PCI Driver pata_cmd64x(in pata_cmd64x) uses data 3/4
times for flags
[ 50.836264] PCI Driver pata_opti(in pata_opti) uses data 1/2 times
for indexes
[ 50.838717] PCI Driver pata_pdc2027x(in pata_pdc2027x) uses data 5/7
times for indexes
[ 50.839105] PCI Driver pata_pdc202xx_old(in pata_pdc202xx_old) uses
data 4/5 times for indexes
[ 50.840546] PCI Driver pata_serverworks(in pata_serverworks) uses
data 4/5 times for indexes
[ 50.843885] PCI Driver ata_generic(in ata_generic) uses data 1/13
times for indexes
[ 52.594478] PCI Driver MTD PCI(in pci) uses data 2/2 times for
pointers
[ 52.784303] PCI Driver yenta_cardbus(in yenta_socket) uses data
47/49 times for pointers
[ 54.779825] PCI Driver ehci_hcd(in ehci_hcd) uses data 1/1 times for
pointers
[ 55.043495] PCI Driver ohci_hcd(in ohci_hcd) uses data 1/1 times for
pointers
[ 55.616852] PCI Driver uhci_hcd(in uhci_hcd) uses data 1/1 times for
pointers
[ 57.372871] PCI Driver i2c_amd756 sets use_driver_data
[ 57.372874] PCI Driver amd756_smbus(in i2c_amd756) uses data 4/5
times for indexes
[ 57.375964] PCI Driver i2c_viapro sets use_driver_data
[ 57.375968] PCI Driver vt596_smbus(in i2c_viapro) uses data 12/12
times for flags
[ 58.609660] PCI Driver c4(in c4) uses data 2/2 times for flags
[ 58.618070] PCI Driver divas(in divas) uses data 11/11 times for
flags
[ 58.660828] PCI Driver hfc4s8s_l1(in hfc4s8s_l1) uses data 4/4 times
for pointers
[ 58.667738] PCI Driver fcpci(in hisax_fcpcipnp) uses data 2/2 times
for pointers
[ 58.725420] PCI Driver sdhci-pci(in sdhci_pci) uses data 7/8 times
for pointers
[ 58.802705] PCI Driver ib_mthca(in ib_mthca) uses data 8/10 times
for indexes
[ 58.908537] PCI Driver trident(in trident) uses data 4/5 times for
indexes
[ 59.167098] PCI Driver ALS300(in snd_als300) uses data 1/2 times for
indexes
[ 59.193937] PCI Driver Bt87x(in snd_bt87x) uses data 10/10 times for
indexes
[ 59.229590] PCI Driver ES1968 (ESS Maestro)(in snd_es1968) uses data
2/3 times for indexes
[ 59.242452] PCI Driver Intel ICH(in snd_intel8x0) uses data 16/23
times for indexes
[ 59.249023] PCI Driver Intel ICH Modem(in snd_intel8x0m) uses data
5/15 times for indexes
[ 59.275975] PCI Driver VIA 82xx Audio(in snd_via82xx) uses data 2/2
times for indexes
[ 59.282351] PCI Driver VIA 82xx Modem(in snd_via82xx_modem) uses
data 1/1 times for indexes
[ 59.293970] PCI Driver au8810(in snd_au8810) uses data 1/1 times for
indexes
[ 59.399694] PCI Driver EMU10K1_Audigy(in snd_emu10k1) uses data 2/3
times for indexes
[ 59.411858] PCI Driver HDA Intel(in snd_hda_intel) uses data 42/51
times for indexes
[ 59.448649] PCI Driver CMI8788(in snd_oxygen) uses data 1/10 times
for indexes
[ 59.454958] PCI Driver AV200(in snd_virtuoso) uses data 2/3 times
for indexes
[ 59.460819] PCI Driver Digigram pcxhr(in snd_pcxhr) uses data 5/6
times for indexes
[ 59.507144] PCI Driver Digigram VX222(in snd_vx222) uses data 1/2
times for indexes


diff --git a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
index a13f534..0aeac3a 100644
--- a/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
+++ b/drivers/pci/pci-driver.c
@@ -696,6 +696,32 @@ int __pci_register_driver(struct pci_driver *drv,
struct module *owner,
spin_lock_init(&drv->dynids.lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&drv->dynids.list);
+
+ {
+ const struct pci_device_id *ids = drv->id_table;
+ unsigned long max_dat = 0;
+ int count = 0, addr = 0, uses = 0;
+
+ while (ids->vendor || ids->subvendor || ids->class_mask) {
+ count++;
+ if (ids->driver_data)
+ uses++;
+
+ if (ids->driver_data >= PAGE_OFFSET)
+ addr++;
+ else
+ max_dat = max(max_dat, ids->driver_data);
+ ids++;
+ }
+ if (drv->dynids.use_driver_data)
+ pr_info("PCI Driver %s sets use_driver_data\n", mod_name);
+ if (uses)
+ pr_info("PCI Driver %s(in %s) uses data %d/%d times for %s\n",
+ drv->name, mod_name, uses, count,
+ addr ? "pointers" :
+ (max_dat > count) ? "flags" : "indexes");
+ }
+
/* register with core */
error = driver_register(&drv->driver);
if (error)



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