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SubjectRe: Performance of ext4
On Tue, 24 Jun 2008, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:

> On Tue, Jun 24, 2008 at 08:37:21AM +0530, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:
>> On Mon, Jun 23, 2008 at 05:31:32PM -0700, Mingming wrote:
>>>
>>> On Mon, 2008-06-23 at 23:15 +0530, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:
>>>
>>>> I found one place where we fail to update i_disksize. Can you try this
>>>> patch ?
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
>>>> index 33f940b..9fa737f 100644
>>>> --- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
>>>> +++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
>>>> @@ -1620,7 +1620,10 @@ static int ext4_da_writepage(struct page *page,
>>>> loff_t size;
>>>> unsigned long len;
>>>> handle_t *handle = NULL;
>>>> + ext4_lblk_t block;
>>>> + loff_t disksize;
>>>> struct buffer_head *page_bufs;
>>>> + struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
>>>> struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
>>>>
>>>> handle = ext4_journal_current_handle();
>>>> @@ -1662,6 +1665,38 @@ static int ext4_da_writepage(struct page *page,
>>>> else
>>>> ret = block_write_full_page(page, ext4_da_get_block_write, wbc);
>>>>
>>>> + if (ret)
>>>> + return ret;
>>>> + /*
>>>> + * When called via shrink_page_list and if we don't have any unmapped
>>>> + * buffer_head we still could have written some new content in an
>>>> + * already mapped buffer. That means we need to extent i_disksize here
>>>> + */
>>>
>>> In this case(when extend the file without need block allocation),
>>> wouldn't make sense to update the i_disksize at write_end() time? So
>>> that the window of i_size different from i_disksize could be much
>>> smaller in this case.
>>>
>>>
>>> Something like below? (untested)
>>
>> In this case you will have to start a transaction in write_begin . With
>> the below code transaction is started inside page_lock. Also I don't
>> think we need needed_blocks credit just 1 should be enough because we
>> are not doing any block allocation here. We just need to update the
>> inode block.
>>
>>
>
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
> index 33f940b..bc925c5 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
> @@ -1770,6 +1770,7 @@ static int ext4_da_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
> struct page *page;
> pgoff_t index;
> unsigned from, to;
> + handle_t *handle;
> struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
>
> index = pos >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
> @@ -1777,6 +1778,17 @@ static int ext4_da_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
> to = from + len;
>
> retry:
> + /*
> + * If we are writing towards the end of an already mapped
> + * buffer_head, we don't do any block allocation. But we
> + * need to update i_disksize.
> + */
> + handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, 1);
> + if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> page = __grab_cache_page(mapping, index);
> if (!page)
> return -ENOMEM;
> @@ -1786,15 +1798,63 @@ static int ext4_da_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
> ext4_da_get_block_prep);
> if (ret < 0) {
> unlock_page(page);
> + ext4_journal_stop(handle);
> page_cache_release(page);
> }
>
> if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries))
> goto retry;
>
> +out:
> return ret;
> }
>
> +static int ext4_da_write_end(struct file *file,
> + struct address_space *mapping,
> + loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied,
> + struct page *page, void *fsdata)
> +{
> + loff_t new_i_size;
> + unsigned from, to;
> + int ret = 0, ret2;
> + struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
> + handle_t *handle = ext4_journal_current_handle();
> +
> + from = pos & (PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - 1);
> + to = from + len;
> +
> + /*
> + * generic_write_end() will run mark_inode_dirty() if i_size
> + * changes. So let's piggyback the i_disksize mark_inode_dirty
> + * into that.
> + */
> +
> + new_i_size = pos + copied;
> + if (new_i_size > EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize)
> + if (!walk_page_buffers(NULL, page_buffers(page),
> + 0, len, NULL,
> + ext4_bh_unmapped_or_delay)) {
> + /*
> + * Updating i_disksize when extending file without
> + * need block allocation
> + */
> + if (ext4_should_order_data(inode))
> + ret = ext4_jbd2_file_inode(handle, inode);
> +
> + EXT4_I(inode)->i_disksize = new_i_size;
> + }
> + ret2 = generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos,
> + len, copied, page, fsdata);
> + copied = ret2;
> + if (ret2 < 0)
> + ret = ret2;
> + ret2 = ext4_journal_stop(handle);
> + if (!ret)
> + ret = ret2;
> +
> + return ret ? ret : copied;
> +}
> +
> static void ext4_da_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned long offset)
> {
> /*
> @@ -2250,7 +2310,7 @@ static int ext4_journalled_set_page_dirty(struct page *page)
> .writepages = ext4_da_writepages,
> .sync_page = block_sync_page,
> .write_begin = ext4_da_write_begin,
> - .write_end = generic_write_end,
> + .write_end = ext4_da_write_end,
> .bmap = ext4_bmap,
> .invalidatepage = ext4_da_invalidatepage,
> .releasepage = ext4_releasepage,
>
Yes, with this patch applied on top of latest patch queue I no longer
get truncated files, after running a short test. Tomorrow I will do some
more thorough testing and use the patch you have send to me in a separate
mail. The above patch did not apply but it was easy to apply by hand.

Thanks a lot for the patch!

Holger



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