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SubjectRe: PCI-ISA Bridge not operating
Jordan Crouse wrote:
> On 11/07/08 14:58 -0400, David Brigada wrote:
>> David Brigada wrote:
>>> Jordan Crouse wrote:
>>>> On 11/07/08 10:58 -0400, David Brigada wrote:
>>>>> Hi,
>>>>>
>>>>> I'm working with the MSM800XEV board from Digital-Logic. This board
>>>>> uses a Geode LX800 for a CPU and has the CS5536 companion board also
>>>>> installed. The board works with an IT8888G IC that provides a PCI/ISA
>>>>> bridge to a PC/104 bus that is externally provided.
>>>>>
>>>>> If I boot with FreeDOS, I can twiddle I/O ports, and the proper ISA
>>>>> signaling comes over the PC/104 bus. In Linux, the /IOW or /IOR line
>>>>> goes low as expected, but the address doesn't come over the bus. The
>>>>> DOS that I'm running doesn't seem to have any specific drivers for the
>>>>> chip, I'm guessing that the hardware should "just work" --- the IT8888G
>>>>> is designed to grab I/O requests in the ISA range off the PCI bus after
>>>>> a short delay if nothing else grabs them first.
>>>>>
>>>>> I have a feeling that it has something to do with the CS5536 companion
>>>>> chip, as it seems as though there is a driver for a PCI/ISA bridge on
>>>>> that chip, though I can't get much detail from AMD's datasheet on that
>>>>> functionality. I do know that on the MSM800XEV, any such functionality
>>>>> is wired to the IT8888G, not the CS5536.
>>>>>
>>>>> There are two kernel config options related to the PCI IDs of the parts
>>>>> of the device that handle the ISA bus, CONFIG_SCx200_ACB and
>>>>> CONFIG_CS5535_GPIO. I've tried disabling both, but it doesn't seem to help.
>>>>>
>>>>> In lspci, the CS5536 PCI/ISA bridge is shown, but not the IT8888G.
>>>>>
>>>>> Any ideas?
>>>> ISA should indeed "just work". The only thing I'm wondering is if
>>>> the kernel is interfering (it shouldn't). I assume that since it works
>>>> in FreeDOS that there is no possibility that something on the PCI bus
>>>> is grabbing the cycles instead.
>>> That's what I'm thinking --- that the CS5536 PCI/ISA bridge is claiming
>>> the cycles.
>>>
>>>> How are you trying to access the device in Linux? Through a kernel module
>>>> or a user application running as root?
>>> I've tried both. I have a kernel module that I wrote for the hardware.
>>> When I couldn't get that working, I tried looping some code that keeps
>>> touching the same I/O port that I'm using.
>>>
>>>> Jordan
>>>>
>>> Dave
>> Looking through the documentation for the CS5536, in the "CS56536
>> Companion Device Data Book," section 5.2.8, it says the following:
>>
>> > If the SDOFF (Subtractive Decode Off) bit in the GLPCI_MSR_CTRL (MSR
>> > 51000010h[10]) is cleared (reset value), any PCI transaction, other
>> > than Configuration Read/Write, Interrupt Acknowledge, and Special
>> > Cycle transactions, not claimed by any device (i.3., not asserting
>> > DEVSEL#) within the default active decode cycles (three cycles
>> > immediately after FRAME# being asserted) will be accepted by GLPCI_SB
>> > at the fourth clock edge.
>>
>> This is the same behavior that the IT8888G chip uses --- it waits three
>> cycles for another device to claim it and then passes the transaction
>> along. I'm guessing that the CS5536 might be grabbing it (maybe it's
>> electrically closer, or the logic is more optimized) before the IT8888G
>> can handle it.
>>
>> Does this seem feasible as to what could be happening?
>
> Sure, but then why does FreeDOS work? It shouldn't be any different
> when the bits hit the line.
>
> Jordan

That *is* puzzling. When I do lspci, the entry for the IT8888G does not
appear. I don't have much experience with PCI internals. Would that be
because there is no driver for it in the kernel, or is there something
more insidious afoot?
Dave


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